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Prof. Mariluz Maldonado Rodríguez                       History                      2nd Secondary School      The Medieva...
Prof. Mariluz Maldonado Rodríguez                         History                      2nd Secondary SchoolHERBALISTA Herb...
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Medieval Occupations & Jobs


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Bilingual Education, 2nd Secondary School, History, Medieval Occupations and Jobs

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  1. 1. Prof. Mariluz Maldonado Rodríguez History 2nd Secondary School The Medieval Occupations of the Middle Ages have left their mark on our lives today. Many of the old occupations live on in many of our current surnames.APOTHECARYAn Apothecy dispensed remedies made from herbs, plants and roots. Medievalphysicians were expensive and a priest often held this occupation, often the onlyrecourse for sick, poor. people.BLACKSMITHThe Blacksmith was one of the most important, albeit lowly, occupations of the Medievalera. Blacksmiths forged weapons, sharpened weapons, repaired armor.BUTLERThe Butler was responsible for the castle cellar and was in charge of large butts of beer. Theroom in the castle called the Buttery was intended for storing and dispensing beverages,especially ale.CANDLEMAKERThe Candlemaker made candles to light the castle. Candles were supplemented bylighting from torches, lanterns and rush dips. An 11th century Candlemaker calledGraham Overhill is credited with inventing a candle - clock. A candle was producedwith twelve lines on it. When lit at the top of the hour, the candle would burn from lineto line at the rate of one hour for each line. The Medieval clock!CLOTHIERClothiers made clothes for the nobles and required having a knowledge of various fineand expensive materials.FLETCHERThe Fletcher crafted and manufactured bows and the flights of arrows.FORTUNE TELLERSomeone who makes predictions of the future.HERALD or HARKERA Herald was a knights assistant and an expert advisor on heraldry. The Herald (orHarker) would declare announcements on behalf of the King or Noble to the public.Normally this was done on a given day when the public would assemble at the base of acastle tower or in the town square and the Herald would shout out the news.
  2. 2. Prof. Mariluz Maldonado Rodríguez History 2nd Secondary SchoolHERBALISTA Herbalist was usually a member of a religious order such as a monk or friar who wouldplant and maintainmedicinal plants, roots and herbs.JESTERThe Jester also referred to as the Fool entertained the court.KNIGHTIt was the duty of a Knight to learn how to fight and so serve their Lord according to theCode of Chivalry. Weapon practise included enhancing skills in the two-handed sword,battle axe, mace, dagger and lance.MINSTRELMinstrels provided Castle entertainment in the form of singing and playing musicalinstruments. Minstrels often would record the deeds of heroic knights in songs giving theknight great publicity and establishing respect and additional status.MONEYLENDERMoneylenders were the Medieval bankers.PAGE BOYThe life of a castle Page would start at a very young age - seven years old. A Page wasjunior to a Squire. It was the duty of a Page to wait at table, care for the Lords clothes andassist them in dressing. The Page was provided with a uniform of the colours and livery ofthe Lord.PHYSICIANPhysicians were a very highly regarded and respected occupation. Bleeding, lancingand surgical procedures were practised.SCRIBEMost Scribes came from religious establishments where reading, writing andcomprehension skills were learned.SPINSTERSpinster was the name of the occupation given to a woman who earned her livingspinning yarn. The Spinning Wheel was invented during the Medieval era. Later the termSpinster was used to describe any unmarried woman.SQUIREA Squire was junior to a Knight. It was the duty of a Squire to learn about the Code ofChivalry, the rules of Heraldry, horsemanship and practise the use of weapons. It wasalso their duty to enter into the social life of the castle and learn courtly etiquette, musicand dancing. The Squire served in this role for seven years and became a Knight at theage of twenty-one. Sometimes knighthood was conferred earlier as the reward forbravery on the battlefield.