A Citation refers to someone who said or wrote something that you are quoting. It couldbe anything from “John at work told me this joke” to quoting Ecclesiastics 12:10 orborrowing an idea from a writer of an article or website. By Citing a Source you areletting people know where you found the information you are using.Here is how you recognize an APA (American Psychological Association) citation.
An APA style citation.Gutner, T. (2005). Anatomy of a credit score. BusinessWeek, 12(3961), 116-118. Retrieved from Business Source Alumni Edition database.(There is no 12 in the actual citation, it was added to show where a volume number would befound if it existed here).
What is the definition of APA to you?Shortcut: Define APA as “Author Precedes All.” This way, you know theauthor’s name is always first on the citation.The Author’s Last Name is Gutner. The Author’s First and Middle name in APA isalways an initial.Gutner, T. (2005). Anatomy of a credit score. BusinessWeek, 12(3961), 116-118. Retrieved from Business Source Alumni Edition database.If there is no Author, then APA may be defined as Article Precedes All
Shortcut: Once you know my APA memory tool of Author Precedes All, then expand APATo Author, Published an Article.Author Published an ArticleGutner, T. (2005). Anatomy of a credit score. BusinessWeek, 12(3961), 116-118. Retrieved from Business Source Alumni Edition database.
From here, the next clue is the name of the magazine or periodical(or publication).That is easy because the publication is the only word that is Italicized. (A periodical isalso known as general publication, a magazine, journal, and newspaper).Think of it as APAP as if it repeats itself.Author Published an Article in a PublicationAuthor Published an ArticleGutner, T. (2005) Anatomy of a credit score. in a Publication Business Week,
Following the name of the publication is the Volume Number. It also italicized, so think ofthe volume italicization as a domino italic effect from the publication.The number in parenthesis (3961) is the Issue Number. Think of the Issue Number as notcontinuing the domino effect because it is ‘protected’ by a ( ) parenthesis.After the Volume and (Issue Number) are the pages where the article isfound in the publication. This is followed by where you found the articleon a database (or, the URL address if on a website).Gutner, T. (2005). Anatomy of a credit score. Business Week, 12(3961), 116-118. Retrieved from Business Source Alumni Edition database. (Or, http://www.somewebsite.edu)
Shortcut: To remember what goes where, think of the Volume, Issue, and PageCitation order as V.I.P.That is very important and easy.
Memory Review:APA is separated by these memory tools.Start with:APA (Author Precedes All)When memorized, think ofAPA (Author Published an Article)Then repeat the PAPAP (Author Published an Article in a Publication)Then go to:VIP (Volume, Issue, Pages)Then add final noteRetrieved from ----Or URLAPAPVIPRetrieved from --
Gutner, T. (2005). Anatomy of a credit score. Business Week, 12(3961), 116-118. Retrieved from Business Source Alumni Edition database.By looking at this citation, can you recall the initials and then its definitions by memory?
APA tips:Remember, if there is no Author, then APA is Article Precedes All.If there is no date, then n. d. is written. Article No DateAn example of an article name with no author or date: NASA launches new website. (n.d)-----------------------VIP tips.If there is no Issue Number, there is no Parenthesis. Also, the Volume Number is italicized.Example:Issue Number: 12(3961), 116 - 118No Issue Number: 12, 116 -118
For more information on thedifferent styles and formats, goto EBSCO and click the Help link
There are many ways to cite formats such as books and articles.Each are different styles. This was how to read an article citationfrom an online database.Click on the Citation Guide for more information about differentstyles and formats to guide you through it. For more information on the Different styles and formats, go to EBSCO and click the Help link
Related Tutorials Video APA Citation Guide in the HUB Noodle Tools Bibliographyhttp://www.librarydb.devry.edu/research-help.html
Other Questions? Chat with a Librarian at http://librarydb.devry.edu/ask.htm Or contact your local campus librarianhttp://librarydb.devry.edu/directory.html
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