Prejudice and Discrimination<br />A Closer Look Into Prejudice and Discrimination Throughout The <br />History of the United States.<br />
What are Prejudice and Discrimination?<br />Merriam-Webster Dictionary Definition of Prejudice:<br />“preconceived judgment or opinion (2): an adverse opinion or leaning formed without just grounds or before sufficient knowledge b: an instance of such judgment or opinion c: an irrational attitude of hostility directed against an individual, a group, a race, or their supposed characteristics”<br />Merriam-Webster Dictionary Definition of Discrimination: <br />“the act, practice, or an instance of discriminating categorically rather than individually b: prejudiced or prejudicial outlook, action, or treatment <racial discrimination>”<br />
Who Has Experienced Prejudice or Discrimination?<br /><ul><li>Most everyone sometime in their life has experienced both of these at once because they are tied so closely into one another.</li></ul>Some Specific Groups That Have Experienced Heavy Discrimination and Prejudice in America<br />
Slavery<br />The enslavement of African American and African Native peoples was one of America’s darkest periods of time.<br />The torture that slaves faced day to day has been described in all types of media throughout history.<br />“Blacks” were seen as lesser beings in comparison to “Whites” and therefore white slave owners treated slaves as less than human.<br />Sexual abuse, physical abuse, and verbal abuse all played a role in the discrimination of slaves in America.<br />
The U.S. Military & African Americans<br />Caucasian Soldiers<br />*High Ranking<br />*In Combat<br />*Given more responsibility<br />African American Soldiers<br />*Low Ranking<br />*Cooks/Cargo Handlers<br />*Restricted from Combat<br />National Geographic wrote, “As the U.S. government called for volunteers to the Army and defense industries at the onset of World War II, thousands of African Americans came forward, but were not given the opportunity to serve in the same manner as white soldiers…African-American women also fought to serve in the war effort as nurses.”<br />
The 1960’s and Segregation<br /><ul><li>The Ku Klux Klan and The United State’s Government both hindered the growth of integration and acceptance between African Americans and Caucasians during the Civil Rights Movement.</li></li></ul><li>Miniconjou Sioux Lakota: Wounded Knee Massacre<br />On December 29th, 1890 over 300 Miniconjou Sioux natives (women, men and children) were massacred after performing their Ghost Dance. <br />It was seen was the culmination of culture clash and mistreatment of the Native Americans by the government and U.S. citizens. <br />
Sand Creek Massacre <br />“The Sand Creek Massacre took place on November 29, 1864. That morning 650 Colorado volunteers attacked a village of Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians.”<br /><ul><li>Colorado citizens did not want “Natives” to live near them because they were “different”. </li></li></ul><li>CherokeeThe Removal Act of 1830 set into motion a series of events which led to the "Trail of Tears" in 1838, a forced march of the Cherokees, resulting in the destruction of most of the Cherokee population.<br />The U.S. government was so turned-off by a different culture they wanted to destroy the Cherokee culture all together and assimilate them into American Ways.<br />
Japanese Immigrants <br /><ul><li> In 1941 America declared war on Japan after the Pearl Harbor attacks.
Although Japanese immigrants had faced discrimination from the government and citizens in previous years, just as all Asian immigrants had, the newly declared war would change the intensity of the discrimination.
Japanese internment camps were formed and villages or neighborhoods where many Japanese families resided were left abandoned as all Japanese were sent to camps.
After the war ended, many Japanese struggled to re-enter into society and build their lives again.</li></li></ul><li>Chinese Immigrants<br />During the 1800’s hundreds of thousands of Chinese immigrated to the United states to take part in the Gold Rush. They were often treated unfairly because U.S. citizens could tell they were not from America.<br />Beginning in the 1900’s the U.S. government began to limit the amount of Chinese immigrants that they would allow into the country. They used the Chinese Exclusion Act to do so.<br />
Indian Immigrants<br /><ul><li>After the 9/11 Attacks on the Twin Towers, this country has become especially discriminatory to Indian immigrants or anyone who looks like they have a Middle-Eastern ethnicity.
This video clip shows some of the derogatory words and mistreatment that someone who has come from an Indian or Middle-Eastern ethnicity may face day to day.</li></ul>How Muslims Are Treated in the U.S.<br />
Irish Immigrants<br />The first groups of Irish Immigrants that came to the United States found themselves discriminated against based largely on their Catholicism. They often were only hired into low-pay, very difficult-labor work. <br />
German Immigrants<br />Everyone knows about Hitler and the horrendous acts he committed with the genocide of hundreds of thousands of Jewish Germans during the Holocaust. What everyone does not know is that here in the United States there was also a Nazi Movement that still exists today. <br />
Austria-Hungary Immigrants<br />Austria-Hungary Immigrants were also victims of the Anti-Semitic Movement here in the U.S. and they, too, experienced difficult times in our country. <br />They often settled in the same areas and English was often spoken very little if at all where they chose to settle.<br />
Women in the United States<br />Males<br /><ul><li>Income 30% greater than females.
In 2005 the Average Income for a man in the U.S. was between $40,000 and $45,000.</li></ul>Females<br /><ul><li>Hold Lower-Standing positions in the work-force.
As of 2006 roughly 10% of households are female-headed.
In 2005 the Average Income for a woman in the U.S. was between$30,000 and $35,000.</li></li></ul><li>Homosexuals<br />Much of the discrimination against homosexuals in America comes from religious views. The Bible says homosexuality is wrong. Because of this, thousands of Hate Crimes occur each year in this country.<br />
Children<br /><ul><li>As sad as it is to talk about, Children have experienced prejudice and discrimination in the United States. Many teens complain of being followed through stores by employees who suspect they will steal.
Children have been the victims of sexual and physical abuse for decades and it is because they are powerless to adults. </li></li></ul><li>References<br />discrimination. (2009). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary.Retrieved November 14, 2009, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/discrimination<br />prejudice. (2009). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary.Retrieved November 14, 2009, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/prejudice<br />Hyman, Paula E.. "Eastern European Immigrants in the United States." Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. 1 March 2009. Jewish Women's Archive. November 13, 2009 <http://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/eastern-european-immigrants-in-united-states>. <br />Liggett, Lori. "Wounded Knee An Introduction." Bowling Green State University.edu American Culture Studies Program, 1998. Web. 14 Nov. 2009. <http://www.bgsu.edu/departments/acs/1890s/woundedknee/WKIntro.html>. <br />"Sand Creek Massacre History and Culture." nps.gov National Park Service US Department of Interior, Aug. 2008. Web. 14 Nov. 2009. <http://www.nps.gov/sand/historyculture/index.htm>. <br />Redish, Laura , and Orrin Lewis. Native Languages of The AmericasN.p., 1998. Web. 14 Nov. 2009. <http://www.native-languages.org/seneca.htm>. <br />Trabich, Leah. "Native American Genocide Still Haunts United States." iearn.orgiEARN, 2005. Web. 14 Nov. 2009. <http://iearn.org/hgp/aeti/aeti-1997/native-americans.html>. <br />"African Americans: The Struggle for Economic Equality (1900-1950's)." UniversityofCalifornia.edu The Regents of The University of California, 2009. Web. 14 Nov. 2009. <http://www.calisphere.universityofcalifornia.edu/calcultures/ethnic_groups/subtopic1b.html>. <br />LiveBluesWorld. Eric. Web. 28 Nov. 2009. <http://api.ning.com/files/rGMS*APS1JT7p2dX6DxwEf4GDfBwJ0f3Lh8umLa34UmDVHrK2WWPsdZdWo5HdNDFwvitdvc6sWM8RGES1srZWdPlxC4bRf0q<br />Krause, Lisa. "National Geographic News @ nationalgeographic.com." Daily Nature and Science News and Headlines | National Geographic News. National Geographic Society, 15 Feb. 2001. Web. 28 Nov. 2009. <http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2001/02/0215_tuskegee.html>.<br />"YouTube - THE CIVIL RIGHTS ERA FROM BBC MOTION GALLERY." YouTube - Broadcast Yourself.Yout Tube LLC, 8 June 2009. Web. 28 Nov. 2009. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gBPeCQzHu5w>.<br />"Immigration: The Chinese." Oracle ThinkQuest Library. Think Quest. Web. 29 Nov. 2009. <http://library.thinkquest.org/20619/Chinese.html>.<br />"Immigration: The Irish." Oracle ThinkQuest Library. Think Quest. Web. 29 Nov. 2009. <http://library.thinkquest.org/20619/Irish.html>.<br />Smith, Denise I., and Renee E. Spraggins. "Article - Gender in the United States." National Atlas home page. National Atlas.gov, 17 Sept. 2009. Web. 30 Nov. 2009. <http://www.nationalatlas.gov/articles/people/a_gender.html>.<br />"Child Labor in America." The History Place. The History Place. Web. 30 Nov. 2009. <http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/childlabor/>.<br />