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Symbolismin theoutsiderspresentation 1


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  • 1. Symbolism in The Outsiders
  • 2. Literary Symbolism • “Without symbolism there can be no literature; indeed, not even language. What are words themselves but symbols” – Arthur Symons
  • 3. Symbol • Something – a person, object, situation or action which operates on two levels: • the literal and the symbolic • For instance, an engagement ring is a real object But it also stands for the abiding love of the engaged couple
  • 4. • All language is symbolizing one thing or another. • A symbol is a word or object that stands for another word or object. • The object or word can be seen with the eye or not visible
  • 5. • For example, a dove stands for Peace • The dove can be seen and peace cannot • When reading the book of Genesis in the bible, you will find several symbols. • In the story of Adam and Eve, when Eve ate the apple, the apple stood for sin.
  • 6. a flag for country (“the flag”) Go Hogs! Red Razorback for the University of Arkansas an X at the end of a letter for a kiss XXX (“smack!”) “spring” as the symbol of new beginnings a slash line through a sign for NO, as in “No Parking” More conventional symbols which may be expressed as words or pictures:
  • 7. FLAGS – symbolize a nation U.S. flag is a symbol of our nation, but it also stands for freedom, liberty, and patriotism UNCLE SAM - also a symbol for the U.S. When we see symbols in literature, they are expected to have significance.
  • 8. Symbols in literature are expected to have significance • What symbols are evident in the novel we are reading, The Outsiders? • Have you noticed the following symbols?
  • 9. Greasers • The switchblade represents strength and power. • The Greasers, the lower class, felt safer when carrying this defense. • It was their choice of weapon against harm that may come from the opposing social group, the Socs.
  • 10. Socs • The blue Mustang represents the upper class Socs. It stands for money power and authority. • It was Bob’s rings, symbols of wealth, that were used to cut up Johnny’s face so badly the day he was left for dead.
  • 11. • A symbol of the lower class • Many Greasers started smoking at an early age • It made them feel older and helped them to fit into their group. • Later it became a way of passing time and keeping calm.
  • 12. The drive in movie theatre was a place where the Greasers and the Socs shared the same turf. Both social groups enjoyed the theatre together. It was a place where they could co-exist.
  • 13. The horse represents innocence. Soda’s horse, Mickey Mouse, connects the boys to youth. Soda enjoyed the horse as a young boy. When the horse was sold, Soda was devastated. He shared a special bond with the horse that he could not again duplicate.
  • 14. • The church was a safe haven for both Ponyboy and Johnny. • It was a hideout for them as they were hiding from their crime. • It was a place that allowed them to be themselves and reflect on their lives. • Later, it was the burning church that allowed them to show their true colors.
  • 15. So What? • So now that we know about the symbols… SO WHAT? • Why did S.E. Hinton deliberately (on purpose) use these particular symbols? • What purpose do they serve in the novel?
  • 16. Symbolism • After discussing the symbols found in the novel, The Outsiders….. • You are going to demonstrate your understanding of symbolism in literature by completing the following activity about yourself!