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  • 1. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 1/28/14 7th Grade Language Arts Assignments: -Vocabulary Packet (F) Agenda: -Supplemental Vocab Words (F) 1. Independent Reading -Spelling Test (F) 2. Elements of Literature -Literature Presentation (TH 2/6) 3. Project Information 1
  • 2. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Literary Elements   Im with n whipp of a s flavo flavo elem Literary elements are what make stories & text interesting.  2
  • 3. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Pull each book to reveal authors'  purposes. Author's  Purpose Author's  Purpose Author's  Purpose Author's  Purpose Author's  Purpose to persuade ­ to convince to entertain ­ to keep amused or interested to inform ­ to share knowledge or facts to explain ­ to give reasons or make clear  Back to  Bookshelf 3
  • 4. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Match. Provide examples. Pull An author may write simply  to please his audience.  The story might be humorous,  silly, creative,unrealistic,  mysterious, or even believable. entertain inform      Authors often like to share  information such as true life  stories, history, data,  and  research results. Sometimes an author  writes an explanation or  reason for something.  Other  times he may write  directions like "how­ to"  make bread. explain persuade When a writer wants to  convince his audience to agree  with him, he provides reasons  to support his position.   (Do you think homework should be assigned?)  Back to  Bookshelf 4
  • 5. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Author's Background • What do you know about the author? • What other books did he/she write? 5
  • 6. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Drag the phrase into the correct category. Location  in galaxy far away on a cruise ship along an African river at Disney World in a kingdom  on a space ship Time once upon a time long, long ago before sunrise a dark, stormy night during a snow storm in the summer Back to  Bookshelf 6
  • 7. Lit Elements.notebook Pt. of View January 28, 2014 The point of view usually refers  to the one who is telling the story.    She rode her bike  as fast as she could.    I rode my bike  as fast as I could. Back to  Bookshelf 7
  • 8. Lit Elements.notebook Pt. of View January 28, 2014 Pull each book to learn about each  point of view. 1st person ­ This is a character in the story  Pt. of View who uses "I" and "me". 2nd person ­ You are in the story. Pt. of View Pt. of View 3rd person ­ A narrator tells the story. Back to  Bookshelf 8
  • 9. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 I looked up from my  paper and saw the teacher  staring at me.  My brother  said that she  was nice, but I  wasn't so sure. At first, the batter hits  the ball.  Then he runs to  first base.  When  he makes it back  home, it is called  a home run. 3rd person 1st person 1st person 3rd person She looked out the  window and saw the  dark clouds.  It was then  that she decided to take  an umbrella with                         her. Finally, the guests  arrived.  It seemed like I  had been waiting for such  a long time.  I hope they  all have a good  time here. Back to  Bookshelf 9
  • 10. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 • The words that the characters speak are called dialogue. Dialogue can move the plot along and reveal a lot about the characters. • Dialect is a form of language that is spoken in a particular place or by a particular group of people. 10
  • 11. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Characterization: the techniques an author uses to develop the personality of a character in a literary work. • physical appearance and personality • speech, behavior, actions • thoughts and feelings • interactions with other characters Static: characters that stay the same throughout the story Dynamic: change from beginning to end. These characters often learn something 11
  • 12. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Characterization Hightlight clues in  the text that help to  describe Chance's  character. Explain  how it helps to  understand why  he acts the way he  does. 12
  • 13. Lit Elements.notebook    The protagonist  is usually the main  character. January 28, 2014     The antagonist is the character who goes  against or opposes the  protagonist.  Can you complete the chart? Protagonists Antagonists Three Pigs Big Bad Wolf Cinderella Stepmother Simba Scar Back to  Bookshelf 13
  • 14. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Protagonists Antagonists Peter Pan Captain Hook Mowgli Shere Khan Pongo/Perdita Cruella de Ville Belle/Beast Gaston Wiley Coyote Road Runner Bugs Bunny Elmer Fudd Jerry Tom Woody/Buzz Light Year Lotso Back to  Bookshelf 14
  • 15. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Climbing the Plot Mountain Directions: Put the correct element of plot in  its proper location of the Plot map. Climax Falling Action i s po Rising Action n tio Resolution Ex Conflict:  man vs. man man vs. self man vs. nature man vs. society man vs. fate 15
  • 16. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Every good story has one or more conflicts. 16
  • 17. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 External Conflict - a character struggles against something outside himself person vs. person person vs. several people person vs. nature back 17
  • 18. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Internal Conflict - a character struggles against something inside her/his mind back 18
  • 19. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 A few things to consider! Foreshadowing Find clues in the story that will help you predict what will happen next. Flashbacks It is an interruption in the action of the plot to tell what happened at an earlier time. 19
  • 20. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Plot The plot is what happens in the story. First, this happened... Then, this happened... And then, she realized this... And in the end, this happened.... 20
  • 21. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Basic Situation/Exposition At the beginning of the story, the basic situation, or exposition, is described. PULL • You learn about the characters. • Also, you learn about the setting. 21
  • 22. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Series of Events / Rising Action / Complications The series of events are what happens after the conflict to make the story move forward. Psst... You may have two events or five events! • what the characters are doing to try to resolve their conflict. 22
  • 23. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Climax The climax is the most emotional, suspenseful, or exciting part. ! W O G! OM W • The story takes a major turn in the plot. • The conflict is decided one way or another. 23
  • 24. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Resolution The resolution happens at the very end of the story. • At the end of the story, any unanswered questions get resolved. • All loose ends are tied up. PULL 24
  • 25. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 25
  • 26. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 26
  • 27. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 What does this symbolize?- click each box 27
  • 28. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Mood: the feeling that a literary work gives to readers. Writers use words, phrases, and images to create mood. 28
  • 29. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Tonethe reflection of a writer’s mood, manner, and attitude. Words for tone: Positive Negative Neutral Encouraging Serious Sarcastic Admiring Inspiring Frustrated Hostile Persuasive Fearful Suspenseful Factual Objective Rude Sorrowful Informational/Nonliterary Pitying Critical Humorous 29
  • 30. Lit Elements.notebook Theme The theme is the main lesson that  the author wants the reader to  understand.   A good friend is a true treasure. Pull sk    January 28, 2014 Hmmm. Crime doesn't pay. Back to  Bookshelf 30
  • 31. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Discuss the common themes listed below. Can you explain what they mean and give examples? Don't quit.  Hard work can be rewarding.   One's life can be rich without money.     What is  the theme of your  favorite book? 31
  • 32. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Genre: the category or type of literature 32
  • 33. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Identify the elements of fiction. Press on the clue to reveal the answer. 33
  • 34. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 34
  • 35. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 35
  • 36. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Erase to find the answer to each literary term. problem or struggle in a story the most important characters in the story conflict main characters time and place of a story moral or message about life from a story setting theme plot series of events the person place or thing that works agains the protagonist perspective in which the story is told the part where the author describes how the problem is solved antagonist point of view resolution 36
  • 37. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Write the short story element that matches the description below. Plot            Theme                Characters     Setting  Point of View 1. a house at the beach during a hurricane  __________________________________ 2. an athlete who struggles to make the team  ­________________________________ 3. a boy who enjoys studying dinosaurs _____________________________________ 4. sisters who learn the meaning of friendship ________________________________ 5. events that lead to the capture of a criminal ________________________________ 6. Emilia narrates her adventures to the zoo __________________________________ 7. a museum in the early morning ­­­­­­­­­­__________________________________________ 8. a boy who learns to respect his parents ___________________________________ 37
  • 38. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Write the short story element that matches the description below. Plot            Theme                Characters     Setting  Point of View 1.  I explain the events at my grandma's party __________________________________ 2.  a beautiful blue jay with determination  ­____________________________________ 3. the tortoise and the hare  _______________________________________________ 4.  a family moves to California to start a new life ________________________________ 5. a young girl learns the importance of human dignity ____________________________ 6. New York City during the Great Depression __________________________________ 7. two mischievous boys  ­­­­­­­­­­__________________________________________________ 8. children playing hide­and­seek discover a magical wardrobe_____________________ 38
  • 39. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Elements of Fiction 39
  • 40. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 Answer true or false. False A novel can be a work of non­fiction. True A novel is a long story. True A novel can contain poetry. 40
  • 41. Lit Elements.notebook January 28, 2014 41