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Codes, Clouds & Constellations: Open Science in the Data Decade
 

Codes, Clouds & Constellations: Open Science in the Data Decade

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Presentation given at the CNI Meeting, Baltimore in April 2010.

Presentation given at the CNI Meeting, Baltimore in April 2010.

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    Codes, Clouds & Constellations: Open Science in the Data Decade Codes, Clouds & Constellations: Open Science in the Data Decade Presentation Transcript

    • UKOLN is supported by: Codes, Clouds & Constellations: Open Science in the Data Decade Dr Liz Lyon, Director, UKOLN, University of Bath, UK Associate Director, UK Digital Curation Centre CNI Meeting, Baltimore, April 2010 . This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Licence Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0
      • Scaling to Share
      • Publication and Attribution
      • Pathways to Participation
      • Institutions and Informatics
      http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/ukoln/staff/e.j.lyon/publications.html#november-2009
      • 2010 Perspectives
      • November 2009
      • Consultation
      • eResearch Australasia slides
      • http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/ukoln/staff/e.j.lyon/presentations.html#2009-november-australasia
      • Progress, Prospects?
    • Scaling to Share Human Genome printed http://www.flickr.com/photos/johnjobby/2252981353/sizes/l/
    • From the Laboratory bench....
    • … to a national crystallography service....
    • ....to Diamond Light Source
      • “ Bridging the chasm ” between the local laboratory bench and large scale facilities
      • Develop Integrated Information Model
      • Use cases and Inter-disciplinary Pilots
      • Cost-benefit analysis: before and after
      http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/projects/I2S2/
    • Diamond Light Source National Crystallography Service (NCS) Local Earth Sciences Lab University of Cambridge Function International service -multiple communities UK service - multiple institutions. Also uses Diamond Lone researcher at institution - uses NCS and ISIS large-scale facility Administration Peer-reviewed proposal required Paper-based records –experiments, safety ERA, instrument time Multiple proposals, multiple forms Metadata Core Scientific MetaData Model eBank/eCrystals schema ? Identifiers Beam-line number DOI InChI ? Workflow Formulaic and bespoke Formulaic, unrecorded Complex, unrecorded Software In-house scripts In-house scripts + open-source suite In-house scripts + open-source suite Raw data In-house GDA store ATLAS data-store Laptop / local server Derived data Taken offsite on laptop / USB stick eCrystals repository Laptop / local server / USB stick
    •  
    • Technology race to market $1000 genome in <15 minutes ....by 2013?
    • ...data deluge challenges....
      • Large-scale data storage that is:
        • Cost-effective (rent on-demand)
        • Secure (privacy and IPR)
        • Robust and resilient
        • Low entry barrier / ease-of-use
        • Has data-handling / transfer / analysis capability
      • Move sequencing out of genome centres
      • “ .... analyse an entire human genome in a single day sitting with a laptop at your local Starbucks. ”
      ...cloud services?
    • ...data clouds in the media
    • Clients in the cloud
    •  
    • Post-genome decade Human genomes: >24 published & almost 200 unpublished
    • “ P4 medicine : predictive, personalised, preventive, participatory.” Leroy Hood – Institute for Systems Biology
      • Each patient’s genome sequenced
      • Your genome is the basis of your medical record
      • New predictive models of health and disease
      • Individualised treatments focusing on preventative therapies
      Image from Scientific American Genome scale network biology Genomic data as a commodity
      • Sage Bionetworks : Integrative genomics
      • Develop predictive models of disease: liver / breast / colon cancer, diabetes, obesity
      • Open data in the Sage Commons
      • Human and mouse: clinical and genetics data
      • Congress San Francisco 23-24 April 2010
      Stephen Friend
    • They have shared their data….
    • Heather Piwowar … but many researchers don’t share… … and are reluctant to re-use data…
    • Publication and Attribution http://www.flickr.com/photos/digitalfemme57/3271063366 /
    • Calls for action, new metrics
      • Journal
      • Article
      • Workflow
      • Data
      • Annotation
      • Concept
      Macro Micro / Nano Attribution granularity ... complexity challenges...
    • Citing network models
      • Multiple data sources
      • Many standards
      • Workflow integration
      • User requirements
      • Service functionality?
    • Pathways to Participation http://www.flickr.com/photos/lemontwist/502860137/sizes/o/
    • Continuum of Openness Open access Closed Access Participation Lone scholar Professional, experts Volunteers interested amateurs Citizen science “ dark data” Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share Alike 2.0
    • Data Informatics: Logistics dilemma Professional scientist Citizens Capability Capacity Data scientists , LIS Peer production Volunteers, interested amateurs Community curation Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share Alike 2.0 Professional scientist Observations Audit Preservation Ontologies Metadata schema Annotation Data management plans Selection & Appraisal Data cleansing Training Visualisation
    •  
    • Peer Production
    •  
    • Using gaming to drive curation
    • Professional Scientists Enthusiastic amateurs Training Citizen scientist Standards and ethics Local : natural history, environ. Peer-review Global : astronomy Organisational support Self-supporting
    • Citizen science...
    • Privacy issues? … “ participatory urbanism”?
    • “ You have zero privacy anyway. Get over it” Scott McNealy, CEO Sun Microsystems, 1999
    •  
    • Working with science professionals ...cultural challenges for faculty?
    • Institutions and Informatics University of Edinburgh Informatics Forum http://www.flickr.com/photos/chris_malcolm/2638210422/sizes/l/
    • Open Science at Web-Scale Report 2009
    • Institutional response : High Throughput Biology
      • North Carolina universities
      • Cyber-infrastructure project
      • Data cloud across three campuses
      • “ regional”
      • Policy & practice
    • New data support structures
    • Facilitating team science - Future Chips - Biocomputation & Bioinformatics - Tetherless World - Integrative Systems Biology - Graphic designers? - Animators? - Social scientists? - Legal experts?
    •  
    •  
    • Embedding data informatics education ...for faculty & LIS...
    • Take homes
      • Data sharing requires pragmatic solutions
      • Attribution granularity & citation complexity
      • We need “the crowd”
      • Institutional strategies embrace informatics
      • The prospects are transformational ...
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/29170077@N05/4412360636/
    • Slides will be available at : http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/ukoln/staff/e.j.lyon/presentations.html http://www.dcc.ac.uk/