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NCFS C4 T4 13to44

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chapter4 tables4 13to44

chapter4 tables4 13to44


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  • 1. Table 4.13 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of calcium intakes (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 918 869 965 808 815 800 SD 318 301 329 270 244 295 Median 883 851 910 765 795 730 Percentiles 5th 461 452 478 438 456 427 95th 1490 1453 1507 1297 1213 1425 97.5th 1595 1603 1655 1434 1393 1487 Food sources Mean 907 852 961 804 810 798 SD 309 279 328 271 243 297 Median 876 843 910 764 791 730 Percentiles 5th 461 452 478 426 456 412 95th 1488 1414 1507 1274 1213 1425 97.5th 1578 1538 1655 1434 1338 1487
  • 2. Table 4.14 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of magnesium intakes (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 206 190 222 182 176 188 SD 58 53 59 44 42 45 Median 196 181 216 178 173 180 Percentiles 5th 125 118 139 121 114 126 95th 311 301 339 266 262 272 97.5th 348 309 363 285 278 296 Food sources Mean 205 189 220 182 176 187 SD 57 53 58 43 40 45 Median 196 181 216 178 173 180 Percentiles 5th 122 118 139 121 114 126 95th 308 301 327 260 258 268 97.5th 346 309 351 280 275 296
  • 3. Table 4.15 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of phosphorus intakes (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 1089 1021 1155 961 952 971 SD 306 292 305 253 238 267 Median 1046 971 1136 938 935 939 Percentiles 5th 651 630 688 594 587 595 95th 1624 1615 1628 1445 1446 1444 97.5th 1832 1747 1902 1500 1510 1531 Food sources Mean 1085 1015 1154 961 951 971 SD 306 293 305 253 237 268 Median 1040 970 1136 938 935 939 Percentiles 5th 641 599 688 593 587 592 95th 1605 1556 1628 1445 1446 1444 97.5th 1832 1747 1902 1500 1510 1531
  • 4. Table 4.16 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of iron intakes (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 10.3 9.3 11.2 8.5 8.3 8.7 SD 3.8 3.6 3.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 Median 9.8 8.8 10.8 7.9 7.9 8.5 Percentiles 5th 5.5 5.2 5.9 4.9 5.0 4.8 95th 17.1 15.9 17.8 13.7 13.7 13.8 97.5th 20.3 19.2 21.1 15.6 15.5 16.4 Food sources Mean 9.9 8.9 10.9 8.3 8.0 8.5 SD 3.3 3.0 3.4 2.5 2.2 2.8 Median 9.6 8.6 10.6 7.8 7.6 8.2 Percentiles 5th 5.5 5.1 5.9 4.8 5.0 4.8 95th 16.2 15.2 17.1 12.8 12.3 13.7 97.5th 17.6 16.4 18.3 13.7 13.5 14.8
  • 5. Table 4.17 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of copper intakes (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 0.84 0.78 0.90 0.77 0.74 0.80 SD 0.38 0.36 0.39 0.36 0.44 0.27 Median 0.76 0.69 0.87 0.72 0.67 0.75 Percentiles 5th 0.39 0.38 0.45 0.39 0.36 0.45 95th 1.51 1.50 1.56 1.28 1.24 1.33 97.5th 1.84 1.72 1.93 1.45 1.46 1.55 Food sources Mean 0.83 0.76 0.89 0.76 0.73 0.79 SD 0.34 0.31 0.36 0.36 0.43 0.26 Median 0.76 0.69 0.85 0.71 0.66 0.75 Percentiles 5th 0.39 0.38 0.45 0.39 0.36 0.45 95th 1.46 1.44 1.49 1.25 1.24 1.28 97.5th 1.74 1.63 1.88 1.37 1.45 1.40
  • 6. Table 4.18 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of zinc intakes (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 7.0 6.4 7.6 6.2 5.9c 6.4 SD 2.7 2.5 2.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 Median 6.6 5.9 7.1 5.9 5.6 6.3 Percentiles 5th 3.8 3.6 4.3 3.9 3.7 4.1 95th 11.7 10.7 12.1 9.8 9.9 9.8 97.5th 13.3 13.8 13.3 10.6 10.4 11.1 Food sources Mean 6.9 6.3 7.5 6.1 5.9 6.3 SD 2.2 2.1 2.1 1.6 1.6 1.7 Median 6.6 5.9 7.1 5.8 5.6 6.2 Percentiles 5th 3.8 3.6 4.3 3.9 3.7 4.1 95th 10.8 10.4 11.5 9.0 9.3 9.4 97.5th 12.4 12.8 12.5 10.1 10.1 10.8
  • 7. Table 4.19 Mean, SD and median values of mineral intakes (mg) from all sources (including supplements) by sex and geographical location Open country/village Small Town Large Town City Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Boys n=133 n=17 n=67 n=76 Calcium 947 300 900 924 292 888 829 333 763 944 332 902 Magnesium 212 57 208 195 49 183 187 54 178 216 62 213 Phosphorus 1137 304 1112 1066 255 1030 984 296 944 1107 310 1087 Iron 10.4 3.7 9.9 10.9 4.0 9.8 9.9 4.1 9.4 10.3 3.7 9.7 Copper 0.8 0.4 0.8 0.7 0.2 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.8 Zinc 7.3 2.2 6.7 6.7 1.6 6.9 6.6 3.1 6.2 7.1 3.1 6.5 Girls n=109 n=17 n=80 n=95 Calcium 788 251 759 822 311 807 831 292 791 809 268 717 Magnesium 185 41 179 156 32 158 177 45 173 188 45 180 Phosphorus 956 244 938 901 219 880 963 254 954 982 270 925 Iron 8.7 2.9 8.2 7.9 2.3 7.5 8.7 2.7 8.5 8.3 2.9 7.9 Copper 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.7 Zinc 6.2 1.6 6.0 5.4 1.0 5.3 6.3 1.9 6.2 6.2 1.8 5.8
  • 8. Table 4.20 Mean, SD and median values of mineral intakes (mg) from all sources (including supplements) by sex and level of education of parents Intermediate education Secondary education Tertiary education Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Boys n=60* n=113 n=119 Calcium 923 331 908 886 342 842 948 287 902 Magnesium 202 62 190 201 57 195 212 58 205 Phosphorus 1094 350 1057 1065 312 1022 1114 276 1094 Iron 10.7 4.6 10.2 9.8 3.4 9.5 10.6 3.8 9.9 Copper 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.8 0.9 0.4 0.8 Zinc 7.2 3.2 6.4 6.8 2.3 6.6 7.2 2.7 6.7 Girls n=49** n=116 n=132 Calcium 847 284 822 785 273 744 816 263 782 Magnesium 176 46 169 174 41 168 192 44 186 Phosphorus 966 299 945 936 238 908 983 247 973 Iron 8.7 2.5 8.8 8.2 2.5 7.7 8.8 3.2 8.1 Copper 0.7 0.2 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.8 Zinc 6.3 2.1 6.0 6.1 1.6 5.9 6.2 1.6 5.8 Excludes 5 missing values * Includes Primary education only n=3 ** Includes Primary education only n=5
  • 9. Table 4.21 Mean, SD and median values of mineral intakes (mg) from all sources (including supplements) by sex and social class Professional Workers Non-Manual Workers Skilled Manual Workers Unskilled Workers Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Boys n=144 n=59 n=51 n=33 Calcium 950 893 308 924 903 338 823 770 310 893 876 318 Magnesium 213 201 59 200 201 52 189 182 60 206 196 56 Phosphorus 1126 1093 296 1086 1075 294 1007 951 335 1044 1013 303 Iron 10.7 10.0 4.1 10.2 9.9 3.0 9.5 8.9 3.6 9.9 9.6 4.3 Copper 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.9 0.7 0.5 Zinc 7.3 6.9 2.7 6.9 6.6 2.1 6.4 6.3 2.3 7.0 6.2 3.8 Girls n=163 n=58 n=42 n=35 Calcium 807 794 256 801 755 227 786 744 293 862 760 369 Magnesium 187 181 43 182 179 35 169 164 47 176 166 53 Phosphorus 978 967 236 968 966 218 907 860 301 960 891 310 Iron 8.5 7.9 2.8 8.7 8.0 3.1 8.0 7.6 2.6 9.1 9.0 2.7 Copper 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.6 0.3 Zinc 6.2 5.9 1.6 6.3 6.3 1.5 6.1 5.3 2.4 6.0 5.8 2.0
  • 10. Table 4.22 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of retinol intake (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 370 373 367 346 378 314 SD 381 335 422 420 510 303 Median 252 233 272 239 253 213 Percentiles 5th 84 80 87 80 109 72 95th 1060 1085 933 1000 1096 877 97.5th 1257 1275 1221 1426 1666 1399 Food sources Mean 273 257 289 266 284 247 SD 260 191 313 327 396 238 Median 223 207 239 208 225 200 Percentiles 5th 81 80 83 76 105 66 95th 539 586 529 558 561 564 97.5th 652 707 622 692 686 871
  • 11. Table 4.23 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of carotene intake (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 2357 2134 2575 1892 1707 2079 SD 2138 1918 2320 1719 1381 1989 Median 1743 1641 1833 1449 1285 1601 Percentiles 5th 196 257 174 251 239 251 95th 6818 5451 7531 5020 4728 6341 97.5th 8424 7615 9730 6479 5034 8024 Food sources Mean 2352 2132 2568 1886 1704 2068 SD 2140 1921 2322 1720 1379 1994 Median 1743 1641 1817 1443 1285 1560 Percentiles 5th 194 243 174 251 239 251 95th 6818 5451 7531 5020 4728 6341 97.5th 8424 7615 9730 6479 5034 8024
  • 12. Table 4.24 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of total vitamin A intake (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 762 728 796 661 663 660 SD 537 502 569 523 581 458 Median 655 603 705 544 544 545 Percentiles 5th 155 178 125 164 174 155 95th 1790 1485 1865 1468 1486 1528 97.5th 1964 2261 1905 1776 1927 1769 Food sources Mean 665 612 717 580 568 592 SD 453 389 503 457 484 429 Median 578 545 634 486 482 499 Percentiles 5th 142 160 125 163 174 150 95th 1559 1326 1705 1290 1171 1447 97.5th 1838 1661 1864 1463 1294 1625
  • 13. Table 4.25 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of vitamin D intake (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.3 SD 2.2 2.4 2.0 2.3 2.4 2.3 Median 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.6 Percentiles 5th 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 95th 6.4 7.7 6.3 6.4 6.8 6.4 97.5th 8.7 9.6 7.9 9.3 9.5 9.6 Food sources Mean 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.7 SD 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 Median 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.3 Percentiles 5th 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 95th 3.7 3.3 4.0 4.4 3.4 4.6 97.5th 4.4 4.5 4.6 5.2 4.8 5.3
  • 14. Table 4.26 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of vitamin E intake (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 6.7 6.4 7.0 6.0 5.7 6.2 SD 4.5 4.5 4.5 3.7 3.6 3.8 Median 5.4 5.0 5.9 5.0 4.8 5.2 Percentiles 5th 2.1 2.0 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.4 95th 15.4 15.5 14.9 12.6 11.8 13.1 97.5th 17.8 18.2 17.5 18.5 16.7 20.5 Food sources Mean 5.7 5.1 6.3 5.3 5.0 5.6 SD 2.9 2.7 3.0 2.5 2.2 2.9 Median 5.0 4.5 5.8 4.8 4.6 5.0 Percentiles 5th 2.1 2.0 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.4 95th 11.9 10.3 12.3 9.8 9.0 10.1 97.5th 12.9 13.8 12.9 11.7 10.1 13.8
  • 15. Table 4.27 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of thiamin intake (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.6 SD 0.6 0.5 0.6 2.2 0.5 3.0 Median 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.3 1.2 1.3 Percentiles 5th 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8 95th 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.3 97.5th 2.9 2.8 3.1 3.0 2.7 3.3 Food sources Mean 1.5 1.4 1.7 1.3 1.3 1.3 SD 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 Median 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.2 1.2 1.3 Percentiles 5th 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 95th 2.4 2.2 2.5 2.1 2.0 2.2 97.5th 2.6 2.4 2.8 2.3 2.1 2.5
  • 16. Table 4.28 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of riboflavin intake (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 2.0 1.9 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.9 SD 0.8 0.7 0.8 2.2 0.6 3.0 Median 1.9 1.8 2.0 1.6 1.6 1.5 Percentiles 5th 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.7 95th 3.4 3.2 3.7 2.9 2.9 3.0 97.5th 3.8 3.5 3.9 3.5 3.2 3.7 Food sources Mean 1.9 1.7 2.0 1.6 1.6 1.6 SD 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.7 Median 1.8 1.7 1.9 1.5 1.6 1.5 Percentiles 5th 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.7 95th 3.2 2.9 3.5 2.8 2.7 2.9 97.5th 3.6 3.1 3.8 3.0 2.9 3.1
  • 17. Table 4.29 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of pre-formed niacin intake (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 18.4 16.9 19.9 15.9 15.0 16.8 SD 6.7 6.5 6.5 6.3 5.8 6.7 Median 17.1 15.9 19.0 14.7 13.8 15.6 Percentiles 5th 9.3 8.7 10.6 8.5 8.2 8.8 95th 30.2 30.0 31.2 27.3 26.7 28.6 97.5th 35.5 35.4 39.2 33.9 33.5 36.3 Food sources Mean 17.8 16.1 19.4 15.2 14.4 16.0 SD 6.1 5.6 6.2 5.2 5.0 5.4 Median 16.6 15.6 18.8 14.5 13.7 14.9 Percentiles 5th 9.3 8.7 10.6 8.5 8.2 8.8 95th 28.5 27.1 29.7 23.9 22.0 27.0 97.5th 31.1 29.8 36.1 28.7 27.6 30.6
  • 18. Table 4.30 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of total niacin equivalents (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 30.3 28.0 32.6 26.6 25.3 28.0 SD 9.1 8.9 8.7 8.1 7.6 8.4 Median 29.1 26.7 31.9 25.2 24.0 26.3 Percentiles 17.3 16.0 19.9 16.3 15.7 17.3 5th 46.7 45.2 48.7 42.6 38.4 45.0 95th 51.9 50.9 52.6 48.8 47.3 50.4 97.5th Food sources Mean 29.6 27.1 32.1 26.0 24.7 27.2 SD 8.7 8.1 8.5 7.3 7.0 7.4 Median 28.7 25.9 31.3 25.1 23.6 26.1 Percentiles 5th 17.3 16.0 19.9 16.3 15.7 16.9 95th 44.7 40.9 46.9 38.8 36.1 42.4 97.5th 49.2 47.7 50.7 45.4 42.9 46.5
  • 19. Table 4.31 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of vitamin B6 intake (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 2.1 2.0 2.3 1.9 1.8 2.1 SD 0.8 0.8 0.8 2.2 0.6 3.1 Median 2.0 1.9 2.2 1.7 1.7 1.7 Percentiles 5th 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1 95th 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.2 2.9 3.3 97.5th 4.3 4.0 4.4 3.9 3.5 4.5 Food sources Mean 2.0 1.9 2.2 1.7 1.7 1.8 SD 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 Median 1.9 1.8 2.1 1.7 1.6 1.7 Percentiles 5th 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 95th 3.4 3.1 3.6 2.9 2.6 3.1 97.5th 3.7 3.4 4.4 3.2 3.0 3.4
  • 20. Table 4.32 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of vitamin B12 intake (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 4.7 4.3 5.0 4.2 4.3 4.1 SD 2.3 2.0 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.4 Median 4.4 4.2 4.7 3.8 3.8 3.7 Percentiles 1.8 1.5 2.0 1.5 1.5 1.5 5th 8.8 8.9 8.7 8.0 8.0 8.4 95th 9.8 9.6 10.2 9.7 9.3 10.2 97.5th Food sources Mean 4.5 4.2 4.9 4.0 4.1 3.9 SD 2.2 1.9 2.5 2.2 2.4 1.9 Median 4.3 4.1 4.7 3.7 3.8 3.6 Percentiles 5th 1.8 1.5 1.9 1.5 1.5 1.3 95th 8.6 8.6 8.7 7.8 7.2 8.1 97.5th 9.7 9.5 10.2 9.4 8.9 9.9
  • 21. Table 4.33 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of folate intake (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 243 224 261 207 204 210 SD 103 101 101 90 84 95 Median 225 203 246 186 186 186 Percentiles 5th 113 105 126 111 113 106 95th 451 401 485 417 378 429 97.5th 499 534 531 486 466 520 Food sources Mean 231 211 251 198 195 200 SD 85 72 92 75 71 80 Median 220 201 242 184 185 183 Percentiles 5th 110 103 122 107 112 105 95th 381 339 437 356 330 380 97.5th 448 360 489 423 393 428
  • 22. Table 4.34 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of biotin intake (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 26.9 26.0 27.8 23.9 23.3 24.4 SD 22.9 23.8 22.0 25.4 26.5 24.3 Median 21.9 19.7 24.2 19.4 19.1 19.6 Percentiles 5th 9.3 9.2 9.9 9.5 9.9 9.1 95th 60.9 65.4 57.7 54.0 52.2 61.5 97.5th 80.7 93.4 68.2 73.8 62.1 102.6 Food sources Mean 24.5 23.0 26.0 21.5 20.0 23.1 SD 17.8 15.8 19.5 16.5 8.4 21.6 Median 21.2 18.9 23.6 19.1 19.0 19.6 Percentiles 5th 9.3 9.2 9.9 9.2 9.4 9.1 95th 49.2 52.8 49.4 40.0 33.2 42.7 97.5th 61.3 63.7 59.0 51.9 44.5 81.2
  • 23. Table 4.35 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of pantothenate intake (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 5.7 5.4 5.9 4.9 4.7 5.1 SD 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.9 1.8 3.8 Median 5.5 5.1 5.7 4.4 4.4 4.5 Percentiles 5th 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.3 95th 10.4 9.8 10.5 8.5 7.8 9.0 97.5th 11.0 11.0 11.8 10.3 9.5 11.2 Food sources Mean 5.4 5.1 5.7 4.6 4.5 4.7 SD 2.0 1.7 2.2 1.7 1.5 1.8 Median 5.2 4.9 5.7 4.3 4.2 4.4 Percentiles 5th 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.3 95th 9.4 8.2 10.4 7.8 7.4 8.1 97.5th 10.4 9.6 11.8 8.9 8.6 9.2
  • 24. Table 4.36 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of vitamin C intake (mg) from all sources and from food sources (excluding supplements) by sex and age group Boys Girls All ages 5-8y 9-12y All ages 5-8y 9-12y n=293 n=145 n=148 n=301 n=151 n=150 All sources Mean 86 81 91 88 85 92 SD 73 48 90 63 56 68 Median 68 71 66 74 73 74 Percentiles 5th 21 21 21 25 24 25 95th 178 168 220 203 196 216 97.5th 256 221 315 238 241 241 Food sources Mean 72 70 74 77 75 79 SD 42 39 45 49 47 50 Median 63 63 63 65 65 67 Percentiles 5th 21 19 21 23 23 23 95th 163 135 168 173 175 173 97.5th 187 179 195 225 231 223
  • 25. Table 4.37 Mean, SD and median values of vitamin intakes from all sources (including supplements) by sex and geographical location Open Country/village Small Town Large Town City Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Boys n=133 n=17 n=67 n=76 Retinol (µg) 408 464 290 236 72 239 312 296 219 409 340 285 Carotene (µg) 2724 2537 1833 2497 2232 1618 1955 1571 1644 2038 1657 1646 Total Vitamin A (µg) 862 631 767 652 392 471 637 442 556 749 461 666 Vitamin D (µg) 2.5 2.3 1.5 1.3 1.0 0.9 2.1 2.4 1.3 2.2 1.9 1.5 Vitamin E (mg) 7.1 4.5 6.0 5.5 3.1 4.4 5.8 4.0 4.7 7.3 5.2 5.9 Thiamin (mg) 1.7 0.6 1.6 1.7 0.6 1.4 1.5 0.5 1.4 1.5 0.6 1.4 Riboflavin (mg) 2.0 0.7 2.0 2.0 0.8 1.9 1.8 0.9 1.7 2.0 0.8 1.9 Pre-formed Niacin (mg) 18.7 6.4 17.8 19.3 6.9 17.1 17.6 7.1 17.0 18.4 6.8 16.7 Total Niacin Equivalents (mg) 31.3 8.8 30.0 30.7 8.2 29.1 28.4 9.5 27.6 30.1 9.4 28.5 Vitamin B6 (mg) 2.2 0.8 2.2 2.1 0.8 2.1 1.9 0.7 1.8 2.1 0.8 1.9 Vitamin B12 (µg) 4.9 2.3 4.6 4.8 1.8 4.8 4.2 2.4 3.6 4.6 2.2 4.3 Folate (µg) 257 110 234 228 66 221 221 101 205 239 96 224 Biotin (µg) 28.6 23.8 24.0 20.2 6.2 18.9 21.2 13.2 18.1 30.4 28.7 24.9 Pantothenate (mg) 6.0 2.1 5.7 5.7 2.6 5.2 4.9 2.3 4.6 5.7 2.2 5.7 Vitamin C (mg) 94 90 71 62 30 59 77.2 59.1 64.2 86 50 77 Girls n=109 n=17 n=80 n=95 Retinol (µg) 321 321 240 282 186 206 401 619 238 369 364 243 Carotene (µg) 2047 1750 1560 1450 1217 1164 1782 1985 1225 1887 1507 1652 Total Vitamin A (µg) 663 446 544 524 252 499 698 719 540 684 458 617 Vitamin D (µg) 2.2 2.2 1.5 1.7 1.9 1.1 2.6 2.7 1.7 2.2 2.2 1.5 Vitamin E (mg) 6.2 4.0 5.0 4.4 1.4 4.6 6.0 3.8 5.0 6.3 4.1 5.2 Thiamin (mg) 1.7 3.5 1.3 1.2 0.4 1.2 1.4 0.5 1.3 1.3 0.5 1.2 Riboflavin (mg) 2.0 3.5 1.6 1.7 0.7 1.5 1.7 0.7 1.6 1.6 0.6 1.5 Pre-formed Niacin (mg) 16.1 7.1 14.0 15.1 5.6 14.7 16.9 6.2 16.0 14.9 5.5 13.8 Total Niacin Equivalents (mg) 26.9 8.6 25.5 24.5 7 25.2 27.8 8.4 26.6 25.8 7.4 24.4 Vitamin B6 (mg) 2.2 3.6 1.8 1.7 0.6 1.6 1.9 0.8 1.7 1.7 0.7 1.6 Vitamin B12 (µg) 4.2 2.6 3.9 4.1 2.1 3.6 4.4 3.3 3.9 3.9 1.8 3.5 Folate (µg) 207.5 85.2 200.2 174 46 170 221 101 194 201 90 176 Biotin (µg) 26 33 20 20 15 17 20 11 18 24.8 24.8 19.6 Pantothenate (mg) 5.3 4.2 4.6 4.7 1.8 4.2 4.8 1.9 4.4 4.6 1.9 4.4 Vitamin C (mg) 93 60 74 68 52 44 76 48 67 95.9 75.3 77.3
  • 26. Table 4.38 Mean, SD and median values of vitamin intakes from all sources (including supplements) by sex and level of education of parents Intermediate education Secondary education Tertiary education Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Boys n=60* n=113 n=119 Retinol (µg) 347 336 238 395 478 262 375 310 265 Carotene (µg) 2281 2184 1677 2368 2107 1794 2359 2151 1743 Total Vitamin A (µg) 727 512 588 790 610 683 768 497 659 Vitamin D (µg) 2.1 2.2 1.4 2.1 2.2 1.2 2.4 2.2 1.6 Vitamin E (mg) 6.4 4.6 4.9 6.6 4.4 5.3 7.1 4.8 5.9 Thiamin (mg) 1.7 0.8 1.6 1.5 0.5 1.5 1.6 0.5 1.4 Riboflavin (mg) 2.0 0.9 1.9 1.9 0.8 1.8 2.0 0.7 1.9 Pre-formed Niacin (mg) 19.1 8.1 18.3 17.4 6.3 16.6 19.1 6.2 17.2 Total Niacin Equivalents (mg) 12.0 4.0 11.5 28.9 8.7 28.0 31.3 8.4 29.4 Vitamin B6 (mg) 2.2 1.0 2.1 2.1 0.7 2.0 2.1 0.7 1.9 Vitamin B12 (µg) 4.9 2.1 4.8 4.6 2.6 4.2 4.6 1.9 4.3 Total folate (µg) 248 120 241 235 108 217 247 88 230 Biotin (µg) 26.2 28.5 19.3 25.3 17.1 21.9 28.9 24.6 23.0 Pantothenate (mg) 5.9 2.7 5.7 5.5 2.2 5.2 5.7 2.1 5.6 Vitamin C (mg) 81 52 70 87 92 64 88 61 78 Girls n=49** n=116 n=132 Retinol (µg) 343 265 264 359 352 251 359 532 223 Carotene (µg) 1465 1605 1036 1848 1747 1437 2090 1722 1778 Total Vitamin A (µg) 587 372 542 667 475 543 707 615 568 Vitamin D (µg) 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.3 2.6 1.5 2.2 2.2 1.5 Vitamin E (mg) 5.9 2.8 5.0 5.9 4.0 4.9 6.4 4.2 5.3 Thiamin (mg) 1.5 0.5 1.5 1.6 3.4 1.2 1.4 0.6 1.3 Riboflavin (mg) 1.7 0.6 1.7 1.9 3.4 1.5 1.7 0.7 1.6 Pre-formed Niacin (mg) 15.7 5.1 15.8 15.8 6.6 14.5 16.0 6.4 14.7 Total Niacin Equivalents (mg) 10.9 3.3 10.7 26.3 8.3 25.0 26.8 8.1 25.4 Vitamin B6 (mg) 1.9 0.6 1.9 2.1 3.5 1.7 1.8 0.8 1.7 Vitamin B12 (µg) 4.0 1.7 3.6 4.2 2.4 3.8 4.3 2.9 3.8 Total folate (µg) 212 82 197 203 88 186 209 93 185 Biotin (µg) 22.4 15.1 17.6 25.0 32.9 19.4 23.5 20.9 19.5 Pantothenate (mg) 4.9 1.7 4.6 5.0 4.1 4.4 4.8 2.0 4.4 Vitamin C (mg) 80 58 71 78 46 68 101 74 83 * Includes Primary education only n=3 ** Includes Primary education only n=5
  • 27. Table 4.39 Mean, SD and median values of vitamin intakes from all sources (including supplements) by sex and social class Professional Workers Non-Manual Workers Skilled Manual Workers Unskilled Workers Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Boys n=144 n=59 n=51 n=33 Retinol (µg) 384 447 255 394 281 335 328 313 238 358 370 219 Carotene (µg) 2474 2264 1741 2770 2372 2062 1836 1602 1193 1583 1323 1159 Total Vitamin A (µg) 796 600 666 855 516 789 634 398 553 622 443 565 Vitamin D (µg) 2.4 2.2 1.5 2.2 1.9 1.5 1.9 2.3 1.1 2.2 2.5 1.4 Vitamin E (mg) 6.6 4.3 5.6 7.0 5.4 5.0 6.6 4.5 5.3 6.8 4.9 5.4 Thiamin (mg) 1.6 0.6 1.5 1.6 0.5 1.6 1.5 0.5 1.4 1.6 0.6 1.4 Riboflavin (mg) 2.0 0.7 2.0 2.0 0.8 1.9 1.7 0.8 1.7 1.9 0.8 1.8 Pre-formed Niacin (mg) 19.3 6.9 17.6 18.5 5.5 18.0 16.7 6.5 15.8 16.4 6.5 15.5 Total Niacin Equivalents (mg) 12.3 3.3 12.1 12.0 3.0 11.4 11.0 3.5 10.5 11.0 3.0 11.1 Vitamin B6 (mg) 2.2 0.8 2.0 2.2 0.7 2.1 1.9 0.7 1.8 2.1 0.8 2.0 Vitamin B12 (µg) 4.9 2.4 4.4 4.6 2.3 4.5 4.1 2.0 3.9 4.6 2.3 4.3 Total folate (µg) 246 105 225 252 94 230 220 97 203 238 104 227 Biotin (µg) 27.8 21.4 23.3 28.3 23.6 23.3 22.2 14.2 18.5 22.8 12.1 18.8 Pantothenate (mg) 5.8 2.2 5.6 5.7 2.1 5.6 5.1 2.1 4.9 5.7 2.6 5.6 Vitamin C (mg) 84 57 71 96 63 93 75 117 53 90 56 75 Girls n=163 n=58 n=42 n=35 Retinol (µg) 362 355 250 386 708 212 301 300 214 332 230 239 Carotene (µg) 2066 1638 1781 2034 1915 1417 1139 968 801 1810 2244 1189 Total Vitamin A (µg) 706 465 617 725 781 486 491 348 375 634 444 550 Vitamin D (µg) 2.3 2.3 1.6 2.5 2.7 1.5 2.1 2.3 1.1 1.7 1.5 1.3 Vitamin E (mg) 6.2 3.9 5.2 6.1 3.9 5.1 5.7 4.0 4.5 5.5 3.0 4.8 Thiamin (mg) 1.6 2.9 1.2 1.4 0.5 1.2 1.3 0.5 1.3 1.5 0.5 1.5 Riboflavin (mg) 1.8 2.9 1.6 1.7 0.6 1.6 1.5 0.6 1.5 1.8 0.7 1.7 Pre-formed Niacin (mg) 16.1 6.9 14.6 15.9 5.6 15.0 14.2 5.6 12.6 16.1 5.4 16.7 Total Niacin Equivalents (mg) 10.9 2.7 10.5 10.9 2.6 10.8 10.2 3.1 9.7 10.6 3.5 9.5 Vitamin B6 (mg) 2.0 3.0 1.7 1.8 0.8 1.7 1.7 0.6 1.5 2.0 0.6 1.9 Vitamin B12 (µg) 4.2 2.4 3.8 4.4 3.5 3.9 3.7 2.0 3.3 4.1 2.0 3.4 Total folate (µg) 210 94 184 203 86 188 188 89 165 216 68 214 Biotin (µg) 24.1 22.6 19.5 21.9 10.4 20.1 28.1 47.8 17.3 22.0 16.4 18.9 Pantothenate (mg) 5.0 3.6 4.4 4.8 1.7 4.5 4.7 2.1 4.1 5.0 1.9 4.5 Vitamin C (mg) 94 69 76 83 56 68 76 43 74 86 63 69
  • 28. Table 4.40 Mean, SD, median and percentile values of NSP (g) intakes from all food sources for the total population and by sex and age group Gender NSP (g) Age group n Mean SD Median Percentiles 5th 95th All 5-12y 594 9.4 3.2 9.1 5.2 15.3 5-8y 296 8.8 2.8 8.6 4.8 13.9 9-12y 298 10.0 3.4 9.4 5.4 15.8 Boys 5-12y 293 10.0 3.5 9.5 5.3 16.2 5-8y 145 9.2 3.0 9.1 4.8 15.4 9-12y 148 10.8 3.7 10.2 5.5 17.7 Girls 5-12y 301 8.8 2.8 8.4 5.1 14.2 5-8y 151 8.5 2.5 8.3 4.7 13.0 9-12y 150 9.2 2.9 8.7 5.3 15.2 Table 4.41 Mean, SD and median values of NSP (g/MJ) intakes from all food sources for the total population and by sex and age group Gender NSP (g/MJ) Age group n Mean SD Median All 5-12y 594 1.34 0.35 1.32 5-8y 296 1.34 0.33 1.33 9-12y 298 1.34 0.37 1.31 Boys 5-12y 293 1.36 0.37 1.34 5-8y 145 1.35 0.34 1.33 9-12y 148 1.37 0.40 1.34 Girls 5-12y 301 1.32 0.33 1.29 5-8y 151 1.33 0.33 1.31 9-12y 150 1.32 0.33 1.27
  • 29. Table 4.42 Mean, SD and median values of NSP intakes (g and g/MJ) for the total population and boys and girls by geographical location Open country/village Small town Large town City Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Mean SD Median All n=242 n=34 n=147 n=171 NSP (g) 9.9 3.3 9.4 8.6 2.5 8.5 8.8 2.9 8.3 9.4 3.2 9.2 NSP (g/MJ) 1.40 0.4 1.40 1.24 0.3 1.20 1.30 0.3 1.30 1.31 0.3 1.27 Boys n=133 n=17 n=67 n=76 NSP (g) 10.5 3.7 9.8 9.8 2.3 9.8 9.0 3.1 8.5 10.2 3.5 9.6 NSP (g/MJ) 1.41 0.4 1.43 1.27 0.2 1.20 1.29 0.3 1.29 1.34 0.3 1.33 Girls n=109 n=17 n=80 n=95 NSP (g) 9.2 2.7 9.1 7.4 2.1 6.8 8.6 2.8 8.0 8.8 2.9 8.5 NSP (g/MJ) 1.39 0.3 1.39 1.21 0.3 1.17 1.31 0.3 1.34 1.28 0.3 1.21
  • 30. Table 4.43 Mean, SD and median values of NSP intakes (g and g/ MJ) for the total population and boys and girls by level of education of their parents Intermediate education Secondary education Tertiary education Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Mean SD Median All n=109 n=229 n=251 NSP (g) 9.0 3.4 8.4 9.0 3.3 8.5 9.6 3.6 9.4 NSP (g/MJ) 1.24 0.3 1.20 1.32 0.4 1.29 1.27 0.4 1.20 Boys n=60 n=113 n=119 NSP (g) 9.6 3.7 9.2 9.9 3.7 9.3 10.4 3.1 9.8 NSP (g/MJ) 1.25 0.3 1.20 1.37 0.4 1.33 1.40 0.3 1.39 Girls n=49 n=116 n=132 NSP (g) 8.3 2.7 7.9 8.3 2.6 7.7 9.5 2.8 9.1 NSP (g/MJ) 1.23 0.3 1.20 1.27 0.3 1.25 1.41 0.3 1.40
  • 31. Table 4.44 Mean, SD and median values of NSP intakes (g and g/MJ) for the total population and boys and girls by social class Social class NSP (g) NSP (g/MJ) n* Mean SD Median Mean SD Median Professional workers All 307 9.75 3.07 9.39 1.38 0.34 1.37 Boys 144 10.40 3.25 9.81 1.39 0.34 1.39 Girls 163 9.18 2.78 8.88 1.37 0.33 1.33 Non-Manual Workers All 117 9.27 2.91 8.82 1.33 0.35 1.33 Boys 59 9.65 3.05 9.23 1.31 0.35 1.31 Girls 58 8.89 2.74 8.50 1.34 0.34 1.37 Skilled Manual Workers All 93 8.64 3.58 7.98 1.26 0.41 1.25 Boys 51 9.31 4.24 9.06 1.31 0.50 1.30 Girls 42 7.83 2.36 7.49 1.20 0.26 1.21 Unskilled Workers All 68 9.00 3.39 8.12 1.27 0.31 1.25 Boys 33 9.86 3.67 9.32 1.31 0.31 1.30 Girls 35 8.19 2.94 7.43 1.25 0.31 1.21 * n excludes missing data on occupations not obtained

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