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Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa
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Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in africa

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  • 1. Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in Africa Jimmy Smith, ILRI Director General African Livestock Conference and ExhibiƟon (ALiCE), Nairobi, 26−28 June 2013
  • 2. • The global livestock sector is growing rapidly and will continue to do so into the foreseeable future. • Major opportunities exist for Africa’s livestock sector. • Africa recognizes the central importance of agriculture for development − but livestock are still often under-represented –we must change that. • Research solutions are needed to transform Africa’s livestock sector. • New investments and institutional reforms are also needed to take these successes to scale. • Acting now, together and coherently, we can ensure that Africa’s livestock sector is competitive and sustainable. Key messages
  • 3. The global livestock sector is growing rapidly -- 40% of agriculture GDP but receives very little public investment
  • 4. 4 out of 5 of the highest value global commodities are livestock
  • 5. Population growth Over 9 billion people to feed by 2050 Income growth 7 of the 10 fastest-growing economies in the world over the next five years are in Africa. Urbanization Africa’s current population of 1.1 billion is expected to double, to 2.3 billion, by 2050, and over half will live in urban areas. Drivers of global livestock sector trends
  • 6. Rosegrant et al. 2009 The 4 billion people who live on less than US$10 a day (primarily in developing countries) represent a food market of about $2.9 trillion per year. (Hammond et al. 2007) • 17 billion domestic animals • Asset value $1.4 trillion • Employs 1.3 billion people Economic opportunities in the livestock sector
  • 7. Provides food and nutritional security BUT overconsumption can cause obesity Powers economic development BUT equitable development can be a challenge Improves human health BUT animal-human/emerging diseases and unsafe foods need to be addressed Enhances the environment BUT pollution, land/water degradation, GHG emissions and biodiversity losses must be greatly reduced Opportunities and challenges in the livestock sector
  • 8. ILRI Spearheading a New Way Forward Major opportunities for Africa’s livestock sector
  • 9. 3 out of 6 of the highest value African commodities are livestock Source: FAOSTAT, 2013
  • 10. FAO, 2012 Annual % growth in consumption of livestock products between 1995 and 2005
  • 11. 11 FAO, 2012Based on anticipated change in absolute tonnes of product comparing 2000 and 2030 Percentage growth in demand for livestock products: 2000−2030
  • 12. 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 1961 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Quantity(Tonnes) Africa total meat trade Imports Exports Calculated from FAO data (FAOSTAT, 2013) • Production has not keep pace with consumption growth • Thus, Africa expected to continue being a net importer of animal-sourced foods –except we do more • Global trade share: 3% • Intra-regional trade (2009): 10% Africa is a net importer of animal-source foods
  • 13. • Developing, not developed, countries (Africa significant) • Critical intervention point is smallholder producers • Transforming the sector to meet demand in environmentally sustainable and healthy ways: take to scale research based successes > facilitate access to markets > technology (feeds, breeds, health) > enabling policies, and new institutional and business models Future livestock sector markets and opportunities
  • 14. Smallholders dominate the livestock sector --attaining the twin goals-- • Small and medium enterprises dominate (70% of current production) can be made competitive with large ones –some are already • Attention to this sector (as well) will contribute, not only to attaining food and nutrition security but to reducing rural poverty as well --twin goals
  • 15. ILRI Spearheading a New Way Forward Africa recognizes the central importance of agriculture − but livestock are still often under- represented
  • 16. Africa’s livestock sector is complex Inherent complexities of the livestock sector • Intersects with all other smallholder agricultural production systems • Impinges on key environmental and human health issues • Forces hard trade-offs, such as food, feed or biofuels?
  • 17. Africa’s agricultural commitments: Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme CAADP seeks to: •Employ agriculture-led growth to achieve MDG1 of halving poverty and hunger by 2015 •Pursue 6% average annual sector growth at national level •Allocate 10% of national budgets to the agriculture sector •Exploit regional complementarities and cooperation to boost growth •Support evidence-based policymaking •Include farmers, agribusiness, civil society in partnerships and alliances
  • 18. CAADP and the livestock sector • Role of the livestock sector (including the dairy sector) not fully appreciated in original 4 CAADP pillars but later articulated in CAADP Companion Document. • Contribution of livestock sector generally downplayed partly due to lack of empirical evidence. • Emerging empirical evidence ==> potential contribution of livestock sector is much larger than currently believed. • Livestock sector has big potential to contribute to economic growth, poverty reduction and food security.
  • 19. New investments and reforms are needed to take these successes to scale
  • 20. Both investments and reforms needed in Africa’s livestock sector • Investments as well as policy and institutional reforms that target African livestock markets are needed. • These can ensure that the business opportunities generated by the growing demand for animal-sourced foods translate into widespread benefits for the population. • Research, development, investment, businesses and farmers themselves need to be better aligned and connected. • To meet the growing demand with sustainable African production systems rather than imports, we’re going to have to do things differently.
  • 21. Joint public-private testing of innovations: • Innovative franchise models are providing smallholders with access to agro-vets (‘Sidai’ in Kenya) • New low-cost, pen-side diagnostic tools are providing diagnostics for smallholder settings • New mobile phone systems are helping farmers monitor the health and reproduction of their animals (‘iCow’ in Kenya) • Index based livestock insurance is reducing risk for pastoralists using banking, insurance and IT from private sector innovation • East Africa Dairy Development (EADD) project is connecting farmers to service providers and new business opportunities through a hub model Examples of private-public synergies
  • 22. Acting now, together and coherently, we can ensure that Africa’s livestock sector is competitive and sustainable
  • 23. What must we do to position the livestock sector on Africa –some thoughts • More public sector attention to create an appropriate enabling environment –for large and small producers • Pay attention to local markets and the promotion of continental trade -The value of the market for livestock products in Africa: 2006/7 US$33b by 2050 US$107b • Shift from a hazard to a risk based approach to regulating food safety, and market access and trade policies • To promote access to markets –link rural infrastructure development to the needs of the agriculture sector • Avoid reckless attempts at ‘leap frogging’ • Strengthen research and delivery services – market access promotes a technology demand pull
  • 24. • The global livestock sector is growing rapidly and will continue to do so into the foreseeable future. • Major opportunities exist for Africa’s livestock sector. • Africa recognizes the central importance of agriculture for development − but livestock are still often under-represented –we must change that. • Research solutions are needed to transform Africa’s livestock sector. • New investments and institutional reforms are also needed to take these successes to scale. • Acting now, together and coherently, we can ensure that Africa’s livestock sector is competitive and sustainable. Key messages
  • 25. Thank you
  • 26. The presentation has a Creative Commons licence. You are free to re-use or distribute this work, provided credit is given to ILRI. better lives through livestock ilri.org

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