Introduction Presentation Gooch
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Introduction Presentation Gooch






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Introduction Presentation Gooch Introduction Presentation Gooch Presentation Transcript

  • Professor Geoffrey D. Gooch, PhD Department of Management and Economics Linköping University, Sweden and UNESCO Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science University of Dundee, Scotland
  • Sustainable Livelihoods and Biodiversity in Developing Countries
  • The challenge is to improve Livelihoods for local people while at the same time protecting Biodiversity
  • LiveDiverse Partners
  • EU LiveDiverse Rural riparian areas Scotland Sweden Netherlands Italy Costa Rica Vietnam Terraba River basin Ba-Be / Na Hang India Nature Conservation Western Ghats South Africa Greater Kruger Area
  • Ba Be Lake, NW Vietnam
  • Transport on the Ba Be Lake
  • Local villagers, Ba Be, NW Vietnam
  • The Western Ghats, India
  • Mangrove Delta, Terraba River, Costa Rica
  • The Greater Kruger Area, South Africa
  • Case Study Area
  • Mutale River Lake Fundudzi Makuya Park
  • Overall strategy of LiveDiverse 1. The creation of a multidisciplinary knowledge base and vulnerability mapping. 2. Construction of way/methodology to identify public perceptions, beliefs, values towards biodiversity and sustainable livelihoods. 3. Identification and mapping of the areas vulnerable – Natural science criteria. – Socio-economic, legal and political – Cultural-spiritual point of view 4. The construction of a GIS vulnerability data base
  • Overall strategy of LiveDiverse 5. The identification of the biodiversity and sustainable livelihoods ‘hot-spots – a high risk (according to the natural science criteria) – and a low capability to manage those risks (according to the socio-economic, cultural-spiritual and political criteria). 6. The use of the knowledge gained in these processes to construct biodiversity and livelihood scenarios. 7. The formulation of policy recommendations.
  • LiveDiverse components and their interactions WP1 Management, Integration and Dissemination WP2 Multi-disciplinary Knowledge Base and vulnerability mapping WP3 WP9 WP4 Public Beliefs, Perceptions, Attitudes Co-operation Institutions, and Preferences with value-based stakeholders, strategies, and social groups, policy NGOs WP5 Instruments Ecological WP7 WP6 Cultural Spiritual Socio-economic WP8 Scenarios for Sustainable livelihood and lifestyles Constructive engagement with social groups and their representatives
  • Combined GIS Mapping Combined Scenarios Policy recommendations and project proposals
  • Sesan River, Vietnam-Cambodia Water for energy Joint development Business as usual of HEP HEP development in Vietnam Development of common energy grid Low level of Info sharing on High level of trans- transboundary coop water release boundary cooperation Problems with Improved fishing and farming environmental flow in Cambodia Development Joint development Water for food and of farming/fishing of fish production fish production in Vietnam
  • Socio-economic data (36 documents): Access to piped water by municipality Access to telephone by municipality Age groups by municipality Age of head of household by municipality Area type by municipality Citizenship by municipality Country of birth by municipality Disability by municipality Economic active population by municipality Economic sector by municipality Employment status Energy source for cooking by municipality Energy source for heating by municipality Energy source for lighting by municipality Gender of head of household by municipality Highest level of education by municipality Highest level of education grouped by municipality Household income by municipality Household size by municipality
  • What are the central issues of the Livelihoods and Biodiversity Interface in our case areas? 1. Agricultural systems and size/mix of production units 2. Competition over water (and HEP dams) 3. Size and type of rural communities 4. Alternative forms of livelihoods 5. Legal and policy systems and institutions 6. Human settlements in and around protected areas 7. Ability to interact with governance systems 8. Cultural and spiritual traditions
  • Science Interface Law and Stakeholders Policy
  • Thank You for Listening to Me!