Libro de gramacticas 2 semester

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Spanish Grammar Book Semester Two

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Libro de gramacticas 2 semester

  1. 1. Libro de Gramaticas
  2. 2. El Preterito; -Car,-Gar,-Zar•Tocar Jugar Comenzar •Toque -Jugue -Comence •Tocaste -Jugaste Comenzaste •Toco -Jugo -Comenzo •Tocamos -Jugamos Comenzamos •Tocaron -Jugaron -Comenzaron
  3. 3. Modal Verbs Ir+a+infinitive (going to do something) Poder+infinitive (are able to do something) Querer+infinitive (want to do something) Deber+infinitive (should do something) Tener que+infinitive (to have to do something) Soler+infinitive (to be accustomed to…)
  4. 4. Los Adverbios Spanish adverbs are formed by adding –mente to the feminine singular form of the adjective. Claro» clara»claramente»clearly Perfecto»perfecta»perfectamente»perfectly If it ends in an „e‟ or a consanant, keep it the same and add “–mente”. When two adverbs modify the same verb, only the second one uses the “–mente” ending. First adverb is the same as the feminine singular! Irregulares: Muco, Muy, Mal, Bastante, Bien, Ya, Tan, Demasiado, Nunca, Poco, Peor, Siempre.
  5. 5. Progressive Tense The Present Progressive- formed by combining the verb „to be‟ ,estar, with the present participle (-ing form of a verb).  Estoy hablando a ti.  Estas nadando en el rio. The Past (Imperfect) Tense- formed by combining estar with the present participle.  Estaba hablando a ti.  Estabas nadando en el rio.
  6. 6. Las Cucarachas  Andar - Anduv- Yo- e  Estar - Estuv-  Poder - Pus- Tú- iste  Querer -Quis-  Venir - Vin- Él- o  Decir -Dij-  Traer - Traj- Nosotros- imos  Conducir - Conduj- Ellos- ieron  Producir -Produj-  Traducir - Traduj-Drop “I” sound in third person plural
  7. 7. Snake and snakey Snake: o Snakey:  Stem changers o Y Changers - Dormir: o Leer - Dormí o Leí o Limos - Dormimos o Leiste - Dormiste o Leyo - Durmio o Leyeron - Durmieron
  8. 8. Dar/ver: -i SPOCK! -iste -io -imos ↓ -ieron s e r iIr/ser: → r ← Hacer:-fui -hice-fuiste -hiciste-fue -hizo-fuimos -hicimos-fueron -hicieron
  9. 9. El futuro “Will” -é Infinitive + -ás -á -emos -ánEjemplo: Tomorrow I will sing.Traduce: Mañana cantaré.
  10. 10. El Futuro Irregulares Decir Dir- Hacer Har- Poner Podr- -é Salir → Saldr- -ás Tener Tendr- -á Valer Vendr- -emos Podr- - éis Poder Quer- -án Querer Sabr- Saber
  11. 11. -Car, -Gar, -Zar quecargar guezar cè
  12. 12. Modal Verbs Conjugate and pair modal verb without infinitive to get a new meaning:  Ir+ a+ infinitive: “Going to do something”  Poder +a + infinitive: “ Are able to do something”  Querer +a +infinitive: “Want to do something”  Deber +a +infinitive: “Should do something”  Tener +que + infinitive: “to have to do something”  Soler + a+ infinitive: “ To be accustomed to__"
  13. 13. Los Adverbios Verb + mente!  Frequente +mente= frequentemente :D  “frequent+ly= frequently”  Feliz + mente= felizimente!  “happy+ ly= happily”
  14. 14. Progressivos! Present: Progressive is formed by combining the verb “to be” with the present participle ( - ing form of a verb) Estar+ando/iendo/yendo Examples:  Present: “Estoy hablando a ti”- I am talking to you.Past: conjugate estar with present participle Examples:  Past: “Estaba hablando a ti”- I was talking to you
  15. 15. Superlatives La mas- bigger La menos- smaller El mejor- better El menor- worse  Exemplos:  Nora Ruiz es la hermana la mas grande y Rosa Ruiz es la hermana la menos grande.  Joel es el mejor atleta. Tim no es tan rapidotan Joel.
  16. 16. Formal Commands1.Start with the “yo” from of the presentindicative.2. Drop the “o” ending3. Add the following endings: -ar verbs: -e for usd. And –en for usds. -er and ir verbs: -a for usd. And –an for usds.  Irregulars: TVDISHES:  Tenga  Vea  Diga  Vaya  Haga  Sepa  Easta  Seya
  17. 17. Conditional Used to express possibility, probability, wonder or conjecture and is usually translated as a “would”, “should”, or “could” “ must have” or “probably”. Infinitive + ía Hablar: ías Hablaría ía Hablarías íamos Hablaría íais Hablaríamos ían Hablaríais hablarían
  18. 18. Preposiciones Abajo- below Arriba- above Debajo de- underneath Dentro de- inside Encima de- on top of Fuera da- outside
  19. 19. Demonstrativos

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