0
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 Introduction
 Why Blue Brain?
 Objectives of Blue Brain Project
 Human brain configuration
 Simulating Virtual brain...
 Could a simulated brain start to think, feel and
experience the world as if it were an organic,
human brain?
 Technolog...
 Today we are developed because of our intelligence.
Intelligence is the inborn quality that cannot be
created.
 After t...
 IBM’s blue brain project will search for insights
into how human beings think and remember.
 Scientists think that blue...
6
Nervous System
~ Sensory Input
~ Integration
~ Motor Output
~ Electric Impulses
Lishita Shah
Natural Brain
 Input
• By neurons
• By sensory cells
 Interpretation
 Memory
Virtual Brain
 Input
• ANN with silicon c...
8
Simulating human
brain by reverse
engineering &
combining biological
studies to digital
technology using
concept of Art...
 The uploading is possible by
the use of small robots known
as the NANOBOTS.
 These robots are small enough
to travel th...
10
The IBM’s Blue Brain at Lausanne Switzerland
Lishita Shah
The hardware & software required to build a
Blue Brain…
 8,096 CPUs at 700 MHz each of which can map
one or two simulated...
12
Lishita Shah
 Blue Brain will reveal many
existing aspects of the brain
circuits ,memory capacity , and
how memories are lost.
 The m...
 We can remember things without any
effort.
 Decision can be made without the
presence of a person.
 Even after the dea...
 We become dependent upon the computer
systems.
 Others may use technical knowledge against us.
 Computer viruses will ...
 Gathering and Testing 100 Years of Data
 Cracking the Neural Code
 A Foundation for Molecular Modeling of Brain
Functi...
 Prosthetic devices to restore vision, hearing or
limb control might be the next step.
 Further in the future, the real ...
 Very soon this technology will be
highly accepted whole over the
world but wisdom lies in right use.
 “Technology does ...
10IT097 19Lishita Shah
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  1. 1. 1
  2. 2.  Introduction  Why Blue Brain?  Objectives of Blue Brain Project  Human brain configuration  Simulating Virtual brain  Uploading Human Brain  Requirement & Power  Pros & cons  Applications &Future Perspective  Closing Thoughts 2 Lishita Shah
  3. 3.  Could a simulated brain start to think, feel and experience the world as if it were an organic, human brain?  Technology is growing faster than everything. If possible, IBM’s “BLUE BRAIN”, an artificial brain that can think, respond, take decision, and keep anything in memory, would be the first virtual brain of the world.  The goal is to reverse engineer the brain into a computer. 3 Lishita Shah
  4. 4.  Today we are developed because of our intelligence. Intelligence is the inborn quality that cannot be created.  After the death of a person, virtual brain will act as a person so we will not lose the knowledge, intelligence, personalities, feelings and memories of that man that can be used for the development of the human society.  Certain super brains like that of Steve Jobs, or Stephen Hawkings could be interfaced with computer to develop super computers. 4 Lishita Shah
  5. 5.  IBM’s blue brain project will search for insights into how human beings think and remember.  Scientists think that blue brain could also help to cure the Parkinson's disease.  The brain circuitry is in a complex state of flux, the brain rewiring itself every moment of its existence. If the scientists can crack open the secret of how and why the brain does it, the knowledge could lead to new breed of supercomputers. 5 Lishita Shah
  6. 6. 6 Nervous System ~ Sensory Input ~ Integration ~ Motor Output ~ Electric Impulses Lishita Shah
  7. 7. Natural Brain  Input • By neurons • By sensory cells  Interpretation  Memory Virtual Brain  Input • ANN with silicon chip. • Electric impulses  Interpretation  Memory 7 Lishita Shah
  8. 8. 8 Simulating human brain by reverse engineering & combining biological studies to digital technology using concept of Artificial Neural Network (ANN) Lishita Shah
  9. 9.  The uploading is possible by the use of small robots known as the NANOBOTS.  These robots are small enough to travel throughout our circulatory system.  Will monitor activity of brain by traveling into the spine and brain  They will provide an interface with computer . 9 Lishita Shah
  10. 10. 10 The IBM’s Blue Brain at Lausanne Switzerland Lishita Shah
  11. 11. The hardware & software required to build a Blue Brain…  8,096 CPUs at 700 MHz each of which can map one or two simulated brain neurons  256MB to 512MB memory per processor.  100 kilowatts power consumption.  Processor with a very high processing power.  22.8 TFLOPS peak processing speed.  Linux and C++ software. 11 Lishita Shah
  12. 12. 12 Lishita Shah
  13. 13.  Blue Brain will reveal many existing aspects of the brain circuits ,memory capacity , and how memories are lost.  The modelling is also able to work out best way to compensate and repair error circuits .The blue brain model can be used to detect and test treatment strategies for neurological diseases. 13 Lishita Shah
  14. 14.  We can remember things without any effort.  Decision can be made without the presence of a person.  Even after the death of a man his intelligence can be used.  Improvements in processing speed and memory could make entire human brain simulated.  The activity of different animals can be understood.  Help deaf and mad people 14 Lishita Shah
  15. 15.  We become dependent upon the computer systems.  Others may use technical knowledge against us.  Computer viruses will pose an increasingly critical threat.  Possibilities of human cloning.  If in future surrogates to humans are developed then, there will be no human interaction and the world will run on computers only. 15 Lishita Shah
  16. 16.  Gathering and Testing 100 Years of Data  Cracking the Neural Code  A Foundation for Molecular Modeling of Brain Function  Understanding Neocortical Information Processin g  A Novel Tool for Drug Discovery for Brain Disorders  A Global Facility  A Foundation for Whole Brain Simulations 16 Lishita Shah
  17. 17.  Prosthetic devices to restore vision, hearing or limb control might be the next step.  Further in the future, the real dreams would be the realization of the “brain-in-computer and chip-in-brain” arrangement.  Creating Surrogates  This is just ’blink of an eye’…there’s lot more to come… 17 Lishita Shah
  18. 18.  Very soon this technology will be highly accepted whole over the world but wisdom lies in right use.  “Technology does not create Brain but Brain creates Technology”  We will be able to transfer ourselves into computers at some point & this is just the beginning……..! 18 Lishita Shah
  19. 19. 10IT097 19Lishita Shah
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