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Reading strategies Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Reading Strategies Lisette Lunar (Adapted from Jacqueline Neufeld & Marion Webb, 1984)
  • 2. Reading Strategies
    • Words are symbols that you interpret.
    • Strategies are skills that you can practice to develop your ability to read English:
      • Good reading involves a lot of guessing and predicting
      • Read and reread as much as possible
  • 3. Reading Strategies
    • Characteristics of GOOD READERS:
      • Understand the process of reading
      • Understand the grammar of the English language
      • Understand the context of an anglosaxon world
      • Understand realtionships of parts to the whole and among each other.
  • 4. Reading Strategy # 1
    • Word Sources
    • ROOTS
    • “ The root is the basic element of any word that gives it its meaning” (Neufeld& Webb,1984)
    man / manu manuscript manage mandatory manufacture manipulate manure
  • 5. Reading Strategy # 1
    • ACTIVITY 1
    • EXERCISES ON ROOTS
    • 1.- Circle the root in each of the webs. Then write the root in the yellow circle in the middle of the web.
    • a) Root meaning “WRITE”
    orthographic photograph monograph geographic graphology graphics
  • 6. Reading Strategy # 1
    • ACTIVITY 1
    • EXERCISES ON ROOTS
    • 1.- Circle the root in each of the webs. Then write the root in the yellow circle in the middle of the web.
    • a) Root meaning “EARTH”
    geocentric geophysics geopolitical geometry geology geomorphic
  • 7. Reading Strategy # 1
    • ACTIVITY 1
    • EXERCISES ON ROOTS
    • 1.- Circle the root in each of the webs. Then write the root in the yellow circle in the middle of the web.
    • a) Root meaning “STUDY OF” or “SCIENCE OF”
    biology geology epistemology anthropology morphology phonology
  • 8. Reading Strategy # 1
    • AFFIXES (Sistema de afijos)
    • Two kinds in English
    • Prefixes: that goes before the root
    • Suffixes: that go after the root
    • EX:
    • Prefix Root New Word
    • Trans- fer transfer
    • (Latin word (latin word (to carry
    • meaning “across”) meaning “ bear, across)
    • carry”)
  • 9. Reading Strategy # 1
    • Table 1 Prefixes and Roots (adapted from Neufeld & Webb,1984)
    • Prefix Root Word Meaning
    • under - stand-to be understand to comprehend
    • below in upright
    • beneath position
    • lie –to rest underlie to form the foundation
    • horizontally for
    • en – hance – enhance to increase in value
    • in raise up
  • 10. Reading Strategy # 1
    • Table 2 Prefixes and Roots (adapted from Neufeld & Webb,1984)
    • Word Function Meaning Source
    • Boycott noun a refusal to deal Boycott was
    • with a company the name of
    • or to use its an Englishman
    • product sent to Ireland
    • to oversee the
    • management of a
    • great estate. His
    • greed and cruelty
    • made people
    • refuse to speak to
    • him or to serve him
  • 11. Reading Strategy # 1
    • Table 2 Prefixes and Roots (adapted from Neufeld & Webb,1984)
    • Word Function Meaning Source
    • Machiavellian adjective full of cunning, Machiavelli was a
    • craft and deceit; famous Italian
    • expedience as writer on
    • the key to power government. He
    • advocated that the end justified the means.
    • Quixotic adjective idealist dreamer Don Quixote, the
    • who is bothe visionary hero of the novel
    • and impractical by Cervantes.
  • 12. Reading Strategy # 1
    • Some Common Prefixes
    •   Using these prefixes and others will expand your vocabulary.
    • Prefix               Meaning of Prefix      Words Formed Using the Prefix
    • re                     again                           re play, re send, re place
    • hyper              over                             hyper active, hyper sensitive,
    • un                    not                               un clear, un sure, un decided
    • tri                    three                            tri angle, tri cycle, tri weekly
    • pre                  before                          pre pay, pre package, pre date
    • mis                  wrong                          mis conduct, mis spell, mis understand
    • sub                  below                           sub way, sub standard, sub marine
  • 13. Reading Strategy # 2
    • WORD MEANING:
      • LITERAL MEANING
      • ASSOCIATED MEANING
    • Denotation is the literal meaning usually given in the dictionary.
    • Connotation is the associated meaning given by the people who speak the language.
    • EX: father “male parent” / security, protection, paternal love, authority
  • 14. Reading Strategy # 2
    • ACTIVITY 2
    • EXERCISES on Connotation and Denotation
    • 1.- Associated meanings
    • a.- For each of the words given in column A, match the denotation in column B- Then find the conotation in column C
    • A B C
    • 1.- home a.- the planet that u.-warmth, shelter
    • we live on comfort
    • 2.- red b.-body of salt,water v.- basic, simple
  • 15. Reading Strategy # 2
    • A B C
    • 1.- home a.- the planet that u. warmth, shelter
    • we live on. comfort
    • 2.- red b.-body of salt,water v. basic, simple
    • 3.- earth c.- armed conflict between w. cheerfulness
    • opposing forces.
    • 4.- sun d.- the star nearest the earth x. blue, expanse, waves
    • 5.- sea e.- a place for human beings y. killing and
    • to live destruction
    • 6.- war f.- a primary color z. anger, blood,
    • passion
  • 16. Reading Strategy # 2
    • ACTIVITY 2
    • EXERCISES on Connotation and Denotation
    • 1.-Associated meanings
    • b.- Write down some words that you would associate with:
      • Love
      • Death
      • Life
  • 17. Reading Strategy # 2
    • ACTIVITY 2
    • EXERCISES on Connotation and Denotation
    • 2.- Negative and Positive
    • a.- Some word have positive or negative connotations. In the following list write a plus (+) for positive and a minus (-) for negative connotations.
    • Cruelty holiday well-being
    • Masochism illness dying
    • Freedom joy war
    • Poverty health homeless
  • 18. Reading Strategies
    • IDIOMS
    • “ Idioms, or idiomatic expressions, are groups of words that have a particular meaning” (Neulfeld & Webb, 1984)
    • “ Some idioms originated as colloquialism (informal speech) or slang ( casual, playful,non-standard language”).
  • 19. Reading Strategies
    • IDIOMS
    • “ You never sit still. You have ants in your pants.”
    • Meaning: extreme restlessness, overactivity
    • “ Mary is the apple of my eye ”.
    • Meaning:a person or thing that is greatly loved, treasured, and adored
  • 20. Reading Strategies
    • IDIOMS
    • “ Daniel is the black sheep of the family . He is always causing problems”
    • Meaning: the most unsuccessful, least admirable member of a family, a disgraced person.
    • “ Helen told me to bug off because I was being a real pest ”.
    • Meaning: to leave someone alone, to go away, stop annoying someone
  • 21. Reading Strategies
    • ACTIVITY 3
    • EXERCISE on Idioms
    • Read the idioms and try to relate each idiom to the
    • highlighted group of words in the paragraph.
    • See the sights see them off
    • See you soon sight unseen
    • Seeing is believing look into
    • See about
  • 22. Reading Strategies
    • ACTIVITY 3
    • EXERCISE on Idioms
    • “ In the United States, we tend to think that we must see
    • things in order to believe them . We woudn´t want to buy
    • something without seeing if first , even if we only look at the
    • picture in a catalog. If we visit a new city, we like to visit the
    • famous landmarks . If a problem faces us, we have to study
    • it or investigate it. When friends who have been visiting
    • leave, we could probably take them to the airport and say
    • goodbye . Then we might say, “ Come back soon .”
  • 23. Reading Strategy # 3
    • Word Power
    • Learn to use the context in a sentence or
    • paragraph to understand the meaning of an
    • unfamiliar word.
    • 1.- Look for a contrast between what you do not understand and somethimg you do.
    • EX: A person who is dependent on others for help in every circumstance should not own his own business. This person is not self-reliant .
  • 24. Reading Strategy # 3
    • Word Power
    • 2.- Look for a comparison between what you do not understand and what you do.
    • EX: An American learns from very early age to depend only on himself ; he knows he must be self-reliant when he grows up.
  • 25. Reading Strategy # 3
    • Word Power
    • 3.- Use your knowledge of the world and your common sense as an aid in determining the meaning of an unfamiliar word.
    • EX: She felt inundated with things to do; she had to chair the board meeting, pick up the children, buy the groceries, and prepare dinner for her guests.
    • Inundated= overloaded
  • 26. THE END LISETTE LUNAR [email_address]