Reading strategies

1,158 views
1,079 views

Published on

Reading skills

Published in: Education
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,158
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
55
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Reading strategies

  1. 1. Reading Strategies Lisette Lunar (Adapted from Jacqueline Neufeld & Marion Webb, 1984)
  2. 2. Reading Strategies <ul><li>Words are symbols that you interpret. </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies are skills that you can practice to develop your ability to read English: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good reading involves a lot of guessing and predicting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read and reread as much as possible </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Reading Strategies <ul><li>Characteristics of GOOD READERS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand the process of reading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand the grammar of the English language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand the context of an anglosaxon world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand realtionships of parts to the whole and among each other. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Reading Strategy # 1 <ul><li>Word Sources </li></ul><ul><li>ROOTS </li></ul><ul><li>“ The root is the basic element of any word that gives it its meaning” (Neufeld& Webb,1984) </li></ul>man / manu manuscript manage mandatory manufacture manipulate manure
  5. 5. Reading Strategy # 1 <ul><li>ACTIVITY 1 </li></ul><ul><li>EXERCISES ON ROOTS </li></ul><ul><li>1.- Circle the root in each of the webs. Then write the root in the yellow circle in the middle of the web. </li></ul><ul><li>a) Root meaning “WRITE” </li></ul>orthographic photograph monograph geographic graphology graphics
  6. 6. Reading Strategy # 1 <ul><li>ACTIVITY 1 </li></ul><ul><li>EXERCISES ON ROOTS </li></ul><ul><li>1.- Circle the root in each of the webs. Then write the root in the yellow circle in the middle of the web. </li></ul><ul><li>a) Root meaning “EARTH” </li></ul>geocentric geophysics geopolitical geometry geology geomorphic
  7. 7. Reading Strategy # 1 <ul><li>ACTIVITY 1 </li></ul><ul><li>EXERCISES ON ROOTS </li></ul><ul><li>1.- Circle the root in each of the webs. Then write the root in the yellow circle in the middle of the web. </li></ul><ul><li>a) Root meaning “STUDY OF” or “SCIENCE OF” </li></ul>biology geology epistemology anthropology morphology phonology
  8. 8. Reading Strategy # 1 <ul><li>AFFIXES (Sistema de afijos) </li></ul><ul><li>Two kinds in English </li></ul><ul><li>Prefixes: that goes before the root </li></ul><ul><li>Suffixes: that go after the root </li></ul><ul><li>EX: </li></ul><ul><li>Prefix Root New Word </li></ul><ul><li>Trans- fer transfer </li></ul><ul><li>(Latin word (latin word (to carry </li></ul><ul><li>meaning “across”) meaning “ bear, across) </li></ul><ul><li>carry”) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Reading Strategy # 1 <ul><li>Table 1 Prefixes and Roots (adapted from Neufeld & Webb,1984) </li></ul><ul><li>Prefix Root Word Meaning </li></ul><ul><li>under - stand-to be understand to comprehend </li></ul><ul><li>below in upright </li></ul><ul><li>beneath position </li></ul><ul><li>lie –to rest underlie to form the foundation </li></ul><ul><li>horizontally for </li></ul><ul><li>en – hance – enhance to increase in value </li></ul><ul><li>in raise up </li></ul>
  10. 10. Reading Strategy # 1 <ul><li>Table 2 Prefixes and Roots (adapted from Neufeld & Webb,1984) </li></ul><ul><li>Word Function Meaning Source </li></ul><ul><li>Boycott noun a refusal to deal Boycott was </li></ul><ul><li>with a company the name of </li></ul><ul><li>or to use its an Englishman </li></ul><ul><li>product sent to Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>to oversee the </li></ul><ul><li>management of a </li></ul><ul><li>great estate. His </li></ul><ul><li>greed and cruelty </li></ul><ul><li>made people </li></ul><ul><li>refuse to speak to </li></ul><ul><li>him or to serve him </li></ul>
  11. 11. Reading Strategy # 1 <ul><li>Table 2 Prefixes and Roots (adapted from Neufeld & Webb,1984) </li></ul><ul><li>Word Function Meaning Source </li></ul><ul><li>Machiavellian adjective full of cunning, Machiavelli was a </li></ul><ul><li>craft and deceit; famous Italian </li></ul><ul><li>expedience as writer on </li></ul><ul><li>the key to power government. He </li></ul><ul><li>advocated that the end justified the means. </li></ul><ul><li>Quixotic adjective idealist dreamer Don Quixote, the </li></ul><ul><li>who is bothe visionary hero of the novel </li></ul><ul><li>and impractical by Cervantes. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Reading Strategy # 1 <ul><li>Some Common Prefixes </li></ul><ul><li>  Using these prefixes and others will expand your vocabulary. </li></ul><ul><li>Prefix               Meaning of Prefix      Words Formed Using the Prefix </li></ul><ul><li>re                     again                           re play, re send, re place </li></ul><ul><li>hyper              over                             hyper active, hyper sensitive, </li></ul><ul><li>un                    not                               un clear, un sure, un decided </li></ul><ul><li>tri                    three                            tri angle, tri cycle, tri weekly </li></ul><ul><li>pre                  before                          pre pay, pre package, pre date </li></ul><ul><li>mis                  wrong                          mis conduct, mis spell, mis understand </li></ul><ul><li>sub                  below                           sub way, sub standard, sub marine </li></ul>
  13. 13. Reading Strategy # 2 <ul><li>WORD MEANING: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LITERAL MEANING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ASSOCIATED MEANING </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Denotation is the literal meaning usually given in the dictionary. </li></ul><ul><li>Connotation is the associated meaning given by the people who speak the language. </li></ul><ul><li>EX: father “male parent” / security, protection, paternal love, authority </li></ul>
  14. 14. Reading Strategy # 2 <ul><li>ACTIVITY 2 </li></ul><ul><li>EXERCISES on Connotation and Denotation </li></ul><ul><li>1.- Associated meanings </li></ul><ul><li>a.- For each of the words given in column A, match the denotation in column B- Then find the conotation in column C </li></ul><ul><li>A B C </li></ul><ul><li>1.- home a.- the planet that u.-warmth, shelter </li></ul><ul><li> we live on comfort </li></ul><ul><li>2.- red b.-body of salt,water v.- basic, simple </li></ul>
  15. 15. Reading Strategy # 2 <ul><li>A B C </li></ul><ul><li>1.- home a.- the planet that u. warmth, shelter </li></ul><ul><li> we live on. comfort </li></ul><ul><li>2.- red b.-body of salt,water v. basic, simple </li></ul><ul><li>3.- earth c.- armed conflict between w. cheerfulness </li></ul><ul><li> opposing forces. </li></ul><ul><li>4.- sun d.- the star nearest the earth x. blue, expanse, waves </li></ul><ul><li>5.- sea e.- a place for human beings y. killing and </li></ul><ul><li> to live destruction </li></ul><ul><li>6.- war f.- a primary color z. anger, blood, </li></ul><ul><li> passion </li></ul>
  16. 16. Reading Strategy # 2 <ul><li>ACTIVITY 2 </li></ul><ul><li>EXERCISES on Connotation and Denotation </li></ul><ul><li>1.-Associated meanings </li></ul><ul><li>b.- Write down some words that you would associate with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Love </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Life </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Reading Strategy # 2 <ul><li>ACTIVITY 2 </li></ul><ul><li>EXERCISES on Connotation and Denotation </li></ul><ul><li>2.- Negative and Positive </li></ul><ul><li>a.- Some word have positive or negative connotations. In the following list write a plus (+) for positive and a minus (-) for negative connotations. </li></ul><ul><li>Cruelty holiday well-being </li></ul><ul><li>Masochism illness dying </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom joy war </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty health homeless </li></ul>
  18. 18. Reading Strategies <ul><li>IDIOMS </li></ul><ul><li>“ Idioms, or idiomatic expressions, are groups of words that have a particular meaning” (Neulfeld & Webb, 1984) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Some idioms originated as colloquialism (informal speech) or slang ( casual, playful,non-standard language”). </li></ul>
  19. 19. Reading Strategies <ul><li>IDIOMS </li></ul><ul><li>“ You never sit still. You have ants in your pants.” </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning: extreme restlessness, overactivity </li></ul><ul><li>“ Mary is the apple of my eye ”. </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning:a person or thing that is greatly loved, treasured, and adored </li></ul>
  20. 20. Reading Strategies <ul><li>IDIOMS </li></ul><ul><li>“ Daniel is the black sheep of the family . He is always causing problems” </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning: the most unsuccessful, least admirable member of a family, a disgraced person. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Helen told me to bug off because I was being a real pest ”. </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning: to leave someone alone, to go away, stop annoying someone </li></ul>
  21. 21. Reading Strategies <ul><li>ACTIVITY 3 </li></ul><ul><li>EXERCISE on Idioms </li></ul><ul><li>Read the idioms and try to relate each idiom to the </li></ul><ul><li>highlighted group of words in the paragraph. </li></ul><ul><li>See the sights see them off </li></ul><ul><li>See you soon sight unseen </li></ul><ul><li>Seeing is believing look into </li></ul><ul><li>See about </li></ul>
  22. 22. Reading Strategies <ul><li>ACTIVITY 3 </li></ul><ul><li>EXERCISE on Idioms </li></ul><ul><li>“ In the United States, we tend to think that we must see </li></ul><ul><li>things in order to believe them . We woudn´t want to buy </li></ul><ul><li>something without seeing if first , even if we only look at the </li></ul><ul><li>picture in a catalog. If we visit a new city, we like to visit the </li></ul><ul><li>famous landmarks . If a problem faces us, we have to study </li></ul><ul><li>it or investigate it. When friends who have been visiting </li></ul><ul><li>leave, we could probably take them to the airport and say </li></ul><ul><li>goodbye . Then we might say, “ Come back soon .” </li></ul>
  23. 23. Reading Strategy # 3 <ul><li>Word Power </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to use the context in a sentence or </li></ul><ul><li>paragraph to understand the meaning of an </li></ul><ul><li>unfamiliar word. </li></ul><ul><li>1.- Look for a contrast between what you do not understand and somethimg you do. </li></ul><ul><li>EX: A person who is dependent on others for help in every circumstance should not own his own business. This person is not self-reliant . </li></ul>
  24. 24. Reading Strategy # 3 <ul><li>Word Power </li></ul><ul><li>2.- Look for a comparison between what you do not understand and what you do. </li></ul><ul><li>EX: An American learns from very early age to depend only on himself ; he knows he must be self-reliant when he grows up. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Reading Strategy # 3 <ul><li>Word Power </li></ul><ul><li>3.- Use your knowledge of the world and your common sense as an aid in determining the meaning of an unfamiliar word. </li></ul><ul><li>EX: She felt inundated with things to do; she had to chair the board meeting, pick up the children, buy the groceries, and prepare dinner for her guests. </li></ul><ul><li>Inundated= overloaded </li></ul>
  26. 26. THE END LISETTE LUNAR [email_address]

×