Teaching with Primary Sources           from the     Library of Congress                 Lisa Kelley                 Media...
What are primary sources?Primary sources are the raw materials of history — original documents andobjects which were creat...
Why use primary sources?Primary sources are a window into the                past    Bringing young people into close    c...
Use to engage studentsPrimary sources help students relate in a personalway to events of the past and promote a deeperunde...
Use to help develop critical          thinking skills• Many state standards support teaching with  primary sources, which ...
Use to help develop critical    thinking skills (cont.)• In analyzing primary sources, students  move from concrete observ...
Use to construct knowledge• Inquiry into primary sources encourages  students to wrestle with contradictions and  compare ...
Use to construct knowledgeIntegrating what they glean from comparing  primary sources with what they already know, and wha...
What’s Available?               Newspapers              News Footage                              Diaries Artifacts       ...
Decide the Level of Involvement• Lessons created using resources• Teacher created resources• Student created resources• St...
Already Created LessonsLibrary of Congress Website                 Education Extras Website            …and many more!
Teacher Created~Book Backdrops
Student Created~Book Trailer
During theAmerican Civil War…one boyfought againstall odds to save  his brother.
An act of greedand deceit led     to…
…an underage brother beingsold into service  in the Union      army
11-year-oldHomer P. Figg traveled the    Eastern seaboard tofind and save   his older    brother
On the way, Homer learns  the value ofgenerosity and    personalsacrifice from a Quaker friend
He learns about        the  UndergroundRailroad and thedangers faced by    those who would help and those trying to  find ...
Homer travels by foot, trainand boat from   Maine to     New  Jersey, and    beyond
Along the way he eventually  learns that perspective is  everything.From travelingmedicine shows      to…
…Treason!
While Homerisn’t alwayshonest, he isalways loyal
Read The Mostly True Adventures        of Homer P. Figg      by Rodman Philbrick
Student Inquiry~        Okay…let’s do this!• Choose at least two or three primary sources  that support the learning objec...
General Analysis Sheet
General Analysis Guide
Specific AnalysisMap Analysis    Photograph Analysis
Draw on students’ prior knowledge           of the topic.• Ask students to closely observe each primary source.   – Who cr...
Promote student inquiry  Encourage students to speculate about  each source, its creator, and its context• What was happen...
Keep Promoting student inquiryAsk if this source agrees with other primarysources, or with what the students already      ...
Assess students’ critical  thinking and analysis skills  Have students summarize what they’ve                   learned• A...
References"Classroom Materials." - For Teachers (Library of Congress).       Web. 04 Mar. 2012.       <http://www.loc.gov/...
Let’s check out the website!Library of Congress~www.loc.gov
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Teaching with primary sources

921 views
799 views

Published on

Presentation for MACUL 2012 created by Lisa Kelley. Introduction to teaching with primary sources from the Library of Congress collection.

Published in: Technology, Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
921
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
36
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Teaching with primary sources

  1. 1. Teaching with Primary Sources from the Library of Congress Lisa Kelley Media Specialist Rochester Community Schools
  2. 2. What are primary sources?Primary sources are the raw materials of history — original documents andobjects which were created at the time under study.
  3. 3. Why use primary sources?Primary sources are a window into the past Bringing young people into close contact with these unique, often profoundly personal, documents andobjects can give them a very real sense of what it was like to be alive during a long-past era
  4. 4. Use to engage studentsPrimary sources help students relate in a personalway to events of the past and promote a deeperunderstanding of history as a series of humanevents.Because primary sources are snippets of history,they encourage students to seek additionalevidence through research.First-person accounts of events helps make themmore real, fostering active reading and response.
  5. 5. Use to help develop critical thinking skills• Many state standards support teaching with primary sources, which require students to be both critical and analytical as they read and examine documents and objects.• Primary sources are often incomplete and have little context. Students must use prior knowledge and work with multiple primary sources to find patterns.
  6. 6. Use to help develop critical thinking skills (cont.)• In analyzing primary sources, students move from concrete observations and facts to questioning and making inferences about the materials.• Questions of creator bias, purpose, and point of view may challenge students’ assumptions.
  7. 7. Use to construct knowledge• Inquiry into primary sources encourages students to wrestle with contradictions and compare multiple sources that represent differing points of view, confronting the complexity of the past.• Students construct knowledge as they form reasoned conclusions, base their conclusions on evidence, and connect primary sources to the context in which they were created, synthesizing information from multiple sources.
  8. 8. Use to construct knowledgeIntegrating what they glean from comparing primary sources with what they already know, and what they learn from research, allows students to construct content knowledge and deepen understanding
  9. 9. What’s Available? Newspapers News Footage Diaries Artifacts Journals PrimaryPoetry Art Sources PhotographyMusic Speeches Music Interviews
  10. 10. Decide the Level of Involvement• Lessons created using resources• Teacher created resources• Student created resources• Student inquiry projects
  11. 11. Already Created LessonsLibrary of Congress Website Education Extras Website …and many more!
  12. 12. Teacher Created~Book Backdrops
  13. 13. Student Created~Book Trailer
  14. 14. During theAmerican Civil War…one boyfought againstall odds to save his brother.
  15. 15. An act of greedand deceit led to…
  16. 16. …an underage brother beingsold into service in the Union army
  17. 17. 11-year-oldHomer P. Figg traveled the Eastern seaboard tofind and save his older brother
  18. 18. On the way, Homer learns the value ofgenerosity and personalsacrifice from a Quaker friend
  19. 19. He learns about the UndergroundRailroad and thedangers faced by those who would help and those trying to find freedom
  20. 20. Homer travels by foot, trainand boat from Maine to New Jersey, and beyond
  21. 21. Along the way he eventually learns that perspective is everything.From travelingmedicine shows to…
  22. 22. …Treason!
  23. 23. While Homerisn’t alwayshonest, he isalways loyal
  24. 24. Read The Mostly True Adventures of Homer P. Figg by Rodman Philbrick
  25. 25. Student Inquiry~ Okay…let’s do this!• Choose at least two or three primary sources that support the learning objectives• Consider how students can compare these items to other primary and secondary sources• Identify an analysis tool or guiding questions that students will use to analyze the primary sources
  26. 26. General Analysis Sheet
  27. 27. General Analysis Guide
  28. 28. Specific AnalysisMap Analysis Photograph Analysis
  29. 29. Draw on students’ prior knowledge of the topic.• Ask students to closely observe each primary source. – Who created this primary source? – When was it created? – Where does your eye go first?• Help students see key details. – What do you see that you didn’t expect? – What powerful words and ideas are expressed?• Encourage students to think about their personal response to the source. – What feelings and thoughts does the primary source trigger in you? – What questions does it raise?
  30. 30. Promote student inquiry Encourage students to speculate about each source, its creator, and its context• What was happening during this time period?• What was the creator’s purpose in making this primary source?• What does the creator do to get his or her point across?• What was this primary source’s audience?• What biases or stereotypes do you see?
  31. 31. Keep Promoting student inquiryAsk if this source agrees with other primarysources, or with what the students already know• Ask students to test their assumptions about the past• Ask students to find other primary or secondary sources that offer support or contradiction
  32. 32. Assess students’ critical thinking and analysis skills Have students summarize what they’ve learned• Ask for reasons and specific evidence to support their conclusions• Help students identify questions for further investigation, and develop strategies for how they might answer them
  33. 33. References"Classroom Materials." - For Teachers (Library of Congress). Web. 04 Mar. 2012. <http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/>.Kelley, Anna. The Mostly True Adventures of Homer P. Figg Book Trailer. 1 Aug. 2011. PPT."Lesson Plans!" Intermediate Lesson Plans For Library of Congress. Web. 04 Mar. 2012. http://educationextras.com/LOCintermediate.html."Using Primary Sources." Library of Congress. Web. 04 Mar. 2012. <http://www.loc.gov/teachers/usingprimarysources/>.
  34. 34. Let’s check out the website!Library of Congress~www.loc.gov

×