Reading strategy

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Expository Text Reading Strategy

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Reading strategy

  1. 1. Lisa Scrofano<br />Comprehension Strategy for Expository Text<br />
  2. 2. This method is sometimes referred to as “text mapping” and has been modified using Project Read Comprehension strategies<br />Method used for expository text, nonfiction.<br />Comprehension strategy lends to writing and summaries<br />4th grade on up <br />Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading   Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Sensory Language. Students understand, make inferences and draw conclusions about how an author's language and provide evidence from text to support their understanding. <br />Goal of Method<br />
  3. 3. Skim the text<br />Circle to prove<br />Outline margins<br />Summarize key facts<br />Add supporting details in outline<br />Rewrite using outline format<br />Method Summary<br />
  4. 4. Example – Skim the article<br />
  5. 5. Most Owls are active at dusk and dawn, spending the daytime at a quiet, inconspicuous roost. They generally roost singly or in pairs, but may form flocks outside of the breeding season. (A group of Owls is called a parliament)<br /> An Owl's daily activity begins with preening, stretching, yawning and combing its head with its claws. The plumage is often ruffled up, and claws and toes are cleaned by nibbling with the beak. The Owl will then leave its roost, sometimes giving a call (especially in breeding season).<br /> Owls have a very expressive body language. Many species will bob and weave their head, as if curious about something - this is in fact to further improve their three-dimensional concept of what they are viewing. When relaxed, the plumage is loose and fluffy. If an owl becomes alarmed, it will become slim, its feathers pulled in tightly to the body, and ear-tufts, if any, will stand straight up. A pygmy Owl will cock its tail and flick it from side to side when excited or alarmed. Little owls bob their body up and down when alert.<br />When protecting young or defending itself, an Owl may assume a "threat" or defensive posture, with feathers ruffled to increase apparent size. The head may be lowered, and wings spread out and pointing down. Some species become quite aggressive when nesting, and have been known to attack humans.<br /> Owls will bathe in shallow water, and also in rain.<br /> Owls have a very wide range of vocalizations, ranging from the hoots so often associated with Owls, to whistles, screeches, screams, purrs, snorts, and hisses. Hooting is often territorial, and is also associated with courting, the male usually having the lower pitched Hoot. It should be noted that not all Owl species hoot. Owls can also make clicking noises with their tongues, often as part of a threat display. They may also clap their wings in flight as part of a mating display.<br /> Because Owls are predators, they are feared by many birds. For this reason, they are often attacked or harassed by groups of smaller birds. This is not limited to one species, as once the attack begins, many different birds will join in. Interestingly, the Owl rarely responds to the harassment, and it is just as rare for the Owl to be injured in any way! The mobbing may succeed in forcing the Owl to move on to a different area. The retreating Owl is often pursued by the mob.<br /> Owls are generally resident birds. Some Northern populations of certain species may escape harsh winters by moving south.<br />
  6. 6. Circle to prove<br />
  7. 7. Most Owls are active at dusk and dawn, spending the daytime at a quiet, inconspicuous roost. They generally roost singly or in pairs, but may form flocks outside of the breeding season. (A group of Owls is called a parliament)<br /> An Owl's daily activity begins with preening, stretching, yawning and combing its head with its claws. The plumage is often ruffled up, and claws and toes are cleaned by nibbling with the beak. The Owl will then leave its roost, sometimes giving a call (especially in breeding season).<br />Owls have a very expressive body language. Many species will bob and weave their head, as if curious about something - this is in fact to further improve their three-dimensional concept of what they are viewing. When relaxed, the plumage is loose and fluffy. If an owl becomes alarmed, it will become slim, its feathers pulled in tightly to the body, and ear-tufts, if any, will stand straight up. A pygmy Owl will cock its tail and flick it from side to side when excited or alarmed. Little owls bob their body up and down when alert.<br />When protecting young or defending itself, an Owl may assume a "threat" or defensive posture, with feathers ruffled to increase apparent size. The head may be lowered, and wings spread out and pointing down. Some species become quite aggressive when nesting, and have been known to attack humans.<br />Owls will bathe in shallow water, and also in rain.<br />Owlshave a very wide range of vocalizations, ranging from the hoots so often associated with Owls, to whistles, screeches, screams, purrs, snorts, and hisses. Hooting is often territorial, and is also associated with courting, the male usually having the lower pitched Hoot. It should be noted that not all Owl species hoot. Owls can also make clicking noises with their tongues, often as part of a threat display. They may also clap their wings in flight as part of a mating display.<br /> Because Owls are predators, they are feared by many birds. For this reason, they are often attacked or harassed by groups of smaller birds. This is not limited to one species, as once the attack begins, many different birds will join in. Interestingly, the Owl rarely responds to the harassment, and it is just as rare for the Owl to be injured in any way! The mobbing may succeed in forcing the Owl to move on to a different area. The retreating Owl is often pursued by the mob.<br />Owls are generally resident birds. Some Northern populations of certain species may escape harsh winters by moving south.<br />
  8. 8. Circled to Prove – Now read to test<br />
  9. 9. Trace The margins<br />
  10. 10. Most Owls are active at dusk and dawn, spending the daytime at a quiet, inconspicuous roost. They generally roost singly or in pairs, but may form flocks outside of the breeding season. (A group of Owls is called a parliament)<br /> An Owl's daily activity begins with preening, stretching, yawning and combing its head with its claws. The plumage is often ruffled up, and claws and toes are cleaned by nibbling with the beak. The Owl will then leave its roost, sometimes giving a call (especially in breeding season).<br />Owls have a very expressive body language. Many species will bob and weave their head, as if curious about something - this is in fact to further improve their three-dimensional concept of what they are viewing. When relaxed, the plumage is loose and fluffy. If an owl becomes alarmed, it will become slim, its feathers pulled in tightly to the body, and ear-tufts, if any, will stand straight up. A pygmy Owl will cock its tail and flick it from side to side when excited or alarmed. Little owls bob their body up and down when alert.<br />When protecting young or defending itself, an Owl may assume a "threat" or defensive posture, with feathers ruffled to increase apparent size. The head may be lowered, and wings spread out and pointing down. Some species become quite aggressive when nesting, and have been known to attack humans.<br />Owls will bathe in shallow water, and also in rain.<br />Owlshave a very wide range of vocalizations, ranging from the hoots so often associated with Owls, to whistles, screeches, screams, purrs, snorts, and hisses. Hooting is often territorial, and is also associated with courting, the male usually having the lower pitched Hoot. It should be noted that not all Owl species hoot. Owls can also make clicking noises with their tongues, often as part of a threat display. They may also clap their wings in flight as part of a mating display.<br /> Because Owls are predators, they are feared by many birds. For this reason, they are often attacked or harassed by groups of smaller birds. This is not limited to one species, as once the attack begins, many different birds will join in. Interestingly, the Owl rarely responds to the harassment, and it is just as rare for the Owl to be injured in any way! The mobbing may succeed in forcing the Owl to move on to a different area. The retreating Owl is often pursued by the mob.<br />Owls are generally resident birds. Some Northern populations of certain species may escape harsh winters by moving south.<br />
  11. 11. Add Roman Numerals<br />
  12. 12. I Most Owls are active at dusk and dawn, spending the daytime at a quiet, inconspicuous roost. They generally roost singly or in pairs, but may form flocks outside of the breeding season. (A group of Owls is called a parliament)<br />II An Owl's daily activity begins with preening, stretching, yawning and combing its head with its claws. The plumage is often ruffled up, and claws and toes are cleaned by nibbling with the beak. The Owl will then leave its roost, sometimes giving a call (especially in breeding season).<br />IIIOwls have a very expressive body language. Many species will bob and weave their head, as if curious about something - this is in fact to further improve their three-dimensional concept of what they are viewing. When relaxed, the plumage is loose and fluffy. If an owl becomes alarmed, it will become slim, its feathers pulled in tightly to the body, and ear-tufts, if any, will stand straight up. A pygmy Owl will cock its tail and flick it from side to side when excited or alarmed. Little owls bob their body up and down when alert.<br />When protecting young or defending itself, an Owl may assume a "threat" or defensive posture, with feathers ruffled to increase apparent size. The head may be lowered, and wings spread out and pointing down. Some species become quite aggressive when nesting, and have been known to attack humans.<br />IVOwls will bathe in shallow water, and also in rain.<br />Owlshave a very wide range of vocalizations, ranging from the hoots so often associated with Owls, to whistles, screeches, screams, purrs, snorts, and hisses. Hooting is often territorial, and is also associated with courting, the male usually having the lower pitched Hoot. It should be noted that not all Owl species hoot. Owls can also make clicking noises with their tongues, often as part of a threat display. They may also clap their wings in flight as part of a mating display.<br />V Because Owls are predators, they are feared by many birds. For this reason, they are often attacked or harassed by groups of smaller birds. This is not limited to one species, as once the attack begins, many different birds will join in.VI Interestingly, the Owl rarely responds to the harassment, and it is just as rare for the Owl to be injured in any way! The mobbing may succeed in forcing the Owl to move on to a different area. The retreating Owl is often pursued by the mob.<br />VIIOwls are generally resident birds. Some Northern populations of certain species may escape harsh winters by moving south.<br />
  13. 13. I Introduction<br />II Daily Activity<br />III Body Language<br />IV Bathing<br />V Calls<br />VI Mobbing<br />VII Migration<br />Rename/Summarize each Paragraphs<br />
  14. 14. I Most Owls are active at dusk and dawn, spending the daytime at a quiet, inconspicuous roost. They generally roost singly or in pairs, but may form flocks outside of the breeding season. (A group of Owls is called a parliament)<br />II An Owl's daily activity begins with preening, stretching, yawning and combing its head with its claws. The plumage is often ruffled up, and claws and toes are cleaned by nibbling with the beak. The Owl will then leave its roost, sometimes giving a call (especially in breeding season).<br />IIIOwls have a very expressive body language. Many species will bob and weave their head, as if curious about something - this is in fact to further improve their three-dimensional concept of what they are viewing. When relaxed, the plumage is loose and fluffy. If an owl becomes alarmed, it will become slim, its feathers pulled in tightly to the body, and ear-tufts, if any, will stand straight up. A pygmy Owl will cock its tail and flick it from side to side when excited or alarmed. Little owls bob their body up and down when alert.<br />When protecting young or defending itself, an Owl may assume a "threat" or defensive posture, with feathers ruffled to increase apparent size. The head may be lowered, and wings spread out and pointing down. Some species become quite aggressive when nesting, and have been known to attack humans.<br />IVOwls will bathe in shallow water, and also in rain.<br />Owlshave a very wide range of vocalizations, ranging from the hoots so often associated with Owls, to whistles, screeches, screams, purrs, snorts, and hisses. Hooting is often territorial, and is also associated with courting, the male usually having the lower pitched Hoot. It should be noted that not all Owl species hoot. Owls can also make clicking noises with their tongues, often as part of a threat display. They may also clap their wings in flight as part of a mating display.<br />V Because Owls are predators, they are feared by many birds. For this reason, they are often attacked or harassed by groups of smaller birds. This is not limited to one species, as once the attack begins, many different birds will join in.VI Interestingly, the Owl rarely responds to the harassment, and it is just as rare for the Owl to be injured in any way! The mobbing may succeed in forcing the Owl to move on to a different area. The retreating Owl is often pursued by the mob.<br />VIIOwls are generally resident birds. Some Northern populations of certain species may escape harsh winters by moving south.<br />
  15. 15. Rename the title (Main Idea)<br />Pick three key facts (Roman Numerals)<br />Pick two supporting details for each fact (yellow)<br />Create summary of what was read<br />Summarizing what was read<br />

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