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Simple and Complex SentencesPresentation Transcript
Structure in Context(Simple and Complex Sentences) Prepared by: Siti Nabila Shamsuddin Emma Lisa Noorazmi
Understanding Clauses• A clause is comprised of at least a subject and a verb. Damon drinks. A CLAUSE subject verb
Types of Clauses Clauses-It contains a subject and verb.-It is a sentence (it can stand alone).-It expresses a complete thought. Independent Clausee.g; a) Caroline runs. b) Stefan and Elena fought again. c) Alaric runs and apologizes at the same time. Dependent Clause*It can have a compound subjects or verbs (b) and (c). -Also known as Subordinate Clause. -It contains a subject and verb (but does not express a complete thought) -It can not be a sentence. after, although, as, -It is often marked by a dependent marker as if, because, before, word or subordinator. even if, even though, if, e.g; a) If Caroline runs, since, though, unless, b) When Stefan and Elena fought again, until, whatever, when c) Because Alaric runs and apologizes at the same time,
Simple Sentences SENTENCE = SUBJECT (topic) + PREDICATE (comment)• also called an independent clause, contains a subject and a verb, and it expresses a complete thought
Subject PredicatePosition At the beginning of Follows the subject the sentenceForm Consists of a noun Starts with a verb phrase (form) indicating an action or state of beingMeaning Indicates the topic of Conveys a thought the discussion about the subject (meaning)
Examples of Simple SentencesA. He lived with his mother.B. Jack saw a beautiful castle.C. The giant came down after him.D. Nobody ever saw him again.
Complex Sentences Complex sentence = Independent clause + One or more dependent clause(s).• Dependent clauses begin with subordinating conjunctions – a conjunction that introduces a dependent clause. after if whenever although since whereas as though wherever because unless while before until even though when
Examples of Complex Sentences Dependent - Independent Independent - DependentWhen Jack’s mother saw the beans, she was Jack’s mother was very angry when she sawvery angry. the beans.With the golden eggs and the magic harp, Jack and his mother lived happily ever afterJack and his mother lived happily ever after. with the golden eggs and the magic harp.After they left on the bus, Mary and Mary and Samantha realized that Joe wasSamantha realized that Joe was waiting at waiting at the train station after they left onthe train station. the bus.
Because the bridge wasntproperly maintained by thegovernment, it fell down. Although he ate a really big dinner, now he wants to eat cake for dessert.
Whenever they eat at thisrestaurant, they order hamburgersand fries. Hell be able to maintain a healthy weight if he keeps exercising.Because the world is getting warmer,polar bears are in danger ofbecoming extinct.