Truth Vs. Validity

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Truth Vs. Validity

  1. 1. Truth vs. Validity The age-old Debate
  2. 2. Introduction What is the difference between truth and Validity? What are the aspects of each? Which is a better argumentative tool?
  3. 3. “Critical thinkers need to think in terms of arguing over validity of opposing viewpoints as opposed to arguing over which of the opposing viewpoints is the truthful one.”
  4. 4. Truth! Truth is the complete accuracy of propositions, statements, sentences, assertions, and Beliefs. one and only truth Threshold is measured at absolute certainty tied to self-esteem promotes dogmatism
  5. 5. Validity Validity is the quality of scholarship being used to support the arguments being made. Many valid positions possible Threshold is measured using the entire continuum of certainty tied to information available promotes open-mindedness
  6. 6. Who makes a better case? it is better to argue validity. if there is truth, then there is no argument needed to take place. You can’t argue an absolute fact, but there can be many valid positions on a claim.
  7. 7. Using Validity Validity promotes constructive argumentation. In oder to have a valid point one must have a certain degree of facts. keep in mind that there may be many valid positions. Therefore, the more facts available to back-up your position the better chance you have to sway the audience. GOOD CRITICAL THINKERS ALWAYS ARGUE VALIDITY.
  8. 8. Threshold the degree of validity on the continuum of Certainty the breakthrough point! WHEN THE AUDIENCE supports the argument THIS ARGUMENT HAS REACHED THE THRESHOLD FOR SOME.
  9. 9. Truth and Validity are not inherently connected! VALIDITY = FACTS TRUTH ≠ VALIDITY
  10. 10. REMEMBER... We use facts to argue validity Truth is absolute, and can’t be argued! (shame...) Reaching the threshold is a goal the audience must reach for their claim to be accepted. Avoid dogmatism. Critical thinking is about being open-minded.

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