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Ice Hockey



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  • 1. Ice Hockey Why It’s So Canadian By Nick & Cledis
  • 2. Hockey History
    • Ice hockey was invented in Canada
    • European immigrants brought different versions of hockey-like games to North America like:
      • Hurling (an Irish sport)
      • Shinty (a Scottish sport)
      • Versions of field hockey (played in England)
    • The first known set of ice hockey rules were drawn up in the early 1870’s by students at Montreal's McGill University
      • These rules established the number of players per side to 9 and replaced the ball with a square puck.
    • On March 3, 1875 the first organized indoor game was played at Montreal's Victoria Skating Rink by James George Aylwin Creighton and several McGill University students
  • 3. Hockey History (cont.)
    • In 1892, recognizing that there was no gratitude for the best team in all of Canada he purchased a decorative bowl for use as a trophy which we now know today as the Stanley Cup
    • Winnipeg hockey players had included cricket pads to protect the goaltender's legs.
    • They also introduced the "scoop" shot which we now know as the wrist shot.
    • In 1943, the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association declared Kingston the birthplace of hockey
  • 4. Game Basics
    • The game is played with 6 players on each team on the ice at a time
      • 2 defence
      • 3 offence
      • 1 goalie
    • The three offence are also known as the center, the right wing and the left wing.
    • The object of the game is to get the rubber disk also known as the puck into the other teams net as many times as possible
    • You must control the puck with a long stick that has a blade that is curved at the end.
  • 5. Hockey Equipment
    • helmet
    • shoulder pads
    • elbow pads
    • mouth guard
    • protective gloves
    • heavily padded shorts
    • athletic cup/jock
    • shin pads
    • chest protector
    • neck protector
    • hockey skates
    • hockey stick
  • 6. Hockey Hall of Fame
    • The hockey hall of fame is located in Toronto, Canada
    • It was originally located in Kingston, Ontario
    • Established in 1943 under the leadership of James T. Sutherland
    • It was moved to Toronto in 1958 after the NHL withdrew its support for the Kingston location
    • The Stanley cup is on display in the great hall in the hockey hall of fame
  • 7. National Hockey League Awards
    • There are a number of awards like:
      • Presidents' Trophy
      • William M. Jennings Trophy
      • Art Ross Trophy
      • Maurice 'Rocket' Richard Trophy
      • Heart Memorial Trophy
      • Vezina Trophy
      • James Norris Memorial Trophy
      • Calder Memorial Trophy
      • Lady Byng Memorial Trophy
      • Conn Smythe Trophy
      • Jack Adams Award
    • The most important award in the NHL is the Stanley Cup which is awarded to the team who wins the playoff final
  • 8. Lord Stanley’s Cup
    • the trophy was donated by former Governor General of Canada Lord Stanley of Preston in 1892
    • Current holder is Detroit Redwings
    • The original bowl was made of silver and has a height of 18.5 cm and 29 cm in width. The current Stanley Cup is made of silver and nickel alloy
    • Today, it has a height of 89.54 cm and weighs 15.5 kilograms
    • The team that won this trophy the most is the Montreal Canadiens
    • The Stanley Cup’s nicknames are The Cup, The Holy Grail and Lord Stanley’s Mug
  • 9. Great Canadian Players
    • Wayne Gretzky
    • Bobby Orr
    • Maurice “Rocket” Richard
    • Sidney Crosby
    • Mario Lemieux
    • Gordie Howe
    • Bobby Hull
    • Jacques Plante
    • Steve Yzerman
    • Joe Sakic
    • Mike Bossy
    • Brett Hull
    • Patrick Roy
    • Guy Lafleur
    • Mark Messier
  • 10. Canadian National Hockey League Teams
    • Montreal Canadiens
    • Ottawa Senators
    • Toronto Maple Leafs
    • Calgary Flames
    • Edmonton Oilers
    • Vancouver Canucks