A Guide to The Scientific Method Presented By: Ms. Zetouna
The Scientific Method
The scientific method is a process that is used for experimentation. It is used to explore observations and answer questions. Scientists use the scientific method to search for cause and effect relationships in nature. In other words, they design an experiment so that changes to one item cause something else to vary in a predictable way
Just as it does for a professional scientist, the
scientific method will help you to focus your science fair project question, construct a hypothesis, design, execute, and evaluate your experiment.
The Scientific Method Step 1: Ask a question
The first thing you need to do when starting a experiment is ask a question about something you observe: How, What, When, Who, Which, Why, or Where? Every part of your research is done to answer this question.
The Scientific Method Step 2: Do Background Research
You should use the library or Internet to research about the experiment you are about to conduct. It can help you from making mistakes people in the past have done in doing the experiment.
The Scientific Method Step 3: Construct a Hypothesis
A hypothesis is an educated guess about how things work. You are going to predict what you think is going to happen as a result of the experiment.
The Scientific Method Step 4: Conduct Your Experiment
Your experiment tests whether your hypothesis is true or false. You should also repeat your experiments several times to make sure that the first results weren't just an accident.
The Scientific Method Step 5: Analyze your Data and Come to a conclusion
Once your experiment is complete, collect your measurements and analyze your data. You will figure out if your hypothesis was true or false.
If your hypothesis is false you may come up with a new hypothesis and do the experiment again.
The Scientific Method Step 6: Communicate your results
To complete the process you will communicate your results to others in a final report or even display board.