The Media Life Perspective We live IN media not with it. There is no life outside of media. There is no way to make sense of yourself outside of media.
In the media life perspective, since we don’t have to worry about the distinction between biology and technology, we’re free to focus on determining what a good, responsible, beautiful media life looks like. – Mark Deuze
Media Life: The point of it all Pick your reality
Some media life basics
society centric vs. media-centric explanations of media life
“Media are infrastructures with three components: the artifacts or devices used to communicate or convey information, the activities and practices in which people engage to communicate or share information, and the social arrangements or organizational forms that develop around those devices and practices.”
Natural user interfaces
In a media life: we are the media
Media using is media making: User Generated Content (UGC)
The audience (co-)creates and the industry responds
Crossmedia storytelling: telling the SAME STORY LINE across multiple media platforms
Transmedia storytelling: Each media platform contributes PART of the whole story line
Media use as “free labor”
Convergence Culture: An Industry Based on Emotional Capital
The media industry appeals to our emotions, draws us in and allows us to work for them while making us more loyal consumers/participants.
Internet Access by Race
Internet Access by Income Days of internet use per week
Internet Access by Age Days of internet use per week
key issues motivational access material access usage access skills access
Participation gap The unequal access to opportunities, experiences, skills, and knowledge that prepares people for full participation in a media life.
We create different versions of ourselves
Social media help us create and manage those
versions so someone else doesn’t do it for us
Gender is also part of our identity
What do our readings say about identity?
Barry Wellman – Sociologist of Social Networks University of Toronto He studies the shift from group-centered relations to networked individualism.
Barry Wellman’s take home point: Social closeness does not mean physical closeness.
Globalization is about -The interdependency of large corporations in different countries – outsourcing, etc. -The rise of the corporation and decline of the state - The increased exposure to other cultures – their language, news, traditions, fashion, media, etc.
Media make us more mobile today
Networked cars– safety or surveillance?
Through mobile media we become glass consumers
Our bodies & the things we carry on them are technologies of surveillance
4 types of media professionals Networkers (Project) Managers DIY'ers Creative Designers
digital nomads “mobility allows us to roam with our economic and social structure carried with us in tiny digital caravans. We’re seeing the enterprisation of our social lives, and the socialisation of our enterprises.” Dave Duarte (Tree Shaker), 2011 http://uninews.unimelb.edu.au/news/5750/
THE F-FACTOR “Consumers are increasingly tapping into their networks of friends, fans, and followers, to discover, discuss and purchase goods and services, in ever-more sophisticated ways.” trendwatching.com, 2011
Media companies: organizations or networks?
The Economist Reading: The Rise of Lifestyle Media: Successful media companies will become “marketplaces that let consumers search, research, share and configure their media experiences.” To be good, these exchanges need to combine “a personalized media experience with a social context for participation.” Instead of “exclusive ownership of content or distribution assets” (the stuff of old media), the media marketplaces will compete in their “knowledge of consumer activity”, which they will use both to interact more intimately with consumers and to match them better to advertising that is unobtrusive and helpful (itself a novelty), and thus lucrative.”
The slides that follow contain questions from in-class reading comprehension exercises & discussion topics. Please study these and use them as a study guide. You may see similar questions on the exam.
Questions: In what ways do the lines between technologies and the body disappear when we think about media? How you think media shape our understanding of the world?
Reading Comprehension Question: From the Jenkins/Deuze reading, is convergence culture generally more of a centralizing or decentralizing force in the media industry? decentralizing
Discussion questions: Name five different “players” who actively participate in the convergence culture (today’s media industry) that Jenkins and Deuze describe.
In groups of 3 answer the following reading comprehension questions:
Drawing on what you heard in Henry Jenkins’ talk, how do you think participatory culture in today’s media environment impacts the creativity of everyday people? Are the kinds of creativity he talks about useful for things other than just recreation and entertainment today?
Participation in labor force and political citizenship
According to Jenkins, does convergence mean that all old technologies will be replaced by new ones? If so, why? If not, why not?
Take out a piece of paper. Write down short answers to the following questions and share them with a partner:
You live away from your family right now. How do you connect with them and maintain your relationships with family members through new media? What is the funniest thing a family member of yours does through social media (texting, Skype, Facebook, Twitter, fantasy sports, Words with Friends, etc.)
In what ways does the participation gap and/or gendered use of technologies play a role in the maintenance of those relationships?
Do you think your family life is more or less fulfilling because of the way you use communication technologies to connect with one another? Why?
According to Florida, what is the difference between a “Creative City” and a “Nerdistan?” Nerdistans are bland, uninteresting places with acre upon acre of identical ofﬁce complexes, row after row of asphalt parking lots, freeways clogged with cars, cookie-cutter housing developments, and strip-malls sprawling in every direction.
How does the creative class connect to the media life perspective? The key idea in a media life is that reality can be created by you as an individual (the reality of what work you do where and how you live your life, and the kind of person you are). Working in the creative class means life, work and play become indistinguishable. The creative class lives, works and plays in media. This notion is not new; what is new, is that we now see this as an individual’s responsibility instead of something we do together as a society.
The Economist Reading: “you get large by allowing the many and small to gather on your lawn.” Provide examples of companies who abide by this philosophy. Ebay, yahoo, google, facebook, wikipedia, etsy, youtube, digg, Reddit, etc.
Reading Comprehension Question: Is Google a media company? Why or why not? What do you think? Talk to your neighbor and write down what you think on a piece of paper.
In groups answer this question: In the Economist article the author talks about the difference in How Yahoo and Google choose content that appears on their site What are the differences and which approach do you think Works or will work better in the future. What are the advantages And disadvantages to each approach?