Smart phones? Sure!<br />
Knowledge, media, the digital divide and the participation gap<br />
Is<br />everybody <br />wired?<br />
Internet Access by Race<br />
Internet Access by Income<br />Days of internet use per week<br />
Internet Access by Age<br />Days of internet use per week<br />
Internet Access by Gender<br />
Internet Use over Time<br />
Internet Use over Time<br />
Digital divide<br />	“Increasingly, all familiar social and cultural differences in society are reflected in computer and ...
Digital divide<br /><ul><li>The rise of a 'digital divide‘
What is the digital divide?</li></li></ul><li>Digital divide<br />Phrase entered into public debate c. 1995<br />Following...
availability of technology…<br />
… does not equal access<br />
key issues<br />motivational access<br />material <br />access<br />usage<br />access<br />skills<br />access<br />
Mass media introduced<br />
Mass media introduced<br />
		Knowledge gap<br />Tichenor, Donohue and Olien (1970)<br />
Illiteracy in America<br />32 million U.S. adults lack basic prose literacy skill<br />about one in seven are functionally...
Media and Knowledge Gap<br />(Grabe et al, 2009)<br />
Media life<br />
Media life<br />
Media life<br />
Media life empowerment<br />Living a media life: creating version(s) of ourselves (by ourselves)<br />
Media life empowerment<br />“If it were possible to define generally the mission of education, it could be said that its f...
Media life empowerment<br />
Media life empowerment<br />
Internet Access by Gender<br />
Participation gap<br />The unequal access to opportunities, experiences, skills, and knowledge that prepares people for fu...
Social networking use by gender<br />
Social networking use by location<br />
Social networking use by location<br />
Media! Power to the people!<br />
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Ems - Summer I ’11 - T101 Lecture5: Lelia Samson on the Participation Gap

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Ems - Summer I ’11 - T101 Lecture5: Lelia Samson on the Participation Gap

  1. 1. Smart phones? Sure!<br />
  2. 2. Knowledge, media, the digital divide and the participation gap<br />
  3. 3. Is<br />everybody <br />wired?<br />
  4. 4. Internet Access by Race<br />
  5. 5. Internet Access by Income<br />Days of internet use per week<br />
  6. 6. Internet Access by Age<br />Days of internet use per week<br />
  7. 7. Internet Access by Gender<br />
  8. 8. Internet Use over Time<br />
  9. 9. Internet Use over Time<br />
  10. 10. Digital divide<br /> “Increasingly, all familiar social and cultural differences in society are reflected in computer and internet use”<br />(Van Dijk)<br />
  11. 11. Digital divide<br /><ul><li>The rise of a 'digital divide‘
  12. 12. What is the digital divide?</li></li></ul><li>Digital divide<br />Phrase entered into public debate c. 1995<br />Following the first NTIA report on info “haves” and “have nots”<br />Definition:<br />“The disparity between various groups in computer/Internet use”<br />
  13. 13. availability of technology…<br />
  14. 14. … does not equal access<br />
  15. 15. key issues<br />motivational access<br />material <br />access<br />usage<br />access<br />skills<br />access<br />
  16. 16. Mass media introduced<br />
  17. 17. Mass media introduced<br />
  18. 18. Knowledge gap<br />Tichenor, Donohue and Olien (1970)<br />
  19. 19. Illiteracy in America<br />32 million U.S. adults lack basic prose literacy skill<br />about one in seven are functionally illiterate<br />(they can't read a newspaper, the instruction on a bottle of pills, bus schedule, maps or they can’t fill out job applications and message slips)<br />(National Institute for Literacy, US Census Bureau, 2009)<br />
  20. 20. Media and Knowledge Gap<br />(Grabe et al, 2009)<br />
  21. 21. Media life<br />
  22. 22. Media life<br />
  23. 23. Media life<br />
  24. 24. Media life empowerment<br />Living a media life: creating version(s) of ourselves (by ourselves)<br />
  25. 25. Media life empowerment<br />“If it were possible to define generally the mission of education, it could be said that its fundamental purpose<br />is to ensure that all students benefit from learning in ways that allow them to participate fully in public,<br />community, [Creative] and economic life.”<br />— New London Group (2000, p. 9)<br />
  26. 26. Media life empowerment<br />
  27. 27. Media life empowerment<br />
  28. 28. Internet Access by Gender<br />
  29. 29. Participation gap<br />The unequal access to opportunities, experiences, skills, and knowledge that prepares people for full participation in a media life.<br />
  30. 30. Social networking use by gender<br />
  31. 31. Social networking use by location<br />
  32. 32. Social networking use by location<br />
  33. 33. Media! Power to the people!<br />

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