Genetic engineering
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Genetic engineering Presentation Transcript

  • 1. A look at the world today Genetic Engineering
  • 2. Overview
    • Introduction to Genetic Engineering
    • Applications
    • Safety and Ethical Issues
    • Branches of Science
    • Uses of this technology by professions
    • Universities/ Courses/ Requirements
  • 3. What is Genetic Engineering?
    • Directly manipulating/altering the structure and characteristics of genes using molecular cloning & transformation
    • Different from “normal” breeding – genes manipulated indirectly
  • 4. Agricultural Applications
    • Goes back 100 years
    • Today, scientist use recombinant DNA technology
    • First food made by recombinant DNA technology – Flavr Savr Tomatoes (1994)
    • 60% of foods are genetically modified
    • Solution to world hunger
  • 5. Human & Medical Applications
    • Production of Insulin
    • Genetic Screening/Testing
    • Gene Therapy
    • Production of experimental mice, oncomouse (cancer mouse)
    • Vaccine
  • 6.  
  • 7. Cloning and Stem Cells
    • Clone created from one cell – not sex cell
    • Cloning – process of creating an identical copy of an original (Example: Identical Twins)
    • Stem cells (master cells) can develop into any tissue
    • Cure their own disease or build new organs – NO REJECTION
  • 8. Ethics Involving Genetic Engineering
    • Ethical issues concerning human beings and animals
    • - Are we playing God?
    • - Religions beliefs
    • - Creates new viruses
    • - Designer Babies
  • 9.
    • Genetic Engineering and Plants
    • - Effects on our Environment
    • - Long run effects on environment
    Ethics Involving Genetic Engineering
  • 10. Branches of sciences needed to study the technology
    • Genetics
    • Medicine
    • Biology/Chemistry
    • Biochemistry
    • Microbiology
    • Chemical Engineering
  • 11. What professions use this technology?
    • Microbiologist
    • Laboratory technician
    • Research assistant
    • Lecturer or professor
    • Chief Executive Officer of a biotech company
    • Postdoctoral research associate
    • Genetic Engineer Research Scientist
    • Biotechnologist
  • 12. Summary
    • Genetic engineering is direct manipulation of an organism’s genes
    • Most common uses of genetic engineering are in medicine
    • A very controversial topic considering the ethical issues
    • Variety of sciences are incorporated into this engineering
    • Many professions use this technology
  • 13. Reference List
    • Career Details for Biotechnologist. (n.d.). December 14, 2008,
    • <http://careercruising.com/Careers/JobDetails.aspx?LoginID=53770d7f-cddd-449d-970d-8cb29415fa18-&OccNumber=603&Language=English>.
    • Engdahl, Sylvia, ed. Genetic Engineering . Bonnie Szumski, 2006.
    • &quot;Genetic Engineering&quot; Encyclopedia Britannica . 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online Library Edition. 13 Dec. 2008.
    • “ Genetic Engineering.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 12 Dec. 2008, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/genetic_engineering#genetic_engineering>.
    • Genetic Engineering Research Scientist Job Description, Career as a Genetic Engineering Research Scientist, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job. December 14, 2008,
    • <http://careers.stateuniversity.com/pages/402/Genetic-Engineering-Research-Scientist.html>.
    • Heaf, D. (2004, January 25). Becoming a Genetic Engineer. December 14, 2008,
    • <http://www.ifgene.org/gecareer.htm.>&quot;Human's Playground: Genetic Engineering.&quot; Think quest. 11 Dec. 2008 <http://library.thinkquest.org/04apr/00774/en/txt/uses_medicine.html>.
    • MacDonald Glenn, Linda. &quot;Bio Med Law.&quot; 13 Dec. 2008,
    • <http://www.biomedlaw.com./bioethics.php>.
    • MacDonald Glenn, Linda. &quot;Ethical Issues in Genetic Engineering and Transgenic.&quot; Actionbioscience.org . American Institute of Biological Sciences. 13 Dec. 2008 <http://www.actionbioscience.org/biotech/glenn.html>.
    • McLeish, Ewan. Genetic Revolution . New York: Stargazer Books, 2006.
    • Wilson, R. (2006, July 19). Human Biology at the University of Toronto. December 14, 2008,
    • <http://www.hmb.utoronto.ca/ggb.asp>.
    • York University - Biology Undergraduate - Biotechnology. (n.d.). Retrieved December 14, 2008,
    • <http://www.yorku.ca/ugbio/Programs>.
  • 14. Your Thoughts on... GENETIC ENGINEERING and its uses in our everyday lives considering everything that was discussed in the presentation!