Genetic engineering

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Genetic engineering

  1. 1. A look at the world today Genetic Engineering
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Introduction to Genetic Engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Safety and Ethical Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Branches of Science </li></ul><ul><li>Uses of this technology by professions </li></ul><ul><li>Universities/ Courses/ Requirements </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Genetic Engineering? <ul><li>Directly manipulating/altering the structure and characteristics of genes using molecular cloning & transformation </li></ul><ul><li>Different from “normal” breeding – genes manipulated indirectly </li></ul>
  4. 4. Agricultural Applications <ul><li>Goes back 100 years </li></ul><ul><li>Today, scientist use recombinant DNA technology </li></ul><ul><li>First food made by recombinant DNA technology – Flavr Savr Tomatoes (1994) </li></ul><ul><li>60% of foods are genetically modified </li></ul><ul><li>Solution to world hunger </li></ul>
  5. 5. Human & Medical Applications <ul><li>Production of Insulin </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic Screening/Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Gene Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Production of experimental mice, oncomouse (cancer mouse) </li></ul><ul><li>Vaccine </li></ul>
  6. 7. Cloning and Stem Cells <ul><li>Clone created from one cell – not sex cell </li></ul><ul><li>Cloning – process of creating an identical copy of an original (Example: Identical Twins) </li></ul><ul><li>Stem cells (master cells) can develop into any tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Cure their own disease or build new organs – NO REJECTION </li></ul>
  7. 8. Ethics Involving Genetic Engineering <ul><li>Ethical issues concerning human beings and animals </li></ul><ul><li>- Are we playing God? </li></ul><ul><li>- Religions beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>- Creates new viruses </li></ul><ul><li>- Designer Babies </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Genetic Engineering and Plants </li></ul><ul><li>- Effects on our Environment </li></ul><ul><li>- Long run effects on environment </li></ul>Ethics Involving Genetic Engineering
  9. 10. Branches of sciences needed to study the technology <ul><li>Genetics </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Biology/Chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>Biochemistry </li></ul><ul><li>Microbiology </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical Engineering </li></ul>
  10. 11. What professions use this technology? <ul><li>Microbiologist </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratory technician </li></ul><ul><li>Research assistant </li></ul><ul><li>Lecturer or professor </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Executive Officer of a biotech company </li></ul><ul><li>Postdoctoral research associate </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic Engineer Research Scientist </li></ul><ul><li>Biotechnologist </li></ul>
  11. 12. Summary <ul><li>Genetic engineering is direct manipulation of an organism’s genes </li></ul><ul><li>Most common uses of genetic engineering are in medicine </li></ul><ul><li>A very controversial topic considering the ethical issues </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of sciences are incorporated into this engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Many professions use this technology </li></ul>
  12. 13. Reference List <ul><li>Career Details for Biotechnologist. (n.d.). December 14, 2008, </li></ul><ul><li><http://careercruising.com/Careers/JobDetails.aspx?LoginID=53770d7f-cddd-449d-970d-8cb29415fa18-&OccNumber=603&Language=English>. </li></ul><ul><li>Engdahl, Sylvia, ed. Genetic Engineering . Bonnie Szumski, 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Genetic Engineering&quot; Encyclopedia Britannica . 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online Library Edition. 13 Dec. 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Genetic Engineering.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 12 Dec. 2008, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/genetic_engineering#genetic_engineering>. </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic Engineering Research Scientist Job Description, Career as a Genetic Engineering Research Scientist, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job. December 14, 2008, </li></ul><ul><li><http://careers.stateuniversity.com/pages/402/Genetic-Engineering-Research-Scientist.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Heaf, D. (2004, January 25). Becoming a Genetic Engineer. December 14, 2008, </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.ifgene.org/gecareer.htm.>&quot;Human's Playground: Genetic Engineering.&quot; Think quest. 11 Dec. 2008 <http://library.thinkquest.org/04apr/00774/en/txt/uses_medicine.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>MacDonald Glenn, Linda. &quot;Bio Med Law.&quot; 13 Dec. 2008, </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.biomedlaw.com./bioethics.php>. </li></ul><ul><li>MacDonald Glenn, Linda. &quot;Ethical Issues in Genetic Engineering and Transgenic.&quot; Actionbioscience.org . American Institute of Biological Sciences. 13 Dec. 2008 <http://www.actionbioscience.org/biotech/glenn.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>McLeish, Ewan. Genetic Revolution . New York: Stargazer Books, 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson, R. (2006, July 19). Human Biology at the University of Toronto. December 14, 2008, </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.hmb.utoronto.ca/ggb.asp>. </li></ul><ul><li>York University - Biology Undergraduate - Biotechnology. (n.d.). Retrieved December 14, 2008, </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.yorku.ca/ugbio/Programs>. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Your Thoughts on... GENETIC ENGINEERING and its uses in our everyday lives considering everything that was discussed in the presentation!

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