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Pastorius final paper


Pastorious, german immigrant who found germantown pa

Pastorious, german immigrant who found germantown pa

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  • 1. DellaPia 1 German Experience into America Final Project Make Way for Pastorius “Education is not received, it is achieved,” Albert Einstein.1 “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world,” Nelson Mandela.2 “Education is key to unlock the golden door of freedom,” George Washington Carver.3 The aforementioned leading men believed in the power of education. Similarly, Francis Daniel Pastorius embodied these indelible standards. He grew up in a wealthy family in Sommerhausen, Germany. Born on September 26, 1651 and dying early January 1720, he was a very well educated man with desires to lead while in search of a better life. A German Lutheran, aristocrat, Pastorius studied Latin as a child. Moreover, he spent over 20 years in formal education. From 1668 to 1675, he attended four different universities.4 . First, he entered the Nurnberg University of Altdorf, where he studied theology.5 Secondly, he attended the University of Strassburg, where he learned the 1 http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/topics/topic_education.html 2 http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/topics/topic_education.html 3 http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/topics/topic_education.html 4 http://www2.hsp.org/collections/manuscripts/p/Pastorius0475.html 5 http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21519
  • 2. DellaPia 2 classics.6 His third area of study was at the University of Basel. Although he only attended lectures here and did not formally enroll himself as a student, he learned various, diverse languages.7 In addition, he became familiar with and wrote fluently in German, Italian, French, Dutch, Spanish, Greek and Latin. 8 Finally, he went to the University of Jena, where he studied law and eventually received his doctorate.9 After finishing his education, he ran a law practice at Windsheim until 1679 when he moved to Frankfurt to start a new practice.10 After he relocated to Frankfurt, he soon became a teacher at the University of Frankfurt and taught law. While he was at Frankfurt, Pastorius wrote many poems reflecting his thoughts on religion and politics.11 Pastorius had a close-knit group of friends that were dear to him in Frankfurt. Finding friends was not a hard thing for him to do. Being the passionate, devout religious man, Francis Pastorius became friends with an influential pastor. As his mentor, Dr. Heinrich Horb introduced him to Pietism.12 A religious movement reacting to formalism and intellectualism while stressing the Bible, Pietism was the reason for Pastorius’ movement. Pastorius began his undertaking in the west of 6 http://www2.hsp.org/collections/manuscripts/p/Pastorius0475.html 7 http://www2.hsp.org/collections/manuscripts/p/Pastorius0475.html 8 Marion Dexter Learned, The Life of Francis Daniel Pastorius, the Founder of Germantown (Philadelphia: William J. Campbell, 1908) 9 http://www2.hsp.org/collections/manuscripts/p/Pastorius0475.html 10 http://www2.hsp.org/collections/manuscripts/p/Pastorius0475.html 11 Marion Dexter Learned, The Life of Francis Daniel Pastorius, the Founder of Germantown (Philadelphia: William J. Campbell, 1908) 12 http://www2.hsp.org/collections/manuscripts/p/Pastorius0475.html
  • 3. DellaPia 3 Europe, France, then made his way east in Switzerland and finally ended in Germany. Years and years of Pastorius’ plan to start a movement allowed for little progress. Then, Pastorius went to England where he met an English real estate entrepreneur that had a huge impact on his life. William Penn already had discovered Philadelphia and went to England for mainly advertisement purposes to sell land. When they met, Pastorius told Penn about his movement and how he wanted to get people to follow along. Penn immediately told him that Europe is no place for that movement and directed him to come to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Pastorius grabbed his close friends from Frankfurt for added support and benefit and brought them to America. Francis Daniel Pastorius arrived in Philadelphia August 20, 1683. He was situated between the Schuylkill River and the Delaware River.13 When he arrived there, he and his Frankfurt associates organized themselves as the first German Company, and later, the name was changed to the Frankfurt Land Company.14 On June 20, 1683, Pastorius bought 15,000 acres of land from William Penn as a settlement of Quakers and Mennonites. 15 After he bought this land, it took some time for him to recruit people to come to his land. It wasn’t until October 24, 1683 when he finally came up with a name for his land, Germanpolis, in Latin, translates as “a city of Germany”.16 This name 13 http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21519 14 http://www.ushistory.org/germantown/people/pastorius.htm 15 http://www.ushistory.org/germantown/people/pastorius.htm 16 http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21519
  • 4. DellaPia 4 soon lost its identity and people began to slant its pronunciation as, what it is presently known as today, Germantown. He immediately associated himself with the Quakers who lived near Philadelphia. The primary reason for this was due to his affiliation with William Penn. When people began to notice his close alliance with Penn and observed his deep religious beliefs and well-educated background, he immediately gained respect and influence among the Germantown settlers and the Quaker elite.17 All of the respect and influence he was receiving lead him to the love of a woman by the name of Anneke Klostermann. She was the daughter of Dr. Klostermann, who was one of the first Germantown settlers during this era.18 Francis and Anneke married on November 26, 1686.19 Pastorius made a family with Anneke and they raised two sons, John and Henry. All of the hard work Pastorius put into Germantown labeled him to be one of the greatest model citizens of his time. Because of his reputable style of living, Germantown became more popular. German immigrants would choose Germantown as their settling grounds before any other place in North America.20 Pastorius was the glue to Germantown; he functioned as the lawgiver, spiritual leader, and town’s clerk. He even found himself as the primary master teacher of Germantown’s school in which the 17 http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21519 18 http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21519 19 http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21519 20 http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21519
  • 5. DellaPia 5 lessons were conducted in English. Pastorius began to be so well known with his teaching skills that parents would send their children from places other than Germantown for him to teach them. William Penn commissioned him as justice of the peace in 1684.21 In addition, he was elected as Germantown’s first bailiff in 1691.22 Pastorius was very proud of Germantown .The citizens adapted to the American culture while staying true to their original German heritage. Pastorius had a profound belief in the importance of adapting to one’s circumstance. With a letter, he wanted to remind his sons “each of you are an Anglus Natus an Englishman at Birth. Therefore, it would be ashamed for you if you should be ignorant of the English Tongue.” 23 At William Penn’s request, Pastorius, being the main promoter of Germantown, wrote a widely circulated pamphlet in 1700 entitled, “A Particular Geographical Description of the Lately Discovered Province of Pennsylvania”.24 This letter was profound by bringing many of its readers to emigrate to the colony. Pastorius also lead in the cause of slavery in America. He drafted the first protest against slavery while living in Germantown. He and three other men wrote it and 21 http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21519 22 http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21519 23 Marion Dexter Learned, The Life of Francis Daniel Pastorius, the Founder of Germantown (Philadelphia: William J. Campbell, 1908) 24 http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21519
  • 6. DellaPia 6 sent to the tiny Friends Meeting in Germantown in 1688.25 By all standards the Germantown protest failed. Nevertheless, the seed had been planted. In 1696, the Yearly Meeting publication said how Friends Meeting in Germantown encouraged to not purchase any more Negroes.26 In 1730, the Yearly Meeting declared new slave purchases to be disagreeable. Friends Meeting in Germantown were well ahead of the general population in acknowledging the evil of slavery.27 By the time of the Revolution, slave holding was ended among Friends. The proud historical heritage that began more than 300 years ago has shaped Germantown with its own identity. Francis Daniel Pastorius was the German leader, counselor, lawyer, teacher and conveyance for his countrymen. His education was considered one of the best of his times and a precursor to the path he took to lead. This path has lead him to the discovery of Pennsylvania’s jewel conveniently named Germantown. 25 Marion Dexter Learned, The Life of Francis Daniel Pastorius, the Founder of Germantown (Philadelphia: William J. Campbell, 1908) 26 Marion Dexter Learned, The Life of Francis Daniel Pastorius, the Founder of Germantown (Philadelphia: William J. Campbell, 1908) 27 Marion Dexter Learned, The Life of Francis Daniel Pastorius, the Founder of Germantown (Philadelphia: William J. Campbell, 1908)
  • 7. DellaPia 7 Bibliography "Education Quotes." BrainyQuote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 06 May 2014.http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/topics/topic_education.html
  • 8. DellaPia 8 "Francis Daniel Pastorius Papers." 0475. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 May 2014.http://www2.hsp.org/collections/manuscripts/p/Pastorius0475.html "Pastorius, Francis Daniel." Pastorius, Francis Daniel. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 May 2014.http://myweb.wvnet.edu/~jelkins/lp-2001/pastorius.html "Francis Daniel Pastorius." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 06 May 2014.http://www.ushistory.org/germantown/people/pastorius.htm "Francis Pastorius." Francis Pastorius. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 May 2014.http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21519 Learned, Marion Dexter, and Samuel W. Pennypacker. The Life of Francis Daniel Pastorius, the Founder of Germantown: Illustrated with Ninety Photographic Reproductions. Philadelphia: W.J. Campbell, 1908. Print.