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Kew Gardens

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Kew Gardens Kew Gardens Presentation Transcript

  • Kew Gardens Kätlin Hallik Liis Lõhmuste Maris Kurm Toomas Haravee
  • 1700 - 1820
    • The first botanic garden at Kew was established in 1759
    • by Princess Augusta and Lord Bute
    • Enlarged and extended by Augusta, Princess of Wales
    • Sir William Chamber built several garden structures, of which the Chinese pagoda built in 1761 still remains
    History of the Royal Botanic Gardens
  • 1773 - 1820
    • In 1800 work began on the Castellated Palace
    • In 1802 the gardens of Richmond and Kew were united
    • Aided by William Aiton and Sir Joseph Banks, George III enriched the garden
    • Banks planted over 800 species of trees and shrubs
    History of the Royal Botanic Gardens
  • 1820 - 1841
    • The decline of the Botanic Gardens at Kew
    • George IV orders the demolition of the Castellated Palace
    • In 1831 William IV reopens Kew Green to the public
    • No active collection of plants was conducted
    History of the Royal Botanic Gardens
  • 1841 - 1885
    • The expansion of the Royal Botanic Gardens
    • William Hooker was appointed the first official director of the Botanic Gardens
    • Two now-iconic glasshouses, the Palm House (1848) and the Temperate House (1899), were built
    • The Gardens were extensively restructured, The National Arboretum was laid out and the Herbarium collection was founded
    History of the Royal Botanic Gardens
  • 1885 - 1945
    • In 1913 Tea House was burnt down by suffragattes Olive Wharry and Lilian Lenton
    • The gardens and buildings survived WWII relatively unscathed
    • Unification and expansion of the Gardens
    • The Herbarium expanded
    • New glasshouses built
    History of the Royal Botanic Gardens
  • 1945 - Today
    • Even more glasshouses built
    • Restoration of the Temperate House and Palm House
    • Kew Gardens lost hundreds of trees in the Great Storm of 1987
    • In 2003, the gardens were put on the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO
    History of the Royal Botanic Gardens
  • Herbarium Professional activities
    • Housed in the much expanded Hunter House
    • The Kew herbarium is one of the largest in the world
    • 7 million specimens, botanical nomenclature
    • Rich in types for all regions of the world, especially the tropics
    • One of the most comprehensive plant collections in Britain
    • Two out-stations in Sussex and Kent
    Kew Herbarium, wing C
  • Library, Art and Archives Professional activities
    • Housed in the much expanded Hunter House
    • One of the world's largest botanical collection
    • Over half a million items
    Kew Garden Library & Archives, reading room
  • The Kew Garden Hunter House
  • Herbarium, Library, Art and Archives newest extension building
  • Seed Bank Professional activities
    • Kew is important as a seedbank
    • Co-sponsors with the Millennium Seed Bank Project in Sussex
    Seed Bank scientist at work
  • Forensic Horticulture Professional activities
    • Provides advice and guidance to
    • police forces about where plant
    • material may provide important clues or evidence in cases
    • A famous case: The stomach of a headless corpse found in the river Thames contained a highly toxic African Calabar bean
    Calabar Bean
  • Economic Botany Professional activities
    • Focuses on the uses of plants in the United Kingdom and the world's arid and semi-arid zones
    • Also responsible for curation of the Economic Botany Collection
    • Contains more than 90,000 botanical raw materials and ethnographic artefacts
    • Some on display in the “Plants + People” exhibit
    “ Plants + People” exhibition
  • Jodrell Laboratory Professional activities
    • Established in 1877
    • Named after Mr T.J. Phillips Jodrell
    • Originally consisted of four research rooms and an office, an artists studio was added in 1934
    • Research was originally conducted into plant physiology, later superseded by botanical research
    • In 1965, research expanded into seed collection
    • The biochemistry section also expanded
    • In 1994, the centre tripled in size, a decade later Wolfson Wing was added
    Jodrell Laboratory
  • The Davies Alpine House
    • Opened in March, 2006
    • Aim of the house is to allow maximum light transmission
    • A design goal of the house is that the maximum temperature will not exceed 20°C
    • Houses around 200 plants at a time
    Attractions
  • The Kew Palace
    • Kew Palace is a British Royal Palace in Kew Gardens
    • Smallest of the British Royal Palaces
    • Was used to celebrate the 80th birthday of Elizabeth II in 2006
    Attractions
  • The Marianne North Gallery
    • Built in the 1880s to house the paintings of Marianne North
    • 832 paintings
    • The only permanent exhibition dedicated solely to the work of one woman in Great Britain
    Attractions
  • The Marianne North Gallery, interior
  • Museum
    • Known as “Museum No. 1”
    • Houses tools, ornaments, clothing, food and medicines
    • “ Plants + People” exhibition
    Attractions
  • Pagoda
    • 163 ft (nearly 50 m) high
    • The tallest reconstruction of a Chinese building in Europe
    • The Pagoda is closed to the public
    Attractions
  • The Minka House Attractions
  • The Nash Conservatory Attractions
  • Orangery Attractions
  • Treetop Walkway
    • Opened on 24 May 2008
    • Is 18 metres high and 200 metres long
    • Takes visitors for a treetop tour
    Attractions
  • Rhizotron
    • A single gallery where people cal learn what happens beneath the ground where trees grow
    • Contains a set of LCD screens that carry repeating loops of information about the life of trees
    Attractions
  • Shirley Sherwood Gallery
    • Opened in April 2008
    • Gallery for botanic art
    • Many of the pieces have never been displayed to the public before
    Attractions
  • Sackler Crossing
    • Built in 2006 as the first ever crossing of the Lake in Kew Gardens
    • Forms part of a path designed to encourage visitors to visit more of the gardens that have been less popular and connect the two art galleries
    Attractions
  • Princess of Wales Conservatory
    • Opened by Diana, Princess of Wales on 28 July 1987
    • Recreates 10 climatic zones
    • Specifically designed to use as little energy as possible
    Attractions
  • Waterlily House Palm House Temperate House More Attractions
  • Plant Collections
    • The Aquatic Garden
    • The Arboretum
    • The Cacti collection
    • The Rose Garden
    • The Rock Garden
    • The Carnivorous Plant collection
    • The Grass Garden
    • The Herbaceous Grounds (Order Beds)
    • The Orchid collection
    Attractions
  • More Pictures
  • References
    • http://www.kew.org/
    • http://www.google.ee/imghp
  • Thank you for your attention! 