Kew Gardens


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Kew Gardens

  1. 1. Kew Gardens Kätlin Hallik Liis Lõhmuste Maris Kurm Toomas Haravee
  2. 2. 1700 - 1820 <ul><li>The first botanic garden at Kew was established in 1759 </li></ul><ul><li>by Princess Augusta and Lord Bute </li></ul><ul><li>Enlarged and extended by Augusta, Princess of Wales </li></ul><ul><li>Sir William Chamber built several garden structures, of which the Chinese pagoda built in 1761 still remains </li></ul>History of the Royal Botanic Gardens
  3. 3. 1773 - 1820 <ul><li>In 1800 work began on the Castellated Palace </li></ul><ul><li>In 1802 the gardens of Richmond and Kew were united </li></ul><ul><li>Aided by William Aiton and Sir Joseph Banks, George III enriched the garden </li></ul><ul><li>Banks planted over 800 species of trees and shrubs </li></ul>History of the Royal Botanic Gardens
  4. 4. 1820 - 1841 <ul><li>The decline of the Botanic Gardens at Kew </li></ul><ul><li>George IV orders the demolition of the Castellated Palace </li></ul><ul><li>In 1831 William IV reopens Kew Green to the public </li></ul><ul><li>No active collection of plants was conducted </li></ul>History of the Royal Botanic Gardens
  5. 5. 1841 - 1885 <ul><li>The expansion of the Royal Botanic Gardens </li></ul><ul><li>William Hooker was appointed the first official director of the Botanic Gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Two now-iconic glasshouses, the Palm House (1848) and the Temperate House (1899), were built </li></ul><ul><li>The Gardens were extensively restructured, The National Arboretum was laid out and the Herbarium collection was founded </li></ul>History of the Royal Botanic Gardens
  6. 6. 1885 - 1945 <ul><li>In 1913 Tea House was burnt down by suffragattes Olive Wharry and Lilian Lenton </li></ul><ul><li>The gardens and buildings survived WWII relatively unscathed </li></ul><ul><li>Unification and expansion of the Gardens </li></ul><ul><li>The Herbarium expanded </li></ul><ul><li>New glasshouses built </li></ul>History of the Royal Botanic Gardens
  7. 7. 1945 - Today <ul><li>Even more glasshouses built </li></ul><ul><li>Restoration of the Temperate House and Palm House </li></ul><ul><li>Kew Gardens lost hundreds of trees in the Great Storm of 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>In 2003, the gardens were put on the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO </li></ul>History of the Royal Botanic Gardens
  8. 8. Herbarium Professional activities <ul><li>Housed in the much expanded Hunter House </li></ul><ul><li>The Kew herbarium is one of the largest in the world </li></ul><ul><li>7 million specimens, botanical nomenclature </li></ul><ul><li>Rich in types for all regions of the world, especially the tropics </li></ul><ul><li>One of the most comprehensive plant collections in Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Two out-stations in Sussex and Kent </li></ul>Kew Herbarium, wing C
  9. 9. Library, Art and Archives Professional activities <ul><li>Housed in the much expanded Hunter House </li></ul><ul><li>One of the world's largest botanical collection </li></ul><ul><li>Over half a million items </li></ul>Kew Garden Library & Archives, reading room
  10. 10. The Kew Garden Hunter House
  11. 11. Herbarium, Library, Art and Archives newest extension building
  12. 12. Seed Bank Professional activities <ul><li>Kew is important as a seedbank </li></ul><ul><li>Co-sponsors with the Millennium Seed Bank Project in Sussex </li></ul>Seed Bank scientist at work
  13. 13. Forensic Horticulture Professional activities <ul><li>Provides advice and guidance to </li></ul><ul><li>police forces about where plant </li></ul><ul><li>material may provide important clues or evidence in cases </li></ul><ul><li>A famous case: The stomach of a headless corpse found in the river Thames contained a highly toxic African Calabar bean </li></ul>Calabar Bean
  14. 14. Economic Botany Professional activities <ul><li>Focuses on the uses of plants in the United Kingdom and the world's arid and semi-arid zones </li></ul><ul><li>Also responsible for curation of the Economic Botany Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Contains more than 90,000 botanical raw materials and ethnographic artefacts </li></ul><ul><li>Some on display in the “Plants + People” exhibit </li></ul>“ Plants + People” exhibition
  15. 15. Jodrell Laboratory Professional activities <ul><li>Established in 1877 </li></ul><ul><li>Named after Mr T.J. Phillips Jodrell </li></ul><ul><li>Originally consisted of four research rooms and an office, an artists studio was added in 1934 </li></ul><ul><li>Research was originally conducted into plant physiology, later superseded by botanical research </li></ul><ul><li>In 1965, research expanded into seed collection </li></ul><ul><li>The biochemistry section also expanded </li></ul><ul><li>In 1994, the centre tripled in size, a decade later Wolfson Wing was added </li></ul>Jodrell Laboratory
  16. 16. The Davies Alpine House <ul><li>Opened in March, 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Aim of the house is to allow maximum light transmission </li></ul><ul><li>A design goal of the house is that the maximum temperature will not exceed 20°C </li></ul><ul><li>Houses around 200 plants at a time </li></ul>Attractions
  17. 17. The Kew Palace <ul><li>Kew Palace is a British Royal Palace in Kew Gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Smallest of the British Royal Palaces </li></ul><ul><li>Was used to celebrate the 80th birthday of Elizabeth II in 2006 </li></ul>Attractions
  18. 18. The Marianne North Gallery <ul><li>Built in the 1880s to house the paintings of Marianne North </li></ul><ul><li>832 paintings </li></ul><ul><li>The only permanent exhibition dedicated solely to the work of one woman in Great Britain </li></ul>Attractions
  19. 19. The Marianne North Gallery, interior
  20. 20. Museum <ul><li>Known as “Museum No. 1” </li></ul><ul><li>Houses tools, ornaments, clothing, food and medicines </li></ul><ul><li>“ Plants + People” exhibition </li></ul>Attractions
  21. 21. Pagoda <ul><li>163 ft (nearly 50 m) high </li></ul><ul><li>The tallest reconstruction of a Chinese building in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>The Pagoda is closed to the public </li></ul>Attractions
  22. 22. The Minka House Attractions
  23. 23. The Nash Conservatory Attractions
  24. 24. Orangery Attractions
  25. 25. Treetop Walkway <ul><li>Opened on 24 May 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Is 18 metres high and 200 metres long </li></ul><ul><li>Takes visitors for a treetop tour </li></ul>Attractions
  26. 26. Rhizotron <ul><li>A single gallery where people cal learn what happens beneath the ground where trees grow </li></ul><ul><li>Contains a set of LCD screens that carry repeating loops of information about the life of trees </li></ul>Attractions
  27. 27. Shirley Sherwood Gallery <ul><li>Opened in April 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Gallery for botanic art </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the pieces have never been displayed to the public before </li></ul>Attractions
  28. 28. Sackler Crossing <ul><li>Built in 2006 as the first ever crossing of the Lake in Kew Gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Forms part of a path designed to encourage visitors to visit more of the gardens that have been less popular and connect the two art galleries </li></ul>Attractions
  29. 29. Princess of Wales Conservatory <ul><li>Opened by Diana, Princess of Wales on 28 July 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Recreates 10 climatic zones </li></ul><ul><li>Specifically designed to use as little energy as possible </li></ul>Attractions
  30. 30. Waterlily House Palm House Temperate House More Attractions
  31. 31. Plant Collections <ul><li>The Aquatic Garden </li></ul><ul><li>The Arboretum </li></ul><ul><li>The Cacti collection </li></ul><ul><li>The Rose Garden </li></ul><ul><li>The Rock Garden </li></ul><ul><li>The Carnivorous Plant collection </li></ul><ul><li>The Grass Garden </li></ul><ul><li>The Herbaceous Grounds (Order Beds) </li></ul><ul><li>The Orchid collection </li></ul>Attractions
  32. 32. More Pictures
  33. 33. References <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  34. 34. Thank you for your attention! 