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Street lighting and crime - kasetsart university seminar

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  • 1. ::::FORENSIC SCIENCE::::• A varied syllabus provides a sound education in forensic biology and forensic chemistry and puts this learning in its wider context with modules covering evidence types and analysis, crime scene processing, criminal law, forensic IT and a variety of case studies • (Images: https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/scientists/laboratory-and-forensic-science-services.html ) • (De Montfort University. (2012). Forensic Science. available online at http://www.dmu.ac.uk/study/courses/undergraduate-courses/forensic- science.aspx))• (De montfort University. (2012). Forensic Science Course Outline. available online at
  • 2. :::: STREET LIGHTING ::::The Council is responsible for providing andmaintaining good quality street lighting across thedistrict making our communities safer, extendingthe leisure and working day and reducing the riskof crime. (Clackmannanshire Council. (2012). Street Lighting. available online at http://www.clacksweb.org.uk/transport/slights/) (Images: Clackmannanshire Council)
  • 3. ::::STREET LIGHTING AND CRIME::::• Fact is most graffiti and vandalism crimes take place right under or in close proximity to an on all night light.• Graffiti ? Vandalism? (Astronomical Society of Rowan County. (2012). Light Pollution. available online at http://www.astrowan.org/light-pollution/) (Images: Youth Voices - Graffiti: Art Or Crime?)
  • 4. :::: RESEARCH EVIDENCE [1] ::::“CCTV cameras in Sussex are being hampered by street lights, The Argus can reveal. Glare from lamps is causing such poor picture quality that individuals filmed committing a crime cannot be identified.” (Brighton & Hove Argus, 2010) (http://www.theargus.co.uk/news/5019988.Sussex_CCTV_scuppered_by_street_lights/)
  • 5. :::: RESEARCH EVIDENCE [2] ::::"The principal conclusion is that no evidence could be found to support the hypothesis that improved street lighting reduces reported crime.”(Home Office Crime Prevention Unit, 1991) (http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20110218135832/http://rds.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/prgpdfs/fcpu28.pdf )
  • 6. :::: RESEARCH EVIDENCE [3] ::::"In Essex, a trail to turn off suburban street lights between midnight and 5.30am, has been deemed a success. Police state: "A year on year comparison for April 2006 to May 2007 [when street-lights were left on all night] and April 2007 to May 2008 [when street-lights were turned off at midnight] has shown that night-time crime has almost halved in Saffron Walden and reduced by over a third in Dunmow.” (Total Essex, 2012) (http://www.thisistotalessex.co.uk/Essex-lights-project-extends/story-12634332-detail/story.html)
  • 7. :::: RESEARCH EVIDENCE [4] ::::"Better lighting by itself has very little effect on crime." (Malcolm Ramsay, 1991) (http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20110218135832/http://rds.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/prgpdfs/fcpu29.pdf) ()
  • 8. :::: DISCUSSION: UNDERSTANDING OF FORENSIC SCIENCE FROM LIGHTING & CRIME PERSPECTIVES ::::- Does street lighting reduce crime? (crime)- Should street lighting illuminate in areas where lightneed to be lit for the necessary or appropriate time?(crime, energy)- Should lights be no brighter than needed? (crime,energy)- Critically evaluate the past and future impact ofinappropriate lighting governance ? (crime, energy,illuminating engineer, illuminating architecture,forensic science)
  • 9. :::: CRIME PREVENTION THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN (CPTED) ::::- Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) is based on the principle that appropriate design and effective use of buildings and public spaces in neighborhoods can lead to a reduction in the fear and incidence of crime, and an improvement in the quality of life for citizens.- Law enforcement officers, architects, city planners, landscape and interior designers, and resident volunteers. (http://www.ncpc.org/training/training-topics/crime-prevention-through-environmental-design-cpted-) ()
  • 10. :::: CONCLUSIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS ::::
  • 11. :::: THANK YOU :::: PEDITHEP.YOUYUENYONG@EMAIL.DMU.AC.UK