Legislative Update: Global Perspectives
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Legislative Update: Global Perspectives

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Presented by: Gordon Thomas Honeywell

Presented by: Gordon Thomas Honeywell

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  • 1. LEGISLATION UPDATE GLOBAL PERSPECTIVESGordon Thomas Honeywell Governmental AffairsHID University (LifeTechnologies)
  • 2. CRIMINAL OFFENDER DNA DATABASES ARE THE ANSWERSOLVE AND REDUCE CRIMEIDENTIFY THE MISSINGEXONERATE THE INNOCENTSAVE MONEY
  • 3. UNITED STATES LEGISLATIVE HISTORYALL CONVICTED OFFENDER LEGISLATION1999 – 5 states2003 – 27 states2008 – 42 states2011 – 50 statesARRESTEE LEGISLATION1999 – 1 state2006 – 7 states2012 – 26 states
  • 4. RESULTSSPEAK FOR THEMSELVESInterpol DNA match nabs serial rapistJustice.govDNA database links Spokane man to teen’s 2010 rapeThe Spokesman ReviewBaffling rapes, slayings solved: Federal cold hit DNAdatabase links old evidence to felonsSan Francisco ChronicleDNA sample in database points to serial rapistSt. Petersburg TimesDNA hit brings closure in rape caseHerald TribuneLong search for serial rapist comes to an endthanks to DNA profileEnterprise News
  • 5. ARRESTEE DNA LAWS LEGAL CHALLENGES US v. Mitchell Declared Constitutional by 3rd Circuit Court of Appeals. STATUS: US Supreme Court refused to accept appeal. Brown v. Haskell Declared Constitutional by 9th Circuit Court of Appeals STATUS: Appeal for en banc review underway State (CA) v. Buza Declared Unconstitutional by State Appeals Court. STATUS: Decision under review by State Supreme Court
  • 6. ARRESTEE DNA LAWS LEGAL CHALLENGES Maryland v. King Declared Unconstitutional by state supreme court. STATUS: Under appeal to US Supreme Court Mario v. Kaipo (AZ) Declared Unconstitutional by State Court of Appeals STATUS: Appeal to US Supreme Court under consideration
  • 7. Maryland v. King • 2009 Arrest for 1st degree felony assault. Pleads down to 2nd degree assault (misdemeanor.) • 2009 CODIS match to 2003 rape.2003 rape Broke down the door of at a 52 year old woman’s home Wore hat and scarf on face Raped victim, holding a gun to her headPrior Record 1996 (13) – assault, battery and child abuse 2001 (18) – 2nd degree assault (convicted) 2002 (19) – possession with intent to distribute (convicted on possession) 2003 (20) - 2nd degree assault (convicted) 2007 (24) – 1st degree burglary
  • 8. THE OFFENDERWINNERS OF REAL DNA DATABASES: VICTIMS AND SOCIETYTHE DEBBIE SMITH ACT (2004)AUTHORIZES OVER $1 BILLION TOBE SPENT ON FORENSIC DNADRAMATIC IMPACT ON STATES’ABILITY TO TO REDUCE BACKLOGSAND EXPAND DATABASES
  • 9. JUSTICE FOR ALL ACT S 250REAUTHORIZES DEBBIE SMITH DNA GRANTSSTANDARDIZED DEFINITION OF “BACKLOG” Sen. Patrick LeahySTANDARDIZED “PROTOCOLS AND PRACTICES” FOR DNA EVIDENCECOLLECTION, SUBMISSION AND ANALYSISCREATES GRANT FOR LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT TO COUNT ANDMANAGE DNA EVIDENCEPOSSIBLE INCLUSION OF SAFER ACT – RAPE KIT REGISTRY
  • 10. JUSTICE FOR ALL ACT S 250FEDERAL KATIE’S LAW Katie SepichPROVIDES ADDITIONAL, ONE-YEAR FUNDING FOR STATES WITH ARRESTEEDNA DATABASE LAWS“MINIMUM STATES” MUST COLLECT FROM VIOLENT FELONY ARRESTSAND WILL RECEIVE 50% OF FIRST-YEAR COSTS“ENHANCED STATES” MUST COLLECT FROM BURGLARY AND VIOLENTFELONY ARRESTS AND WILL RECEIVE 100% OF FIRST-YEAR COSTS
  • 11. FEDERAL DNA FUNDING Appropriations vs. GrantsIn Millions $160 $140 $120 $100 $80 Backlog Grant $60 Actual Appropriation $40 $20 $0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  • 12. FEDERAL DNAAppropriations Fiscal Year 2013 FUNDING House and Senate Proposal: $117 million NO CUT from FY 2012BUT…Sequestration Process • $1.2 trillion in non-discretionary spending cuts over 10 years • FY 2013 - $55 billion reduction for defense discretionary spending • Likely reduction of 8% to non-defense discretionary spending DNA Funding -- $108 million left
  • 13. FORENSIC DNA BACKLOGS GEORGIA STATS Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar AprChemistry 2,343 2,316 3,150 3,229 3,072 2,202 1,568 1,121 907 1,126Firearms 1,322 1,333 1,364 1,408 1,324 1,335 1,320 1,309 1,272 1,259Forensic 273 203 353 397 431 639 677 581 503 684BiologyLatentFingerprint 731 713 739 842 908 947 975 1,023 1,050 1,032sMedical 161 179 104 98 119 134 162 163 143 128ExaminersQuestioned 275 275 274 278 285 283 279 282 291 298Docs/PhotoToxicology 2,294 1,999 1,798 1,679 1,813 1,749 1,433 1,615 1,387 1,266Trace 213 169 177 200 220 243 236 220 221 216Evidence
  • 14. FORENSIC DNA BACKLOGS GEORGIA BACKLOG & FUNDINGOBSTACLES:  HALF of DNA section personnel funded by federal grant  Personnel loss due to non-competitive salariesFY 2012 Federal Grant: $2.75 million (10/01)2012 State Funding:Governor Proposal: $1.2 million for federal funded positionsLegislature Proposal: $1.4 million to remove personnel from federal grants $1 million to establish a salary ladder
  • 15. FORENSIC DNA BACKLOGSSTATE FUNDING COMES BACK Florida $500,000 for next phase of arrestee testing, 180,000 samples expected South Carolina $1.13 million (for implementation of arrestee law) Arizona $2.48 million (over $3 million reduction in recent years)
  • 16. DALLAS SURVIVORS CONCERNED ABOUT RAPE KIT BACKLOG 12/14/2009 FBI LABORATORY HAS LARGE BACKLOG OF DNA CASES 08/05/2010 DETROIT CRIME LAB IGNORES RAPE EVIDENCE 2/18/2010DNA SAMPLE BACKLOG RAISES CONCERNS AT SAN DIEGO PD… 05/28/2010 SAN FRANCISCO PD ASST. CHIEF: DNATESTING BACKLOG “A CRISIS”… 05/19/2010 R.I. CRIME LAB HAS BACKLOG OF 400 CASES 02/14/2011
  • 17. LAPD CRIME LAB HAMPERED BY DNA BACKLOG 01/15/2010 MORE THAN 5000 RAPE KITS UNTESTED BY SAN ANTONIO PD 11/17/2009HUNDREDS OF TULSA RAPE KITS GO UNTESTED 11/30/2009 IDAHO STRUGGLES WITH DNA BACKLOG 10/11/2010 THOUSANDS OF RAPE KITS WENTUNTESTED IN MEMPHIS 2/15/2010 MASSACHUSETTS CRIME LAB STILL BEHIND ON DNA TESTING 11/27/2009BACKLOG OF DNA TESTING STALLS BALTIMORE LAB 3/14/2010
  • 18. FORENSIC DNA BACKLOGSLOCAL SOLUTIONSHOUSTON RAPE KIT BACKLOG6,000 Rape kits backlogged (includesacquaintance rapes) Houston City Council Solution: $5 “Pole” Tax$5 surcharge on patrons visiting strip clubs
  • 19. THEADOPTS DATABASING WORLD 56 COUNTRIES, OVER 35 MILLION OFFENDER SAMPLES Australia Estonia Netherlands Singapore Austria Finland New Zealand South Korea Barbados France Macedonia Spain Belarus Germany Norway Sweden Belgium Hong Kong Panama Switzerland Brazil Hungary Poland Taiwan Canada Iceland Portugal United Arab Emirates Chile Israel Qatar United Kingdom China Japan Romania United States Croatia Jordan Russia Cyprus Kuwait Slovenia Denmark implemented legislation/polices on a national basis to database the DNA of a defined category of criminal offenderThese countries have Latvia Slovakia
  • 20. OTHER COUNTRIES THAT PASS DNA DATABASE LEGISLATION ALSO EXPERIENCE SUCCESSChile Launches Criminal DNA RegistryBrazil President Signs Historic Legislation In 2009, Chile becomes first Latin Victim families meet with Senate American country to establish President in Brazil in 2012nationwide offender DNA database
  • 21. OTHER COUNTRIES THAT PASS DNA DATABASE LEGISLATION ALSO EXPERIENCE SUCCESS DNA plays key role in solving murder China Daily Currently over 12 million samples – has passed world’s largest database policy, adding 4 million samples in less than 2 years. Estimated 40 million samples by 2020.
  • 22. OTHER COUNTRIES THAT PASS DNA DATABASE LEGISLATION ALSO EXPERIENCE SUCCESS Singapore to set up DNA database of criminals Channel News Asia Taking the lead in promoting standardization throughout Asia.
  • 23. OTHER COUNTRIES THAT PASS DNA DATABASE LEGISLATION ALSO EXPERIENCE SUCCESS THE MIDDLE EAST• Offender DNA database begun in: Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait and Qatar• Bharain and may be initiating a databases soon• Saudi Arabia is working on lab infrastructure and discussing database policies• Oman is collecting prisoner samples and working on database legislation
  • 24. THE WORLD IS POSITIONING FOR EXPLOSIVE GROWTH OF OFFENDER DATABASE PROGRAMS
  • 25. IT’S ONLY THE BEGINNING:56 COUNTRIES HAVE MOVED FORWARD139 COUNTRIES HAVE NOT
  • 26. THE DATA IS IN THE SPOTLIGHT IS ONIT IS TIMEFOR THE REST OF THE WORLD TOTAKE ACTION