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2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption
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2010-02-01 FNF PAK - Corruption

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Some ideas on corruption, German scandals and examples and the importance of Freedom of Information (FoI) and privatisation as well as transparent property rights - at the occasion of a seminar at …

Some ideas on corruption, German scandals and examples and the importance of Freedom of Information (FoI) and privatisation as well as transparent property rights - at the occasion of a seminar at Women Media Center (WMC) in Karachi, Feb. 1 2010.

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  1. CORRUPTION Women Media Center (WMC), Karachi, Feb. 2010 Olaf Kellerhoff Resident Representative Pakistan
  2. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Resident Representative Pakistan Olaf Kellerhoff Islamic History + International Relations (MA) at Hamburg Univ. Missions & Experiences abroad Somalia Marocco Turkey Kosovo (3x) Afghanistan (3x) Lebanon Apprenticeship as photographer
  3. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Overview 1. Few on FNF 2. What is corruption 3. Paradise Germany? 4. Ways to go Published under Xiaming
  4. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 1. Few on FNF
  5. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Friedrich-Naumann-Stiftung für die Freiheit Founded 1958: civic education for Germans regional offices in the provinces Liberal Institute (LI) think tank Scholarship department International Academy for Leadership (IAF) Headquarters in Potsdam (Germany), Jan. 2009 since 1963 abroad ©FNF
  6. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Worldwide: in over 60 countries Regional approach
  7. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Sharing the FNF in Pakistan fate with Pakistan… working for Freedom in Pakistan since 1986 objectives: liberal democracy civic education human rights free market economy ©FNF peaceful conflict resolution … and consequently working for betterment
  8. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Sustainable work through partners Crucial Element is the self-responsible programme work of our partners. FNF trains, consults, interlinks and funds.
  9. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 2. What is corruption?
  10. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Historical Examples Around 1300 in Egypt death penalty for priests 1372 in Basel: on year exile +lifelong exclusion from all political activities In MA mayors of Augsburg and Zürich executed Preaching water, drinking wine… Published under Tom
  11. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Definition Lat. corrumpere – to destroy Corruption is operationally defined as the misuse of entrusted power for private gain. Transparency International Published under lynac
  12. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 CPI Corruption Perception Index (CPI) Scale 0–10 Estimate of corruption of different institutes in a country + interviewing different sources Empirical data analyzed at University of Passau (Germany) www.tranparency.org
  13. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Worldwide Corruption Wikimedia Commons
  14. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 TI-Ranking Transparency International Germany Place 14 Pakistan 139 Out of 180 New Zealand place 1 Somalia 180 Existing in every country - more or less… Published under eli867
  15. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Damage of Countries Manager more time with Yearly net capital inflow, 1970–1995 bureaucrats in corrupt Corruption and Capital inflow countries Prices are indicators for economic activities =>not reliable =>wrong decisions Less inflow of FDI & net capital inflow High corruption low corruption Corruption index 2002 Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 3-4/2009, p. 24.
  16. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Grand corruption Risk of detection rises by quantity and duration – but not by amount => high end corruption almost not discovered Hard to detect, damage hard to assess: Cleptocracy – greek: to steel & to reign Example from Indonesia: Nephew of President Suharto got benefit from beer taxes – collected by private company =>rising of beer prises – reduction of tourism Published under To2BoRnI
  17. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Affecting other sectors Corruption and Productivity Encompassing interest: cleptokrate remarks other sectors affected Productivity (GDP : capital (most likely Suhoarto’s other relative in hotel business => beer tax withdrawn stock), 2000 If CPI up by 1 point, then: - Net capital import by 0,5% High corruption low corruption - productivity by 2% up, Corruption index 2002 - GDP raises by 4% Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 3-4/2009, p. 23.
  18. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Actors: Men are more corrupt* Higher number in Persuasion of external leadership positions control (the other’s fault) No previous conflict with Denial of immoral action law Readiness for high risk due to competencies in respective field high trust Machiavellian High living standard Pathologic narcism Decision equal other successful management actions * Anaylsis of actors in Germany
  19. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 3. Paradise Germany?
  20. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Paradise Germany? Until 1999 possible for enterprises to get tax reduction for bribes Only since 2002 bribing foreign companies employees forbidden Proper image: almost no low-level corruption but web of corporate sector, parties and bureaucrats
  21. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 German Scandals Flick corporate group in 1984 => loss of people’s trust in politics Siemens Nov. 2006 – 2009: established system of black costs 2,5 bn Euro (fines, lawyers etc.) M.A.N. in court soccer manipulation Published under Kenny Miller
  22. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Academia 20.000 € for Dr. title 3,5 years prison and 75.000€ fine Lawyers and advocates among illegal clients Easy buying or hard working? Published under 96dpi
  23. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Siemens Trialed 2006–2009 Long established, institutionalized web of bribery to receive contracts world wide Costs: 2.5 bn Euro But: did not break up Lost not on value on Siemens Manager taken into custody in Greece. long term Published under Teacher Dude’s BBQ Disclosure & stop
  24. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 M.A.N. 2000-2006 payments of 1.4 bn Euro worldwide Strong hand in anti- corruption: ombusdman 200-300 employees use specially initiated amnesty law: keep job if not private advantage of corruption M.A.N. – truck and automotive manufacturer Published under 111 emergency
  25. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Soccer Manipulation Published under baumpaul Manipulation of results In some cases the whole team has been bought Trainer would inform the team which result has to be achieved Involved: Clubs, Gamblers, Trainer, Manager, players
  26. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 New legislation – still dangers Laws only in recent years Publicly highlighted cases Approach by amnesty law ombudsman harsh punishment of culprits On risk area health care: federal set- up and intransparent linkages between pharmacy industry hospitals / doctors bureaucrats insurance companies …and Germany, too. Published under JBracken
  27. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Transparency International Founded by Peter Eigen, former director World bank East Africa in 1993 HQ in Berlin Approach consensual not confront Besides private funds: BMZ Publications & Tool kits
  28. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Peter Eigen Born 1938 in Augsburg Law studies in Erlangen and Frankfurt a.M. Lawyer Worldbank in HQ, West Africa,, Latin America and East Africa Corruption in daily work, analyzing mechanism Left 1993 and founded TI Peter Eigen, lawyer and founder of TI
  29. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 4. Way to go
  30. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Transparency Support of local Government Trust building Increasing tax revenues Reduce citizens’ apathy Press to deliver Raise ethical standards – professionalization of politicians Measuring Transparency Deputy City Nazim Karachi, Nasreen Jalil, Nov. 2009 ©FNF
  31. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Rule of Law & Good Governance Media Election Monitoring Monitoring Parliamentary / City Councils Work Courts decision – judicial support Manual for SME Publishing Surveys Hold accountable & be a vigilant citizen! Published under International Rivers
  32. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 You have the right to know! Freedom of information (FoI) Ordinance, 2002 well intended by Musharraf and ahead in South Asia but diluted in policy process All in all: we are glad to have it Request this information! Hold accountable! FoI Workshop at CIIM, Karachi, Nov. 2009 ©FNF
  33. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Extending FoI in 2010 FoI Study (engl.) in print Urdu booklet in preparation Poster and illustrated booklets for illiterates arranged FNF cooperation partner CPDI drafts new law Get actors on one table FoI Workshop by CHRI, LFP, Shehri, in Regent Plaza Karachi, Aug. 2009 ©FNF
  34. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Property & Privatisation Privatisation destroys monopolies which enable power positions Publicly known and clear property rights with tracking system Property Rights Book (6–8 contributors) prepared Book on Privatization launched in May Study Transparency in Privatisation in drafting Download Property Rights Index at our German homepage www.freiheit.org.
  35. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 TI Tool kit www.transparency.org
  36. Olaf Kellerhoff Corruption Feb. 1 2010 Thank you! Keep in touch! www.mynameise.com/LiberalFriendsofPAK www.southasia.fnst.org

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