LS relationship IS (2014)

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LS relationship IS, Library and Information Science; LIS; Library Science and Information Science; LS vs IS; Relationship of Library science with Information science; Huma Malik; libcorpio; MS/MPhil LIS Presentation 2014, Vertex College

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LS relationship IS (2014)

  1. 1. (702- THEORETICAL FOUNDATION OF INFORMATION SCIENCES) Presentation by Huma Waseem MS LIS
  2. 2. Contents  Definitions  Similarities LS vs IS  Initial use of Terms  Differences LS vs IS  Ranganathan’s Five Laws  Library and Information Science (LIS)  Domains of LS & IS  Conclusion  References  Features of LS & IS
  3. 3. Definitions Library Science Information Science The The study of processes for storing and retrieving information, esp. scientific or technical information. study of collecting, preserving, and cataloging books and other documents in libraries. (Pournelle, 2004, p.97)
  4. 4. Definitions Library Science Information Science A generic term for – the study of libraries and information units, – the role they play in society, – their various component routines and processes, and – their history and future development. The study of – the use of information, – its sources and development; – usually taken to refer to the role of scientific, industrial and specialized libraries and information units – in the handling and – dissemination of information. (Prytherch, 2005) (Prytherch, 2005)
  5. 5. Definitions Library Science Information Science The professional knowledge and skill with which recorded information is The systematic study and analysis of the – sources, – development, – collection, – organization, – dissemination, – evaluation, – use, and – management of information in all its forms, including the channels (formal and informal) and technology used in its communication. – – – – – – – selected, acquired, organized, stored, maintained, retrieved, and disseminated ….. to meet the needs of a specific clientele, usually taught at a professional library school qualified to grant the post-baccalaureate degree of M.L.S. or M.L.I.S. The term is used synonymously in the United States with librarianship. (Reitz, 2004) (Reitz, 2004)
  6. 6. Initial Use of Terms Library Science Information Science • The first American school of librarianship founded by Melvil Dewey at Columbia University in 1887. • Later, the term Library Science was used in the title of S. R. Ranganathan's The Five Laws of Library Science, published in 1931, and in the title of Lee Pierce Butler's 1933 book, An introduction to library science (University of Chicago Press). • The earliest form al use of term Information science dates back to 1958 when the Institute of Information Scientists (IIS) was formed in the United kingdom by Jason Farradane. (wikipedia) (Encyclopedia of LIS, 1995. Vol56(19). P.147)
  7. 7. Ranganathan’s Five laws Library Science Information Science Ranganathan’s Five laws of library science (1931) These laws are: 1. Books are for use. 2. Every reader his [or her] book. 3. Every book its reader. 4. Save the time of the reader. 5. The library is a growing organism. Application of Ranganathan’s Five Laws on Information Science These laws are: 1. Information is for use. 2. Every user his [or her] Information. 3. Every Byte of Information its user. 4. Save the time of Information user and staff. 5. Universe of Information is a growing organism. (Sen, B K, 2008) (Sen, B K, 2008)
  8. 8. Domains Library Science Information Science The fundamental domains of library science/librarianship are:  Collection development and acquisitions  Bibliographic analysis and control  Classification/cataloguing  Services to users  Circulation services  Physical preparation for storage and use  Maintenance and preservation of collections The fundamental scientific domains of information science are:  Informetrics  Information seeking  Information Retrieval (IR)  Information management  IR System Design (DDC-20) (Encyclopedia of LIS, 1995. Vol56(19). P.147)
  9. 9. Features Library Science Information Science According to ALA in 1982 librarianship is a profession that addresses – knowledge applications, – theories, – techniques, and – principles – ….which contribute to the production, preservation, org anization, and use of the library collections and information dissemination via different media. Information science investigates – the properties and the behavior of information, – the forces governing the flow of information, and t – the means of processing information for optimal accessibility and usability. (Roitberg as cited in Aharony, Noa, 2006, p.236.) (Taylor as cited in Aharony, Noa, 2006.)
  10. 10. Features Library Science Information Science Library science/librarianship is concerned with the principle and practice of – selecting, – acquiring, – organizing, – disseminating and – providing access to information … in accordance with the specific needs of groups of people or an individual The processes of information include the – organization, – dissemination, – collection, – storage and retrieval, – interpretation, and use of information. (Cheong, Choy Fatt, 2008) (Taylor as cited in Aharony, Noa, 2006,)
  11. 11. Similarities LS vs IS Different library experts have mentioned the similarities between library science and information science in their own way. Here are their views. 1. Both domains emerged from the humanistic environment (Curras, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). 2. Both domains are in transition (Nitecki, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). 3. Both study human behavior in information exchange aiming at the creation of knowledge and ideas (Boyce, as cited in Nitecki, 1995).
  12. 12. Similarities 4. Both embrace practitioners who are members of learned societies but are not scientists themselves;  both share the same problems in designing and operating information systems;  both are service oriented and changing fast (vagianos, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). 5. Both approaches procure and handle information and apply new technology (Bohnert, as cited in Nitecki, 1995).
  13. 13. Similarities 6. Information science is a part of library science, not a separate discipline; its claim to uniqueness has no empirical, philosophical, definitional or sociological evidence (Houser, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). 7. Librarianship always provided services and at present has merely modified them by adding new hardware. Hence there is a need to add word ‘information’ to the name of the domain ‘librarianship’ (Stokes, as cited in Nitecki, 1995).
  14. 14. Similarities 8. Information science has both a pure science component, which inquiries into the subject without regard to its application, and an applied science component, which develops services and products.  Librarianship and documentation are applied aspects of information science (Borko-cited in Viswanathan, 2000, p.4). 9. Information work is an extension of library work (Ranganathan, as cited in A team of experts, 2005, p.4). 10. The information science is a complex, interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary field which also includes library science (Large, as cited in Nitecki, 1995).
  15. 15. Similarities 11. Librarianship is a part or subset of information science (Foskett, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). 12. The goal of both is the resolution of human problems. The emphasis of information science on accessibility and usability is the major objective of librarianship. 13. Information science is sometimes the deinstitutionalized library science- the library without walls, where  the entire world of information is collection and  the librarian or information scientist is the agent/facilitator who acquires, organizes and disseminates that information (Rubin, 2000, pp.19-20).
  16. 16. Similarities 14. Traditional librarianship (manual systems) is library science while modern librarianship (ICTs-based, etc.) is information science (Fosdick, as cited in Chaudhry, 1992, p.95). 15. Library science is the foundation of information science except the development of computers (Rubin, 2000, p.20). 16. Concepts of information science are integrated with those of library science (Borko, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). 17. Librarianship bridges the gap between information and its applications (Mathews-cited in Nitecki, 1995). 18. The social role of information science was formulated by its relations to librarianship & other fields (Saracevic-cited in Nitecki, 1995).
  17. 17. Differences LS vs IS Different library experts have mentioned the similarities between library science and information science in their own way. Here are their points. 1. Both have same objectives but differ in techniques used.  Information science is independent of any particular environment, while  library science depends on parental institution or community.  Information science is not institution-based while  library science is institution/organization-based (Gates, as cited in Nitecki, 1995).
  18. 18. Differences 2. Information science deals with information in a factographic (based on facts, not fiction) way regardless of the package/record, e.g., a book or a database, while libraries are often viewed as documentographic, i.e., document-based or recorded information-based including fiction (Kobltz, as cited in Nitecki, 1995).
  19. 19. Differences 3. The focus of information science is on the phenomenon of information.  Information science deals with the entire information cycle, from creation to use (Rubin, 2000, pp.19-20), while  library science starts after the creation of information. 4. Information science is an emerging field which is now a recognized discipline in an increasing number of major universities (Norton, 2000, p.25).
  20. 20. Differences 5. Information science investigates properties and behavior of information, its organization, storage, retrieval, interpretation, and utilization.  Library science concentrates on storing and disseminating knowledge contained in documents . (Borko, as cited in Nitecki, 1995).
  21. 21. Differences 6. Library science structures information sources;  information science assembles, selects, correlates, and analyzes the use of information (Pickup, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). 7. Information science is an inquiry, and library science a service (Wilson, as cited in Nitecki, 1995).
  22. 22. Differences 8. Library Science is concerned with the logistics and management of documents… The concern of librarians with the contents of documents is mostly for the purpose of classification and indexing. (Satyanarayana, 1996)  Information Science is concerned with the contents of these documents and work-task of users including problem-solving and decision making. (Satyanarayana, 1996)
  23. 23. Differences 9. Librarianship has been concerned with the acquisition, storage, maintenance and loan of documents including the technical aspects of acquisition, processing of documents, library buildings, shelving of documents, issuing, monitoring loan records and prevention of theft. (Satyanarayana, 1996)  The library is the laboratory of information scientist. They not only satisfy users by providing them their required information but also make sure that the information provided is of value in the solution of problems and in development of scientific expertise. (Satyanarayana, 1996)
  24. 24. Differences 10. Library problems exist mainly in physical access to records, but  information science problems are cognitive, addressing the impact of changes on library patrons (Brookes, as cited in Nitecki, 1995) 11. Library science concentrates on access, storage, and retrieval of information, and  information science interprets these activities as within the total recorded experience (Debons, as cited in Nitecki, 1995)
  25. 25. Library & Information Science (LIS) 1. Library & information science (LIS) provides an interdisciplinary approach for the application of instructional technology to librarianship (Jackson, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). 2. Librarianship is perceived as a process of fulfilling needs, and extending the study beyond the physical book, its storage and its preservation.  Broadly defined the concept of information science is the same in library information science.  Information science is not only a branch of librarianship in its study of information technology but  also an emerging theoretical foundation for all information agencies in a new discipline of library information science (Stieg, as cited in Nitecki, 1995).
  26. 26. Library & Information Science (LIS) 3. A newly emerging library information science (LIS) provides dual perspectives: – Internal relationships between itself and information processes, and – External focus on activities in organizing information (Foskett, as cited in Nitecki, 1995).
  27. 27. Library & Information Science (LIS)  In the internal perspective, information is a content of communication; the library facilitates that communication by organizing records and information about them, and provides guides to the interdisciplinary of knowledge (Allen, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). − Whereas library and information sciences focus on written records, and library science stresses their organization, information science covers the information-knowledge-wisdom relationships in these records (Kochen, as cited in Nitecki, 1995).
  28. 28. Library & Information Science (LIS)  In the external perspective, the information profession includes librarianship, information systems, and resource management; it provides professional, educational, and disciplinary context and is considered a turf of informational operations (Donahue, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). – Information environment includes librarianship (preservation, access, and professional concerns), Information science (theoretical study of physical and conceptual aspects of information), and information retrieval (users' interaction and search strategy).
  29. 29. Conclusion Both librarianship and information science have the information perspective in common. Library science and information science have very different histories, and, in particular, different methodological and values perspectives, they have in common this core relationship to the material of their work. (Bates, 1999)
  30. 30. Conclusion  The related contemporary tension between librarianship and information science is an indication of the discipline in transition. The organizational technology of the library is being produced under new names by computer and information specialists who are searching for order in the chaos of the ‘information explosion’. Librarians react by changing their own terminology, replacing terms like 'library' with 'information center' and 'library schools' with 'information' or ‘communication' departments, talking about 'information' instead of 'generic book' and 'information organization' instead of generic 'bibliographic control'.
  31. 31. Conclusion (Venn Diagram) Difference Difference •Melvil Dewey, 1887 •American school of librarianship •domains –Collection development and acquisitions –Bibliographic analysis and control –Subject analysis and control –Services to users –Circulation services –Physical preparation for storage and use –Maintenance and preservation of collections •Documentographic •starts after the creation of information •Service based Library Science Similarities Information Science •Similar objectives •Humanistic environment •In transition •Embrace practitioners •Service oriented •Jason Farradane, 1958 •Institute of Information Scientists (IIS) •domains –Informetrics –Information seeking –Information Retrieval (IR) –Information management –IR System Design • Factographic •Starts from creation of information to use •Inquiry based
  32. 32. References Aharony, N. (2006). The librarian and the information scientist: Different perceptions among Israeli information science students. Library & information science research, 28(2), 235-248. Bates, Marcia J. (1999). Information science: the invisible substrate. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 50(12), 1043-1050. pages.gseis.ucla.edu/faculty/bates/substrate.html Choy, F. C., (2008). Librarianship: what is it about now? Singapore: Library Association of Singapore Conference, 8-9 May 2008. http://dr.ntu.edu.sg/handle/10220/6105 Dewey, Melvil (1989). Dewey Decimal Classification and Relative Index. 20th ed. (Comaromi,John P., ed.). New York: Forest Press Information and information science (1995). In Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science, 56(19), 137-47. New York: Marcel Dekker. Ingwersen, P. (1992). Information Retrieval Interaction. London: Taylor Graham. Retrieved from http://comminfo.rutgers.edu/~muresan/IR/Docs/Books/Ingwersen_IRI/ Ingwersen_IRI_ Chapter1.pdf Library science (2014). In Encyclopædia Britannica online. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/ EBchecked/topic/339480/library-science Nitecki, Joseph Z. Philosophical Aspects of Library Information Science in Retrospect. Preliminary Edition. 1995. Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ ED381162.pdf Pournelle, Jerry (ed.). (2004). 1001 Computer Words You Need to Know. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Prytherch, Raymond John (2005). In Harrod’s librarians’ glossary and reference book (10th ed.). Aldershot, England: Ashgate Publishing Limited. Reitz, Joan M. (2004). In ODLIS: Online Dictionary of Library and Information Science. Retrieved from http://www.abcclio.com/ODLIS/searchODLIS.aspx Rubin, Richard E. (2000). Foundations of Library and Information Science. New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers. 19-20. Satyanarayana, R. (1996). Problems of information science. New Delhi: New age International. Sen, B. (2008). Ranganathan’s five laws. Annals of Library and Information Studies, 55, 87-90.
  33. 33. Presentation by Huma Waseem MS LIS Vertex College, Islamabad affiliated with Bacha Khan University, KPK, Pakistan 26th Feb. 2014

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