LibMeter - Library eMetrics  Basics & Terminology Workshop ZBW-HH Part 1-2 Nutzungsanalyse elektronischer Informationsdien...
Nutzungsanalyse elektronischer Informationsdienstleistungen für das praktische Bibliotheks-Management Grundlagen Standortb...
LibMeter  Seminar <ul><li>1. Intro </li></ul>x
LibMeter  Seminar <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul>x
Questions to Start Are you familiar with ? <ul><li>EZB  / DBIS </li></ul><ul><li>DBS / BIX </li></ul><ul><li>Indikatoren-R...
How Needs, Services, Usage & Community Value are related ? C O M M U N I T Y  with  N E E D S E R V I C E S S C O P E U T ...
What Performance Indicators to measure ? <ul><li>Input </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resourcen: Finanzen, Räume, Personal, Beständ...
How to collect data about Libary‘s eService Usage with eMetrics? <ul><li>4 Dimensions of Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Cens...
eMetrics and broader context of Library assessment not covered <ul><li>Integrated Assessment Instruments  </li></ul><ul><u...
How to look at any Statistic ?  <ul><li>Motivation (Why) </li></ul><ul><li>Methods / Tools / Technologies (How) </li></ul>...
Questions asked: How are we doing ? <ul><li>How high is a specific usage ? (absolute/normalized) </li></ul><ul><li>How doe...
Usage „Stats“  Terms & Difinitions
Basic Terms I <ul><li>Log (item) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Record of Events  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Count = Value = Figure = M...
Basic Terms II <ul><li>Logging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Storing and preserving a File-record with detailed technical Informat...
Basic Terms III <ul><li>Performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Degree of Effectiveness (e.g. of work or a service) </li></ul></...
Basic Terms IV Descriptive Statistics <ul><li>Minimum / Maximum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smallest value / Highest value </li>...
Basic Terms V Usage Counts and Derivatives <ul><li>Value </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Downloads (D) </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Reporting Frequencies & Effect on Potential Uses and Users <ul><li>It takes Time for Results </li></ul><ul><li>2 periods f...
LibMeter  Seminar <ul><li>2. NatLibStats </li></ul>x
Comparing Usage at  different Types of Institutions
2007 EZB Usage per Primary User at Universities versus Polytechs <ul><li>EZB Statistics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Universities...
Looking annually at   1 Parameter (EZB)  at 1 time (DBS 2007)  for many libraries
Comparing EZB Use among University Libraries in 2007 Compiled from DBS VA:  http://www.bibliotheksstatistik.de/eingabe/dyn...
Sample University Library Profile (DBS) Basics on Library-“Size“, -Input & Output <ul><li>Actions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ra...
BIX Performance-Indicator  „Virtual Library Use“ <ul><li>New (per 2008*) in German Library Performance Index „BIX“  </li><...
How SMART is „Virtual Use“ ? <ul><li>S pecific :  </li></ul><ul><li>Quite general  </li></ul><ul><li>M easurable : </li></...
Go to Screens List <ul><ul><li>Slides on  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DBS, BibS,BIX & ARL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Start...
German Library Statistics  10 Year Overview   Price Index DE Education  1999 to 2008 > + 50 % 2008 1999
DBS Variable Analysis Selection Criteria <ul><li>Coverage:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total libraries ca. 14.000; scientific 3...
„ DBS Variable Analysis“ (Display!) Selection Dialogue
DBS Variable Analysis Result Table
DBS – Indikatorenraster Benchmark for Public Libraries <ul><li>Logical Framework </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Libraries On...
DBS – Public Libraries Indicatorgrid „Indikatorenraster“
German Library Statistics 2009 New Online Exploration Tool - BibS
Basic interactive Comparrison in Time Series
BIX - 1-Level Univ. Libraries Ranking Result Table in Print 2006
(Germany+) BIX Library Statistics Index - Overview
(Germany+) BIX Library Statistics Index - Measures
(Germany+) BIX Measures over Years
(Germany+) BIX Compare & Show „Usage“
American Association of Research Libraries (ARL) – Interactive Statistics
ARL – Interactive Statistics Dynamic Ratio Calculator
ARL – Interactive Statistics Example: Serials $ per Student
ARL – Interactive Statistics Example: Library Service Hours
ARL – Interactive Statistics Service Hours over time @ 9 Inst. ARL – Interactive Statistics Example: Library Service Hours
Consortial Statistics Sites <ul><li>HeBIS – Statistikserver </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Z.B. COUNTER Hebis Verbund </li></ul></u...
National Statistics (e.g. BIX/DBS) Benefits & Limits <ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Broad Institutions Base </li></ul>...
Diskussionsfragen <ul><ul><li>Wann erste Ergebnisse ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wie lange auf welche Aussagen warten ? </...
National Library Statistics  (Links to Interactive Tables) <ul><li>ARL (Am. Assoc. Res. Libr.) Interactive Stats </li></ul...
LibMeter  Seminar <ul><li>2. b </li></ul><ul><li>Übungen </li></ul>x
Go to Screens List <ul><ul><li>Übungen hier </li></ul></ul>
Diskussionsfragen <ul><ul><li>Welche Komponenten können Nationalstatistiken haben ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Möglichkeit...
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Basics Terminology Nat Lib Stats Lib Meter Zbw Hh Workshop

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Part 1-2 of 5; Beta Version 0.8 of Transparencies
about Management Workshop on Usage analysis of electronic library services
At ZBW-Hamburg 2009-11-06
(C) LibMeter , 2009, Peter Ahrens
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  • 2009-05-18_Basics
  • 2009-05-18_Basics
  • 2009-05-18_Basics
  • 2009-05-18_Basics
  • 2009-05-18_Basics Further considerations: usage  perceived value  acceptance  Influence  User‘s Mind Space  mind share
  • 2009-05-18_Basics
  • 2009-05-18_Basics
  • 2009-05-18_Basics
  • 2009-05-13_Snippets
  • 2009-05-13_Snippets
  • 2009-05-18_Basics
  • 2009-05-18_Basics
  • 2009-05-18_Basics
  • 2009-05-18_Basics
  • 2009-11-06_new Need_retouch – Give examples for EZB 2008
  • 2009-05-18_Basics
  • 2009-05-18_Basics
  • 2009-05-19_Current_Practice
  • 2009-05-19_Current_Practice
  • 2009-05-19_Current_Practice
  • 2009-05-19_Current_Practice
  • 2009-05-19_Current_Practice
  • 2009-05-19_Current_Practice BIX 2008 takes DBS 2007 figures
  • 2009-05-19_Current_Practice
  • 2009-05-18_Basics
  • 2009-10-16 modify 2009-05-19_Current_Practice
  • 2009-05-18_Basics
  • 2009-05-18_Basics
  • 2009-05-18_Basics
  • Basics Terminology Nat Lib Stats Lib Meter Zbw Hh Workshop

    1. 1. LibMeter - Library eMetrics Basics & Terminology Workshop ZBW-HH Part 1-2 Nutzungsanalyse elektronischer Informationsdienstleistungen für das praktische Bibliotheks-Management Veranstalter: Berufsverband Information Bibliothek e. V. (BIB) Landesgruppe Hamburg 6. November 2009 Referent: Dr. Peter Ahrens Freier Referent Assistenz: Tanja Haberkorn Beta 0.8 2009-11-01
    2. 2. Nutzungsanalyse elektronischer Informationsdienstleistungen für das praktische Bibliotheks-Management Grundlagen Standortbestimmung & Perspektiven <ul><li>Vorstellung Programm Überblick </li></ul><ul><li>1. Grundlagen und Begriffe </li></ul><ul><li>2. DBS & BIX Vorstelllung </li></ul><ul><li>praktischer Teil – BIX Übungen </li></ul><ul><li>3. Nationale eUsage Jahres-Statistiken </li></ul><ul><li>4. COUNTER, OpenURL & u.a. Monatsstatistiken </li></ul><ul><li>5.Alternativ-Blöcke </li></ul><ul><li>6. Diskussion & Feedback </li></ul>
    3. 3. LibMeter Seminar <ul><li>1. Intro </li></ul>x
    4. 4. LibMeter Seminar <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul>x
    5. 5. Questions to Start Are you familiar with ? <ul><li>EZB / DBIS </li></ul><ul><li>DBS / BIX </li></ul><ul><li>Indikatoren-Raster </li></ul><ul><li>COUNTER / Sushi </li></ul><ul><li>OpenURL / SFX </li></ul><ul><li>OPAC 2.0 Funktionen </li></ul><ul><li>Web Analytics </li></ul>
    6. 6. How Needs, Services, Usage & Community Value are related ? C O M M U N I T Y with N E E D S E R V I C E S S C O P E U T I L I T Y USABILITY ACCESSIBILITY VISIBILITY AWARENESS USAGE ( = ACCEPTANCE) VALUE - Performance
    7. 7. What Performance Indicators to measure ? <ul><li>Input </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resourcen: Finanzen, Räume, Personal, Bestände, PCs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Output </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bestände, Angebote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Besuche, Ausleihen, konv. Nutzung & elektron. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outcome / Impact - Wirksamkeit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Z.B. Informationskompetenz, Wissen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Z.B. Fähigkeiten / Verhaltensänderungen </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. How to collect data about Libary‘s eService Usage with eMetrics? <ul><li>4 Dimensions of Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Census counts (full): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>externally generated, Vendor usage data (eg COUNTER) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locally/internally generated usage data, (eg OpenURL) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sample counts (random or non-random): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>externally generated, web survey data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internally generated, web survey/usage data </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. eMetrics and broader context of Library assessment not covered <ul><li>Integrated Assessment Instruments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LibQual / ServQual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Measure users expectations and subjective fullfillment of Library Services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO 2789 und ISO 11620 </li></ul><ul><li>Management Approaches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Balanced Scorecard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library Controlling Cycles </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. How to look at any Statistic ? <ul><li>Motivation (Why) </li></ul><ul><li>Methods / Tools / Technologies (How) </li></ul><ul><li>Limitations (Scope, Issues, Problems) </li></ul><ul><li>Observations (Figures / Results) </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation (Changes, Trends, Pittfalls) </li></ul><ul><li>Consequences (Decisions, Actions) </li></ul><ul><li>And remember: Don‘t trust any statistic you did not fake yourself ! </li></ul>
    11. 11. Questions asked: How are we doing ? <ul><li>How high is a specific usage ? (absolute/normalized) </li></ul><ul><li>How does this compare to peer-institutions? </li></ul><ul><li>How does this compare to other services? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the trend ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth/Decline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acceleration, Slowdown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Life-Cycle Phase </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Usage „Stats“ Terms & Difinitions
    13. 13. Basic Terms I <ul><li>Log (item) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Record of Events </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Count = Value = Figure = Measure = Parameter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Numerical Quantity Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Variable (numerical) value; Here: Output Parameter! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indicator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Something giving information, indicating something </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Statistics = „Stats“ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collection of numerical data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis and Interpretation of Statistical Data </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Basic Terms II <ul><li>Logging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Storing and preserving a File-record with detailed technical Information about all occuring service events (Web) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Usage (figures or statistics) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantitative parameters/values derived from filtering and processing Log-Files (aggregating, relating, normalizing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usage monitoring = analysing (web) usage figures over time (longitudinal) or between services (transversal) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Usability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Degree of suitability of (web) service for purpose </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Basic Terms III <ul><li>Performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Degree of Effectiveness (e.g. of work or a service) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ranking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Position in Relation to others / Working out Ranking Order </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>classification of something on a scale according to how much or how little of a quality it possesses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Benchmarking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comparing against a standard against which something can be measured </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Best Practice </li></ul>
    16. 16. Basic Terms IV Descriptive Statistics <ul><li>Minimum / Maximum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smallest value / Highest value </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Average (Artihmetic Mean) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sum of all values divided by total number </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Median </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Value in the middle of the range </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Standard Deviation (Measure for average Distance) </li></ul><ul><li>Variation Coefficient (Measure for Width of Distribution) </li></ul><ul><li>Quantil, Percentil, Quartil … (->Indikatoren-Raster) </li></ul><ul><li>(Skewness, Kurtosis …) </li></ul>
    17. 17. Basic Terms V Usage Counts and Derivatives <ul><li>Value </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Downloads (D) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Normalized Value or Ratio (per external basis) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Downloads per User (DpU) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First Derivative (by time=rate) – per period </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Downloads per User per Year (DpUpY) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Second Derivative –> Change Rate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Growth/Decline=Change (CoDpUpY) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Third Derivative - > Trend </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Acceleation/Slowdown (CoCoDpUpY) </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Reporting Frequencies & Effect on Potential Uses and Users <ul><li>It takes Time for Results </li></ul><ul><li>2 periods for first value </li></ul><ul><li>3 periods for first pair </li></ul><ul><li>4 periods for confirmed trend </li></ul><ul><li>5 periods for change in trend </li></ul><ul><li>Annual Reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Good picture after 5 yrs </li></ul><ul><li>Longterm Dev. & Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Monthly reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Picture after a quarter </li></ul><ul><li>Planning on Department or workgroup level </li></ul><ul><li>Daily reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Picture after a week </li></ul><ul><li>Individual actions </li></ul>
    19. 19. LibMeter Seminar <ul><li>2. NatLibStats </li></ul>x
    20. 20. Comparing Usage at different Types of Institutions
    21. 21. 2007 EZB Usage per Primary User at Universities versus Polytechs <ul><li>EZB Statistics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Universities (n=57) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Median = 6,2 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mean / Average = 6.9 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Standard Deviation = 5.6 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Variation Coefficient = 0.8 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polytechs (n=34) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Median = 0,42 (sic!) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mean / Average = 2.0 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Standard Deviation = 6.1 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Variation Coefficient =3.0 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Düsseldorf: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mean / Average 7.0 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>= 0.13 Std. Dev. above Mean </li></ul></ul></ul>While you may calculate Mean and St. Dev. for a population, make sure it is normally distributed before drawing further conclusions (check Median) !
    22. 22. Looking annually at 1 Parameter (EZB) at 1 time (DBS 2007) for many libraries
    23. 23. Comparing EZB Use among University Libraries in 2007 Compiled from DBS VA: http://www.bibliotheksstatistik.de/eingabe/dynrep/index.php [2009-04-15] EZB (B+C only) call as per DBS 2007 Standardized per Primary User per Year
    24. 24. Sample University Library Profile (DBS) Basics on Library-“Size“, -Input & Output <ul><li>Actions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Raw Numbers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Often very high values </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Go beyond imagination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work Basis: User Numbers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Different Types </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can be combined to Primary User Number </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standardization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Key Step: Calculation of „ Value per User per Year “ = Normalization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Numbers become imaginable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Numbers can be memorized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Numbers become comparable </li></ul></ul>Data downloaded from www.bibliotheksstatistik.de into PC-Spreadsheet Program, [2009-05-03]
    25. 25. BIX Performance-Indicator „Virtual Library Use“ <ul><li>New (per 2008*) in German Library Performance Index „BIX“ </li></ul><ul><li>Normalized Combined Parameter: „Virtual Annual Use“ </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: (OPAC & Homepage) / Number of Primary Users </li></ul><ul><li>Simple Interpretation </li></ul>
    26. 26. How SMART is „Virtual Use“ ? <ul><li>S pecific : </li></ul><ul><li>Quite general </li></ul><ul><li>M easurable : </li></ul><ul><li>YES Community Standard with help of HDM Zählpixel </li></ul><ul><li>A chievable and Attributable : </li></ul><ul><li>Library is actively producing Service </li></ul><ul><li>Today every library can produce # </li></ul><ul><li>R elevant and Realistic : </li></ul><ul><li>YES Users frequently go there </li></ul><ul><li>Closely tied to core services </li></ul><ul><li>How representative for total spectrum of electronic Library Services ? </li></ul><ul><li>T ime-bound, Timely, Trackable, and Targeted : </li></ul><ul><li>No log-files publicly available (yet?) </li></ul><ul><li>Not available for all periods </li></ul>
    27. 27. Go to Screens List <ul><ul><li>Slides on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DBS, BibS,BIX & ARL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Start Present_26 Slide 07) </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. German Library Statistics 10 Year Overview Price Index DE Education 1999 to 2008 > + 50 % 2008 1999
    29. 29. DBS Variable Analysis Selection Criteria <ul><li>Coverage: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total libraries ca. 14.000; scientific 350) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1999 onwards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Up to 300 – 400 measures/parameters per institution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Selection criteria for „Variable Statistische Auswertung“ </li></ul><ul><li>Class - Questionnaire (Public, Scientific, Special …) </li></ul><ul><li>Countries </li></ul><ul><li>Years </li></ul><ul><li>Measures / Parameters </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Type of Institution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ownership (public – private etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Size Class of Collection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Region </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library System levels (1 or 2) </li></ul></ul>
    30. 30. „ DBS Variable Analysis“ (Display!) Selection Dialogue
    31. 31. DBS Variable Analysis Result Table
    32. 32. DBS – Indikatorenraster Benchmark for Public Libraries <ul><li>Logical Framework </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Libraries Only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 of 5 Community Size Classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2007 (only as per 2009-10-10) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Data Shown </li></ul><ul><ul><li>21 Indicators calculated from Primary Measures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grouped in 4 Dimensions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum, Median, Maximum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6 Percentile Ranges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positioning „own“ Library </li></ul></ul>
    33. 33. DBS – Public Libraries Indicatorgrid „Indikatorenraster“
    34. 34. German Library Statistics 2009 New Online Exploration Tool - BibS
    35. 35. Basic interactive Comparrison in Time Series
    36. 36. BIX - 1-Level Univ. Libraries Ranking Result Table in Print 2006
    37. 37. (Germany+) BIX Library Statistics Index - Overview
    38. 38. (Germany+) BIX Library Statistics Index - Measures
    39. 39. (Germany+) BIX Measures over Years
    40. 40. (Germany+) BIX Compare & Show „Usage“
    41. 41. American Association of Research Libraries (ARL) – Interactive Statistics
    42. 42. ARL – Interactive Statistics Dynamic Ratio Calculator
    43. 43. ARL – Interactive Statistics Example: Serials $ per Student
    44. 44. ARL – Interactive Statistics Example: Library Service Hours
    45. 45. ARL – Interactive Statistics Service Hours over time @ 9 Inst. ARL – Interactive Statistics Example: Library Service Hours
    46. 46. Consortial Statistics Sites <ul><li>HeBIS – Statistikserver </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Z.B. COUNTER Hebis Verbund </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nationallizenzen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Z.B. Hbz </li></ul><ul><li>Z.B. GBV </li></ul>
    47. 47. National Statistics (e.g. BIX/DBS) Benefits & Limits <ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Broad Institutions Base </li></ul><ul><li>Fairly Comprehensive </li></ul><ul><li>Creates Awareness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Online Data Warehouse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows Meta Studies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Limits </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Parameter Set Scope </li></ul><ul><ul><li>i.e. more detailled services missing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Data completeness & quality </li></ul><ul><li>Standardization Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Time Lag, Annual Frequency </li></ul><ul><li>National Differences </li></ul><ul><li>International Comparability ? </li></ul><ul><li>Interactivity/-Download </li></ul><ul><li>Meta-Analysis Tools, Charts </li></ul>
    48. 48. Diskussionsfragen <ul><ul><li>Wann erste Ergebnisse ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wie lange auf welche Aussagen warten ? </li></ul></ul>
    49. 49. National Library Statistics (Links to Interactive Tables) <ul><li>ARL (Am. Assoc. Res. Libr.) Interactive Stats </li></ul><ul><li>Germany/ Austria </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BIX Benchmarking (Academic Libraries) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DBS - Variable Auswertung </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BibS - Bibliothek-Suchmaschine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Static Tables: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Netherlands UKB-NL Summary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Switzerland – Bundesamt für Statistik </li></ul></ul>
    50. 50. LibMeter Seminar <ul><li>2. b </li></ul><ul><li>Übungen </li></ul>x
    51. 51. Go to Screens List <ul><ul><li>Übungen hier </li></ul></ul>
    52. 52. Diskussionsfragen <ul><ul><li>Welche Komponenten können Nationalstatistiken haben ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Möglichkeiten und Grenzen ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wie SMART Virtual Use ? </li></ul></ul>

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