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Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
Chap 7 (final ppt)
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Chap 7 (final ppt)

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This is the hist ppt for chap 7 ^^

This is the hist ppt for chap 7 ^^

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  • 1. Chapter 7: How Did The Locals Respond to the British Rule After WWII? <br />Members: Charmaine, Esther, Francesca, Grace, Li Yuan<br />
  • 2. In This Presentation…<br />The response of the local people to British rule. <br />Steps taken by the British government to prepare Singapore for limited self- government. <br />
  • 3. Post-War Conditions<br />These conditions affected the response of the locals.<br />
  • 4. Post-War Conditions<br />Joblessness – Poverty<br />Shortage of food, water, electricity and housing.<br />Lived in slum conditions.<br />Diseases – Overcrowding living conditions, poor sanitation and lack of health services.<br />British tried to solve the problems but some of their efforts were inadequate.<br />
  • 5. How did the post war conditions affect response of local people to British rule?<br />Difficult conditions caused workers (from port, factories, transport, business) to go on strikes and caused many work stoppages.<br />Strikes took place so often that many people remembered it as ‘The Year of Strikes’. <br />More than 300 strikes held by 70 000 workers in that year.<br />
  • 6. Strikes became worse with the involvement of the Malayan Communist Party (MCP). <br />The Communists stirred up the people’s feelings against the British through the trade unions. <br />In 1947, the British government passed a law requiring all unions to register with the government to control trade unions. <br />The locals were angry that the British failed to protect Singapore after ruling Singapore for over 100 years. <br />Though reluctant, the British realized that they have to introduce gradual change. <br />
  • 7. Poor living conditions<br />
  • 8. RIOTS IN THE 1950’s<br />Maria Hertogh Riots & The Anti-National Service Riots<br />
  • 9. #1: Maria Hertogh Riots<br />
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12. #2 Anti-National Service Riots <br />Caused by National Service Ordinance<br />18-20 yr old males had to register by May 1954 for National Service.<br />Those who failed to do so would be either jailed or fined.<br />
  • 13. Anti-National Service Riots<br />Most of the secondary school students were 20 years old or above as their education had been disrupted by war. <br />Not willing to defend the colonial government which ignored the Chinese students’ interests. <br />
  • 14. The Response of the Local to the Rendel Constitution<br />
  • 15. Introduction<br />The riots in the 1950s showed that the locals were unpleased with the British.<br />To appease the locals, the British decided to transfer some political power to locals.<br />Sir George Rendel proposed that certain powers of the government be given to local leaders elected by the people.<br />
  • 16. Structure of the Government Under the Rendel Constitution<br />British Government in London<br />Governor<br />Chief Minister + 6 elected ministers appointed from the 25 elected members of the Assembly)<br />3 nominated ministers who are British officials<br />COUNCIL OF MINISTERS<br />3 British officials nominated by the Governor + 4 non-officials nominated by the Governor<br />25 elected non-officials<br />LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY<br />
  • 17. What did local ministers manage?<br />Housing<br />Trade & Industry<br />Health<br />Education<br />
  • 18. What did British officials manage? <br />Internal Security<br />External Defence<br />Law<br />Finance<br />External Affairs<br />
  • 19. Why did the British retain control of the five aspects?<br />Although the British gave the local people more power in 1955, they were still not ready to give up all their powers.<br />
  • 20. 1955 Elections<br />
  • 21. 1955 Elections<br /><ul><li>The Labour Front (LF) and People’s Action Party (PAP) were specially interested in contesting the 1955 Elections.
  • 22. Both targeted Chinese speaking people
  • 23. Election campaigns focused on anti- colonialism. </li></li></ul><li>Labour Front<br />Leader of LF, David Marshall was a great public speaker.<br />Was anti-colonial. Promised to fight for Singapore’s <br /> independence.<br />Large majority of the Chinese-speaking people supported the LF.<br />
  • 24. PAP<br />Leader of PAP, Mr Lee Kuan Yew<br />Great public speaker<br />Presents difficult ideas in a simple manner.<br />Called for all anti-colonial forces to cooperate in this struggle<br />
  • 25. Details<br />Political parties visited houses, distributed pamphlets, newspapers, organized rallies & gave speeches to win the people’s support. <br />160,000 people voted. <br />
  • 26. 1955 Elections<br />Labour Front won 10 out of the 25 seats <br />People's Action Party (PAP), won 3 seats<br />The Progressive Party won 4 seats<br />
  • 27. 1955 Elections<br />UMNO-MCA won 3 seats<br />The Democratic Party won 2 seats <br />Three Independents won 3 seats respectively. <br />
  • 28. 1955 Elections<br />David Marshall then became Singapore's first Chief Minister, with a coalition government made up of his own Labour Front, the Malayan Chinese Association and the United Malays National Organisation.<br />
  • 29. Branches of the government<br />Executive<br />Judiciary<br />Legislative<br />
  • 30. Executive<br />Executive branch of government is the part of government that has sole authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the state bureaucracy. <br />The division of power into separate branches of government is central to the idea of the separation of powers.<br />
  • 31. legislative<br />In parliamentary systems of government, the legislature is formally supreme and appoints a member from its house as the prime minister which acts as the executive. <br />In a presidential system, according to the separation of powers doctrine, the legislature is considered an independent and coequal branch of government along with both the judiciary and the executive.<br />
  • 32. judiciary<br />The Judiciary explains and applies the laws. This branch does this by hearing and eventually making decisions on various legal cases. <br />
  • 33. References<br />Secondary 2 History Textbook<br />http://www.slideshare.net/<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_Hertogh_riots<br />http://infopedia.nl.sg/articles/SIP_549_2004-12-28.html<br />http://www.singapore-elections.com/lega-1955-ge/<br />www.parliament.gov.sg<br />www.wikipeadia.com<br />
  • 34. Thank you :D<br />

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