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1. Когда есть указаниемомента времени, ккоторому закончилосьдействие в прошлом: By 9 oclock wed finishedthe work. Past Perfect образуется при2. Когда действие впрошлом имело место помощиранее другого действия:When you arrived, he had had + Ved/V3just left. The Past Perfect3. В косвенной речи для Tense обозначаетпередачи настоящего действие, котороесвершенного и простогопрошедшего времени: He произошло доsaid he had studied English какого-то момента вfor two years. (He said: "Ihave studied English for two прошлом.years.")
1. How can you distinguish Past Simple and Past Perfect?2. In which cases is Past Perfect used?3. Какое время обозначает Past Perfect?4. C какими временными маркерами употребляется?
The train had just left when I arrived at the station. She had just left the room when the police arrived. I had just put the washing out when it started to rain. We had spent all our money by that time. When we arrived at the party, Ann had already gone home. Had you learned to drive a car yet?
By 8 o’clock yesterday I (do) my homework and at 8 I (play) the piano. By 9 o’clock yesterday grandmother (wash) the dishes and at 9 she (watch) TV. When mother (come) home, the children (eat) the soup which she (cook) in the morning. When I (ring) up Mike, he still (learn) the poem which he (begin) learning at school. By 10 o’clock the children (settle) comfortably on the sofa and at 10 they (watch) a new film. When I (see) Ann, she (sort) the flowers which she (pick) in the field.
Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен: Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple; Present Continuous, Past Continuous; Present Perfect, Past Perfect. 1. Yesterday I ________ (to put) five apples into the fruit bowl. Where they ________ (to be) now? — I ________ (to eat) them. You (to bring) some more tomorrow? — Yes, if you ________ (not to make) noise when granny________ (to sleep). 2. You ever________ (to be) to the Hermitage? 3. What Nick ________ (to do) when you ________ (to ring) him up yesterday? — He ________ (to play)the piano. He ________ (to tell) me that he already ________ (to write)his composition. 4. Why she ________ (to sleep) now? It________ (to be) too early. She never________ (to sleep) at this time. 5. You________ (to go) to the library tomorrow? — No, I already ________ (to be) to the library this week. I________ (to be) there on Monday. As a rule, I________ (to go) to the library every Wednesday. But yesterday I________ (not to go) there, be cause I________ (not to read) the book. I ________ (to read) it now. I________ (to go) to the library on Saturday if I ________ (to finish) the book by that time. 6. As soon as I________ (to receive)a letter, I shall go to Moscow. 7. By six oclock we already________ (to make) arrangements to take the early train.
By 6 o’clock father (come) home and at 6 he (have) dinner. When I (meet) Tom, he (eat) an ice-cream which he (buy) at the corner of the street. When I (look) out of the window, the children (play) with a ball which Pete (bring) from home. When I (come) home, my sister (read) a book which she (take) from the library. When the father (come) home, we (cook) the mushrooms which we (gather) in the wood. When I (come) back yesterday, I (see) that my little brother (break) my pen.
Инфинит Простое Причастие Временное указаниеив прошедш прошедшего ее время времени 1. Союзы (before, after, since (except with was), when, till/until, byBe Was/were Been (the time)) • After we (had) passed ourBecome Became Become exams, we went out to celebrate –Begin Began Begun 2. Наречия (just, already, never)Break Broke Broken Karen didn’t want to come to the cinema with us because she had already seen the film .Bring Brought Brought 3. Наречные фразы(For hours/days/weeks/months/yeBuy Bought Bought ars/decades/centuries…) They hadn’t cleaned theCome Came Come house for weeks.
Practice the Past Perfect tenseTo show your students more examples, goto OurTimeLines.com, where you can generate your owntimeline of major historical events. Give examples usingany historical events your students can relate to. Now’s agood time to introduce the use of already.- When you were born, the Internet had already beeninvented.- When I finished high school, the Berlin wall had alreadybeen demolished.- When I started teaching, George Bush Sr. had alreadyfinished his term as President of the US.Ask students to provide more examples, comparinghistorical or past events. Give them this worksheet, wherethey read about something that happened, and they haveto guess what happened before.