1. A) B)C) D)1. Which graph most likely illustrates a cyclic change?2. The graph below shows the amount of noise pollutioncaused by factory machinery during a one-week period.A) The machinery ran 24 hours a day.B) The machinery was turned off on Saturday andSunday.C) The level of pollution remained constant duringworking hours.D) The noise volume reached a peak on Friday.Which inference is best supported by the graph?3. Base your answer to the following question on The graphbelow shows world population beginning in the year1800 and projected to the year 2000.A) 1825 and 1850 B) 1875 and 1900C) 1925 and 1950 D) 1975 and 2000The graph shows the greatest increase in populationbetween
2. 4. Base your answer to the following question on the diagrams below which represents the same rock materialat five stages of development. The graph below shows the temperature and depth of burial at which stages Athrough D develop Stage E has intentionally been omitted from the graph.A) 10 km B) 7 km C) 3 km D) 0 kmAccording to the graph, gneiss is formed at a depth of approximately
3. 5. Base your answer to the following question on the graph below, which shows the water levels of ocean tidesmeasured in Boston, Massachusetts, for a 2-day period.A) 3.5 hours B) 6.0 hours C) 12.5 hours D) 16.0 hoursThe graph shows that high tides at Boston occur approximately every
4. 6. The graph below indicates the average number ofdaylight hours and the average surface air temperatureover a 12-month period at a specific location on theEarth.A) on June 21B) between June 21 and September 23C) on December 21D) between December 21 and March 21Based on the graph, the highest average surface airtemperature occursA) B)C) D)7. Which graph best represents human population growth?8. The graph below represents the relationship between theintensity and wavelength of the Suns electromagneticradiation.A) The infrared radiation given off by the Sun occurs ata wavelength of 2,000 angstroms.B) The maximum intensity of radiation given off by theSun occurs in the visible region.C) The infrared radiation given off by the Sun has ashorter wavelength than ultraviolet radiation.D) The electromagnetic energy given off by the Sunconsists of a single wavelength.Which statement is best supported by the graph?
5. 9. Base your answer to the following question on the graphbelow which shows the amount of heat energy (calories)needed to raise the temperature of 1-gram samples offour different materials.A) The same amount of heat energy is required to raisethe temperature of each material by 10 Celsiusdegrees.B) The temperature of a material with a high specificheat is raised faster than that of a material with alow specific heat.C) Three of the four materials have the same specificheat.D) The amount of heat energy needed to produce anequal temperature change varies with the materialsheated.Which statement is best supported by the graph?10. Base your answer to the following question on thegraph below. The graph shows temperature data takenat four different depths in the soil at one location onLong Island, New York, for one year.A) decreases B) increasesC) remains the sameThe graph shows that as depth increases, the annualtemperature range
6. 11. Base your answer to the following question on the graph below, which shows changes in the Sun’smagnetic activity and changes in the number of sunspots over a period of approximately 100 years.Sunspots are dark, cooler areas within the Sun’s photosphere that can be seen from Earth.A) randomly and unpredictablyB) precisely at the beginning of each decadeC) in a cyclic pattern, repeating approximately every 6 yearsD) in a cyclic pattern, repeating approximately every 11 yearsThe graph indicates that years having the greatest number of sunspots occur12. Base your answer to the following question on the graph below, which shows the amount of insolationduring one year at four different latitudes on Earth’s surface.A) latitude and time of day B) latitude and time of yearC) longitude and time of day D) longitude and time of yearThis graph shows that insolation varies with
7. 13. Base your answer to the following question on the weather map provided below, which shows surfaceair-pressure readings, in millibars, at various locations in the United States and Canada. The 1020-millibarisobars have been drawn and labeled.Draw the 1024- and 1028-millibar isobars on the weather map provided above.
8. 14. Base your answer to the following question on the two maps and on your knowledge of Earth science. Bothmaps show data from a December snowstorm. Map 1 shows the snowfall, measured in inches, at variouslocations in New York State, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey. Map 2 shows weather conditions in NewYork State and the surrounding region during the storm. Letter L represents the center of the low-pressuresystem that produced the snowstorm. Isobars show air pressure, in millibars.Toward which compass direction would this low-pressure center most likely have moved if this systemfollowed a normal storm track?
9. 15. Base your answer to the following question on the field map provided below. The field map shows airtemperature at specific locations in an area near a school in Maine. Part of this area is a blacktop parkinglot. Accurate temperature readings were taken by Earth science students at 10 a.m. on June 1. Tworeference points, A and B, are shown.On the field map provided, draw only the 15°C and the 20°C isotherms. Isotherms must be extended to theedge of the map.
10. 16. Base your answer to the following question on the temperature field map below. The map showstemperature readings (°C) recorded by students in a science classroom. The readings were taken at thesame time at floor level. Temperature readings for points A and B are labeled on the map.On the temperature field map, use solid lines to draw the 18°C, 20°C, and 22°C isotherms. Isotherms mustextend to the boundary of the map. Label each isotherm to indicate its temperature.
11. 17. Base your answer to the following question onthe weather map provided, which shows partialweather-station data for several cities in eastern NorthAmerica.On the weather map provided, draw isotherms every10°F, starting with 40°F and ending with 70°F.Isotherms must extend to the edges of the map.
12. 18. Base your answer to the following question on the field map below. The field map shows temperatures, indegrees Fahrenheit, taken at several locations on a blacktop parking lot in New York State. Thetemperatures were recorded at 11:00 a.m. in early June.On the field map above, draw the 70°F and 80°F isotherms. The isotherms should be extended to the edgesof the map.19. Base your answer to the following question on the weather map below, which shows temperature readingsat weather stations in the continental United States.On the weather map provided on your answer paper, draw three isotherms: the 40°F isotherm, the 50°Fisotherm, and the 60°F isotherm.
13. 20. Base your answer to the following question on the temperature field map below. the map shows 25measurements (in °C) that were made in a temperature field and recorded as shown. The dots represent theexact location of the measurements. A and B are locations within the field.On the temperature field map above, draw threee isotherms: the 23°C isotherm, the 24°C isotherm, and the25°C isotherm.
14. 21. Base your answer to the following question on thetemperature field map below. The map shows airtemperatures, in degrees Fahrenheit, recorded at thesame time at weather stations across North America.The air temperature at location A has been deliberatelyleft blank.a On the map provided,use smooth, curved solid linesto draw the 30°F, 40°F, and 50°F isotherms.b What is the most probable air temperature at locationA?
15. 22. Base your answer to the following question on the map below, which shows one method of classifyingEarths surface into latitudinal climate belts. In the tropical climate belt, the average monthly temperaturesnever drop below 18°C. In the polar climate belts, the average monthly temperatures never rise above10°C. The isotherms show the average monthly temperature of the coolest and warmest months. Effects ofelevation have been omitted.According to the isotherms on the map, locations in the mid-latitude climate belts have average monthlytemperatures between what values?