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1. The diagram below shows one model of a portion of theuniverse.A) a heliocentric model, in which celestial objects orbitEarthB) a heliocentric model, in which celestial objects orbitthe SunC) a geocentric model, in which celestial objects orbitEarthD) a geocentric model, in which celestial objects orbitthe SunWhat type of model does the diagram best demonstrate?A) the Moon B) JupiterC) the Sun D) the Milky Way2. Which celestial feature is largest in actual size?A) galaxy ® solar system ® universe ® planetB) solar system ® galaxy ® planet ® universeC) planet ® solar system ® galaxy ® universeD) universe ® galaxy ® solar system ® planet3. In which list are celestial features correctly shown inorder of increasing size?A) The Earth actually moves around the Sun at a rateof 15º per hour.B) The stars actually move around the center of thegalaxy at a rate of 15º per hour.C) The Earth actually rotates at a rate of 15º per hour.D) The stars actually revolve around the Earth at a rateof 15º per hour.4. Why do stars appear to move through the night sky at therate of 15 degrees per hour?
5. Base your answer to the following question on the diagram of the solar system below.A) heliocentric model B) geocentric modelC) sidereal model D) lunar modelWhich kind of model of the solar system is represented by the diagram?A) The geocentric model no longer predicted thepositions of the constellations.B) The geocentric model did not predict the phases ofthe Moon.C) The heliocentric model provided a simplerexplanation of the motions of the planets.D) The heliocentric model proved that the Earthrotates.6. For what reason did the heliocentric model of theuniverse replace the geocentric model of the universe?A) heliocentric model B) tetrahedral modelC) concentric model D) geocentric model7. In which type of model are the Sun, other stars, and theMoon in orbit around the Earth?8. Base your answer to the following question on thediagram below, which shows the heliocentric model of apart of our solar system. The planets closest to the Sunare shown. Point B is a location on Earths equator.Explain why location B experiences both day and nightin a 24-hour period.
A) lunar eclipse B) solar eclipseC) new Moon D) full Moon9. The passage of the Moon into Earths shadow causes a10. Base your answer to the following question on Thediagram below shows the Moon at four positions in itsorbit around Earth.A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4An observer on Earth could see a solar eclipse when theMoon is at position11. Base your answer to the following question onthe diagram below, which shows Earth and the Moon in relation to the Sun. Positions A, B, C, and D showthe Moon at specific locations in its orbit. Point X is a location on Earths surface.A) A B) B C) C D) DA solar eclipse might occur when the Moon is at location
A) unpredictable and cyclicB) unpredictable and noncyclicC) predictable and cyclicD) predictable and noncyclic12. Ocean tides are best described as13. Base your answer to the following question on The diagram below represents the Sun’s rays striking Earthand the Moon. Numbers 1 through 4 represent positions of the Moon in its orbit around Earth.A) 1 and 3 B) 2 and 4 C) 3 and 2 D) 4 and 1The highest tides on Earth occur when the Moon is in positionsA) B)C) D)14. Which arrangement of the Sun, the Moon, and Earthresults in the highest high tides, and the lowest lowtides on Earth? (Diagrams are not drawn to scale.)A) red shift in the light from distant galaxiesB) change in the swing direction of a Foucaultpendulum on EarthC) parallelism of Earths axis in orbitD) spiral shape of the Milky Way Galaxy15. Evidence that the universe is expanding is best providedby theA) hot.B) cool.C) receding from us.D) advancing toward us.16. A red shift in the spectrum of a distant galaxy indicatesthat the galaxy isA) expanding B) contractingC) moving randomly D) fixed and stationary17. Based on the red-shift data on galaxies, mostastronomers infer that the universe is currentlyA) Foucault pendulumB) phases of the MoonC) position of the Sun at solar noonD) geocentric model of the solar system18. Evidence that the Earth rotates on an axis is providedby the Coriolis effect and the
A) rotates on its axisB) revolves in its orbitC) is tilted on its axisD) has an elliptical orbit19. The path of a Foucault pendulum provides evidencethat EarthA) rotates on its axisB) revolves around the SunC) has a spherical shapeD) is inclined on its axis20. The Foucault pendulum provides evidence that theEarth