A) angle of insolationB) intensity of insolationC) duration of insolationD) eccentricity of insolation1. The length of time that daylight is received at a locationduring one day is called the locations2. The graph below shows air temperatures on a clearsummer day from 7 a.m. to 12 noon at two locations, onein Florida and one in New York State.A) has a lower angle of insolationB) has a higher angle of insolationC) is closer to the Prime MeridianD) is farther from the Prime MeridianAir temperature rose slightly faster in Florida than inNew York State because Florida3. Base your answer to the following question on yourknowledge of Earth science and on the graph below. Thegraph shows the insolation received and the energy usedby a house in New York State. There is a solar energycollector on the roof that absorbs solar radiation andconverts the energy to a form useful for heating andcooling the home.A) The intensity of insolation per unit area increases asthe angle of insolation approaches perpendicular.B) The house is located at a high altitude.C) Maximum duration of insolation occurs during July.D) Maximum surface air temperature occurs sometimeafter maximum insolation is received.Why is the amount of energy required for cooling thehouse greatest in July rather than at the time of maximumradiation?A) B)C) D)4. Which graph below best represents the relationshipbetween the angle of insolation and the intensity ofinsolation?
A) B)C) D)5. Which graph best illustrates the relationship between theintensity of insolation and the angle of insolation?6. Base your answer to the following question onthe diagrams below. The diagrams represent fourlocations on the Earths surface at the same time onMarch 21. Lines have been drawn to represent theapparent path of the Sun across the sky. The presentposition of the Sun, the position of Polaris, and the zenith(Z) are shown for an observer at each location.A) A B) B C) C D) DAt which location is the angle of insolation greatest atsolar noon?A) climateB) longitudeC) latitudeD) distance from a body of water7. Which factor would most affect the total amount of solarenergy received by a location on the Earths surfaceduring a period of 1 year, assuming no cloud cover?8. The map below shows the general path of ocean currentsin a portion of the Northern Hemisphere. Locations A, B,C, and D are at the shoreline.A) A B) B C) C D) DWhich location most likely has the warmest climate?A) Earths axis is tiltedB) Earths distance from the Sun changesC) the Sun revolvesD) the Sun rotates9. The apparent daily path of the Sun changes with theseasons because
10. Base your answer to the following question on the diagram below and on your knowledge of Earth science.The diagram shows a pin perpendicular to a card. The card was placed outdoors in the sunlight on ahorizontal surface. The positions of the pin’s shadow on the card were recorded several times on March 21by an observer in New York State.A) The Sun’s apparent path varies with the seasons.B) The Sun’s distance from Earth varies with the seasons.C) The intensity of insolation is lower on June 21.D) The duration of insolation is shorter on June 21.On June 21, the card and pin were placed in the same position as they were on March 21. The diagramabove labeled June 21, shows the positions of the pin’s shadow.Which statement best explains the decreased length of each shadow on June 21?
11. Base your answer to the following question on the diagram below. Diagram 1 shows Earths location in itsorbit on the first day of each of the four seasons, labeled A through D. Diagram 2 shows a north polar viewof Earth on March 21. Point E represents a location on Earths surface. Longitude lines are shown at 15ºintervals.Explain why the duration of insolation is 12 hours at both the Artic Circle and the equator when Earth is atposition C.
Base your answers to questions 12 and 13 on thediagram below, which represents an exaggerated viewof Earth revolving around the Sun. Letters A, B, C, andD represent Earths location in its orbit on the first dayof each of the four seasons.A) A B) B C) C D) D12. Which location in Earth’s orbit represents the first dayof fall (autumn) for an observer in Pennsylvania?A) 1° per day B) 360° per dayC) 15° per hour D) 23.5° per hour13. Earth’s rate of revolution around the Sun isapproximately
Base your answers to questions 14 and 15 on thediagram below, which represents Earth revolvingaround the Sun. Letters A, B, C, and D represent Earthslocation in its orbit on the first day of the four seasons.NP represents the North Pole.A)B)C)D)14. Which diagram best represents the Suns apparent pathas seen by an observer at 43.5° N latitude on December21?A) A B) B C) C D) D15. Which location in Earths orbit represents the first dayof summer in New York State?A) warm currents that flow northeastwardB) warm currents that flow southwestwardC) cool currents that flow northeastwardD) cool currents that flow southwestward16. The Florida and Gulf Stream ocean currents along theeast coast of North America are bothA) rotation of the EarthB) revolution of the EarthC) unequal heating of the EarthD) variations in salinity of the Earths oceans17. Ocean currents exhibit the Coriolis effect as a result oftheA) variations in density of the waterB) variations in salinity of the waterC) planetary windsD) land breezes and sea breezes18. The direction of surface ocean currents is influencedmost byA) atmospheric windsB) atmospheric precipitationC) ocean water evaporationD) ocean floor earthquakes19. The primary cause of surface ocean currents isA) tides B) evaporationC) prevailing winds D) salinity differences20. Most surface ocean currents are caused byA) the Moon spins on its axisB) the Moon travels in an orbit around EarthC) Earth spins on its axisD) Earth travels in an orbit around the Sun21. Surface ocean currents curve to the right in theNorthern Hemisphere becauseA) cooling of rising air above the ocean surfaceB) evaporation of water from the ocean surfaceC) friction from planetary winds on the ocean surfaceD) seismic waves on the ocean surface22. Which interaction between the atmosphere and thehydrosphere causes most surface ocean currents?
23. Base your answer to the following question on Thearrows labeled A through D on the map below show thegeneral paths of abandoned boats that have floatedacross the Atlantic Ocean.A) South Equatorial Gulf Stream LabradorBenguelaB) South Equatorial Australia West Wind DriftPeruC) North Equatorial Koroshio North PacificCaliforniaD) North Equatorial Gulf Stream NorthAtlantic CanariesWhich sequence of ocean currents was responsible forthe movement of these boats?A) wind B) gravityC) tides D) pollution24. What is the most direct cause of major surface oceancurrents?