L.O: students willreview the 117 ways topass the Earth Scienceregents exam.
Go to:www.slideshare.net/Lexume1This site has ALL my reviewpowerpoints (including this one) andlots and lots of questions!
1. The same substancealways has the samedensity
2.As pressureincreases,density increases
3.As temperatureincreases, densitydecreases
4.Water expandswhen it freezes
5.Most changes in nature are cyclic.cyclic changes are predictable (theyhappen over and over.)ex: tides, the movement of c...
examples of cyclic changes: the tides,the movement of celestial (space)objects, the seasons earth’smovements thru space ar...
6.Water is mostdense at 4oC, when itis a liquidLiquid water more dense than ice(solid water)
7.The Universe beganwith the Big Bangexplosion 13.7 Billionyears ago..
The red shifting.Even today all the galaxies continue tomove outward from original explosion
The cosmic backgroundradiation is other proof ofbig bang.
8.The true shape of theEarth is an OblateSpheroid, but fromspace it looks like asphere.8.The best model of the Earth is a ...
9.The altitude of Polarisequals your latitude
9.The altitude of Polarisequals your latitudeWhat is the latitudeof this observer?a. 43° Nb. 43° Sc. 47° Nd. 47° S
9.The altitude of Polarisequals your latitudeWhat is the latitudeof this observer?a. 90º Nb. 66.5º Nc. 43º Nd. 23.5º N
10. Our solar system is located inone spiral arm of the milky waygalaxy.
Base your answer on The diagram below represents aside view of the milky way Galaxy.

At approximately whichposition is Ea...
10. Our solar system is located in one spiralarm of the milky way galaxy. And ourgalaxy is part of the universe.
ESRT page: has information on stars
ESRT page: has information on theplanets
11.Latitude lines go east-west, just like the equator,but measure distancesnorth or south.
12.Longitude lines gonorth-south, butmeasure distanceseast or west.
13.Longitude isbased onobservations of thesun
14.Use the reference tables:
Page: has latitude & longitude of NewYork state cities
15.The closer the isolines (contour-isobar-isotherms-) are the steeper the slope orgradientClose lines =Steep slopeFar apa...
15.The closer the isolines (contour-isobar-isotherms-) are the steeper the slope orgradient
15.The closer the isolines (contour-isobar-isotherms-) are the steeper the slope orgradientWhat evidenceindicates that the...
15.The closer the isolines (contour-isobar-isotherms-) are the steeper the slope orgradientWhat evidenceindicates that the...
At the time that the weatherdata were collected, Albanywas most probablyexperiencinga. a high wind velocityb. a high tempe...
At the time that the weatherdata were collected, Albanywas most probablyexperiencinga. a high wind velocityb. a high tempe...
16.The earth rotates from west toeast (24 hours). 15 degrees perhour.
The two evidence of Earth rotation: Foucault’spendulum and the coriolis effect
The apparent change of direction of Foucault’spendulum evidence that Earth rotates
The Coriolis effect (the curving of Earth’s planetarywinds) evidence that Earth rotates
17.The earth revolves counterclockwisearound the Sun( 1 degree per day. 365 1/4 days)
The seasonal (yearly) change in theconstellations is evidence that Earthrevolves around the Sun.
18.All celestial objects appear tomove west at a rate of 15 degrees perhour
19.The moon has phases because of itrevolves around The Earth and we viewthe lit part at different angles (rememberthat ha...
and we view the lit part at differentangles (remember that half is alwayslit by the Sun)
Beginning with the Moon at position X (thenew-Moon phase), which sequence ofMoon phases would be seen by anobserver on Ear...
Beginning with the Moon at position X (thenew-Moon phase), which sequence ofMoon phases would be seen by anobserver on Ear...
20.Planets appear to go backwards(retrograde) as the earth passesthem in space
21. June 21st: 1st day of summer (summersolstice)Tropic of Cancer gets highest angle ofinsolation . The Northern Hemispher...
The day is longest on June 21st becauseSun’s path across sky is longest.
22.Winter solstice is December 21st.Northern hemisphere leans away fromSun. (but Earth is actually physically closerto Sun)
22.Winter solstice is December 21st.Tropic of Capricorn gets the most directrays of insolation
The day is shortest on December 21stbecause Sun’s path across sky isshortest.
23.Equinoxes: March 21st andSeptember 23rd. 12 hours of day & 12hours of night.
24.Equator always has 12 hoursof day-light
The sun rises EXACTLY east and setsEXACTLY west on SEPT 23 and MARCH21.
On JUNE 21 the sun rises NORTH ofeast and sets NORTH of west.
On DECEMBER 21 the sun rises SOUTHof east and sets SOUTH of west.
25.The lower the altitude of the sun,the longer the shadow it casts
25.The lower the altitude of the sun,the longer the shadow it casts
25.The lower the altitude of the sun,the longer the shadow it casts
26.Foucaults pendulum and theCoriolis effect prove the earth rotates
27.Earth is closer to the sun in winter.Evidence its angular diameter(apparent size) is larger in winter.
28.Planets orbit in ellipses. The closerthe planet is to the sun the higher itsvelocityFaster orbital velocityclose to sun...
31.Black & roughmaterial absorbsinsolation (light) / lightand smooth materialsreflect light.
32.The half-life of aradioactive elementcant be changed
ESRT page 1 has radioactive decay info.
33.Ocean crust is thin and made ofbasalt
34.Continental crust is thick andmade of granite
35.Energy movesfrom source to sink:high to low
36.Mountainsform by uplift
37. Chemicalweathering occursmostly in warm,humid climates
38.Physical weathering occurs mostlyin cold, humid climates (good for frostwedging)
39.Air moves clockwise and outwardaround a high pressure system
40.Air moves counterclockwise andinward around a low pressure system
high pressure system = cool, dry goodweather
low pressure system = hot, wet, badweather
41.Good absorbersof radiation aregood radiator
42.Hottest part ofthe year is in JulyAlso July has mostevapotransporation.
43.Hottest part of the day isafter 1:00p.m.
45.As moisture increases,pressure decreases
46.Air pressure decreases withaltitude
47.Highs are cool and dry; lows arewarm and wet
48.Wind is due to air pressuredifferences
49.Wind blows from high to lowpressure
50.Wind is namedfrom the directionthat it is comingfrom
52.The closer the air temperature is tothe dew point temperature, thegreater the chance for precipitationWhy is therepreci...
52.The closer the air temperature is tothe dew point temperature, thegreater the chance for precipitation
At which station is it raining?
52.The closer the air temperature is tothe dew point temperature, thegreater the chance for precipitation
Use to find dew point
Use to find humidity
Use for read or draw a station models
Use to read air masses & fronts
53.Weather movesfrom west to east inthe United States
57.Cold fronts move the fastest
58.Porosity does not depend onparticle sizeIf made fromthe samematerial,Different sizeparticlessame porosity
58.Porosity does not depend onparticle size
59.As particle size increases,permeability increases
60.Capillarity increases when particlesize decreases
61.Ep (potentialevapotranspiration)depends ontemperature
62.Dynamic equilibriummeans balanceWhy doeslocation Bshowdynamicequilibrium?
63.Apparentdiameter of objects(sun, moon) getslarger when theobject is closer toEarth
64.Vertical rays (overhead sun) can onlyoccur between (tropic of cancer) 23 1/2 oNand (tropic of capricorn) 23 1/2 oS
65.Index fossils are good timemarkers (widely spread, lived a shorttime)Index fossil
65.Index fossils are good timemarkers (widely spread, lived a shorttime)Fossil C wouldbe the indexfossil
66.Air cools as it rises (forming clouds)
67.Nearby Waterbodies moderatetemperatureNearby large bodies of water keeps the land fromgetting too hot in summer or too ...
Warm currents bring warm air fromequator to cold latitudes.
cold currents bring cold air from coldlatitude to the equator
69.Gravity causes all erosion
70.Streams are the number one agentof erosion
71.Stream velocity depends on slopeand discharge
72.Velocity is fastest on the out sideof meander bend
73.Heavy, round and dense particlesettle out first Graded
73.Heavy, round and dense particlesettle out first Graded
74. Bedding (vertical sorting):biggestsentiments are on bottom
75.Glacial sediments are unsorted,scratched. Glaciers create U shapedvalleys
76.Sedimentary rocks - strata - flatlayers - most likely to have fossil
77.Igneous rock: cools fast: smallcrystals; cools slow: large crystal
78.Metamorphic- banded-distorted structure
79.Mineral properties dependon internal atomic arrangement
80.Silicon + oxygen = tetrahedron
Page 1 shows the chemical compositionsof crust, hydrosphere & troposphere
81.Isostasy: earths crust inequilibrium
82.Mid-ocean ridge - new earthbeing created-sea floor spreading
83. Trenches - earth being destroyed-subduction zone
84.P waves are faster than S wave
85.P waves - solids & liquids can passthrough -- S waves solids only
86.You need 3 seismometer stationsto plot earthquake
87.Undisturbed strata - bottom layeris oldest
88.Intrusion and faults are youngerthan the rock they are in
89.Unconformity means erosion
90.Arid (DRY) landscape:steep slopeswith sharp angles
91.Humid landscape:smooth withrounded slopes
92.When in doubt, see if thereference tables will help
93.Uranium235 dates oldrocksWe know earth is 4.6 billion years oldfrom the oldest rocks containinguranium.
94.Carbon 14dates recentliving objectsFossils less than 50,000 years old.
95.Convection currents in the mantlemove plates
96.Always try to eliminate twoanswers
97.When a rock is broken intosmaller pieces, surface areaincreases and weathering rateincreases
98.Use complete sentences for thefree responses. In BLOCK LETTERS!
99.understand this chart:DATE(APPROXIMATELATITUDE OFSUNS DIRECTRAYSDIRECTION OFSUNRISE ANDSUNSETALTITUDE OFNOON SUNLENGTH ...
100. USE THE REFERENCETABLES
101. Relax--Youve alreadycompleted 1/4 of the exam.
102. In part II, choose groups A andB (rocks & minerals, and platetectonics)
103.Take your time.You have three hours to do theexam
104.Read introductory paragraphsand study diagrams before lookingat questions.Underline key words.
105.Draw diagrams to help youvisualize the questions asked -where possible
106.Use a straight-edge to readgraphics, to mark points on a graphand to measure distances
107.If certain words cause confusion,cross them out and substitute a differentword, then read the questionagain.(example: ...
108.Dont leave any questionsblank
109.Read all choices before deciding on ananswer, sometimes a question has a goodand a better answer.Always choose the bes...
110.If you are not sure of an answer, try toeliminate choices that you think areclearly wrong and narrow down yourchoices....
111.Ask yourself:Is it in the reference tables, or can thereference tables help me?
112.Check your test a second time, butonly change an answer if you find anobvious mistake. Your first choice isusually cor...
113.Look up formulas, even if you thinkyou know them.Substitute information from the questioninto the formula. They are on...
114.Skip over hard questions that arestumping you. Go back to them later.Something else in the test may give you aclue to ...
115.Have a healthy meal for dinnerthe night before. Eat veggies ifpossible.
116.A good night sleep is asimportant as the above 112 items.
117.Relax-youve seen all thisstuff before
Earthsciregentsreview(with explainations & examples)
Earthsciregentsreview(with explainations & examples)
Earthsciregentsreview(with explainations & examples)
Earthsciregentsreview(with explainations & examples)
Earthsciregentsreview(with explainations & examples)
Earthsciregentsreview(with explainations & examples)
Earthsciregentsreview(with explainations & examples)
Earthsciregentsreview(with explainations & examples)
Earthsciregentsreview(with explainations & examples)
Earthsciregentsreview(with explainations & examples)
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Transcript of "Earthsciregentsreview(with explainations & examples)"

  1. 1. L.O: students willreview the 117 ways topass the Earth Scienceregents exam.
  2. 2. Go to:www.slideshare.net/Lexume1This site has ALL my reviewpowerpoints (including this one) andlots and lots of questions!
  3. 3. 1. The same substancealways has the samedensity
  4. 4. 2.As pressureincreases,density increases
  5. 5. 3.As temperatureincreases, densitydecreases
  6. 6. 4.Water expandswhen it freezes
  7. 7. 5.Most changes in nature are cyclic.cyclic changes are predictable (theyhappen over and over.)ex: tides, the movement of celestial(space) objects, the seasons, earth’smovements are cyclic
  8. 8. examples of cyclic changes: the tides,the movement of celestial (space)objects, the seasons earth’smovements thru space are cyLIC
  9. 9. 6.Water is mostdense at 4oC, when itis a liquidLiquid water more dense than ice(solid water)
  10. 10. 7.The Universe beganwith the Big Bangexplosion 13.7 Billionyears ago..
  11. 11. The red shifting.Even today all the galaxies continue tomove outward from original explosion
  12. 12. The cosmic backgroundradiation is other proof ofbig bang.
  13. 13. 8.The true shape of theEarth is an OblateSpheroid, but fromspace it looks like asphere.8.The best model of the Earth is a sphere
  14. 14. 9.The altitude of Polarisequals your latitude
  15. 15. 9.The altitude of Polarisequals your latitudeWhat is the latitudeof this observer?a. 43° Nb. 43° Sc. 47° Nd. 47° S
  16. 16. 9.The altitude of Polarisequals your latitudeWhat is the latitudeof this observer?a. 90º Nb. 66.5º Nc. 43º Nd. 23.5º N
  17. 17. 10. Our solar system is located inone spiral arm of the milky waygalaxy.
  18. 18. Base your answer on The diagram below represents aside view of the milky way Galaxy.

At approximately whichposition is Earth’s solar system located?a. Ab. Bc. Cd. D
  19. 19. 10. Our solar system is located in one spiralarm of the milky way galaxy. And ourgalaxy is part of the universe.
  20. 20. ESRT page: has information on stars
  21. 21. ESRT page: has information on theplanets
  22. 22. 11.Latitude lines go east-west, just like the equator,but measure distancesnorth or south.
  23. 23. 12.Longitude lines gonorth-south, butmeasure distanceseast or west.
  24. 24. 13.Longitude isbased onobservations of thesun
  25. 25. 14.Use the reference tables:
  26. 26. Page: has latitude & longitude of NewYork state cities
  27. 27. 15.The closer the isolines (contour-isobar-isotherms-) are the steeper the slope orgradientClose lines =Steep slopeFar apart lines =Gentle slope
  28. 28. 15.The closer the isolines (contour-isobar-isotherms-) are the steeper the slope orgradient
  29. 29. 15.The closer the isolines (contour-isobar-isotherms-) are the steeper the slope orgradientWhat evidenceindicates that theocean floor has asteep slope at pointC?
  30. 30. 15.The closer the isolines (contour-isobar-isotherms-) are the steeper the slope orgradientWhat evidenceindicates that theocean floor has asteep slope at pointC?CorrectAnswer: Isolines areclose together
  31. 31. At the time that the weatherdata were collected, Albanywas most probablyexperiencinga. a high wind velocityb. a high temperaturec. the passage of a dry airmassd. the passage of a warm airmassBase your answer on The weather mapbelow shows closely spaced isobars in theregion of Albany, New York.
  32. 32. At the time that the weatherdata were collected, Albanywas most probablyexperiencinga. a high wind velocityb. a high temperaturec. the passage of a dry airmassd. the passage of a warm airmassBase your answer on The weather mapbelow shows closely spaced isobars in theregion of Albany, New York.
  33. 33. 16.The earth rotates from west toeast (24 hours). 15 degrees perhour.
  34. 34. The two evidence of Earth rotation: Foucault’spendulum and the coriolis effect
  35. 35. The apparent change of direction of Foucault’spendulum evidence that Earth rotates
  36. 36. The Coriolis effect (the curving of Earth’s planetarywinds) evidence that Earth rotates
  37. 37. 17.The earth revolves counterclockwisearound the Sun( 1 degree per day. 365 1/4 days)
  38. 38. The seasonal (yearly) change in theconstellations is evidence that Earthrevolves around the Sun.
  39. 39. 18.All celestial objects appear tomove west at a rate of 15 degrees perhour
  40. 40. 19.The moon has phases because of itrevolves around The Earth and we viewthe lit part at different angles (rememberthat half is always lit by the Sun)
  41. 41. and we view the lit part at differentangles (remember that half is alwayslit by the Sun)
  42. 42. Beginning with the Moon at position X (thenew-Moon phase), which sequence ofMoon phases would be seen by anobserver on Earth during 1 month
  43. 43. Beginning with the Moon at position X (thenew-Moon phase), which sequence ofMoon phases would be seen by anobserver on Earth during 1 month
  44. 44. 20.Planets appear to go backwards(retrograde) as the earth passesthem in space
  45. 45. 21. June 21st: 1st day of summer (summersolstice)Tropic of Cancer gets highest angle ofinsolation . The Northern Hemisphere“leans” towards Sun
  46. 46. The day is longest on June 21st becauseSun’s path across sky is longest.
  47. 47. 22.Winter solstice is December 21st.Northern hemisphere leans away fromSun. (but Earth is actually physically closerto Sun)
  48. 48. 22.Winter solstice is December 21st.Tropic of Capricorn gets the most directrays of insolation
  49. 49. The day is shortest on December 21stbecause Sun’s path across sky isshortest.
  50. 50. 23.Equinoxes: March 21st andSeptember 23rd. 12 hours of day & 12hours of night.
  51. 51. 24.Equator always has 12 hoursof day-light
  52. 52. The sun rises EXACTLY east and setsEXACTLY west on SEPT 23 and MARCH21.
  53. 53. On JUNE 21 the sun rises NORTH ofeast and sets NORTH of west.
  54. 54. On DECEMBER 21 the sun rises SOUTHof east and sets SOUTH of west.
  55. 55. 25.The lower the altitude of the sun,the longer the shadow it casts
  56. 56. 25.The lower the altitude of the sun,the longer the shadow it casts
  57. 57. 25.The lower the altitude of the sun,the longer the shadow it casts
  58. 58. 26.Foucaults pendulum and theCoriolis effect prove the earth rotates
  59. 59. 27.Earth is closer to the sun in winter.Evidence its angular diameter(apparent size) is larger in winter.
  60. 60. 28.Planets orbit in ellipses. The closerthe planet is to the sun the higher itsvelocityFaster orbital velocityclose to sunSlowerfarfromsun
  61. 61. 31.Black & roughmaterial absorbsinsolation (light) / lightand smooth materialsreflect light.
  62. 62. 32.The half-life of aradioactive elementcant be changed
  63. 63. ESRT page 1 has radioactive decay info.
  64. 64. 33.Ocean crust is thin and made ofbasalt
  65. 65. 34.Continental crust is thick andmade of granite
  66. 66. 35.Energy movesfrom source to sink:high to low
  67. 67. 36.Mountainsform by uplift
  68. 68. 37. Chemicalweathering occursmostly in warm,humid climates
  69. 69. 38.Physical weathering occurs mostlyin cold, humid climates (good for frostwedging)
  70. 70. 39.Air moves clockwise and outwardaround a high pressure system
  71. 71. 40.Air moves counterclockwise andinward around a low pressure system
  72. 72. high pressure system = cool, dry goodweather
  73. 73. low pressure system = hot, wet, badweather
  74. 74. 41.Good absorbersof radiation aregood radiator
  75. 75. 42.Hottest part ofthe year is in JulyAlso July has mostevapotransporation.
  76. 76. 43.Hottest part of the day isafter 1:00p.m.
  77. 77. 45.As moisture increases,pressure decreases
  78. 78. 46.Air pressure decreases withaltitude
  79. 79. 47.Highs are cool and dry; lows arewarm and wet
  80. 80. 48.Wind is due to air pressuredifferences
  81. 81. 49.Wind blows from high to lowpressure
  82. 82. 50.Wind is namedfrom the directionthat it is comingfrom
  83. 83. 52.The closer the air temperature is tothe dew point temperature, thegreater the chance for precipitationWhy is thereprecipitation at thiselevation?
  84. 84. 52.The closer the air temperature is tothe dew point temperature, thegreater the chance for precipitation
  85. 85. At which station is it raining?
  86. 86. 52.The closer the air temperature is tothe dew point temperature, thegreater the chance for precipitation
  87. 87. Use to find dew point
  88. 88. Use to find humidity
  89. 89. Use for read or draw a station models
  90. 90. Use to read air masses & fronts
  91. 91. 53.Weather movesfrom west to east inthe United States
  92. 92. 57.Cold fronts move the fastest
  93. 93. 58.Porosity does not depend onparticle sizeIf made fromthe samematerial,Different sizeparticlessame porosity
  94. 94. 58.Porosity does not depend onparticle size
  95. 95. 59.As particle size increases,permeability increases
  96. 96. 60.Capillarity increases when particlesize decreases
  97. 97. 61.Ep (potentialevapotranspiration)depends ontemperature
  98. 98. 62.Dynamic equilibriummeans balanceWhy doeslocation Bshowdynamicequilibrium?
  99. 99. 63.Apparentdiameter of objects(sun, moon) getslarger when theobject is closer toEarth
  100. 100. 64.Vertical rays (overhead sun) can onlyoccur between (tropic of cancer) 23 1/2 oNand (tropic of capricorn) 23 1/2 oS
  101. 101. 65.Index fossils are good timemarkers (widely spread, lived a shorttime)Index fossil
  102. 102. 65.Index fossils are good timemarkers (widely spread, lived a shorttime)Fossil C wouldbe the indexfossil
  103. 103. 66.Air cools as it rises (forming clouds)
  104. 104. 67.Nearby Waterbodies moderatetemperatureNearby large bodies of water keeps the land fromgetting too hot in summer or too cold in winter.
  105. 105. Warm currents bring warm air fromequator to cold latitudes.
  106. 106. cold currents bring cold air from coldlatitude to the equator
  107. 107. 69.Gravity causes all erosion
  108. 108. 70.Streams are the number one agentof erosion
  109. 109. 71.Stream velocity depends on slopeand discharge
  110. 110. 72.Velocity is fastest on the out sideof meander bend
  111. 111. 73.Heavy, round and dense particlesettle out first Graded
  112. 112. 73.Heavy, round and dense particlesettle out first Graded
  113. 113. 74. Bedding (vertical sorting):biggestsentiments are on bottom
  114. 114. 75.Glacial sediments are unsorted,scratched. Glaciers create U shapedvalleys
  115. 115. 76.Sedimentary rocks - strata - flatlayers - most likely to have fossil
  116. 116. 77.Igneous rock: cools fast: smallcrystals; cools slow: large crystal
  117. 117. 78.Metamorphic- banded-distorted structure
  118. 118. 79.Mineral properties dependon internal atomic arrangement
  119. 119. 80.Silicon + oxygen = tetrahedron
  120. 120. Page 1 shows the chemical compositionsof crust, hydrosphere & troposphere
  121. 121. 81.Isostasy: earths crust inequilibrium
  122. 122. 82.Mid-ocean ridge - new earthbeing created-sea floor spreading
  123. 123. 83. Trenches - earth being destroyed-subduction zone
  124. 124. 84.P waves are faster than S wave
  125. 125. 85.P waves - solids & liquids can passthrough -- S waves solids only
  126. 126. 86.You need 3 seismometer stationsto plot earthquake
  127. 127. 87.Undisturbed strata - bottom layeris oldest
  128. 128. 88.Intrusion and faults are youngerthan the rock they are in
  129. 129. 89.Unconformity means erosion
  130. 130. 90.Arid (DRY) landscape:steep slopeswith sharp angles
  131. 131. 91.Humid landscape:smooth withrounded slopes
  132. 132. 92.When in doubt, see if thereference tables will help
  133. 133. 93.Uranium235 dates oldrocksWe know earth is 4.6 billion years oldfrom the oldest rocks containinguranium.
  134. 134. 94.Carbon 14dates recentliving objectsFossils less than 50,000 years old.
  135. 135. 95.Convection currents in the mantlemove plates
  136. 136. 96.Always try to eliminate twoanswers
  137. 137. 97.When a rock is broken intosmaller pieces, surface areaincreases and weathering rateincreases
  138. 138. 98.Use complete sentences for thefree responses. In BLOCK LETTERS!
  139. 139. 99.understand this chart:DATE(APPROXIMATELATITUDE OFSUNS DIRECTRAYSDIRECTION OFSUNRISE ANDSUNSETALTITUDE OFNOON SUNLENGTH OFDAYLIGHTSept. 23(AutumnalEquinoxEquator (0o) Rises due EastSets due West48o 12 hoursDecember 21(Winter SolsticeTropic ofCapricorn(23 1/2oS)Rises in SESets in SW24.5o (lowest) 8 hours(shortest day)March 21 (VernalEquinox)Equator (0o) Rises due EastSets due West48o 12 hoursJune21 (SummerSolstice)Tropic of Cancer(23 1/2oN)Rises in NESets in NW71.5o (highest) 16 hours (longestday)
  140. 140. 100. USE THE REFERENCETABLES
  141. 141. 101. Relax--Youve alreadycompleted 1/4 of the exam.
  142. 142. 102. In part II, choose groups A andB (rocks & minerals, and platetectonics)
  143. 143. 103.Take your time.You have three hours to do theexam
  144. 144. 104.Read introductory paragraphsand study diagrams before lookingat questions.Underline key words.
  145. 145. 105.Draw diagrams to help youvisualize the questions asked -where possible
  146. 146. 106.Use a straight-edge to readgraphics, to mark points on a graphand to measure distances
  147. 147. 107.If certain words cause confusion,cross them out and substitute a differentword, then read the questionagain.(example: substitute the word"false" for "not true")
  148. 148. 108.Dont leave any questionsblank
  149. 149. 109.Read all choices before deciding on ananswer, sometimes a question has a goodand a better answer.Always choose the best answer.
  150. 150. 110.If you are not sure of an answer, try toeliminate choices that you think areclearly wrong and narrow down yourchoices.Then make your most careful guess.
  151. 151. 111.Ask yourself:Is it in the reference tables, or can thereference tables help me?
  152. 152. 112.Check your test a second time, butonly change an answer if you find anobvious mistake. Your first choice isusually correct.
  153. 153. 113.Look up formulas, even if you thinkyou know them.Substitute information from the questioninto the formula. They are on the frontpage of the reference tables.
  154. 154. 114.Skip over hard questions that arestumping you. Go back to them later.Something else in the test may give you aclue to the harder problems.I don’t care if you don’t get EVERY answer right.Just get MOST of them right!
  155. 155. 115.Have a healthy meal for dinnerthe night before. Eat veggies ifpossible.
  156. 156. 116.A good night sleep is asimportant as the above 112 items.
  157. 157. 117.Relax-youve seen all thisstuff before

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