NSW Approach to Planning &Building in Bush Fire ProneAreasLew ShortGroup Manager Community ResilienceNSW Rural Fire Service
Modern Constraints to Bush Fire Management• Huge urban interface• Past planning decisions• Bush fire mitigation increasingly reliant on volunteers• Need to recognise land management objectives• Absolute need to protect fire fighters• Abdication of landholder responsibilities
s. 100B Bush Fire Prone Mapping Streamlined assessment for Part 3A HRs s. 79BA DevelopmentConstruction and Assessment & Design Planning Env Assessment Code REFs Access BPM’s in APZ combination s. 66 Water Bush Fire Management Complaints Emergency s. 74ManagementArrangements Hazrd reduction & Management Landscaping Response Hotspots Engagement S. 52 Ops & Risk BFMC Coordinated Fire Public Liaison Plans Fighting Web based info Community Liaison s. 44s BFCC
Leveraging Advantage for Fire fighting• Pro-actively addressing known problems at the planning and building stages of development. • Water • Access • Separation • Landscaping• Improving the capacity of our community for self reliance – active passive firefighting• Giving fire fighters increased ability to defend life and property• Passive protection• Built into the fabric of our landscape
In 2002 NSW Government & RFS introduced and implemented sweeping legislative change to mitigate the impact of bush fires on the community
• Primary role in providing protection to life, property and the environment from bush fires• Legislative controls – Aug 2002• Improving the capacity of our community for self reliance – move from active to passive fire fighting.• In NSW there are: – 1.2 million bush fire prone properties; – 300,000km of urban/bushland interface; – 20 million Ha of bush fire prone land
Aim and Objectives of PBPTo provide for the protection of human life(including firefighters) and to minimise impacts onproperty from the threat of bush fire, while havingdue regard to development potential, on-siteamenity and protection of the environment.
Planning and Building• At the Zoning/ Planning Stage – Local Plans: ensure new zonings and land-uses take account of bushfire protection issues up front• At the Sub-division – Clear integration of bushfire issues into planning legislation – Ensure adequate setbacks, access, water supplies• At the Building Stage – Often existing pattern of development – Ensure building materials meet applicable building standards – Outcome focussed but must not increase risk, potential for engineered solutions
Role of RFS in the DA process• Assess DA’s on bush fire prone land referred from Council against the requirements of Planning for Bush Fire Protection 2006.• 79BA of the EP&A Act Advice to Council.• 100B of the RF Act Bush Fire Safety Authority to Council.• Provide comments regarding: – LEP & DCP – Masterplans – Major Projects / State Significant – SEPP Infrastructure – Nation Building & Jobs Plan
Bush Fire Prone Land Mapping• Section 146 of the EP&A Act 1979 - Councils to map bush fire prone land.• Amendments can be made anytime.• Development on “BF Prone Land” must consider PBP• Trigger mechanism
Integrated Development• Section 91A of EP&A Act• BFSA s.100B Rural Fires Act 1997 for residential subdivision or special fire protection purpose developments on bush fire prone land.• Referral to RFS Headquarters for the issue of a Bush Fire Safety Authority• Ensures that bush fire is accounted for early in the development process – the aim is to meet acceptable solutions
Specific Objectives for s.79BA• ensure that the bush fire risk to adjoining lands is not increased.• provide a minimum defendable space.• provide better bush fire outcomes• ensure the footprint of the proposed building does not extend beyond the existing building lines.• not result in an increased bush fire management and maintenance responsibility on adjoining land owners.• ensure building design and construction enhance the chances of occupant and building survival.
Bush Fire Protection Measures in Combination Appropriate combinations 1. Geographic location; 2. Site circumstances; and 3. Nature of the proposed use. Residential and rural-residential subdivision Special Fire Protection Purposes Other “development” (including “infill”).
PBP, BCA and AS3959 – What’s the Relationship? • The BCA is a performance based code that contains both performance requirements and deemed-to- satisfy provisions. • PBP is written along the same lines of the BCA whereby it has both performance requirements and deemed-to-satisfy / acceptable solutions. • The BCA nominates PBP as the NSW variation and requires compliance with this document and AS3959 for development on designated bush fire prone land. • AS3959 is accepted by PBP as the deemed-to-satisfy construction standard for buildings in designated bush fire prone areas.
Compliance with the Performance Criteria of PBP• Submissions proposing variations to acceptable solutions must provide substantiated evidence that the specific objectives and performance criteria can be met.• Case by case assessment based on the merits of the proposal.
Planning for Bush Fire Protection – Site Assessment• SpecificFDI’s across the State to reflect localvariations• APZ’s based on specific calculations• Exceptional circumstances identified for APZs• Vegetation classes based on Keith, Ocean Shoresto Desert Dunes
Flame Zone Developments• The distance from a bush fire at which there is significant potential for sustained flame contact to a building. Determined by the calculated distance at which the radiant heat of the design fire exceeds 29kW/m2 or calculated by the sustained flame length, whichever is the lesser.• No acceptable solution for flame zone applications – performance based
Compliance with Conditions of Consent• Responsibility of Council or appointed Private Certifying Authority.• RFS is a regulatory authority and can only provide general advice on how to achieve compliance with conditions of consent.• The RFS are not certifiers and cannot sign off on conditions of consent.• If the Builder/Developer is unable to determine compliance of a material with conditions of consent seek confirmation from manufacturer via a product safety data sheet.• RFS Conditions are constantly reviewed to remove ambiguity.
Role of the RFS in DA process• Assess any DA’s on bush fire prone land referred from Council against the requirements of Planning for Bush Fire Protection.• Under 79BA of the EP&A Act to make recommendations to Council.• Under s.100B of the Rural Fires Act 1997 issue a Bush Fire Safety Authority to Council.• Provide comments regarding LEP, DCP, Part 3A, State Significant and Master Plans as part of the consultation process.• Provide training to Stakeholders regarding PBP and its implications for proposed developments on Bush Fire Prone Land.• RFS plays a regulatory role in the planning process.• THE RFS ARE NOT CERTIFIERS!
Thank You Lew.firstname.lastname@example.org Lew Short lewshort14