Transcript of "Enhancing Community Resilience through Appropriate Planning & Building"
Enhancing CommunityResilience through AppropriatePlanning and BuildingLew ShortGroup Manager Community Resilience
Market Failures• property owners will not voluntarily include appropriate levels of bushfire protection and survival measures in new buildings in bushfire prone areas (BPAs).• Insufficient information, “bounded rationality” and perception of risk• Split incentives for developers(ie lowest cost = > profit)
“due to the imperfect responses and a range of market failures it is unlikely that in the absence of regulation, householders would voluntarily, or have the knowledge to, include appropriate levels of bushfire protection and survival measures in new buildings in BPAs. This is likely to result in increased risks associated with death, injuries and damage costs to property.Therefore, Government intervention is justified on the grounds that it could deliver a more efficient outcome for society.”
• Redefining from reactive fire fighting role into a community safety focused organisation that is pro-actively addressing known problems at the planning and building stages of development.• Policy and legislation at the planning stage to leverage advantage for fire fighting (short, medium & long term outlook).• Ultimately improving the capacity of our community for self reliance – move from active to passive fire fighting• And giving fire fighters increased ability to defend life and property• 85% of house losses are within 100m of the urban bushland interface.• This is where the planning and development controls focus
• Lew (You don’t know about this yet) (about 15 minutes also• Planning and Building (Particularly for bushfires)• Impact on NCC• Agency involvement• AFAC structure for dealing with Standards and Regulations
Planning and Building• At the Zoning/ Planning Stage – Local Plans: ensure new zonings and land-uses take account of bushfire protection issues up front• At the Sub-division – Clear integration of bushfire issues into planning legislation – Ensure adequate setbacks, access, water supplies• At the Building Stage – Often existing pattern of development – Ensure building materials meet applicable building standards – Outcome focussed but must not increase risk, potential for engineered solutions
• Primary role in providing protection to life, property and the environment from bush fires• Legislative controls – Aug 2002• Improving the capacity of our community for self reliance – move from active to passive fire fighting.• In NSW there are: – 1.2 million bush fire prone properties; – 300,000km of urban/bushland interface; – 20 million Ha of bush fire prone land
Type of Development # Assessed Complying Development 10 Part 3A 55 Planning Instruments 59 S.100B 1,881 S.79BA 5,245 S.79C 73 SEPP Infrastructure 2007 45 TOTAL 7,368 10
Aim and Objectives of PBPTo provide for the protection of human life (includingfirefighters) and to minimise impacts on propertyfrom the threat of bush fire, while having due regardto development potential, on-site amenity andprotection of the environment.