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Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania
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Leaflet of the Comenius Project - Romania

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A leaflet to promote the activities of the project Let's meet under the Spots was published by the Romanian secondary school, Liceul Cu Program Sportiv, Bacău.

A leaflet to promote the activities of the project Let's meet under the Spots was published by the Romanian secondary school, Liceul Cu Program Sportiv, Bacău.

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  • 1. COMENIUS MULTILATERAL SCHOOL PROJECT LET’S MEET UNDER THE SPOTS 2011-2013
  • 2. OUR EUROPEAN PARTNERSHIP
  • 3. ’LET’S MEET UNDER THE SPOTS’ 2011-2013 Our multilateral Comenius school project ’LET’S MEET UNDER THE SPOTS’ – ”Întâlnire sub reflectoare” (Ro), 2011-2013, received a grant of 24000 Euro from the European Comission, within The Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP). The partnersip, two years of fruitful cooperation, led to fulfilled objectives, to wonderful activities and workshops at school and ‘in the worldwide classrooms’, to the development of everyone’s key competences. The results stand proof for all the work and for all the ideals turned into real facts. We close the curtain and shake our hands: teachers, students, parents, management, local community representatives from Turkey- the coordinating country, The Czech Republic, Greece, Croatia and Romania- partner countries. We all had a lot to gain from this partnership. Seen as a literary journey through te classical and pupular literature of the countries involved in the project, the themes and objectives focus on stimulating students’ interes in reading by choosing a selection of national fairy tales- in the first year of project and folk tales- in the second year of project, and turning them into theatre plays. Te ongoing of all the project work, the activities, the dramatization, the European mobilities, the research led to the development of key competences, to the shaping of everyone’s personalities, to the discovery of new talents and abilities, to change of mentalities and to doors open towards new cooperation and lasting friendship.
  • 4. THE FIRST YEAR OF PROJECT THe journey begins... ...in 2011 with the mobility in Turkey, the city of Elazig, where we all met for te first time: students and teachers from the five participating countries. Once we got to know the school, the city, the education system, some of the wonderful customs and traditions of the hosting country, we familiarized with the Turkish literature by reading their fairytale and by visiting some sites related to the project objectives.
  • 5. Turkey, November 2011
  • 6. In February 2012, we continued our journey in Prague, The Czech Republic to step on the trails of classical Czech literature, to discover the fairy tale world that inspired the people of today’s Prague. Our colleagues introduced us to their school, their city, their educational system and together we analyzed the ongoing of our project work: objectives, activities and results.
  • 7. Czech Republic, February 2012 The European itinerary led us all to Greece, the town of Vonitsa, in April 2012. It was there where legends became reality in a space bustling with history. The project guided us on its normal path by getting to know the school, the Greek educational reality, participating to activities and thematic visits. Greece, Aprilie 2012
  • 8. We arrived at the end of the first year of project. The fairytales chosen by each country were turned into new texts. Students and teachers worked together to create new fairytales with elements from all the European stories. The newly created fairytales were dramatized and pedagogical drama proved to be the element that stirred our students’ interest in reading, cooperating, learning and using English while playing. Becoming actors equaled becoming better persons indeed. The work and talent are displayed here, on the website of te project: www.letsmeetunderthespots.weebly.com. PRODUCTS AND RESULTS: NATIONAL FAIRYTALES TURKEY:The Stone of Patience Once upon a time, an old widow woman had a daughter whose cheeks were red and she had no rival at beauty. They lived in a neighbourhood together. Her mother was sewing and mending clothes. The girl was doing needlework. One day, while the beautiful girl was doing her needlework, a bird flew through the window and it said slowly: “ Beautiful girl! You will stay near a dead person, you will wait for this dead person for 40 days and eventually you will be happy.” When the girl heard these words, she got excited and shocked. Suddenly, the bird flew away and disappeared. The girl became obsessed with this situtation and began to feel depressed. Next evening, the sun was going down and the water was getting darker. The bird flew through the window again and uttered the words which it had said before. The girl nearly fainted when she heard these again. And she decided to tell everything to her mother. Then they decided to wait for the bird together. In the evening, they hid clothes for bedding and the bird came at the same time again. The bird said the same words again. Both the girl and her mother were scared. They hurried out and the mother told her daughter:
  • 9. - God heavens! My poor daughter! My orphan daughter! Let’s run away from this bird. It isn’t an ordinary bird, it is interesting! We should protect ourselves from this bird! The girl answered: - Alright mother. You are right. They prepared their food in a saddle-bag. They hardly climbed up the mountains. They passed from valleys. They walked along the stream. They walked, walked and walked. They got tired and found themselves just opposite an amazing palace. They sat down and started to eat their food. They decided to spend the night under a tree. While they were sleeping, the bird glided towards them and took the girl gently. It took her away into a room in the palace and left her on the floor. When the girl opened her eyes, she found herself in a palace. The room was dressed with embroidery. There was a mattress and a dead person was lying on it. His arms were folded on his chest. His eyes were closed and his face was pale. When the girl saw him, she was shocked. And she remembered what the bird had said. She thought: “ Of course, there must be a positive thing in this situtation. It is my destiny. I mustn’t worry. Time will clear up everything.” And she prayed all night. Next morning, her mother woke up and found her daughter was absent then. She looked everywhere. She asked everybody whether they saw her daughter or not. But nobody knew about her. It was such a strange land that nobody talked or laughed. Even if the world collapsed, they wouldn’t care. Her mother cried for a long time. The girl never slept and occasionally she cried. She continued to pray. Finally, she spent 39 days near the dead man. Finally, the 40th day came. While she was waiting at the palace, she saw a ship which came from Iran. While the ship was passing in front of the palace, the girl waved and called the captain of the ship. She threw a purse full of gold in order to get a female slave. She felt happy because finally she found a friend. Just as the 40th day came, she got tired and told the female slave: “Sit here. I will walk around the palace and come back soon.” While the female slave
  • 10. was waiting near the dead body, the man coughed and hecame to himself. He saw the female slave and said: - Oh girl! Who waited for me 40 days? Is it you? The female slave hesitated but answered: -Yes, my shahzadah. It is me. Actually, this dead man was the Shahzadah of this palace. He had sworn to marry someone who would wait for him. And then he drank a mixture and he lied for 40 days and nights. The wife of Shahzadah, the Sultan of the country, was to be selected by a bird who would wait for him 40 days and nights. What a destiny! The selected one had gone out in order to take a walk in the palace and the poor Shahzadah didn’t see her! He supposed that the female slave had waited for him. And the female slave behaved like a Sultan. So, the Shahzadah decided to marry the female slave. The Shahzadah asked: - My Beloved Sultan! My Precious! Is there anyone here apart from you? The Fake Sultan answered: -Yes, I have a female slave here. She is a bit vagrant. I have told her to do something but she hasn’t come yet. Oh, there she is coming! Come here, you idiot! The Shahzadah wants you! The girl understood the trick that her female slave played on her but didn’t say anything. She thought: “I must be patient. Time will clear up everything.” The Shahzadah and the Fake Sultan got married and their wedding ceromony lasted for 40 days and nights. The Fake Sultan was cruel to the girl. The beautiful poor girl pretended to be a female slave and served the Shahzadah and the Fake Sultan for years. One day the Shahzadah told the Fake Sultan: “ I will have a journey to Yemen. What do you want from me?” The Fake Sultan wanted diamond earrings. The Shahzadah turned to the girl who was serving and asked: “ Poor girl what about you? What do you want from me?” The girl answered:
  • 11. “ I hope you will come back alive. And I want a stone of patience from you. But if you forget it, I hope there will be a storm in the sea and you won’t come back here.” The Shahzadah laughed upon these words and he didn’t care. The next day, the Shahzadah gave a farewell to the Fake Sultan. And he left on a ship. A few months later, he arrived in Yemen. He bought the diamond earrings for the Fake Sultan but he forgot the Stone of patience. On the way back to his country, there occurred a storm in the sea and they couldn’t go further. The captain of the ship asked the passangers whether anyone had a curse or had forgotten something or not. Suddenly, the Shahzadah remembered that he had forgotten to buy a patience stone for the female slave and went back to Yemen to buy it. Then, there was a lull in the storm and the passanges were able to go back to their country. The Shahzadah arrived in his country as well. He gave diamond earrings to the Fake Sultan. She was very happy and wore them at once. The Shahzadah gave the patience stone to the female slave. In the evening, the Shahzadah began to think deeply: “ How did all things happen? The poor slave had told me if Iforgot what would happen, and it happened. I can’t understand. The Sultan wanted diamond earrings from me, but the poor slave only wanted a stone. The poor slave must be contented.” While the Fake Sultan was snoring, curious Shahzadah went to the female slave’s room and looked through the key hole. He saw the female slave. She was uttering these words: “ The patience stone! , The patience stone! Do you know what happened? I was my mother’s only girl. One day while I was doing needlework a bird flew through into the window and said to me: “Beautiful Girl! You will wait for a dead body for 40 days and eventually, you will be happy.” All things that the bird had said came true. I waited for 39 days and on the 40th day; I made the Fake Sultan get the opportunity. The patience stone! I am suffering now. My heart is bleeding. If you were in my shoes, what would you do ?” The patience stone swelled. She continued: “On the 40th day, I called the captain of the ship and wanted to buy a female slave. Then I went out to walk around the palace. Suddenly, I saw the
  • 12. Shahzadah had waken up from death sleep and this female slave deceived him and convinced that she had waited for him 40 days. And then I became a female slave. The patience stone! If you were me, what would you do?” Upon these reprehensions, the patience stone couldn’t stand and cracked. The girl exclaimed: “Patience stone! Even you couldn’t stand and cracked. How can I endure?” Then, the girl attempted to commit a suicide. When the string was on her neck, Shahzadah pulled himself together and came into the room, saved the girl from death. Then, he lost his temper and woke the Fake Sultan up with anger and asked her: - What would you want from me? Forty mules or forty cleavers? Make your choice. She understood that her lies had been learnt by the Shahzadah and said; - I would like to forty cleavers to destroy my enemies, I would like to forty mules to get back my homeland. When she said that, The Shahzadah gave forty mules to her, she thought that she would go to her homeland but in fact, the Shahzadah’s plan was completely different. He wanted to punish her but the beautiful girl didn’t want to make anybody sad and begged the Shahzadah to forgive the slave. In the end, the Shahzadah sent her to a place that she had deserved: with no trees, no plants and no animals. The Shahzadah and beautiful Sultan had a big wedding ceremony and it lasted for forty days, they lived together happily till the end of their lives…
  • 13. THE CZECH REPUBLIC: Goldilocks or The Gold hair maiden by Karel Jaromír Erben Once upon a time there was a king, who was so prudent that he could understand to all animals speech. And now attend the way, how he had learnt this skill. One day, some old granny, herbalist, came to him and gave him the basket with a snake. “Let the snake prepare as a meal, and if you eat it, you will be able to understand everything, what animals say: in the air, in the earth, in the water.” The king liked it, because he got a chance to know something what can´t anybody else, so he paid the granny for her present very well. Then he immediately told to his servant to prepare the “fish” as a lunch meal. But he warned him: “You have not taste it, nor a small piece on you tongue. If you dare, you will be beheaded!” But it was weird to Jiřík, that servant of the king, why the king forbids him so much. „I´d never seen a fish like this,“ he told himself. „It looks like a snake! Why should not a cook taste, what he is preparing?“ When it was baked, Jiřík took a bit and he tasted it. And suddenly – he is hearing something, buzzing near his mouth: „Give us a bit too! Give us a bit too!“ Jiřík looked around, what had been happening, but he didn´t see anything but flies, which were flying around kitchen. And then again! Outside he heard someone with a whistling voice, calling: „Where are you going? Where are you going?“ And some thinner voices answered: „To farmer´s barley! To farmer´s barley!“ Jiřík looked outside through the window, but he saw only gooses. „Oh!“ he thought, „That´s what the fish his like?!“ Then he understood what it is! And he took another small bite of the fish to his mouth and then he brought the cooked snake to his king, in the way like nothing has happened.
  • 14. After the lunch, king ordered to Jiřík to saddle his horse, because he wanted to ride and Jiřík had to accompany him as his first servant. King was riding ahead and Jiřík behind him. When they were riding over the green meadow, suddenly Jiřík´s horse skipped and neighed: „Hohohoho, brother, I´m feeling so airy and free, that I feel I would jump across the mountains!“ „I would like to jump too,“ said king´s horse, „but on my back old man is sitting“. „If I jump, he would trumble down like sacksful and brake his back of the neck.“ „And what´s important on that his neck will be broken?“ said Jiřík´s horse. „When old man is dead, you will carry young man.“ Jiřík chuckled, when he heard what horses were talking about. But the king understood to their speech very well too and he looked back. When he saw that Jiřík was chuckling, he asked him: „What are you laughing at?“ „Nothing, my king, I just have recalled something on my mind,“ Jiřík was pleading. But the old king began to suspect Jiřík and the horses too, so he decided to ride back to the castle. When they arrived back to the castle, the king commanded Jiřík to pour red wine to his goblet. “But you will be beheaded, if you do not refill the goblet, or if you spill it!” Jiřík took the wine kettle and began to fill king´s goblet with red wine. Suddenly two little songbirds were flying by the window. One of them was hunting the second one and which had three golden hairs in his beak. “Give it to me!” the first one was crying, “they belong to me!” “No, I will not, they are mine, because I have lifted them up!” “But I saw how they had fallen down when the golden-hair maid was combing her long hair in the morning sun! Give me two of them at least!” “Neither two, nor one of them!” “But the birdie who wanted to have golden hairs caught them by their end, so the birds began to pull them, trying to get them only for each one.
  • 15. But, in this fight, one of the golden hair fall on the window ledge with tender ringing. Jiřík took a look at them, so he poured the wine over. “”You have lost your life!” the old king yelled. “But I want to be merciful to you. If you find the golden-hair maid for me and bring her to me as my bride and wife, I will allow to let you live.” What could poor Jiřík have to do? If he wanted to save his life, he would have to find the maid, in spite of he did not know where does she live. So he saddled his devoted, loyal horse and set out the adventurous journey. He was riding crosswise many kingdoms, asking everywhere, where could he find the maid with golden hair, but nobody knew. One day Jiřík came to dark forest and suddenly he saw under the trees a bush which was burning in fire; herdsmen have lighted it. But under the bush was an anthill, and sparkles were falling on it, and poor ants with their ovums were running away, trying to escape, and they began to cry: „Oh help us, Jiřík, help us,“ they were clamouring, „or we are going to burn off here, and our youngs in ovum too!“ Jiřík dismounted immediately, he cut the burning bush and extinguished the fire. “When you will need a help, just remember, think on us, and we will help you as well.” After then he was riding through the forest until he arrived to tall fir-tree. There was a raven nest in top of the fir and two little, young ravens were crying: „Father and mother have left us, the just told us that we are able to find the food, but we are too small, we poor nestlings, we cannot fly yet! Oh help us, Jiřík, please, help us and feed us, or we are going to die because of hunger!“ Jiřík didn´t think about what to do too long, he dismounted from his horse and kill him with his sword, so the nestling ravens could eat fresh meat for a long time. „When you need a help,“ they cawed, „remember us, and we will help you too.“ After this episode, Jiřík had to go by feet. He was walking very, very long time through dark forest, and finally, when he came to the end of the forest, he sought wide, endless sea.
  • 16. There were two fishermen on the shore, arguing and wrangling, because they had caught golden fish and both of them wanted it for himself only. „My fishing net – my fish!“ cried the first fisherman. „But you would never catch the fish without my ship and my help,“ argued the second one. „When we catch another gold fish, it will be yours,“ wanted the first. „No, no, you will wait for another gold fish, and this will be mine!“ wrangled the second one. „I will judge you,“ told them Jiřík. „Sell the gold fish to me, and divide the money on two same halves.“ And he gave him all coins which he had got from his old king on the way: he did not let anything for himself. Fishermen were happy that they had been sold the fish so well and Jiřík dismissed her to the sea again. The golden fish splashed cheerfully in the water, and then she plunged near the shore once again and she raised her head from the water: „When you need me, Jiřík, just remember me, and I will come to help you and serve you.“ And then she vanished in the sea. „Where are you going to?“ asked fishermen Jiřík. „I am going for the bride for my old king and lord, the bride is the virgin with golden hair. But I have no idea where I can find her.“ „Oh, we can tell about it very well,“ said fishermen. „She is called Zlatovláska, it means Gold-Hair-Maid or Goldilocks, and she is the daughter of the King of the crystal palace, and they live just on that island on the horizon. Every morning, when the light is becoming, she combs her golden hair, and the shine of them goes into the sky and on the sea. If you want, we can take you to the island, because you have judged us so well. But keep your attention
  • 17. on, because of choosing the right maid: the king has got twelve daughters, but only one of them has got golden hair.“ When Jiřík came to the island, he found the crystal palace, and he met the king because of asking him for his daughter with golden hair, who he has to take to his king as a bride. „Well, lad, I will give you my golden-hair daughter,“ the king told to Jiřík, but you must earn her: there are three task which you must carry out, every day I will give you one task. But now you can have a rest, until tomorrow morning.“ Next morning told the king to Jiřík: „My Goldilocks had had the twine of expensive, precious pearls, but the twine had broken off and pearls fell in high grass on great green meadow. You have to pick every of these pearls, you cannot miss one of them!“ Jiřík came on the meadow which was so wide that he could not see its end. He fall on his knees and began to search for Goldilocks´s pearls. He was searching all day, but he did not found anything, nor he smallest pearl. „If only there were my aunts, they could help me,“ he uttered a sigh. „But we are here to help you,“ told him aunts in the grass suddenly, they just appeared amazingly, swarming around him. „What do you need?“ „I got this task: to pick up pearls which are on this meadow, but I have not found anything.“ „Just wait for a while, Jiřík, and we pick them up instead you.“ And in the moment aunts began to carry pearls to Jiřík and he had to put them on the twine. When he wanted to tie the twine up, one small, crippled aunt, because his leg had been burnt during the fire: „Wait, Jiřík, I am carrying you the lost, little pearl!“ Jiřík gave him thanks and brought the pearls to the king. Goldilocks´s father praised Jiřík´s good work, the pearls were all of them. „You have completed the first task, but there is the second one for tomorrow: when Goldilocks had been swimming in the sea, she had lost her gold ring. You have to find it and bring it.“
  • 18. Jiřík went to the sea and he was walking around the shore very sadly. The sea was clean, but very deep, that he couldn´t see to its bed. And what about searching for the ring at the whole bed! „Oh, if only there was my goldfish, she could help me!“ Suddenly something flashed in the sea and from the depth the goldfish rose to the surface. „But I am here to help you. What are you needing?“ „I need to find the gold ring of the Princess, which is somewhere in this deep sea, but I even cannot see to the bed!“ The goldfish smiled. „Right now I met agile pike fish, and she has been brought the gold ring on her fin! Just wait for a while, I am going to bring it to you.“ And it really wasn´t long waiting, the goldfish was back from depths of the sea, with pike and ring. The king praised Jiřík again because of well done work. Next morning, he told him about the third task: „If you really want my goldilocks for your king, you have to bring the dead and living water; it will be necessary.“ Jiřík didn´t know where can he find these kinds of water, so he was walking and walking whatever his feet were carrying him, until he came to black, deep forest. „Oh, if only there were my ravens, they could help me!“ …And suddenly there was some rush above his head and he noticed that a pair of ravens… “We are here to help you, what do you want?” “I am supposed to obtain live and dead water, but I do not know where I should look for it.” “We know it, wait a second and we will get some for you,” said the ravens. And in a little while they were back, each of them with one bottle of water. One of them contained the live water and the second one the dead water. George was glad for being such lucky and he rushed back to the castle.
  • 19. On the edge of the woods he saw a web spreading between two firs. In the middle of the web there was a huge spider digesting a fly. George took the bottle with dead water and splashed it on the spider. The spider dropped dead. Then Jiří splashed a little of the live water on the dead fly. It started moving, climbed out of the web and flew away. “Lucky you, that you saved me,” buzzed the fly around his head. “Without me you would hardly find out which one of twelve princesses is your Goldilocks.” When the king saw that Jiřík had accomplished the third task as well, he promised to give Goldilocks to Jiřík… But the king had a condition: “Jiřík, you have to choose her among her eleven sisters by yourself.” Then he led Jiřík to a large hall and in the middle of it there was a round table with twelve beautiful maidens sitting around it. All the maidens were looking the same and each of them was having a long veil as white as snow so it was impossible to see the colour of their hair. “These are my daughters,” said the king. “If you guess correctly which one of them is Goldilocks, you can leave with her immediately, if not, you have to leave the kingdom alone.” Jiří was very worried, upset and he did not know what to do. Then suddenly something whispered in his ear. “Bzzz, walk around the table. I will tell you which one of them is Goldilocks.” It was the fly, which Jiřik has resurrected with living water: „This lady – she is not the one you are searching for, nor this one, nor this one – but this one is Goldilocks!“ The fly was advising to Jiřík. „Give me this daughter,“ cried Jiřík, „this one I have earned for my king…“ „Yes, you are right,“ the king said, and the maid stood up from the table, removed the headdress, and her golden hair were flowing from her head to the ground in huge torrents, and the shining was so bright and strong, that Jiřík had to close his eyes, he felt like looking into the morning sun. And then the king gave his daughter equipment on her way, as right and proper, and Jiřík take her away from her home to his lord, the old king, for marriage.
  • 20. Old king´s eyes were sparkling and he was jumping because of joy, when he saw Goldilocks´s beauty, and he ordered to prepare the wedding. “I just wanted to hang you for your disobedience, that ravens would eat you,” he told to Jiřík, “but because you have served me so well , I just cut your head off! with axe like you were a nobleman, and then I am going to bury you honourably.” When Jiřík was beheaded, Goldilocks began to beg the old king to donate her Jiřík´s body. The king was not able to say „no“ to so beautiful and fairy lady. Goldilocks put Jiřík´s head to his body directly, and then she sprinkled it with the dead water. The head and the body has been put together like before the persecution, without any scar. Then she sprinkled Jiřík´s corpse with living water, and Jiřík wake upon again, like reborn, full of power like young deer. The youth was shining from his face. „Oh, how deeply I have been sleeping!“ said Jiřík, rubbing his eyes. „Oh yes, you have been sleeping very, very deeply,“ said Goldilocks, „and if I had not been, you were never waken again for ever and ever!“ When the old king saw that Jiřík has waken from the death and he is younger and more handsome than before, he wanted to be young again. He commended his servants to be beheaded and then to sprinkle his body with living water. So they beheaded him and then sprinkled him with living water as he had said, and they sprinkled it all, but the head didn´t increment to his body. Then they only just started to pour the dead water, and in the moment the head and the body was connected as before… But the king was still dead, and because they had no living water yet, he could not be resurrected. And since the kingdom could not be without a king, and anyone could be so wise as Jiřík who was able to talk to all animals, Jiřík became the king and he married Goldilocks because they fell in love and they were ruling with loyalty, prudence, justice, and goodness forever and ever.
  • 21. CROATIA: Fisherman Plunk And His Wife RIBAR PALUNKO I NJEGOVA ZENA (Ivana Brlic-Mazuranic) Fisherman Plunk had had enough of his miserable life. He lived on a remote seaside place, catching fish on a bone hook day by day, as the nets were not known at that place. But what can you catch on a hook? "What a miserable life?" - Plunk said to himself, - "what you catch today, you eat in the evening, there is no happiness for me in this world." Yet , Plunk had heard, that there was the world's wealthy county and Gavan tyrants, which live in fortune and wealth, in gold and luxury. Therefore, Plunk convinced himself that he should see such a wealth, and live in it as well. He made a pledge to himself, that he would sit in his canoe on the open sea for three days, but will not catch the fish, just in order to fulfil his pledge. So, Plunk sits for three nights and three days in his canoe on the open sea - three days he sits, three days he fasts, and three days he doesn't catch a fish. At the dawn of the third day, a silver canoe rose from the sea, with silver rows in it, and in the canoe, as beautiful as a princess, stood a pale Zora. "For three days you spared the life of my fish, but tell me, what do you want me to do for you now?" - said Zora. "Help me out of this misery and barren life. Here, I spend all day long on this lonely place. What I catch during the day, I eat in the evening andthere is no happiness for me on this world." - Plunk said. "Go home, and you will find what you need", - said Zora to him. As she said so, she disappeared into the sea together with the silver canoe. Plunk rushed ashore and to his home. When he came to his house, poor girl got out in from of him, tired of long walk from distant highlands. The girl said: " My mother died, I have no one on this world, take me as a wife, Plunk. Now, Plunk didn't know what to do. "Is this that happiness that Zora has sent me?," Plunk said.
  • 22. Plunk saw that girl was as poor as Plunk himself, but he was afraid to make a mistake and spoil his luck.So, he agreed and took his poor girl for his wife. And she, tired of long walk, laid down and slept through the next day. Plunk could hardly wait another day to see what happiness will look like. But, next day, nothing had happened. Plunk took his hooks, and went to the sea, and his wife went to the mountain to pick up some sorrel.In the evening, Plunk came back, and his wife came back, they had dinner of fish and some sorrel. " If this is called happiness, I could live without is as well", thought Plunk. After dinner, the wife sat next to Plunk and told him the stories to pass the time. She told the stories about gavans and imperial gardens,dragons that guard the treasure, and a princess which saw the pearls in the garden. Plunk listens and his heart beats faster. Plunk forgot about his poverty - he could listen like this for three years. But Plunk got even happier when he thought: " This is fairy woman,she will show me that way to the treasure dragon or princess' garden. The only thing I have to do is to be patient and don't make her angry." So, Plunk waits - day by day pass by, a year has passed, two years. They already got a son - they called him Vlatko Little. But, actually, everything remained the same: Plunk would catch the fish, and the woman would pick the sorel during the day, in the evening she would cook the dinner, rock the little son and tell the stories to Plunk. She told stories more and more interesting, but Plunk was less and less patient, until one night, Plunk had enough, and when she told the stories about great wealth and splendor of King of the Sea, angry Plunk jumped,grabbed woman's arm and said: "There is no wait any more, you take me tomorrow to the castle of King of the Sea." Woman got a fright when Plunk jumped so suddenly. She told him that she didn't know where the castle of the King of the Sea was, but Plunk beat woman angrily and threatened her that he would kill her, if she didn't tell him the fairy secret. Now, the poor woman, realised that was held for a fairy, cried and said: " I am not a fairy, but a poor woman, which does not know the spells. What I tell you, is what my heart tells you to make you happy. "
  • 23. This enraged Plunk even more, for he was cheated for two years, so he ordered to the wife to go next morning with the son, to the right, down the beach, whereas Plunk will go to the left, and not to come back until they find the way to the King of The Sea. In the morning, the woman cried and told Plunk not to separate. "Who knows, which one of two of us will die on this rocky beach ", she said. But Plunk attacked her again, so she took the child and left crying, as he has ordered. Plunk, on the other hand, went the opposite way. So, the woman walked with Vlatko Little as one week became two. She could nowhere find the way to the King of The Sea. Tired, she fell asleep on the rock. When she woke up, she realised that her baby, small Vlatko disappeared. She got such a fright that and she coudn't say a word, and she got speachless. Poor mute went down the beach and came back home. Tomorrow Plunk arrived. He didn't find the way to the King of The Sea, and he came back angry and furious. As he entered the house he couldn't find the son, but speachless wife. She couldn't tell him what has happened of great sadness. From that day that was life like in their house. The wife didn't cry, but quietly worked around the house serving Plunk, in silent and empty house. Plunk stood this sadness for some time but then, he has had enough: he hoped for the fortune and wealth of the King of the Sea, but he got this poverty and misfortune. Therefore, one day, Plunk decided to take off to the sea. For three days he sat in the canoe, he didn't eat for three days, he didn't fish for three days. On the third day, Zora appeared in front of him. Plunk told her what happened and opened his heart: " This is worse misery than before. My child disappeared, my wife is mute, and my house is empty. "To die of sadness". "What did you wish for? I will help you once again." .
  • 24. But, Plunk has only one crazy mind, and he was convinced that the only thing he wanted was to see and enjoy in the fortune and wealth of the King of the Sea, so he didn't ask for his child to come back, nor his wife to speak again, but he begs Zora : "Please, glorious Zoro, show me the way to the King of the Sea. " And Zora - girl did not say anything, but told to Plunk: "At the dawn of the new moon, you sit in the canoe and wait for the wind, onwards and follow the wind towards the east. The wind will take you to the island of Bujan, to the Alatir stone. I will wait for you there and show you the way to the King of the Sea.Plunk went home happily. When the new moon appeared, he didn't say anything to his wife, but he sat in the canoe, and waits for the wind to start blowing and went towards the end. The wind took the canoe to the unknown sea, to the island of Bujan. The green island floats like a green garden. And in it, there was lushesgrass and vine,and blooming mandula. In the middle of the island there was a precious gem, white glowing stone Alatir. Half of the stone glows above, and half of the stone glows under the sea. Here on the island of Bujan, on the stone of Alatir, Zora sits. She kindly greeted Plunk. She showed him the way to the water - mill, near the island, and sea - girls play the games. She thought Plunk how to convince the Mill to take him down to the King of the Sea, and not to be swallowed by the sea whirlpools. Zora also told him: "You will enjoy greatly in the fortune and wealth of the King of the Sea. But remember, you cannot go back to the earth, as there are terrible guards set up for you. The first one is making the waves, the second one is blowing the winds, and the third one is throwing down lightnings. Plunk sat in the canoe happily and rowed to the water-mill, thinking: "You do not know, Zora, what is the poverty in this world. I will not wish to come back to earth , as I will leave only misery behind." He came to the water-mill, to find Sea - girls playing games around it. They jump into the waves, they play chase, their hair is splaid on the wave, silver fins glitter, and their red lips are smiling. They sit on the mill, and splash the water around it.
  • 25. The canoe arrived to the water-mill, and Plunk did as Zora taught him. He raised the row above the sea, not to be swallowed by the whirlpools, and he told to the mill: " Round wheel, please take me down, either to the Dead Dark Deep, to the Sea King." When Plunk said that, Sea - girls jumped as a silver fish, gather around the mill and turn it quickly as they could. Deep and deadly whirlpool appeared in the sea, and carried Plunk down to the castle of the Sea King. He landed on the beautiful, golden sand, looked around himself and went mad with joy. He clapped his hands, his heart beating happily, as he ran on the sand like a child, and made one, two, three cartwheels, like a playful child. The King of the Sea liked it and he gave to Plunk the branch of pearls. He then ordered to the sea girls to bring the best of food and drink to Plunk to enjoy in the greatest honour. When Plunk finished his meal, Sea King asked him: "What else do you want my boy?" And what would ask for a miserable poor man? " As you asked me the Sea King, i would like a good plate of cooked sorrel." The Sea King was surprised as the sorrel is dearer than pearl, because it grows in the overseas land. But, I will send sea-girl to fetch some for you. In the meantime, make few more cartweels for me. Plunk was happy to do a favour to Sea King, and he jumped to his feet like a squirrel, and made the whole King's household laugh hilariously. Out of all, the small child, a future king, spoiled by the sea-girls , was playing the games. When Plunk turned over, the little king laughed happily. Plunk looked at him and got a fright. It was Vlatko Little, his lost son. Enraged Plunk decided not tell anyone about his son, as they would separate them. He decided to become his son's servant, to mention him that he has a mother and father, and hopefully, return the boy to his mother. So, once they were alone , Plunk whispered to child's ear that he was his father, but little kicked Plunk in his leg and said:" You are not my father, you are jester, turning around in front of the Sea King!"
  • 26. It bits Plunk's heart, he could die of saddness. As he cried his eyes out, the whole King's people gathered around and concluded:" You must have been a great warrior on earth if you cryin such a luxury." Plunk replied:" I was like the Sea King, I had a wife, telling me fairy tales, I had a child climbing up my beard - and a sorrel, my brother, I had as much as I wanted, without having to do cartwheels for it. The dwellers wandered what a big gentleman Plunk was, and allowed him to grieve for his lost happiness. And Plunk remained as a little king's servant, pleasing him and hoping that one day, they will run away together. But little king was every day more and more arrogant, and he held Plunk for bigger and bigger fool. Now all this time Plunk's wife was at home, all alone and grieving. The first evening she made up the fire and kept the supper hot for Plunk ; but when she gave up expecting Plunk, she let the fire go out, nor did she kindle it again. So the poor dumb soul sat on her threshold. She neither worked, nor tidied, nor wept just pined away with grief and sorrow. She could not take counsel with anyone, because she was dumb ; nor could she cross the sea after Plunk, because she was all broken up with grieving. Where could she go, poor soul ! but back one day to the far hills, where her mother lay buried. And as she stood by her mother's grave a beautiful Hind up came to her. And as the dumb animals speak, so the Hind spoke to the Woman: " You must not sit there and pine away, my daughter. But every evening you must get Plunk's supper ready for him. If Plunk does not come home, then you must take his supper in the morning, and go up into the rocky mountain. Play upon the twin pipes ; the snakes and their young will come and eat up the supper, and the sea-fowl will line their nests with the hemp." The daughter understood all that her mother said, and as she was bid so did she do. Every evening she cooked supper, and after supper she picked hemp. Plunk did not come back ; and so the Woman carried both supper and hemp to the rocky mountain. And as she played on her little pipes, played softy on the right-hand pipe snakes and baby snakes came out of the rocks. They ate up the supper and thanked the Woman in the dumb speech. And when she played on the left- hand pipe, gulls came flying, carried off the hemp to their nests, and
  • 27. thanked the Woman. For three months the Woman went on in this way; thrice the moon waxed and waned, and still Plunk had not come home. Again grief overcame the poor dumb soul, so that she went again to her mother's grave. The Hind came up, and in dumb speech the Woman said to her : "Well, Mother, I have done all you told me, and Plunk has not come back. " Daughter of mine," said the Hind, " you must not fail in your trust. Your Plunk is in grievous trouble. Now listen and hear how you may help him. In the Unknown Sea there is a Big Bass, and that Bass has a golden fin, and on that fin grows a golden apple. If you catch that Bass by moon- fight you will save your dear Plunk from his trouble. But on the road to the Unknown Sea you will have to pass three caverns of cloud. In the first there is a monstrous Snake, the Mother of All Snakes — it is she who troubles the sea and stirs up the waves ; in the second there is a monstrous Bird, the Mother of All Birds — it is she who raises the storm; and in the third there is a Golden Bee — it is she who flashes and wields the lightning. Go, daughter dear, to the Unknown Sea, and take nothing with you but your bone hook and slender twin pipes, and if you should find yourself in great trouble, rip open your right-hand sleeve. Next day she took out the boat and put off to sea. She drifted and sailed on the face of the sea three terrible caverns of lowering cloud ! From the entrance of the first cavern peered the head of a fearsome Snake, the Mother of All Snakes. Her grisly head blocked up all the entrance, her body lay coiled along the cave, and with her monstrous tail she lashed the sea, troubling the waters and stirring up the waves. The Woman did not dare go near the terrible sight, but remembered her little pipes, and began to play upon the right-hand pipe. And as she played, there came from the far-off rock-bound lands snakes and baby snakes galore swimming over the sea. Great coloured snakes and tiny little snakes all came hurrying up and scurrying up and begged the fearsome Snake — " Let the Woman take her boat through your cavern. Mother dear ! She has done us a great good turn and fed us every day in the morning." " Through my cavern I may not let her pass," answered the fearsome Snake, But if she did you such a good turn, I will repay it with another. Would she rather have a bar of gold or six strings of pearls ?"
  • 28. But a true wife is not to be beguiled with gold or pearls, and so the Woman answered in dumb speech : " I have come here for the Bass that lives in the Unknown Sea. If I have done you a good turn, let me pass through your cavern, fearsome Snake." So the Woman passed through the cavern. The Woman came to the second cavern. And in the second cavern there was a monstrous Bird, the Mother of All Birds. She craned her frightful head through the opening, her iron beak gaped wide ; she spread her vast wings in the cavern and flapped them. The Woman took up her twin pipes and sweetly played upon the left-hand pipe. And from the far shore came flying gulls great and small, and begged the monstrous bird to let the Woman pass with her boat through her cavern, for that she had been a good friend to them and unpicked hemp for them every day. " I can't let her pass through my cavern, for today I must raise a mighty storm. But if she was so kind to you. From my iron beak I will give her of the Water of Life, so that the power of speech shall be restored to her." This is what she answered the Bird : " It is not for my own good that I came, but for a small matter — for the Bass that lives in the Unknown Sea. If I have done you a good turn, let me pass through your cavern." Then the grey gulls asked the Mother Bird and also advised her to take a little nap, and they would meanwhile raise the storm for her. The Mother Bird listened to her children's wishes, clung to the wall of the cavern with her iron talons and went to sleep. But the gulls, instead of raising the storm, calmed the wild winds and soothed them. So the dumb Woman sailed through the second cavern and came to the third. In the third cavern she found the Golden Bee. The Golden Bee buzzed in the entrance. Sea and cavern resounded ; lightnings flashed from the clouds. Fear seized upon the Woman. But she remembered her right sleeve; she ripped it off, her sleeve all white, flung it over the Golden Bee and caught her in the sleeve ! The thunder and lightning were stilled at once, and the Golden Bee began to coax the Woman :
  • 29. " Set me free, O Woman ! and in return I will show you something. Look out over the wide waters, and it's a joyful sight you will see." The Woman looked out over the wide waters. And in the boat sat the Dawn-Maiden, pale and fair as a king's daughter, and beside her a little child in a silken shirt and with a golden apple in his hand-The Woman recognised her lost baby. " I will show you," said the Golden Bee to the Woman, "how to get to the little King, your son, and live with him in joy and happiness. But first set me free! " She answered the Golden Bee : " Don't sting me, O Golden Bee ! I shall not let you go, because I must pass through your cavern. I have not come here for my own happiness, but for a small matter — for the Big Bass that lives in the Unknown Sea." When the moon rode high, the Woman sailed out upon the Un- known Sea at midnight, and in the midst of the Sea she let down her little bone hook. That very evening the little King bade Plunk knit him a nice set of silken reins. " First thing tomorrow morning I shall harness you to my little carriage, and you shall give me a ride on the golden sands." Poor me, considered poor Plunk. The willful little King slept — only Plunk was awake and knitting away at the reins. He knitted fiercely. When it seemed to him that the strings were strong enough. Plunk said to himself : "I never asked anyone's advice when I was making a fool of myself, nor shall I do so now that I have come to my senses." And as he said this he went softly up to the cradle and started to run away with his son. Softly Plunk strode over the golden sand — and when he came to where the sea stood up like a wall, nothing daunted, Plunk dived into the water with his boy. Plunk swam and swam; but how was a poor fisherman to swim when he was weighed down by the little King — golden cradle, golden apple — on his back? Plunk felt as if the sea was piling itself up above him, higher and higher, and heavier and heavier ! And just as Plunk was at the last gasp, he felt something scrape along the golden cradle, something that caught in the rocker of the cradle; and when it had caught fast, it began to haul them along apace !
  • 30. When the Woman felt that her hook had caught, she joyfully summoned all her strength, pulling and hauling with all her might, for fear of losing the great Big Bass. As she began to haul in her catch the golden rocker began to show above the water. The Woman could not distinguish it rightly by moonlight, but thought : " It is the golden fin of the Bass." Again the Woman thought : "It is the golden apple on the fish's fin. And as she cried out she hauled in her catch, and when she had hauled it close alongside — why, dear mine, how am I to tell you rightly how overjoyed were those three when they met again in the boat, all in the moonlight, in the middle of the Unknown Sea? But they dare not lose any time. They had to pass through the three caverns ere the monstrous watchers should awaken. So they took out the oars and rowed with all their might and main. When the little King awoke and saw his mummy, he remembered her at once. He threw both his little arms round his mummy's neck — and the golden apple fell off of his hand. Down fell the apple into the sea, down to the very bottom and into the Sea King's Castle, and hit the Sea King right on his shoulder ! The Sea King woke up, and bellowed with rage. All the court jumped to their feet. They saw at once that the little King and his servant were missing ! They gave chase. The mermaids swam out under the moonlight ; the light foam fairies flew out over the water; runners were sent out to rouse the watchers in the caverns. But the boat had already passed through the caverns, and so they had to pursue it farther on. Plunk and the Woman were rowing — rowing for dear life, their pursuers close in their wake. The mermaids whipped up the waters. For the hurricane beat upon the boat. Sea and storm whistled and roared. The fear of death was upon Plunk, and in his dire need he cried out : " Oh, fair Dawn-Maiden, help ! " The Dawn-Maiden arose from the sea. She saw Plunk, but never looked at him. She looked at the little King, but no gift had she for him; but to the faithful Wife she gave her gift — a broidered kerchief and a pin. Quickly they hoisted the kerchief, and it became a white sail. As soon as the land hove in sight, the pursuit slackened. The foam fairies fear the shore; the mermaids keep away from the coast. Wind and waves stayed on the high seas, and only
  • 31. the boat flew straight ahead to land like a child to its mother's lap. The boat flew to land over the white sand bar, and struck on a rock. The boat hit on the rock. Plunk and his wife and child were left alone on the beach outside their cottage. When they sat down that night to their supper of wild spinach, they had clean forgotten all that had happened. And but for those twin pipes, there's not a soul would remember it now. But whoever starts to play on the pipes, the fat pipe at once begins to drone out about Plunk : Harum-scarum Plunk would go Where the pearls and corals grow; There he found but grief and woe. And then the little pipe reminds us of the Woman : Rise, O Dawn, in loveliness ! Here is new-born happiness; Were it three times drown'd in ill. Faith and Love would save it still ! And that is the twin pipes' message to the wide, wide world. GREECE: The Tortoise And The Hare (by Aesop) One spring morning a hare had come out of its burrow grazing fresh grass. While grazing, he saw a tortoise passing by in the distance, and the way it walked seemed so funny, that the hare started making fun of the tortoise that it was slower even than snails. The tortoise stopped, turned towards the hare and said: How about racing and seeing who is the fastest of the two? That was it! The hare fell on the ground bursting into laughter. However, seeing that the tortoise remained solemn, the hare realized that the tortoise was deadly serious and thus accepted the challenge. Being the most appropriate, the fox set the starting point, the course and the finishing point.
  • 32. The race was fixed for the next morning and, indeed, the two contestants as well as many other animals of the forest were at the starting point early morning. The fox gave the signal and the race started. Without losing time, the tortoise started crawling and had already covered the first inches of the course. Seeing the pace of its opponent and being sleepy, as it was early morning, the hare thought of taking a nap , and when it woke up it would race in its unique way and would definitely win. Thus, the tortoise kept going along the course set by the fox, while the hare drowsed. Time flew and at some point the hare woke up. “ Time to race” , it thought to itself and set off. It was surprised that it didn’t find the tortoise on its way and at some point thought that the tortoise had given up the race since it would definitely lose. However, do you know when the hare was really taken aback? When reaching the finishing point it saw the tortoise waiting, nibbling at a small leaf with a triumphant expression on its face. So, the tortoise beat the hare at the race, not because it is faster but because it remained devoted to its goal without being as arrogant as the hare. ROMANIA: Greuceanu (The Mighty) Once upon a time ... There lived a ruler whose name was The Red Emperor. He was very sad because one day some ogres stole the sun and the moon from the sky. So he announced that whoever brought the sun and the moon back from the ogres, would have his daughter as wife and half and his empire into the bargain, but that he who dared return empty handed, would have his head cut off. Many valiant young men came but none knew where to begin or where to leave off for not all that flies make honey. And the Emperor kept his word. In those days there lived a brave man called Greuceanu. He heard of the Emperor’s promise and set off to see the Emperor and offer his services. Greuceanu addressed him in honeyed words saying: "Your Highness, may you rule this land for many years. Many valiant youths have promised Your Highness to bring back the moon and the sun which the ogrs have stolen from the sky, and I know they met their death because they did not keep their promise. I too would like to try my luck hunting this ogres. Who knows, perhaps God will help me punish them for the monstrous audacity. Even if I were to perish in the attempt, I shall not give in before I accomplish the task I have undertaken." A few days later Greuceanu set out for the great adventure. Greuceanu took his brother with him and they went a long, long way until they reached Faur, the world's
  • 33. greatest smith, who was his sworn brother. Faur, besides being the most skilled smith in the world, was also a man who could work wonders. For three days and three nights Greuceanu and the smith worked out on their plans. After resting a few days Greuceanu and his brother set forth. As soon as they left, Faur, the world's greatest, began to make an iron replica of Greuceanu which he ordered placed in the forge where the fire was to be kept burning night and day. Greuceanu and his brother walked a long the endless road, until they came to a crossing where they stopped, hugged each other, and crying like children, each went his way. But before parting they each chose a kerchief: if one of the kerchiefs should tear along the edges they could still hope to meet, but if it torn down the middle then they would know that the other had perished. They also stuck a knife into the ground and said: "Whoever comes back first and finds the knife rusty, he need no longer wait for his brother, for it will mean that he's dead." And Greuceanu turned to the right and his brother to the left. The brother, after wandering aimlessly for many days, returned to the place where they had parted and, finding the blade of the knife clean, sat down to wait his brother. His heart filled with joy when he saw the sun and the moon riding high in the sky again. In the meantime, Greuceanu started out along the path that led straight to the ogre's house, which stood at the spot where the devil had weaned his children. Once there, Greuceanu turned three somesaults and changed into a dove. For, you see, he had listened to the advice of Faur, the world's grestest smith. And now, in the form of a dove, he flew up into a tree just in front of the ogre's house. The ogre's eldest daughter came out the house and looked around, then ran back again quickly to call her mother and her youngest sister to see the wonderful bird. Her young sister said: "Dear mother and sister, this lovely bird does not seem to be a good omen for our house. Its eyes are not those of a bird, but rather those of the Golden Greuceanu. We've fared well so far! But from now on may God have pity on us and ours." It seemed that the ogres had heard of Greuceanu. So the three ogresses went in and took counsel together. Greuceanu again turned thrice head over heels and became a fly, which flew in the ogresses’ room and hid in the crack of a beam that supported the ceiling. There he listened to everything they said and stored it in his mind. Then he left the house and followed the road which led to the Green Forest. As he drew near he hid beneath a bridge that spanned the road. He had probably overheard that ogres would return that way from the Green Forest where they had been hunting in turns, one in the evening, the other at midnight, and the
  • 34. fiercest of the all at dawn. And as Greuceanu was waiting there, he beheld the younger ogre coming home and, as he approached the bridge, his house neighed and leaped backwards. But the ogre shouted angrily: "May the wolves devour all the horse flesh there is! I fear no one in the world except for Greuceanu,and he I'll fell to the ground with a single blow." When Greuceanu heard him he jumped up from under the bridge and called out: "Come on, you brave ogre, let's fight with our swords and see who is the most skilful, or let's wrestle and see who is the strongest." They clutched each other and began to wrestle. The ogre lifted up Greuceanu and thrust him into the earth up to his knees. Then Greuceanu cought hold of the ogre and thrust him into the earth up to his neck and quickly cut off his head. After throwing the body of the ogre and of his horse under the bridge, he sat down to rest. When the night was at its darkest, the elder brother came riding home and as the horse drew near the brigde it sprang back seventeen feet. The ogre cursed his horse as his brother had done; but Greuceanu rose and spoke to him as he had done to the first ogre. Thereupon he came out from under the bridge and they began to wrestle. The ogre lifted Greuceanu up and thrust him down into the earth up to his waist. But Greuceanu jumped up quickly and, getting hold of the ogre, dashed him into the ground and buried him up to his neck in the earth, cutting off his head. After hurling the dead bodies of the ogre and his horse below the bridge he again sat down to rest. At dawn came the father of the ogres, as pitch-black as the devil himself. When he reached the bridge his horse sprang back seventy-seven feet. His master was angrier then words can say shouted: "May the wolves devour all the horse flash there is. I fear no one in this world except for Greuceanu; and as for him I need only aim my arrow at his heart and that's the end of him." Greuceanu jumped up from under the bridge and said: "Come let us fight it out! We will cut eatch other with swords, or pierce each other with spears, or wrestle and crush each other with our arms." The ogre rushed him with his sword and they fought and fought until their swords broke; then they took up their spears and lunged at each other untiltheir spears broke too. After that they wrestled together until the earth shook beneath them. Then the ogre god hold of Greuceanu and tried to squeeze the life out of him, but when the ogre least expected it, Greuceanu crushed him in his arms and pressed so hard until all the ogre's bones cracked. A fight so terrible had never seen before. They fought and fought until the sun was high in the sky and both were weary. A raven flew up and hovered in the sky above,
  • 35. watching them as they fought: Greuceanu called to him: "O raven, raven bring me a beakful of fresh water and I'll give you three ogres and and three horses to feed upon." On hearing these words the raven flew to Greuceanu with his beak full of water and quenched this thirst. With renewed strenght Greuceanu lifted up the ogre and dashed him into the earth to his neck. Putting his feet on the ogre's head and keeping him down,he said: "Now tell me, accursed ogre, where you have hidden the sun and the moon." The ogre hesitated, but Greuceanu became more menacing: "Whether you tell me or not, I'll find them, and I'll cut your head in the bargain." Then the ogre, still hoping to save his own life, owned up: " There is a tower in the Green Forest. They are locked up there. And they key to the tower is the pinkie of my right hand." As soon as Greuceanu heard this he cut off the ogre's head and then his pinkie and took it with him. First he gave the raven all the dead bodies as he had promised, then going up to the tower in the Green Forest he opened the door with the ogre's pinkie and there he found the sun and the moon in his left, he flung them back into the sky, happy to have carried out his pledged task. When the people saw the sun and the moon in the sky again, they were overwhelmed with joy and thanked God for giving Greuceanu the strenght to defeat those develish ogres who hated manking. Greuceanu, thankful that he had brought light again into the world, started on his way back. He found his brother at the crossroads and they embraced warmly. Then, buying two horses that could travel it the speed of arrows shot from bows, they took the road leading back to the Emperor. On thew way they saw a pear tree filled wit golden fruit. Greuceanu's brother wanted to spot and rest for a bit in the shade and eat some pears, for he was very hundry. Greuceanu, however, who had overheard the ogresses plotting together, agreed to rest but did not allow his brother to pick any pears, saying that he alone would do it. Then he drew out his scimitar and cut the pear tree down at its roots, and blood, horrible poisonous blood began to flow from the tree, and a voice moaned: " You've trapped me, Greuceanu, as you did my husband." Nothing remained of that pear tree but dust and ashes; Greuceanu's brother was struck dumb by these happenings, for he knew nothing of their hidden meaning. Some time later, as they rode on, they came to a cold clear spring in a beautiful garden full of flowers and butterflies.
  • 36. The brother said: "Let's stop here, brother, and rest the horses, We'll drink some fresh water and pick flowers." "We will do so, dear brother," answered Greuceanu, "only if its garden was planted by human hands and if the water comes from one of God's sources." Pulling out his scimitar, he struck at the stem of a flower which seemed the most beautiful and it fell to the ground. Then he plunged the tip of his scimitar into the spring and dark blood began to bubble up, as it had from the broken stem of the flower and a sickly smell filled the air. Dust and ashes alone remained of the ogre's eldest daughter, who had turned herself into a beautiful garden and a spring of fresh water to poison Greuceanu. Having escaped this danger too, they jumped on their horses and rode off as swiftly as the wind, when, what should they see? The ogresses’ mother, mad with rage, flying in pursuit after them to wreak her vengeance upon the man who had slain her husband, daughters, and sons-in-law. Greuceanu, realizing that the old ogress was on her heels, told his brother: "Look behind you, brother. What do you see?" "What should I see," he answered, "but a black cloud rushing up behind us." They whiped their horses, which kept sailing as fast as the the wind and as smootly as kind thoughts. Then Greuceanu told his brother to look behind again. This time he saw the cloud drawing nearer in a welter of flame, but spurring on their horses, they managed to reach Faur, the world’s greatest smith. Here they dismounted and locked themselves inside the forge. The ogress was close behind them and had she caught up with them it would have certainly been their end, for she would not have left a single bone in their bodies uncracked. However, they were safely beyond her reach. But she tried to outwit them and asked Greuceanu to make a hole in the wall, that she could talk to him. Faur, the world's greatest smith, was ready with Greuceanu's iron image, the one he had heated on his forge with sparks flying in all directions. When the ogress put her mouth to the hole to suck Greuceanu's blood, Faur quickly pushed the red hot iron dummy down her troat. She swallowed the ronce, and swallowed twice, and at the third gulp she burst to pieces. Her dead body turned into an iron hill, and so the world was rid of her too. Faur then opened the forge, and they came out and celebrated their victory for three days and three nights. As for Faur, he was more then delighted about about the iron hill. He oredered his apprentices to make Greuceanu a cart and three horses out of this iron. When they were ready, he blew up them and gave them life. Then saying goodbye to his sworn brother, Faur, Greuceanu got into the cart with his brother and drove off to the Red Emperor to receive his reward. A great wedding was celebrated, and the fest and merriment lasted, as it lasts at imperial
  • 37. courts, for three long weeks... But now I must get into saddle again To tell others this story of wonders and bane. THE NEWLY CREATED TEXTS WITH ELEMENTS FROM ALL THE FAIRYTALES TURKEY:The Power Of Love In the country of the Red Emperor there was a girl with golden hair. When people saw the girl, they fascinated and tongue-tied. Therefore, all of the female slaves were jealous of the girl. On the other hand, she was privileged because she was the princess, Red Emperor’s daughter. However,her beauty put her into trouble. Slaves of the Emporor’s palace gossiped that the poor girl was struck by the evil eye and she was badly ill, so she was hollow-eyed then. The Emperor called doctors from all over his empire and a wise doctor informed him that she could only recover if the stone of patience was with her. Even worse, the stone had been stolen by the Ogres. The Emperor announced his subjects how he was going to reward the person who would bring the stone of patience: he would grant half of his asset. Moreover; the princess was going to get married with this hero! But if there would be someone who would comeback without the stone of patience, he would be killed by the emperor… Everybody was so much excited. Some people were also ambitious. People thought that they could succeed. But what if they couldn’t succeed? It meant to be beheaded! Fisherman Plunk who had been living poor life heard this event.He could do anything for being rich. Plunk decided to go to the palace to be a volunteer in order to get the stone of patience . When the emperor saw Plunk, he warned him about what would happen if he would not be able to succeed. But Plunk was determined and nothing could prevent him from starting this dangerous journey. -“Don’t worry my dear Emperor. I’m going to bring you the stone of patience”, he said. -“Since you trust in yourself, get ready and set off in 2 days”, the Emporor ordered. Plunk got ready and set off for taking the stone of patience from Ogre’s country. Plunk trusted in himself too much.
  • 38. While he was walking, he was muttering himself: “Certainly, I m going to succeed it and take half of the emperor’s asset What a profitable task!” Plunk came in a desolate forest after a long way. A rabbit appeared in front of him in this forest. Rabbit, in a smug attitude asked: -“Where are you going?” Plunk told him about his task. With a mocking expression on his face, the rabbit explained Plunk that it was competing with a tortoise: -“We are racing with a tortoise. Hah! Stupid tortoise thinks that it can beat me. Even I sleep for 2 hours, it won’t happen”. “There isn’t anybody except me volunteer for this this task. Only I have the courage to bring the stone of patience. I can sleep for a little time. What could happen if don’t hurry? “ thought so he fell asleep. But Plunk wasn’t right! A brave young man named John heard what had happened to the Princess and decided to visit the Emperor’s country. John arrived the palace and saw the Golden haired girl who was sleeping in her room and fell in love with her at first sight. -Oh my God! What a beauty! The poor girl’s problem must be solved! I will bring the stone of patience and rescue the girl. Then, I will marry her.I don’t want the wealth. “ He ran to the Emperor to take permission fort he journey. He set off quickly and walked a long way. At last the fearless young man arrived near Ogres. He fought with the monsters and took the stone of patience. The strange thing about him was that he wasn’t scared while fighting against the monsters, but he was scared of his own shadow. He walked a long way and arrived at the palace. He gave the stone of patience to the Emperor. The Emperor thanked him: -I m grateful to you. Half of my asset is yours , because you accomplished the task . My daughter will marry with you! -Your Grace, I don’t want your fortune but I love your daughter. If I marry your daughter, this will be the biggest present for me’’ said John. The Emperor liked this brave young man. John and the Emperor tookthe stone of patience and entered the room of Golden-Haired Girl.They left the stone to the bedside of the princess. Golden-Haired Girl opened her eyes gradually. Then, she saw Jonn. And she fell in love with him too. The Emperor gave half of his asset to John and his daughter. And what happened to conceited Plunk? When he got up, it was too late for everything.He went to Ogre’s country.But he couldn’t find the stone of patience. He returned to his country his hands empty. However, the Emperor forgave him for her daughter’s sake but ordered him to be servant in the palace forever.
  • 39. -THE END—MESSAGE :Happiness can’t be bought with money. In a World in which everything is temporary, you should’t be defeated by your ambitions. Real love can solve impossibilities. THE CZECH REPUBLIC: Breaking Of The Destiny Once upon a time, in one kingdom, seven mountains, seven seas and seven rivers, there was a king who had four children: three sons and, the youngest one, a daughter. The oldest son was very brave knight and his name was Gerceanu. The middle son was Shahzadah and he was very clever. And the youngest´s name was Jiřík, and he was humble and he liked hard working. Their little sister was called Zlatovlaska, because her hair was shining like a sun and flame. She was a fairy lady: as gentle as the first spring blossom, as fragile as the snowdrop, as kind as the saint. Her eyes were blue as the evening sky with first star, and when she smiled, it was like morning dew was clinging on the leaves of roses. Everybody must love her: father, brothers, and all the kingdom. If here poor mother lived, she would love her too…But she died in the night when her lovely lady was born. In this night, three Faid Sisters visited her. The first said the prophecy: “You will be as beautiful as your mother, but you will suffer, because she is dying now because of your birth.” The second said: “You will be so kind and brave as your father, but you will suffer in solitude as he will from this night because his beloved wife is dying.” And the third one said: “When you are 17 years old, the prophecy will be fulfilled. But if you cross the widest sea, put the sun on sky and turn the dead man into live, you will break your destination. Here are three gifts: the stone, the hankerchief, and the knife. They will help you, if you use them well and for good things.” The children grew up and the old king got older and older. He started to think: who of his three sons will be the king after him? Gerceanu, Shahzadah, or Jiřík? All of them would be good rules…
  • 40. Finally, the 18th birthday of Zlatovlaska came. She really grew up into the most beautiful and fairest maid in the whole world! Big party with ball was prepared, great tournament with riders and noblemen on horses, and great men from neighbourhood were invited. Who knows, Zlatovlaska is a girl for a wedding, maybe she will find her husband on the ball. The midnight came, and the clock bell began to chime. Suddenly, during the fireworks, in big thunderstorm the ogres appeared! “You have not invited us to the birthday ball,” one of them cried. “You have not thought we could be husbands for your daughter,” the other screamed. “So you will lose your daughter, and nobody can deliver her, hahahae!” the third shouted, grasped Zlatovlaska into his ugly huge paws and they vanished with her in the cloud of sulphur and stink. The heart of old king was broken. He fell on his knees and began to pray: “Oh help me, oh God, and give me an advice and the power hot to deliver my poor beloved child!” And he remembered the prophecy of Faid Sisters. “Sons! My sons! Where are you?” “Here we are, our father,” three sons said as one man. “What do you want us to do?” “Listen, sons: who delivers Zlatovlaska, he will be the king.” Of course every of the princes wanted to rule, who does not? “I will find my sister,” promised the brave Gerceanu. “I will find my dear sister,” claimed the clever Shahzahad. “I will find her and save her, my dear daddy,” humble Jiřík whispered with tears in his eyes. They packed their haversacks, saddle their horses and set out to find their sister. Meanwhile, Zlatovlaska was prisoned by ogres. Their giant mother wanted her to marry on of their sons, but she refused. She cut her golden hair as the sign of sorrow, the stars in her eyes died out, her smiled got frozen and she stopped talking with anybody. She was only sitting in black stone tower and watching into dark with her blind eyes…
  • 41. Three princes reach the crossroad. They threw their knives into the earth and promised to each other: “Let us meet one year later under this signpost. If somebody of us is not here and there is the rust on his knife, it will be the sigh of his death.” The kissed and blessed themselves and choose their way. Greuceanu, the brave one, rode his black horse on the right side. He travelled through deep valleys and high mountains, and everywhere he asked people, if they saw ogres or if they heard about Zlatovlaska. But nobody gave him an advice. Many days later, he met the Turtle by the seashore. “You are searching for something, I think, aren´t you?” The Turtly asked him slowly, with wisdom in her old eyes. “Yes, I am, Lady Turtle,” Gerceanu agreed with a flash of hope in his eyes. “I wish to find my sister Zlatovlaska, but evil Ogres have kidnapped her and I do not know where.” – “Well, prince, I can help you, if you help me,” the Turtle winked. “Oh really? How?” The Brave prince shouted. “Do you see the island on the skyline? There are my eggs, and evil mermaids wanted them to eat! If you swim over the sea to the island, manage to look after my eggs for three days until little turtles are born, I will tell you how to break the power of ogres.” Gerceanu smiled: “So easy task? Look after my horse, and I am back in three days!” And he sprang into the water and bravely swam to the island. It was easy for him because he was strong, well training. But mermaids came to the shore where he was looking after the eggs: “Come with us, handsome and brave hero, come with us! You will be the king of the whole sea!” And Gerceanu fall in love with the princess of the mermaids… Meanwile Zlatovlaska was feeling she is slowly dying… The middle way was chosen by Shahzadah, the clever prince. He also travelled through valleys, mountains, deserts and plains, but nobody told him anything about Ogres or Zlatovlaska. When he began to be despaired, he met the Hare by the snow plain. “What are you looking for here?” Asked him the Hare. “How do you know that I am looking for something, Mr Hare?” Shahzadah wondered. “I know many things which were, which are, and which could happen, dear clever prince,” the Hare winked, “if you help me, I will help you to find and save Zlatovlaska.” Shahzadah kissed him: “O dear Mr Hare, I am able to do everything to save my dear sister!” – “Do you see the end of the snow plain on the skyline? There are my little hares, and the eagle wants to eat them. If you manage to cross the field and give the evil the riddle which he could not answer, I will help you to destroy ogres and
  • 42. take Zlatovlaska home.” Shahzadah did not hesitate, let his brown horse by the shire of the plain and carefully went through the field. He managed to find hare´s babies and outmanoeuvre the eagle, but when he wanted to go back, beautiful she-eagles flied to him, changed into fairy maids and promised him: “If you come with us, you will rule to the clouds!” And Shahzadah fall in love with the princess of the eagles… Meanwile Zlatovlaska was feeling she is slowly dying… Jiřík choose the left way on the crossroad. He thought about himself that he is not so brave and so clever like his neither himself! He remembered the prophecy of Fate Sisters, and he was hoping that it is possible to break the course; in spite of he did not know how. He rode his dapple-grey horse, through the valleys, through the mountains, through the rivers and plains, through the deserts, forests and snow plains, and everywhere he could he helped the people, but nobody helped him how to find Zlatovlaska.brothers are, but he did not like anybody more than his sister, After many days, he came to the meadow by the sea, where the old fisherman with his family lived. But he was not only the fisherman: he was the wise man and prophet. “What are you searching for, Jiřík?” He asked, throwing the fishing rod into the water. “You know my name?” Jiřík was upset. “I know many thinks,” the fisherman smiled. “If you help me, I will help you, how to find and deliver your sister. Look: there is the black castle on the mountains behind the skyline. You cannot see it well because ogres have stolen the sky, they have thought it will make your sister alive.” – “She is dead?” Jiřík began to cry. “Not yet, but . “Oh how can I save her? Please, I beg you, help me, Mr Fisherman!” – “There is only one way how to save her, and you cannot be alone. With my son Palunko you can manage it. Listen: cross the sea, and you will find ravens on the shore. They promised me the living water, but they do not want to bring me it. If you reach the water of life, I will borrow you my own and beloved son Palunko. He is the fisherman of people: he knows how to reach the truth, the justice, and the real freedom of the heart.” Jiřík kissed fisherman´s hands, let him his horse and swam over the sea to the shore when the black castle was built by the Ogres. He was absolutely exhausted when he reached the other shore, but he thanked to God for the chance. she is going to, the birds have told us,” the fisherman sighed Then Ravens flew to him. “We know why are you here,” they cawed, “Zlatovlaska is still alive, but she is dying soon! You can save her, but you will die…” –“It does not matter to me!” Jiřík jumped. “Only if she will live!” “Our children, little ravens, are dying because of
  • 43. hunger, give them your flash. We will bring the living water to old Fisherman, and he will send his son Palunko to save Zlatovlaska. Do not be afraid, your pain will help her. You are the living stone of patience of her gift, you are the handkerchief for her tears and blooding heart, and you are the knife who will kill the evil and who will be the instrument of patience, brave, wisdom and true love.” – “Please tell my sister how much I love her,” Jiřík whispered, and uncovered his chest. The little ravens flew to him and ate his heart. Full of power of life, the raven´s family brought the water of life to Fisherman´s family. Fisherman splattered with the water the grave of his wife, and she rose up as she was only sleeping. Palunko, the fisherman´s son, sat on raven´s back, and flew into the black castle, to the chamber of Zlatovlaska. “The kiss of your brother Jiřík who sacrificed himself to save you,” Polunko said kissing her. – “What has happened with me?” Zlatovlaska whispered and the stars returned back into her eyes. “You are so fairy and I love you,” Polunko told her gently. “We can defeat evil Ogres together. May the sacrifice of your brother is not vain.” Zlatovlaska threw out the veil of her cut golden hair, and it was like the morning has broken. “Let the see go back to the sky, to the glory of God!” she claimed and began to dance, full of joy, power, hope and love. She began to smile and the morning dew fall on the flowers like a blessing. And the sun really was put back on the sky! “Love! True love! Help!” The ogres screamed dying below the power of Zlatovlaska and Palunko. The ravens pecked their eyes off and the castle was being fallen into ruines. The ravens brought Polunko and Zlatovlaska to the Fisherman cottage, put them on Jiřík´s dapple-grey horse, and sent them home. One year was over, and Gerceanu, the king if the sea, and Shahzadah, the king of the air, remembered the meeting on the crossroad. They realized that Jiřík´s knife was rusted- through. They brought home their wife, the Princess od Mermaids and Princess of Eagles, but with a feeling of blame that they have not found their sister. But Palunko and Zlatovlaska got married: the curse was broken because of Jiřík´s sacrifice and Zlatovlaska´s faith and Palunko´s courage.
  • 44. “My father, I have not found your daughter, but I have found a wife for me,” Gerceanu said, bowing his head. “My father, I have not found Zlatovlaska, but I have found a wife for me too,” Shahzadah said, also bowing his head. “My father, Jiřík had to die to save me, and he found me the husband,” Zlatovlaska said, kissing father´s hands and pouring them with tears. “May his soul find his peace,” the old king cried. “Bless you all: you, Gerceanu, and your wife, honourable princess of Mermaids, you, Shahzadah, and your wife, princess of the Eagles. And bless you, Palunko, the new king after me and the husband of Zlatovlaska.” The old king died in peace. Palunko with Zlatovlaska were clever, and good rulers and they lived happily ever after. CROATIA: Croatian fairytale Storyteller: Once upon a time there was a king called Jiřík who lived in an old castle in the forest with his daughter Goldilocks. She knew the animal language, so she often spent her free time walking around the forest. In the forest, she she came across alittle turtle which was observing passer bys sadly. (Goldilocks approaching carefully) Goldilocks: Hey there, little turtle. Why are you so sad? Did anyone hurt you? Turtle: I’m not sad, I’m just thinking a lot. Goldilocks: What are you thinking about??? Turtle: About a conversation with a goldfish. Goldilocks: Share your thoughts with me, if it’s going to make it easier for you. Turtle: The goldfish told me that all unhappiness would disappear if I solved the secret of the forest. But she didn’t tell me the secret. Besides, I’m too slow for this kind of venture. Goldilocks: (smiling) You can’t know unless you try, and I think I can help you out. Turtle: (coming closer to the girl) Goldilocks: When I was a little girl, my father told me a story about the secret of the forest, about the stone of patience. The story which will come true one day and bring back the joy
  • 45. that is missing in this forest. I think that day came and that it’s time for me to pass on the secret to you. Turtle: (excited) Tell me, tell me, I really want to know… Goldilocks: Deep in the forest by an old oak, there is a path that leads to the sea shore. Across the shore there is an ancient island Krk. You can cross the sea over the Krk’s bridge. Walking along the south side of the island, you will come across the oldest olive tree. When you get to it, take a turn onto the Roman road and go straight on. On the highest spot of the island, you will notice a cave. In that very cave there is the stone of patience. Your mission is to find it. Turtle: (with an insecure expression accepts that big responsibility) But it’s a long way to get there, how will I manage that being so small and slow??? Goldilocks: Don’t you worry about it. You won’t go alone. You will get help for your way. You'll have ground and air support. Birds, spiders and ants will help you. Rabbit: (appears from nowhere) And a rabbit, as well! Turtle: You agree to go with me? Rabbit: Well, of course, this is my forest too, you know! Turtle: I hope we’ll make it... What do you think, what are our chances? Rabbit: I don’t want to talk about success nowadays. Have you seen the decrease of the value of Euro and the state of the stock market? Turtle: Yeah, that’s true. And how about the loans in Swiss francs... And the global warming... Rabbit: And then the wars between countries, crisis and many other troubles... Turtle: But I don't want to talk about it! There are more important things to us. Like school, teachers, maths, sine and cosine, literature… Rabbit: Huh, I wish those were our biggest problems right now... From all of that talk, I’m not so sure we’re going to make it at all. Turtle: But it’s worth trying. It’s about our forest and our home. Storyteller: The very next day, the turtle and the rabbit with their little helpers hit the road. A lot of walking was ahead of them. They walked through the forest all day long, and in the evening, right next to the old oak, they found a girl playing the flute and was totally into what she was doing. She was so into it, that she noticed them only when they came right in front of her, then she stopped playing. Turtle: Hey there, girl. What’s your name? Zora: My name is Zora. And what are you doing here in this deadly nightshade? Turtle: We’re travelling in pursuit of a cave of magic stones. Do you by any chance know which way should we take from this crossroad? Zora: If you follow your heart, you will find the right way and accomplish your aim.
  • 46. Turtle: And why are you playing the flute here at night? It’s not like anyone’s listening… even though we like it. Zora: I’m playing for my beloved Greuceanu. Just to make my time go faster until dawn, because at dawn, he will be back. And I suggest you to stay here until dawn, then we can all go together. Storyteller: While the exhausted animals were sleeping and recovering their energy, Zora was tirelessly playing the flute when she heard a horse clumping (Tp!, tp!, tp!, tp!) and she noticed her beloved Greuceanu was coming towards her. When the sun set, they continued their journey. When they were passing the Plitvice lakes, a giant ogre came out of nowhere and stood right in front of them. The ogre smelled like stale cheese and sewer, he was wearing a torn vest of a brand Like, some old ripped pants and torn shoes. Ogre: Listen guys, I need lunch. Either you agree who is going to be my lunch or I will cook all of you together, and give the leftovers to my pets. Rabbit: Don’t do it, bro’. Look at me, I’m literally skin and bones. You wouldn’t fill your stomack eating me. Turtle: Me neither, I guess you’re not going to eat my shell in which I keep stuff like cigarettes, lighter, iPhone, chewing gums... Ogre: I don’t wanna hear it... I’ll cook you in sauerkraut after I have the crocodile’s tail for starter. Storyteller: After saying those words, the ogre turned upon two little helpless animals, but witty turtle hid under its own shell and hid the rabbit as well. When the ogre realized they had outwitted him, he turned to Greuceanu who defended them all. Ogre realized that he wouldn’t find his desired meal here and continued further through the forest. Greauceanu, Zora and the animals continued their way. Soon, they reached the shore coming to the Krk’s bridge. Greuceanu: Oh boy, this toll is so expensive! It's better we found another way. What do you think about that boat over there? (pointing his finger to the right side of the coast) Everyone, follow me. Storyteller: Down by the bridge, on the pebble beach Selce, the old fisherman Palunko was sitting and polishing his boat. They decided to ask the fisherman for help, to transport them on the other side of the coast. When they came to the fisherman, they noticed he was preparing a new nylon for his fishing rod. Greuceanu: Hey dude, do you have some time? Palunko: Well, I’m not quite sure... My buddies are coming for a game of Belot. Greuceanu: What are you talkin’ about? The destiny of the animals from one forest is on the line, and you would play belot? Well, I don’t think so! Palunko: Where do you want to go?
  • 47. Greuceanu: Just to the other side of the coast. Palunko: Huh, then we have a problem. My route doesn’t go your way. I only travel with my boat to the southern side of the Adriatic: Zadar, Šibenik, Split, Dubrovnik... Greuceanu and others (all together): Please, it’s really important. Palunko: Oh, okay then, if it’s about that... How much are you willing to pay? Rabbit: How about ten jars of corn? It was for my snack, and since you’re a fisherman, you could use it as a bait. Palunko: You see, I like that idea. Greuceanu: There you go, my friend, we have a deal! Storyteller: So the gang kept going their way. Palunko directed them to the olive, and when they passed it, they got on the Roman road toward the cave. On their way there, a lot of passer bys were surprised by their intention to visit the cave. They were wondering why animals would even go there. There were some scary stories about the cave. At the entrance to the cave, the turtle and the rabbit, Greuceanu and Zora could hear their own footsteps and heartbeats echoing. That sound suddenly became silent and a voice of furious ogres thundered. Ogre 1: Where do you think you are going? This is our property and my home. No one comes in and no one comes out. At least not alive (thunderous laughter) Ogre 2: You heard my brother. Leave our cave immediately! Greuceanu: Ooh no, you scared me to death! I am shaking!! We're not leaving out of here until we get the stone. The stone of patience. (At the Greuceanu’s comment, ogres start wondering who this fellow is, so brave to stand up and confront them to get the stone.) Ogre 1: Did that guy who calls himself king Jiřík send you here? If so, tell him I will give the stone only to a being that can defeat me, and still is smaller than me. Storyteller: While Greuceanu and the ogres were arguing, the slow and unnoticeable turtle passed by the ogres , took the stone and got out of the cave. After a few minutes Greuceanu’s cell phone rang. Riiiing!!! Turtle: Hey man, I’m here by the olive tree and I’ve got the stone here with me. Run away while you’re still alive. Okay now, I need to hang up. I need to top-up my cell phone. (Greuceanu, surprised by the news which he just got, puts his cell phone away and smiles to the ogres.) Greuceanu: Oh, actually, why do I need that stone of yours? Here, I just got the call, I won the jackpot! Storyteller: Greuceanu headed out, giving Zora and the rabbit a sign, though they couldn’t understand where that change of mind came from or what was going on. When they came to the old olive tree and saw the turtle, everything was perfectly clear. They knew it was time to return home to their forest. When they got to the coast, Zora took out her flute
  • 48. and with its melody she called the fisherman Palunko to return them to the other side of the shore. Palunko arrived soon and transported them by his boat. Zora: Thank you, my friend. You did a great deed for these animals. You helped them to save their home. Palunko: Anytime. Take care and have a pleasant journey. Storyteller: When they came to the old oak tree, the turtle and the rabbit continued their way to the castle. Goldilocks her father Jiřík met them at the gate expecting good news. Goldilocks: Welcome back, our dear travelers! I hope you have some good news. Have you brought the stone to us? Storyteller: The turtle replied with a smile, crawled into its shell and after a few seconds, it took out the stone of patience!... The turtle then handed it to Goldilocks, in whose hands it shone impeccably... The forest woke up at that moment, with leaves, blossoms, smells...And the birds sang their most beautiful aria... The little turtle, all beaming and happy, was watching the forest. Goldilocks: I remember... Zora said: If you follow your heart, you will accomplish your aim, you will be happy. GREECE: The Strength of devotion Narrator: “Once upon a time in a far-flung land lived a fisherman, called Plunk, with his family. His wife, Erasmina loved animals and she liked spending her leisure time with them every day. They also had a bewitching, kind-hearted stepdaughter Goldilocks who was able to speak and understand the language of all animals. The fisherman had found her abandoned on the beach as a baby.” Plunk: “My dear, you know how much I enjoy the company of both you and our beloved daughter Goldilocks.” Erasmina: “I’m aware of it my darling; I feel we’re so fortunate God sent us this wonderful girl.” Narrator: “A crisp October morning Plunk was ready to go to his usual labour.”
  • 49. Plunk: “Erasmina I’m going to go for fishing and I’ll be back after five or six hours.” Erasmina: “Plunk, I think there will be a thunderstorm. Please don’t go in the open sea today. I have a feeling that something terrible will happen.” Plunk: “Don’t worry. I am very experienced and I won’t have any problem. (he calmed her down). After all, you know that our family is the most precious thing to me. If I stay at home how will I support my family?” Narrator: “After a while, all of a sudden a terrible thunderstorm broke out and the fisherman was lost at sea. Time flew and as Plunk still hadn’t returned home his family grew worried.” Erasmina: “Goldilocks, your father went fishing in this freak storm and he hasn’t come back, yet. Stay here in case he returns and I’ll go in search of him” Goldilocks: “No, mother; you won’t go alone. I’ll come with you!” Erasmina: “No, my dear daughter! Just think that if he comes back and he finds neither of us here he will panic”. Narrator: “Meanwhile, the poor fisherman had an accident. His boat turned over and he lost consciousness. Just then Greuceanu felt sorry for him and took him to the bottom of the sea. When he came to his senses he realized where he was at the sea bottom! Next to him were two goldfish taking care of him.” Plunk: “Where am I?” Goldfish1: “Don’t worry; everything will be fine!” Plunk: “Oh! My God… you can speak! Please, tell me what happened to me?” Goldfish2: “A few hours earlier you had a terrible accident which almost cost your dear life!” Plunk: “I must go back home. My wife and daughter will be sick with worry!” (With a trembling voice) Goldfish1: “Calm down and if you really want it there is a way to return to your family.” (Pacified him)
  • 50. Goldfish2: “The only thing you have to do is go to the Prince of the Sea and he will tell you how you will be rejoined with your family.” Plunk: “If this needs to be done, it shall be done!” (Answered determinedly) Goldfish1: “Beware though! The way to the Prince of the Sea is long and rough.” (Warned him). Goldfish2: “You will walk for three days and nights; follow your heart and it will show you the way to the truth!” (They said and they both swam away) Narrator: “Not knowing what to do, Plunk followed his heart and without losing his faith or courage for a single minute he kept wandering… At some point he came across a turtle which was somewhat different from other turtles…. it had a man’s voice.” Turtle: “What are you doing here? Haven’t you been warned that it is dangerous to be here all alone?” Plunk: “Who is talking?” (Plunk asked mystified) Turtle: “Look behind you.” (On looking back Plunk was stupefied) Plunk: “Oh! My God… you can speak!” (He stammered) (Bringing himself together he asked) “My good turtle, do you know the way to the Dark Palace where the Prince of the Sea lives?” Turtle: “Do you know what you’re asking for? No one who went there ever came back.” (The turtle answered in an awed whisper) Plunk: “I’m afraid of nothing! I’ll do whatever it takes to return to my family!” (Plunk snapped) Turtle: “I warned you! You should know, however, that nothing is as it seems to be. Take this and when the right time comes the stone of patience use it at will” (the turtle confided putting in his hand a magic stone - the stone of patience- and disappeared in the dark ocean.)
  • 51. Narrator: “Plunk wondered for three days and three nights as the goldfish had said and then he came outside the Dark Palace which was guarded by three fearsome Ogres. Just then he recalled the advice of the turtle and he figured out that the magic stone was his only help. On kissing the stone of patience his shadow disappeared; he had become invisible. This way he went through the gates of the palace unharmed and then he assumed his previous form. The first thing he discerned was a long, dark hall leading to a golden throne on which the Young Prince Jiřík reposed.” Prince Jiřík: “Come closer.” Plunk: “I want to go back to my family but I’ve lost my way and…” Prince Jiřík: “I know what you want...” (The Young Prince cut in) Plunk: “Please help me” Prince Jiřík: “In order to fulfill your wish you must solve the following riddle or else you will lose everything.” Plunk: “I’ll do it.” Prince Jiřík: “What is it that cracks but doesn’t break… Hurts but doesn’t talk… And if it stops it doesn’t restart?” Prince Jiřík: “I’ll give you the following clue: Just think what you’ve been through.” (The Young Prince said enigmatically.) Narrator: “Just then Plunk recalled the words of the goldfish “Follow your heart” and whispered hesitantly” Plunk: “It’s the heart.” Narrator: “All of a sudden a dazzling light blinded him and he lost consciousness... Sometime later Plunk woke up on the beach having the form of a wounded snake and next to him was the Prince taking care of him. Shortly after, the Prince heard somebody’s footsteps. He turned around and saw a beautiful, tall, golden-haired maiden with piercing blue eyes. The Prince was transfixed by her striking beauty and could not take his eyes off her. The snake
  • 52. was taken aback by the maiden’s presence, as she was Goldilocks who was nostalgically walking along the shore thinking about her father. On seeing the wounded snake and the Prince, Goldilocks was startled and rushed back home.” Goldilocks: “Oh, mother you’ll never guess what happened to me!” (She sobbed) “While I was walking along the shore I saw a huge snake and a man staring at me. I was so frightened.” Erasmina: “Please, calm down. Let’s go back to the beach and show me,” (said softly) Goldilocks: “What are you talking about? It’s very dangerous!” Narrator: “Just then she saw her friend the hare who was always close to her in order to help her.” Hare: “I have a surprise for you. Go to the beach with your mother and you’ll see something which will make you rejoice.” Narrator: “Goldilocks followed the hare’s advice and headed for the shore with her mother... After a long trek they reached the shore… All of a sudden, they were confronted with the wounded snake and the Prince. On facing this strange sighting, Erasmina realized that the snake she was looking at was not an ordinary one.” Erasmina: “Goldilocks, my daughter, look at how this poor, wounded snake is looking at both of us. Its eyes are full of nostalgia; there’s no the cold, heartless look of a usual snake!” Narrator: “Unable to fight back her tears, Erasmina burst out crying and when a tear dropped on the snake it was transformed into Plunk… Both Erasmina and Goldilocks were left speechless.” Goldilocks: “Oh! Father it’s you!” (She cried out, throwing her arms around her father) Erasmina: “We thought we would never see you again” Plunk: “Calm down. Nothing could keep me away from you my dears” Erasmina: “But Plunk, where have you been all these days? We looked everywhere for you.” Plunk: “It was my love and devotion to our family that helped me come back. An evil witch had trapped this lad making him the Prince of the sea. The witch had cast a spell on him
  • 53. condemning him to live forever in the sea. The only way for the Prince to break the spell was to find someone who would renounce the luxury of the sea world for something else. That was finally me who rejected the Prince’s offer and chose rejoining my family. This way I set myself free and helped this lad escape from the prison of the sea world. If it hadn’t been for Greuceanu I would be dead now.” Erasmina: “My dear Plunk, I don’t believe it! I thought I’d never see you again.” Goldilocks: “Oh! Father, I’m here with you now and I’ll take care of you until you get well.” Plunk: “You make me feel much better now. I’ve missed both of you so much! I love you more than my life!” Goldilocks: “We love you too father! Now try to rest. Everything will be fine.” Narrator: “The prince was amazed by Goldilocks’ love for her father and by the kindness of her heart. He realized that she was the one for him.” Prince Jiřík: “How I’ve been longing for this moment! I was suffering in silence because an evil witch cursed me with eternal loneliness and only the love of a kind-hearted maiden could break the spell. Now I’m sure I know how the real love is. I’ve learned it from your family.” Plunk: “You are a remarkable man and you worth the best in your life.” Prince Jiřík: “If I have your permission I have a question for your daughter” Plunk: “Of course you have” Prince Jiřík: “My dearest, will you marry me? Goldilocks: “I… I… Yes, I’ll marry you!” Prince Jiřík: “I promise I will do everything within my power so that you are happy for the rest of your life!” Narrator: “Thus Erasmina found her missing husband and Goldilocks her father and a loving husband… A few days later the graceful maiden got married to the Prince, they had lots of children and lived happily ever after.”
  • 54. “Thus, Plunk’s perseverance to go back to his family proved that family ties and the devotion to it are more worthy than all the riches of the world.” ROMANIA: Life Is A Journey Once upon a time... There were three mortals that God decided to put to a test. He endowed all of them with special gifts, and it was time to see if they were worthy of those gifts. The three people were: a fisherman, a knight and a very beautiful Turkish woman. The fishername’s name was Plunk - ac good craftsman in building boats. The knight’s name was Greuceanu, a worthy name for a mighty man. The woman did not have a name, so she was always quiet and had a mysterious appearance. She was very wise and extremely beautiful. Each of them received a magical tool: Plunk had two water bottles in which there was living water and dead water; Greuceanu had the stone of patience and the Turkish woman received the gift of understanding animal speech. Our three heroes set off and started their journey without knowing what was lying ahead or where the adventure would end. Near Turkey, on the river Ebro, Plunk had to show his skills in boat building and so he did. He designed and built a boat to carry all of them on the rough waters of the river - the first challenge that God had sent. For 40 days he worked on this boat with a friend, Dauntless Little John. When they finished, God sent a bird to show them the way across the river.
  • 55. Once they reached the river bank, by a thick forest, the woman asked the bird: “ Dear bird, please tell us what to do next”. ”Follow this path until you reach a fountain, but be careful not to turn away from the road.” Answering this, the bird disappeared by magic, without giving the woman enough time to ask more questions. They realized they were alone, on a dark path that seemed to direct their steps to an enchanted forest full of dangers. Suddenly the trees started swaying, coming to life in a beautiful dance, revealing to them the way they had to follow. A new path enlightened, led to a bridge, and the three heroes happily rushed to get there. Looking back, the woman saw the forest closing down behind them, as if the road had never been there. However, approaching the bridge, they felt a chill down their spines. The bridge, tied to wooden poles, about two feet tall at each end, bore traces of the unfortunate soldiers who dared to pass it. Suddenly they heard a terrible roar coming from under the bridge. The woman went closer, not knowing what creature was lying there. A huge ogre made its appearance. Everyone froze with terror but as soon as its burning eyes met the woman’s gentle face, it fell powerless. Without any hesitation, Greuceanu lifted his sword and hit the ogre in its right shoulder. Mad with pain, the ogre lifted up Greuceanu and thrust him into the earth up to his knees. Then Greuceanu cought hold of the ogre and thrust him into the earth up to his neck and quickly cut off his head. It was a terrible fight. Plunk, who was not very brave by nature, was hiding during all this time. When there was silence, he came out of hiding place and found Greuceanu weeping near the woman's lifeless body. With tears in his eyes, the brave knight was crossing the bridge, carrying
  • 56. in his arms the feeble bode of the beautiful woman whom he had fallen in love with. Finally they arrived at the well with sad hearts. All of a sudden, out of the bushes, a furry hare and a wise turtle made their appearance. Approaching our heroes, the rabbit turned into a princess with golden hair . ”Why don’t you use your gift, dear Plunk?”, she asked the fisherman. Plunk had forgotten about the living water and dead water. ”Please, teach me what to do”, he said, taking out the two little bottles. The golden haired princess’ tortoise said: ”Pour the living water and dead water in this fountain and then spray the beautiful woman. And when she wakes up, give her more water to drink! ” What a great wonder and joy they felt when the woman’s eyes opened again. Greuceanu turned to thank the hare and the tortoise but they had vanished. After a short while our three heroes fell into a deep sleep. When they awoke, they were near the bot and the same bird that had helped them before, was flying round above them. ”You did well but you still have one more trial”, the bird said. ”However, the road is long and tricky.’ For three days they drifted away on the whirling waters, having lost all hope that this journey would end soon. Suddenly, the waters started swelling and a two-headed snake suddenly came out of the water, near their boat. To their astonishment, it began to speak: ”My name is Zo”, said the first head. ”And my name is Ra”, said the second. ”Your journey is almost over. You have only one trial. You must answer a riddle: What goes on four legs in the morning, on two legs at noon, and on three legs
  • 57. in the evening? You have the right to three answers. Each wrong answer will send one of you to death. ” They prayed to the patience stone and after two days, the beautiful woman, Greuceanu and Plunk summoned ZO, RA to appear. ”The answer to the riddle is man, who crawls on all fours as a baby, walks on two legs as an adult, and walks with a cane in old age”, she said in a brave voice. Zo Ra vanished in flames and the same bird appeared in front of our three heroes: ”You succeeded in passing the three trials. You showed courage, patience and wisdom. I will show you the way to your final destination. ” They reached the gates of a palace by the sea, where they were greeted by an angel who led them in the great Garden of Eden. In the middle there was a giant silver tree. ” I will fulfill one wish for each of you, as a reward for your deeds”, a voice echoed in the heart of the tree. ”I want to be rich”, said Plunk. ”Everyone will respect me when I am a rich man”. ” I am very disappointed”, the voice replied. ”You have not learned any important lessons from the journey that you did. Modesty and humility are virtues that you, my dear Plunk, have not acquired. But may it be as you wish. You will be rich, but will be alone forever.” Then it was the woman’s turn: ”What do you wish for? ” After a moment of silence, the woman said: ”I want a name and a place of my own in this world. ” ”Very well. Your name will be Leyla. You will soon find your happiness. ”
  • 58. It was Greuceanu’s turn. ”What do you wish for? ” ”A family”, he said turning his eyes to Leyla. And they lived happily ever after. Our tale has come to an end. Our heroes learned their lessons, some got what they wanted and some- what they deserved. One thing is certain: life is a journey, full of trials and everyone is endowed with gifts from God. No matter the nationality, religion, age or colour of skin, we need to be brave, determined, honest, wise and kind to receive what we want in life. THE SECOND YEAR OF PROJECT The second year of project finds our group in Romania, in October 2012. In the country of legends, our collegues from Turkey, Czech Republic, Croatia, Greece have the chance to know better our traditions, our educational system, our school, to take part in activities and workshops, to work on the project and also to meet the whole team.
  • 59. Romania, October 2012 The journey came to an end in Croatia, in April 2013. The end of the project was successful but painful. We started the journey as a group of teachers and students who focused on objectives and organizational details. We ended it as a group of friends with the same vision and with our hearts full of hope for future coperation. The second year came with folk tales from all the five countries . The students and teachers worked to create new texts with elements all the original ones. The newly created folktales were turned into theatre plays and here are the results: www.letsmeetunderthespots.weebly.com. The final outcome, a play with students actors from all the countries involved,was a show of talent and work, of friendship and cooperation, of unity in diversity, where every person was part of one people: the Comenius people.
  • 60. Croatia, April 2013
  • 61. RESULTS: NATIONAL FOLKTALES TURKEY: Delu Dumrul Among the Oghuz people there was a man by the name of Delu Dumrul. He had a bridge built across a dry river bed. He collected thirty-three akchas from anyone who passed over it, and those who refused to pass over it he beat and charged forty akchas anyway. He did this to challenge anyone who thought he was braver than Delu Dumrul to fight, with the purpose of making his own bravery, heroism and gallantry known even in places as far distant as Anatolia and Syria. One day it happened that a troop of nomadics camped along his bridge. A fine, handsome youth in the nomad troop fell sick and died at the command of Allah. Some cried saying "Son", some cried saying "Brother", and there was great mourning for him. Delu Dumrul, enhancing to come along, asked: "Why are you crying? What is this noise by my bridge? Why are you mourning?" They said: "My khan, we lost a fine young man. That is why we are crying." Delu Dumrul asked: "Who killed your bey?" They said: "Oh, bey, it was by the order of Almighty Allah. The red-winged Azrail took his life." "What sort of fellow is this Azrail who takes people's lives? For the sake of your unity and existence, O Almighty Allah, let me see Azrail. Let me fight and scuffle with him to save the life of such a fine youth, so that he never takes a life again", said Delu Dumrul. He then turned away and went home.
  • 62. Now, Almighty Allah was not pleased with Dumrul's words. He said: "Look at that madman. He does not understand my oneness. He does not express his gratitude to me and dares to behave arrogantly in my mighty presence." He ordered Azrail: "Go and appear before the eyes of that madman. While Delu Dumrul was sitting and drinking with his forty companions, Azrail suddenly arrived. Delu Dumrul's eyes were blinded, his hands paralyzed. The entire world was darkened to his eyes. He began to speak. Let us see what he said, my khan. "What a mighty, big old man you are! My eyes, which could see, now cannot;. My soul trembled and was terrified; My mouth is cold as ice; Ho! white-bearded old man, Cold-eyed old man! Go away, or I may hurt you." Azrail was angry at these remarks. He said: "Oh, madman! You were boasting and saying that you would kill the red-winged Azrail if you caught him to save the life of the fine young lad. Oh, fool, now I have come to take your life. Will you give it, or will you fight with me?" Delu Dumrul asked: "Are you the red-winged Azrail?" "Yes, I am", replied Azrail. "Are you the one who takes the lives of these fine boys?", asked Dumrul. "That is so", said Azrail. Delu Dumrul mounted his horse and said: “ Let me kill you and save the life of that fine young man." But when the horse saw Azrail, it was frightened and threw Delu Dumrul off its back to the ground. He became powerless. Azrail came and pressed down upon his white chest. Delu Dumrul gasped: "O Azrail, have mercy! There is no doubt about the unity of Allah. I did not know you secretly took lives. I was drunk, and so I did not hear.
  • 63. I did not know what I had said. O Azrail, please spare this life of mine." Azrail said: "You mad rascal, why do you beg mercy from me? Beg mercy from Almighty Allah. What is in my hands? I am but a servant." Delu Dumrul said: "Is it, then, Almighty Allah who gives and takes our lives?" "Of course", said Azrail. Delu Dumrul then turned to Azrail and said: "You are a cursed fellow. Do not interfere with my business. Let me talk with Almighty Allah myself." Delu Dumrul spoke to Allah. Let us listen to what he said. "You are higher than the highest. No one knows how high you are, Allah the Magnificent. Immortal, merciful Allah, Almighty Allah was pleased with the way Delu Dumrul addressed him this time. He shouted to Azrail that, because the mad rascal believed in His oneness, he was giving him his blessing and that his life might be spared if he could find another willing to serve as a substitute for him. Azrail said to Delu Dumrul: "Oh, Delu Dumrul, it is the command of Almighty Allah that you should provide the life of someone else for your own, which will then be spared." Delu Dumrul said: "How can I find someone else's life? I have no one in the world but an old mother and an old father. Let us go and see if one of them will give his life for me. If so, you can take it, and leave me mine." Delu Dumrul rode to his father's house, kissed his father's hand and spoke to him. Let us see what he said to his father. "My white-bearded father, beloved and respected, Do you know what has happened to me? The red-winged Azrail flew down from the sky To take my sweet life. Father, I beg you to give me your life. Will you give me it, father?
  • 64. His father answered: "Son, son, oh, my son! The world is too sweet, and living is too dear Go to your mother, more dear and beloved than I.." Refused by his father, Delu Dumrul next rode to his mother and said to her: "Do you know what has happened to me, my mother? The red-winged Azrail flew down from the sky To take my sweet life My father denied me the life that I asked from him, mother. I ask you for yours, now, my mother. Will you give me your life.. his mother said: "Son, son, oh, my son! Son, whom I carried nine months in my narrow womb,, Whom I fed my abundant white milk.. The world is too sweet, and the human soul is too dear" His mother also refused to give her life for him. Azrail, therefore, came to take Delu Dumrul's life. Delu Dumrul said: "O Azrail, be not hasty. Have mercy…” Azrail replied: "Oh, you madman, why do you keep begging for mercy? You went to your white-bearded father, but he refused to give you his life. You then went to your white- haired mother, and she also refused to give you her life. Who do you think will give you his life?" "I have yet a loved one. Let me go and see her", said Delu Dumrul. "Who is your loved one, mad fellow?", asked Azrail. "I have a wife, and I have two children by her. Take my life after I visit them. I have a few things to say to them." He rode then to his wife and said to her:
  • 65. "Do you know what has happened to me? The red-winged Azrail flew down from the sky To take my life My father denied me the life that I asked from him. I went to my mother, but she refused, too. They said that the world was too sweet and life was too dear.. His wife then spoke: "What is it you say, My strong ram, my young shah, Whom I loved at first sight, And gave all of my heart? Whom I gave my sweet lips to be kissed; Whom I slept with upon the same pillow and loved. What shall I do with the life when you are no longer here?; Let my life be a sacrifice made for the sake of your own." Saying this, she consented to die. When Azrail came to take the lady's life, Delu Dumrul could not spare his wife. He pleaded with Almighty Allah: "You are higher than the highest; No one knows how high you are, Allah the Magnificent! If you take any life, take the lives of us both. If you spare any life, spare the lives of us both, Merciful Almighty Allah." Almighty Allah was pleased with Delu Dumrul's words. He gave his orders to Azrail: "Take the lives of Delu Dumrul's father and mother. I have granted a life of 140 years to this married couple." Azrail took the lives of the father and mother right away, but Delu Dumrul lived with his wife for 140 years more. THE CZECH REPUBLIC: Maidens´ War
  • 66. In the beginning of the Bohemian tribe, there was the judge called Krok and his three daughters. The youngest of them, Libuše, was the judge after her father´s death, and she married the ploughman Přemysl who was, according to myths, the first Bohemian duke. Libuše was also the prophet, she could see the future. For example, she saw the city of Prague in the future. Everybody loved her and before she married Přemysl, she had been ruling herself. But the duchess Libuše died and her ladies and girls were very sad. Men were making fun of them: “Now you are as errant sheep without shepherd!” And there is one folk tale, which belongs to one ace by the river Vltava not far away from Vyšehrad, the first castle, where Libuše and Přemysl were living. This place, a hill by the valley, is called Wild Šárka, according to one of the heroines of maidens´ war. So, men were taunting maidens and women, and the flame of their anger flared up. Maidens wanted to revenge and to rule as Libuše used to. The first of them, Vlasta (her name means Homeland), prompted them to take the sword and the bow and to begin to fight. She created the company and begin to build the forficate castle called Děvín (Maidens´ place). Maidens were listening Vlasta in everything. They were searching for other girls in the whole country, telling them: “Come to us, let´s fight against men! Leave your husbands, we are born for ruling and men could be our servants. If Přemysl was a ploughman, may all men work, and we will rule.” Soon Děvín was fool of women and maidens, and men ridiculed them, when they saw how women are trying to ride the horse and handle weapons. Also the fellows of duke Přemysl were laughing, and only he was sad and troubled: “I cannot laugh, my friends, because I have seen terrible things in my dreams.” And he wanted to warn them: “I have seen the night and the air full of heavy dark smoke. In the light of the fire, there was a young woman in head-piece, long hair were fluttering in wind. She had a sword in her right hand and the goblet in her left hand. All around her were killed men. She began to run and dance and tread on their corpses, and then she gathered their blood in the cup and drank as the angry beast! Listen to me, my men: I am warning you. Listen to the voice of our gods, search for their signs!”
  • 67. Meanwhile maidens were preparing the battle against men. Without a heart, they told their husbands and fathers: “We do not belong to you. Look after yourselves without us!” And they promised themselves the faith and the oath: “If somebody of us betray, may she perish by her own sword!” And maidens told their oath to their lady-chief, Vlasta. And Vlasta assigned their tasks. Vlasta let the cleverest maidens in her council, the bravest sent to the battlefield, and the most beautiful sent to men to seduce them. So she wanted to kill men in the way of power and also the trick. But silly men didn´t believe to Přemysl and went to the castle Děvín to play some games with maidens! But – maidens didn´t leave their walls, and when men shown their swords, also maidens! Vlasta opened the gate and first of all rode her black horse: “Let´s fight, my maidens! If we give in, men will lough and ridicule us! They will make you sleeves and servants! It is really better to die in fight than to surrender! So, kill them all, even though it would be your father or brother or husband!” Vlasta´s brave company – Mlada, Častava, Hodka, Radka, began to fight, and upset and astonished men stopped their jeering. The battle was short. Three hundred of men died and others escaped to the black forest. Maidens began to celebrate their victory and they wanted other fight. Men could not capture the hillfort nor by power, nor by trick. And women who were staying in Vyšahrad castle with men were Vlasta´s spies. The most beautiful of all maidens, Šárka, caused the murder of young hero Ctirad. Ctirad and his company was coming home to Prague´s castle. It was very hot summer day. In the noon, the meadows and the forrest by the valley was silent. But suddenly the begging voice began to cry: !Oh save me, help!” The black raven flew over Ctirad´s head, but nobody noticed this warning.
  • 68. Ctirad behold young maiden, who was banded to the oak tree by the rock. She stopped her begging, tired and terrified and hopeless. When she saw Ctirad and his company, she whispered with sweet, charming voice: “Deliver me, have a mercy, my lord!” When Ctirad cut the bond, she kissed him and thanks him: “I am Šárka from Okořín, the doughter of local duke. The maidens of Děvín hold me up when I was gathering raspberries in this bush. They wanted to take me to Děvín, but they heared your horses and let me here. Please take me to my father before maidens come again!” “Don´t be afraid, my lady,” Ctirad told her and gave her flask with water. Also she gave him something to drink, but in her flask was mead, and also Ctirad´s fellows. Soon the company fell asleep, and Ctirad was listening to lovely Šárka´s voice. “You have very nice horn, I would like to try its voice,” said Ctirad and blew it as strong as he could. The repercussive sound of the horn was heard by Vlasta and her maidens, who were masked in the bush. Surprised men wake up, but maidens killed them easily. Ctirad wanted to help them, but maidens tied him to the same place where Šárka was bounded before. “May you are punished by all gods!” he screamed, but Šárka was laughing. Ctirad was taken on Děvín and executed: his body was broken in the wheel. The wild valley of rocks and bushes, in which this folk tale happened, is called by the name of the maiden, who became the bane for all. Next day spies told Přemysl that Ctirad´s corpse is in the wheel in front of Děvín´s gate. Men became angry and furious. “Přemysl, you are our duke, lead us to revenge!” the begged. Some of men attacked maidens on roads and in shire. Annoyed Vlasta, feeling sure with her victory, proud and mighty, began to call all of women and maidens to war. But men were stronger and before maidens had managed to reach Děvín, men killed them. Vlasta rode her horse in the middle of the battle to help her maidens, but she fetched up in the middle of men. They ripped her of her black horse and slashed her body. So Vlasta died alone. Also other maidens were fighting in vain. When they saw that Vlasta had died, they began to fear and run away to Děvín.
  • 69. Maidens began to cry and beg for mercy, like women, and slimily embraced their brothers and fathers. But men had no mercy. Some of maidens were pierced, some of them were thrown from windows and walls. Then Děvín was demolished. This was the end of maidens´ war. The order and law has been established again and the duke was ruling alone, without women. CROATIA: VELI JOŽE - HUGE JOŽE It was a long time ago, when governor Barbabianka and Sir Zuane Della Zonta, a Venetian major and a captain of Motovun forest, went around Istria to mark oaks they would knock down and transport to Venice. The summer sun heated Motovun. Barbabianka dragged a donkey behind him. - How much have we marked untill now? – asked Barbabianka. - Seven thousand thirty four. – answered Zuane. - That's enough. The people are going to complain. - No problem. Let’s make it seven thousand thirty five, and that’s enough! Zuane gave the governor limestone and a small broom to mark his coat of arms on the timber, when two arms emerged from the bush, grabbed and tossed the donkey into the air. A giant appeared in front of them, strong as a bull, with messy hair, torn clothes and covered in dust. That was a serf Jože from Branenci village. Barbabianka was shaking from fear but Zuane told him: - Noble sir, take that stick and smack that insolent man as hard as you can. The governor started hitting the serf until his stick almost broke and the serf Jože stood there before the mayor all mopped and kind. Then, Zuane ordered him to take the mayor back to the town and the serf took him and placed him under his left elbow and took
  • 70. him to the town. The mayor was looking at the Istrian serf trying to assure himself that everything that is big shouldn’t be looked at from close distance. He was scared of the giant's teeth that could crush him so he told him: -Good Jože, are you hungry? -Yes I am, sir. -Who feeds you? -The people from the town. When I bring them wood or stone, when I dig all day long or chop timber for them. And the sailors give me something when I pull their barge on the river. -How old are you? – asked the governor. -They say three hundred years old, but it is obvious I am older. Barbabianka realized that Joze was the only remaining giant left, and thought it would be great if he took him to Venice on a leash so he asked the giant if he would go to Venice with him to. -Hm! – grounded the giant and put the governor down onto the Motovun's wall. The people from Motovun rounded around him eager to make jokes with him. -Hey, Jože, the gentlemen in the hall are roasting an ox for you. -Sing Jože! – someone shouted. – You will get a bottle of wine. And Jože started to sing a song about king Draganja, a song about the fame and death of the giants. When the giant stopped, the citizens said: -Good one, you earned yourself wine and ox. Open your mouth. The giant wanted to say something, but a big ball of muddy hay shut his mouth. The giant was insulted and he jumped over the town walls, grabbed Motovun tower with his hands and started shaking it from the top to the bottom. The crowd got scared. At that time, in the town hall, the mayor of Motovun held a speech and thanked the governor for his bravery. In the speech he reminded them of a custom, which is two
  • 71. hundred years old, according to which they feed a giant with an ox every Saturday, but the citizens wanted to end the custom. At the end of the second council meeting, treasurer Civetta told them: - I would gild that savage. Jože ploughs our land, he builds the town’s walls and towers, feeds us and defends us. He has been so good to us to have any bad feelings for him! In the end, they decided that the governor Barbabianka would take the giant to Kopar at Easter and then everybody would be satisfied. They made the deal that serf Jože would get half a barrel of wine, three baskets of bread and the best ox. The gates of the town hall opened. The governor came out with the noblemen. A few men were carrying roasted ox, three baskets of bread and a small barrel of wine. Jože was told that it all belonged to him then but fearing some fraud, he took the gifts, and rushed to his pit near the shed. At Easter dawn Zuane took his horse and Huge Jože to town Kopar to the governor Barbabianka while citizens were throwing their hats into the air, waving their hands, screaming and yelling: - Have a nice trip, Jože! At dawn he set off from Kopar port on a big ship to Venice. Jože leaned his head against the stern. He didn’t feel good because he was taken away from Motovun. As the land was disappearing on the horizon, Jože was getting more depressed and he wanted to jump into the water and return to his forests. The ship was shaking. Suddenly Jože heard a song sung in his own language. In the darkness he felt the lid, raised it and pushed it aside, and in there he found a galley-slave Ilija, chained to the ship. They told each other their stories. Then Jože found out that Ilija was a giant from Neretva captured by Venetians who cut off his legs and that he had been chained in the galley for 20 years. Then he told Jože: - Do not give up, crush them! You have hands to work with them, do it for you and your friends. And that land is yours. - The storm is coming. It will be terrible and our ship will sink. You are big and strong. I will sink with the galley. So you must swear that from today on you will be like a dog who does not let anyone take his bone.
  • 72. - I swear, Jože told him. The wind hit the boat harshly and made it shake as a wounded beast. The waves raised the sea, Jože listened to the last song of galley-slave Ilija. The clouds came down, lightning burst, rain started. The bow broke and the stern was damaged. The ship crashed into something and slammed on the sand. Jože jumped into the water and tried to reach the ship with his hands, but the wave took the ship away. Jože stayed alone. At dawn the sea threw the giant to the shore of Raska Cave. Shepherds saw him while he was resting and sunbathing near the cave. In a few days Jože gathered 20 giants and led them to the peak of Dogheaded hill between Pazin and Motovun. Strange stories were told about them around Istria and all towns closed their doors, and all noble castles raised their bridges and set guards. Without serf-giants, fields, meadows and vineyards were devastated. Citizens and noblemen were worried, and serfs started to clear up slopes and plough the land. In summer crops were ripening, the land became green. They began fixing old walls of their town and on the hill called Dogheaded hill they found shacks for animals and themselves. So they built a wooden city surrounded by a wall of stones and oaks. One day, when they were working in the field they saw enormous, cold plates. - What is it? - Said Juric, digging further into the pit. - Money. Gold. - Jože replied. - And what is it for? - I don't know what it is for. Those rings local people in Motovun wear on their fingers, and females in their ears. - And why is that? - Oh, because, it's a sign that they aren’t allowed to work. When they came out of the pit, they walked down the hill with hoes, they saw an army of dwarfs and two knights in front of them, Oda and Bracciodura. Giants went back to their town. They sat on the walls and observed the army in the valley. Roaring and screaming dwarfs fought through the valley. They swarmed like ants, climbing the rocks with knives in their mouth. Weapons resounded, spears flew by. - What should we do? - Giants asked their chief.
  • 73. Jože stood for a moment and pointed to the black oaks behind the shed: - You sweep! Several giants rushed to the trees. There were chaos and screams. Army of citizens encamped on the Štriga's peak near Dogheaded hill. They said that the bandits should be punished and bring them back into the shed as mad sheep. They decided that Motovun's, Pazin's and Labin's mayors should go with treasurer Civetta to Giant's town. They climbed their donkeys and went to serfs without company. When they came under the walls, giant Jurić asked them what they wanted, and then Huge Jože, Liberat and Toma started to negotiate with them. Motovun's delegation promised the giants roasted oxen and bottles of wine, but the Giants replied: - We're fine here! We're working. We're free. Treasurer asked Huge Jože if he knew what it meant to be free, and he replied: - I don't, however... Now working is even better for me. Now it's all mine. - Jože! - Asked one of the mayors – will you, therefore, come with us? - Sir - replied the giant – leave us alone! If serfs listened to me, we would return what belonged to us. The mayor promised that the district would feed them and they would enjoy the same rights as citizens, but the Giants replied: - We shall not come to you. Forget about us and work alone in the fields. The mayors were ashamed and started to pack and leave, but Jože said: - Wait, I don't want you to go back empty-handed. Giants's hands were filled with gold and silver. - Remove the hats! – he said. Rings, chains and golden coins were falling out of his hands like golden rain. The mayors picked up the treasure, mounted their donkeys and rushed down. The citizens were alerted on the news that the mayors had come back with pockets full of gold, and that the Dogheaded hill is full of buried treasure. The loudest ones were those from Motovun, Pazin and Buzet because Dogheaded hill was located on the border of their districts and each district tried to prove that the Hill was theirs. It was like fever shaking the noblemen' and tradesmen' bones. They wanted to know whose gold it was and who would get it.
  • 74. The crops were ripening at the heat of summer, serfs worked in the valley and on the slopes, and people spent their days in argument. Twice they tried to reach the giants' walls, but they returned beaten and disgraced. - These wild serfs are giant Polifems' great-grandchildren. They're not worthy to be compared to me - said Baron Braccioduro. Treasurer Civetta just kept his mouth shut. Citizens began coming at night, to climb the Dogheaded hill and dig another pit, but they found only a few skulls. One evening Jože caught four locals from Motovun and recognized that they were the ones who had shut his mouth with muddy hay. He decided to fight back: - Do you want gold? - Gold! – they cheered, and Jože saw how their eyes glowed in the darkness. - But I will not give it to you. You must deserve it. - How? - Come and help us with our work in the valley. Huge Jože awoke with his hair filled with dew, threw his hoe on his shoulder and headed for the valley with citizens. - I'm going to dig, and you'll clear the stones behind me. - He told them. So they were working in the valley. The citizens filled with wrath gathered on the Štriga's peak . - What a disgrace! Citizens serve serfs. Tired and dusty, the four people who worked returned to Huge Jože. Locals from Motovun rushed, seized and hanged them to save their good reputation. But after two days locals from Labin, who wanted to serve those who were paying, came as poor citizens weren't ashamed to work. So over hundred people began to work for Huge Jože. The time for a plentiful harvest came around the Dogheaded hill. The mayor and treasurer Civetta came from Motovun with several carts of wine. Civetta didn't come for gold, but he got involved in a fight between the giants. Jože became arrogant, he drank like a nobleman, proud to be the grandson of some king Dragonja whose glass and crown nowadays adorned the altar of Motovun's church. He relentlessly spent his last gold coins. - Are we going too? - said Motovun's mayor to Civetta one d - I'm staying. Someday I'll go with Huge Jože. - Don't you see what happened? They don't need us anymore.
  • 75. - They do. A path to freedom is long and difficult. The citizens used to serve to gold. It's a good thing that they got the money from serfs' hands, but the serf is not allowed to get the money from our hands. What he must overcome to reach true freedom lies in him. I'm counting on that! Mayor went toward the city, and Civetta stayed with a few citizens. It was a clear autumn day. In the middle of Dogheaded hill giants gathered to celebrate rich harvest, but there was a fight. Jože wanted all the land in the valley for himself. Giants Liberat and Jurić didn't agree and the fight about the land began. Insulted, because almost everyone was against him, he burned the wheat, and the flame spread onto the whole town. Treasurer took Jože away into the pit on the west side of the hill. Giants wanted to punish him, and he just wanted to live quietly in the valley. The next day Giants told Civetta about their misfortune and concluded that they had no one to be a good and wise mayor. They were begging him to be their mayor, but he refused. At Christmas treasurer dropped another apple of discord. He told the serfs that he was coming to divide the land. Civetta divided the land and asked everyone to respect the document. Jože didn't agree with that because he wasn't there and said that the valley would only belong to him. So giants Liberat and Jože started a fight over the land in the valley which resulted in Liberat's murder. Other serfs, all scared, listened to treasurer. - We don't know how to be free. We would like to go back to our old masters - they said. - That's all nice - Civetta said - but will they want you back? Civetta wrote letters to chiefs that one serf would be brought to their town, and that he was going with Huge Jože to Motovun. - Giants surrendered, bowed their heads, and went to various parts of the Istrian land. The last to leave the Dogheaded hill was treasurer Civetta. Huge Jože followed him. At noon on the second day they saw houses of Motovun between rivers Mirna and Dragonja. Treasurer was happy. He came back with serf Jože. He rode a donkey in front of the giant, and dragged Jože like a dog. Far on the horizon the sea came into sight. A big galley sailed on the sea. Giant remembered the storm in the middle of the night, the galley-slave Ilija and his song. It seemed to him like Ilija was yelling in his both ears: "Do not be a slave. You are a man, too." Soon they heard drums, trumpets and cheers: Long live the treasurer! Suddenly, people fell silent, turned pale of disappointment, turned yellow of anger. Treasurer turned back and realized: Huge Jože disappeared without a trace.
  • 76. GREECE: The Name Of Athens ATHENA, DONOR OF THE OLIVE TREE. In the old times a small village was built close to the river Ilissos. In the beginning, it had no name and it was unknown. However, its inhabitants were brave and very clever and their leader was Erectheus. Zeus, omniscient as he was, knew that some day this small village would became the most glorious city in the whole world and he said so to the rest of the Gods. When the Gods heard of this, each of them wanted Erectheus’ village to be named after him or her. Nevertheless, Zeus decided that only two Gods would compete for the name of the new village and this because its citizens mastered two skills, building strong ships in order to travel, and making beautiful pots and statues for the temples. As a result, the two Gods who would compete were Poseidon, the God of the Sea, and Athena, the Goddess of the Arts. On the day Zeus had determined, all of the Gods were present sitting on golden thrones on the rock of the Acropolis. Highest of all was the throne of Zeus, while close to him was sitting Hera, the Great Goddess. Next to her was Apollo with his golden lyre in his hands and close to him his sister Artemis with her bow and arrows ready to hunt. Behind them was Aphrodite, Goddess of beauty, Mars, the fearless God of War and Demeter, the Goddess of Agriculture who taught humans how to sow and reap wheat. There were also
  • 77. Pluto, God of the Underworld and Hephaestus, God of Fire. Behind Zeus was sitting Hermes, wearing his winged sandals on his feet. At the assembly of Gods Athena and Poseidon remained silent waiting for Zeus’ decision. Athena held her unbeatable spear in her right hand, while in Poseidon’s hand glittered his trident which made the sea rage. Just then Zeus exclaimed: “Whoever of the two Gods makes the most useful present to the inhabitants of Attica spring from the ground, this will be the one to offer his/her name to the village of Erectheus. Poseidon stood up right away and with his trident gave a hard blow on the ground. Immediately the ground trembled and a beautiful horse as white as snow emerged. The rest of the Gods observed the horse in admiration. Its mane fluttered in the air, its eyes shone and its slim feet were ready to gallop and ran away. Athena was not the least disconcerted but kneeled silently on the ground, dug a little with her left hand and threw into the little hole a small seed which she held in her right hand. She said nothing but only with a delicate smile on her lips she scrutinized the rest of the Gods. Right away a small shoot sprouted from the earth which grew, and after a while, it was a big tree with a solid trunk. Branches kept shooting as well as leaves that shone in the sun rays. The tree kept growing and its branches bowed under the burden of its green, juicy fruit.
  • 78. Just then Athena announced: “Father Zeus, this is my gift. Poseidon’s horse will make this people love war and bloodshed. My own gift, the olive tree, will be a symbol of peace, serenity and happiness!” Right away all of the immortal Gods exclaimed with one voice: ‘Athena’s gift is the best and this village which some day will become the most glorious city in the world will be named after Athena” Since then Athena protected her beloved city.The Athenians built for her a most splendid temple, the Parthenon, atop the acropolis and they celebrated Panathenea every year in her honor. ROMANIA: The Foreign Merchant
  • 79. The legend says that during Dracula’s reign, the laws regarding honesty and order were very effective, mostly because breaking them usually lead to death. Even a single lie could mean a person's demise. Thieves seldom dared practice their trade within Dracula's domain - they knew that the stake awaited any who were caught. Dracula was so confident in the effectiveness of his law that he placed a golden cup on display in the central square of Târgoviste, and said it belonged to everyone and they could drink from it. . The sole requirement was for the user to return the cup after its drinking from it. The cup was never stolen and remained entirely unmolested throughout Dracula's reign. Our folk tale says that a merchant from a foreign land once visited Dracula's capital of Târgoviste. Aware of the reputation for honesty in Dracula's land, he left a treasure-laden cart unguarded in the street over night. Returning to his wagon in the morning, the merchant was shocked to find 160 golden ducats missing. „ How does anyone dare break the cruel laws of Dracula? I need to be taken to Dracula and tell him of what happened to me and to my belongings. I want my justice. ” When the merchant complained of his loss to the prince, Dracula assured him that his money would be returned and invited him to remain in the palace that night. „ If you speak the truth, then justice will be done. If not, fear my powers and my justice. You are welcome to spend the night here and enjoy my hospitality but bear in mind: tis might be your last moments of life if yoy try to lie to me. Dracula then issued a proclamation to the city. „ My men shall find the thief and return the money or the city will be destroyed!” During the night he ordered that 160 ducats plus one extra be taken from his own treasury and placed in the merchant's cart. On returning to his cart in the morning and counting his money the merchant discovered the extra ducat. The merchant returned to Dracula: „ Kind sir, I want to report that my money had indeed been returned plus an extra ducat.” „ You may keep it. Go on with your journey and be safe! If you had not reported the extra ducat, you would have been impaled alongside the thief.
  • 80. Meanwhile the thief had been captured and turned over to the prince's guards along with the stolen money. Dracula ordered the thief impaled and escorted the merchant to his final destination. THE NEWLY CREATED TEXTS WITH ELEMENTS FROM ALL THE FOLKTALES TURKEY: A Bridge To Self-realization Once upon a time, in the land of nowhere, the world of mortals and immortals was split with a bridge. On one side of the bridge, the Goddess of wisdom Athena and on the other side Dracula, the commander of Romania, Joze a Croatian giant and Vlasta, a Czech heroine lived. All of the mortals wanted to cross the bridge and talk to the wise Athena and have peace,prosperity and happiness. First they had to deal with Deli Dumrul, an arrogant
  • 81. man who challenges everyone,even the almighty Allah. Deli Dumrul was waiting at the entrance to the bridge and demanded for 40 ackhas from everyone who wanted to cross. SCENE ONE Deli Dumrul: Hey man! Stop there! Who are you? What do you want? Dracula: How dare you speak to me like that? Do you not know who I am? I am the commander of Romania. Count Dracula! Deli Dumrul: I don’t care who you are. What is in your hand? Dracula: It is a golden cup which has caused a lot of peoblems for my country. My people fight and kill each other just to own this golden cup. I want to give it to the gods then my people will live in peace. Deli Dumrul: You may cross the bridge if you give me 40 ackhas. Dracula: Ohh! You fool! I think you have not heard how many people I have killed that have stood against me. Get out of my way! Deli Dumrul: It seems you have not heard me, either. No one on earth can beat me, even the Angel of Death. (They fight but Dracula can’t beat Deli Dumrul. So, he can’t cross the bridge. After a while, a woman approaches) Dumrul: Who are you woman? What do you want? Vlasta: I’m Vlasta, the leader of women who are dominated by men. In my country there is a war between my women and Ctirad’s men. The men brutally attack and kill many women. So, I want to see Athena and ask for strength to stand against the men. Deli Dumrul: (Mocking) Strength? You? What will you do with your strength? Will you kill all the men and cut them into pieces with your “lovely” swords? Ha ha ha… (Vlasta draws her sword and shows them to Dumrul) Vlasta: If you don’t get out of my way, I will kill you with this as I did to your fellow men. Deli Dumrul: Come on woman! You think you can beat me?
  • 82. (Vlasta and Dumrul fight but Vlasta cannot beat him and cannot pass the bridge. After a while, a giant approaches) Dumrul: Who are you big monster? Joze: I’m Joze a poor servant, I can do lots of things. I can cut trees and carry wood. People are so bad that they make fun of me and throw mud at me. I then became free but I became bad. Dumrul: What do you want? Joze: I want to see Athena and I’m ready to be her servant for the rest of my life. Because people are greedy and cruel, I can’t live in such a corrupt world. I’m stuck. I don’t know what to do. I think if I’m Gods’ servant, they will be good to me. Because they are gods, they are Almighty,Holy,Merciful and Supreme. Dumrul: If you want to cross the bridge, you must give me 40 ackhas. Joze: I have no money, I have always served people in return for nothing. So,please let me go. Dumrul: No you cannot pass. (Joze and Dumrul fight but Joze can’t beat him. He cannot pass the bridge like the others.). SCENE TWO (Vlasta, Dracula and Jose are waiting by the river now. They are angry and trying to find a way to cross the bridge.) Dracula: (raising the golden cup up in the air) You will see, you will see. Dumrul I’ll put your blood in the cup and drink it. How dare you don’t let me pass over the bridge. Jose: Again, again, again(wandering around angrily) someone else has beaten me. But I will take my revenge! After Athena gives me my freedom and power, I’ll kill you, Dumrul.
  • 83. Vlasta: (calmly thinking) Hey men! You always find a solution by killing and violence. This time stop fighting and think wisely. Come here and sit. Calm down. We must find another solution. Dracula: Yes, Let’s kill Dumrul when he sleeps. Jose: Vlasta, you speak to him and I’ll attack him from behind. Vlasta: No,no,no, You don’t understand me, don’t fight. Let us find another way. Dracula and Joze: (both thinking) There must be another way, another way… Vlasta: That’s it! Another way to cross. Men, you are really clever. We’ll build another bridge.Come on,stand up! (turning to Joze) You bring the wood and stones.(turning to Dracula) You’ll teach us how to build a bridge. (They work together and build a bridge. They are tired but happy. They look at the bridge with joy. They cross over the bridge and find themselves in front of the mighty Athena. Dracula: Your majesty! I’ll be glad if you accept this golden cup as a present showing my and my people’s respect. There is a big disorder in my country and we need your wise advise. Athena: Think about what you did to come here. You will have the answer. Rulers sometimes must be servants to their people. Dracula: Thank you very much your majesty, but it is a very confusing. Athena: Soon everything will be understood. You must be patient. Jose: Your grace, I served the people enough now I want my freedom. Athena: You already have what you want. Just remember how hard you worked to come here. You carried the stones not for the others but for something you wanted. You did something for yourself, and now you are here. Vlasta: Your grace! I have come here to ask for power. But now I understand what you mean. We are grateful to you...
  • 84. SCENE THREE Athena: Dumrul, congratulations! You have done just as I wanted you to do. Dumrul: Your majesty, it is my honour to serve you. I’m glad that you are happy. As you wanted I didn’t let them to cross the bridge. But I don’t understand why? Athena: People always want what they think they do not have. They think they will be happy if they get it. But in fact they already have what they need.(to the audience) People, if you know yourself and you realize your potential you can overcome any difficulties. Just listen to your inner voice. Dumrul: Hmmmm.. I understand now. Vlasta couldn’t beat me but she managed to organize the people. She realized her ability to organize people, reconciliate differences and cooperation. Athena: You’re right and the reality may be totally different than perceived.We are all parts of a whole and we need each other to complete the whole. Dumrul: I see your grace, I see.. Everybody thought that I was a bad person but it was a plan. I didn’t let them to cross bridge so they had to work together. Ohh...I admire your wisdom..(kneels down) Athena: We have peace for now but I’m afraid it will not last forever. (to the audience) People, will forget my words and another age of war will come. However, some people will still remember my message, how happy will be the people that remember my message in their hearts. THE CZECH REPUBLIC: Prudens Wins Over Pride And War CHARACTERS: Athena: Greek virgin goddess of wisdom and justful war Artemis: Greek virgin goddes of hunting
  • 85. Ctirad: Bohemian hero Delu: Romanian hero Dracula: Romanian duke Jože: Croatian giant Vlasta: Bohemian maiden, fighting against men Poseidon: Greek god of sea Coachman: Romanian servant of Dracula SYNOPSIS Dracula, who was cruelly ruling his country, wanted to marry the Goddess Athena, so he came to Greece. Athena neither wanted nor could merry Dracula. The Goddess Artemis was on Athena’s side and she besided to her huntress. She asked Vlasta and her girls for help. Dracula asked Delu Dumrul for help, who was even really far away known for his strength, and Ctirad, Vlasta’s enemy. They also asked the Great Jože for help, but he refused and went to cultivate his field on the Doghead hill. During the war, Poseidon gave the army of men horses for help. Athena thought that the whole conflict was pointless, so she ultimately planted olive tree seed to the centre of the field to provoke a desire for peace of the combatants. SCENE ONE THE TOP OF OLYMPUS MOUNTAIN On the top of Olympus there stand gold thrones of the Greece Gods, all being empty, except Athena’s throne. She sits on her throne, deep in her thoughts. Suddenly Dracula comes to Olympus, with his gutsy and rapid steps as a large as rolling water. The Goddess, angry that Dracula disturbed her meditation, rises from her throne. Athena: How can a mortal like you belive that he can only compete to marry a goddess?
  • 86. Dracula: I’m not a mere mortal; I am the Count Dracula, wise and powerful monarch, whose people are the most honest. Athena (disdainfully): That is so, but only under threat of death. Dracula: The main thing is that it works. Athena: Even if you were the wisest of the wisest, and the most powerful of the most powerful, I would never married you. Not only because your cruelty is disgusting me, but I also have taken an oath that I will never marry any god or man ever. Dracula: I don’t care about your oath! (raising his voice) I am the Count Dracula and your oath means nothing to me. I am offering you a marriage, so take it! Suddenly a Goddess Artemis appears beside Athena. Artemis: How dare you, you worm! Perhaps you didn’t hear. Athena sworn and she will obey it! Do you want me to send my huntress on you? (threatening him) Dracula: I fear nothing and no one! Your huntress will be a breeze for me! Arteis: (nearly red by anger, screaming at Dracula) As you want, this means war! My warriors will be not fighting with you alone. Get some fighters and after two days we will meet at the foot of the Acropolis, where we will crush you. Dracula: (proudly) Well than, we have a deal! After he said it, he was quickly walking away. Athena and Artemis are just staying there alone. Athena: Did you lose your mind? You don’t have enough hunters to defeat him. There is no way we can beat them. (Athena was really worried) Artemis: Dear Athena, you are really wise, but I probably know something that you don’t. Far away, in the Bohemian lands, there is a maidens’ war happening right now; a war between men and women. I think that the women leader Vlasta could help us. We just have to convince her. Athena: But how can you convince her to join this war, when she has a lot of her own problems?
  • 87. Artemis: (smiling and disappearing) Trust me, let me do it on my own. SCENE TWO SOMEWHERE ON THE OLYMPUS Dracula, indignant because of the rejection, he is leaving and wondering who should ask him for help. He is coming down to the carriage, which is waiting for him. Near the carriage, there is a coachman standing by his horses. Coachman: Where is the bride, sir? Dracula is still mad, looking at the driver and sighing Dracula: There will be no wedding, but a war instead. It means I have to find some good warriors. Coachman: And what about your army sir? You have hundreds of soldiers and brave warriors. Isn’t that enough? Dracula: No! I need something better if I want to fight back for my honour! I need something special. Coachman: And what about the brave and courageous hero Delu Dumrul? I heard he is enormously strong, there is also a rumour about some great Jože. That is something special. And also a man called Ctirad could help you, he is in war now, but I am sure he will have enough of time for you. Dracula was surprised how much the driver knew and he also liked the fighter that he had been informed about. Dracula: How do you know so much? Where did you learn this? Coachman: You know, always when I’m waiting for you I am reading newspapers and I always learn something interesting. Dracula was surprised. He never heard of newspapers and what he just heard fascinated him.
  • 88. Dracula: So newspapers you say? And do you know where can I find those men? Coachman: Oh! Sure thing! Get in the carriage and I will take you to Delu Dumrul. (Dracula is hopping on carriage and coachman is urging the horses) Coachman: You know he has this bridge… (drives voice was lost in the distance) SCENE THREE NEAR THE FORTRESS DĚVÍN (MAIDENSBERG) Around the wooden fortress Devin is everything quiet, you can hear almost nothing but the soft rustle of the wind and the occasional groan of a slowly dying men. Vlasta, standing with one foot on body of the dead man, is cleaning her sword from blood and watching how men are escaping on the horizon. Or at least what's left of them. Vlasta: Yeah! Another battle won! Perhaps they will know that they have no chance against us, and they will finally give up. I’m tired of fighting all the time with those same cowards. Suddenly goddess Artemis appears beside Vlasta. Artemis: That’s good to hear, brave Vlasta. Vlasta: (surprised, staring on the goddess) Who are you? Živa? Lada? Baba jaga? Goddess? Fairy? Ghost? And what is good to hear? Artemis: I’m the virgin goddess Artemis and I want to offer you and your girls a chance to co-work with my hunter in the fight against one unbearable man. You help us, and then we will help you with your final battle against men. Vlasta thought for a moment, looked around the dead bodies and hid her, now glittering sword back into its sheath. Vlasta: It is true that we have this struggle almost in our pockets, and a little cheer up somewhere else would help us. I just wanted to know who is the awful man, and then we will know what we can expect from him.
  • 89. Artemis: To be honest, I do not know myself. It's a Count Dracula. He thinks about himself that he is terribly clever and powerful, maybe he is, but I want to show him that he cannot have everything he wants. I want to cash his army and I need your help, if you join us. Vlasta: I crash men to dust. I’d love to help you. Where and when will the fight be? We can go anytime. Artemis: Leave traveling on me, nothing is impossible for the goddess of hunting! (clapping her hands, and with Vlasta and all her girls is disappearing) 5 SCENE FOUR THE DELU DUMRUL’S BRIDGE Above the dry riverbed stands a stone bridge. At its centre sits a man on a stool, counting gold in the bag. Suddenly some decorated carriage is arriving to the bridge. Count Dracula is hopping of the carriage and going to the man. Dracula: (imperiously) Are you Delu Dumrul? Delu: Yes I am, and you should give me 33 akchas. Dracula: (surprised) What? Delu: You are crossing my bridge, so you have to give me 33 akchas. Otherwise I will beat you and I will take 40 akchas. Dracula: (loughing) I like your attitude. But I'm not going to go across your bridge. I am coming to ask you, if you join my army in a battle. Delu: (surprised) Really? Dracula: Yes, I have heard that you are a great and strong hero. I think that we have to fight together. Delu: I want to go with you, but if I do not guard the bridge, who will be collecting 33 akchas from everyone who wants to cross the bridge? Dracula: Oh, do not worry, come with us, after we win, I will give you 3333 akchas!
  • 90. Delu: 3333! Well, good deal, ok than. I'm with you. Dracula and Delu Dumrul are shaking their right hands, and together they are hopping on the carriage. Dracula: Hey, coachman! Take us to that giant. (Dracula is doing the order and carriage is slowly moving off) SCENE FIVE DOGHEAD HILL Carriage is driving slowly up the Doghead hill, but the hill doesn´t look like a dog's head, it looks like a normal hill. Dracula and Delu Dumrul are slowly leavingthe carriage and walking up the hill. On the hill they are seeing a giant, 6 working on his field. Dracula is coming to him and shaking with him, so the giant can hear him. Dracula: Hey, Giant! Hey, could you stop working for a while; I would like to talk with you. Giant Jože: What do you want me to do and why are you yelling, I'm not deaf man! Dracula: Giant, I would like you to join me in a fight. Giant Jože: Why would I fight with you? I do not need to fight against anyone. I can make it on my own with my field. Dracula: I'll pay you a lot of gold, Giant. Giant Jože: I do not want your gold, it’s useless for me, and my name is not Giant, but Jože, my name is Jože! Dracula: What about your friends? Those wouldn’t go to war with us? Jože: No! Fight your own war, little sir, we'll stay here at the Doghead. We are fed up with human deals. Working for people, fighting for people, dying for people – do not bother us anymore!
  • 91. Dracula: Little sir? Small sir? I am Count Dracula, not a small man! As you want, I just wanted to help you. Do as you think. (Indignantly left) Such a rude man, if he was in my country he would no longer have his head on his neck. Dracula rejected by Jože told the coachman to take him to Ctirad. His carriage is driving towards the Bohemian lands. SCENE SIX AROUND THE DĚVÍN FORTRESS Around the fortress Devin is complete silence. Everywhere are lying bodies of killed men but they do not groan anymore. Ctirad and his men are looking over the battlefield in astonishment and wondering what has happened to their rivals. Suddenly a carriage is coming. Dracula and Delu are hopping of the carriage, coming to Ctirad, who is staying between them and his men. Dracula: Are you Ctirad? (looking around) I have thought that you are fighting in the war. Ctirad: Me too. But It seems like our rivals have disappeared. Dracula: Well, that's wonderful! (rejoicing and clapping hands happily) So that means that you can go with us; you will be able follow us into a battle. Come on! Get on board. Ctirad: To what? Fight? And why we should help you? Moreover, I have no idea who you are. Dracula: I am Romanian Count Dracula and you will come with me, because I have said so. So let’s go, time is running out. We have to go to Greece. Ctirad: Romania? Greece? Where is it? And I still do not think that anything you have said is a good reason for us to go with you. Dracula had to think for a moment: he needs Ctirad to join him. Finally, he decided that he will simply give him money. Dracula: How about this, if you take your men and join us, I will give you as much gold, as you weigh with all your armour.
  • 92. Ctirad: Well that sounds good, and moreover we have nothing to do since the maidens and women have gone. (shouting) All right then, let's go to Greece! Ctirad is hopping on the carriage with Dracula and Delu Dumrul and his men are running behind them. SCENE SEVEN THE FOOT OF THE ACROPOLIS The time to fight has come. Artemis huntress with Vlasta and her maidens are staying in full armour on one side, on the other side is slowly arriving Dracula's carriage, pulled by donkeys, and running Ctirad’s men behind it, along with Dracula’s army. Athena is watching it all with disgust. Dracula, Delu Dumrul, and Ctirad are hopping of the carriage and seizing their weapons. Suddenly Poseidon appears among the men. He is coming because he was mad at Athena, because Zeus decided that Erectheo’s village will be named after her. He is coming to Dracula with the intention to give him a gift. Poseidon: Count Dracula, here I am offering you a gift: a horse. So you never have to ride on a donkey. Perhaps he will serve well in combat. (is giving the Count a bridle which has beautiful white horse at its end.) Poseidon is disappearing. Dracula is getting on a horse and wants to go into battle. On the other side, while the girls are honing swords and knives, Vlasta is acquainting with the tactics of the fight. Athena cannot look how they all are going to this absurd war, and so she is deciding to stop it. She is coming to the battlefield. When she reaches the middle, she is trusting a hole in the ground and throwing small seed in it and enveloping it with soil. Then she is moving away. Suddenly from out of the ground is growing a little sprout, changing into a beautiful tall tree with a strong trunk. Athena: Look! (Nobly crying) this is Olive. I have planted it here to remind you peace; and that this conflict is totally unnecessary. Look at this tree, and fold your weapons before someone gets hurt!
  • 93. Everyone is staring at the tree, its thick trunk and on the leaves, which beautifully reflect sunlight. Suddenly everybody feels like they do not want to fight anymore, they want peace. And so they put down their weapons. Count Dracula is drinking with bliss, sending his soldiers home, giving Ctirad as much gold as he can carry. Ctirad with his men are going back to Bohemia in front of fortress Děvín. Dracula is giving Delu Dumrul promised 3333 akchas and even is adding extra one. Artemis is going to say farewell to Vlasta. Artemis: Vlasta, I thank you that you have joined us. As a thanks to you, I'll send one of my huntress, whose name is Šárka, perhaps she will be useful in your war. Vlasta then with her girls and Šárka is returning back home. Athena: (powerfully) Goodbye, Dracula! Dracula: I promise you that I will never return to Greece. Look, I have a wonderful idea: to look more after my own country, to give everyone order and law. Thank you for meeting with your prudence. When all go away, Athena returns to Olympus, sits down on her throne, continuing with the meditations. CROATIA : The Future Libuše, a character that leads us through the plot and announces every scene and what happens in that scene walks onto the stage. She introduces herself to the audience and walks to the desk where she finds a laptop and a glass of juice. LIBUŠE: Hi people! I'm Libuše. People often ask me: ''Are you Krok's little girl?'' And I answer: ''Yes, he's my old man.'' And I've got this amazing ability (points at laptop): I can see far in the past, and even further in the future. And when I see where this world is going, I feel like
  • 94. giving up on this power. Considering the things that are happenning nowadays, this future is approaching us fast. Have you heard what happened in the Czech Republic? Here come boys and girls to tell you about it themselves. 1st SCENE (the Czech Republic) (3 boys and 3 girls walk onto the stage) BOY No1: What's up babe? What's that duckface image on your profile picture? ŠARKA: My profile picture is better than your girlfriend's. Oh, wait, you don't have a girlfriend. (giggling) VLASTA: Anyway, who would want him lookin' like that? (laughs mockingly) BOY No2: What are you talkin' about? He can have any girl he wants. And how many guys have you had? (asks while looking at Šarka) ŠARKA: That's none of your business. BOY No3: So, none. (boys are laughing, Šarka is embarrassed and bows her head) GIRL No3: Why are you listening to him at all? We all know he's just a… VLASTA: (interrupts the girl) …fool. (knocks the BOY No1 on the head) ŠARKA: But I like that fool. (flicks her fingers) BOY No1: Sorry babe, I was just kidding. You're okay. (touches her shoulder and winks) ŠARKA: Hahaha, I can't believe you fell for that. (claps several times) (boys and girls are leaving, but only BOY No1 and ŠARKA stay) BOY No1: So, maybe we could grab a coffee once? ŠARKA: Are you asking me out? BOY No1: Not like a date, just hanging out, you know. ŠARKA: Oh, too bad, I thought you like me. (bows her head)
  • 95. BOY No1: (speaks like he wants to apologize) It's not that I don't like you, it's just… ŠARKA: (interrupts him) Oh please, you're acting like a girl, I'm just kidding you. Let's grab a coffee, I'm buyin'. (leaving the stagge.) LIBUŠE: (sitting on a chair with a laptop in her lap) I'm just reading news from Croatia. The Croatians are celebrating the Independence day, the day they became a free, independent nation. Can you imagine how valuable it is to a person?! 2nd SCENE (Croatia) (2 veterans meet on the stage, Ilija and Jože. Ilija is dragging his leg because he got shot in the leg during war. The scene takes place on a square in one Croatian city. Not far from them is a cafe called BALTAZAR) JOŽE: Ilija, is that you? ILIJA: Am I seeing who I think am seeing? Are my eyes deceiving me? JOŽE: Ilija, my good old friend. I haven't seen you in years! (they hug) ILIJA: Where are you going wearing those army clothes? JOŽE: I was at church, there was a mass to celebrate the Independence Day. Where have you been? ILIJA: At the Independence Day ceremony. Do you have some time? Let's go to that cafe and have something to drink. JOŽE: I'm not really in for coffee, I'll have some good wine. ILIJA: Oh Jože! You haven't changed a bit. You can’t go without some wine. (they enter BALTAZAR cafe, sit at the table, order drinks and coffee and get served) ILIJA: How's life been treating you? How are your wife and children? JOŽE: I'm getting old, my friend…My wife is fine and the kids are growing up…asking for more and more. I can't pay for everything they need with one pension. ILIJA: We shouldn't be unsatisfied despite the crisis. My pension feeds me and my wife.
  • 96. JOŽE: It might be better if I had no problem with this leg. ILIJA: You should be glad that you're alive. Do you remember what it was like when you got wounded in the war? How I dragged you to the car…and then through the woods…to the hospital… You were lucky. JOŽE: Yes, yes… I remember everything like it was yesterday. We were ready to give our lives for freedom. ILIJA: Well, it's all behind us now. It's nice to be alive and free. It's good that I ran into you. Are you farming that land and those vineyards of yours? JOŽE: No, my friend. Everything is covered in weeds. The two of us could redo it and then we would have wine to drink and to sell. That's a great idea. (Ilija's phone rings, he answers it) ILIJA: Hello! Oh, it’s you? …I'm not at the doctor's, but at BALTAZAR’s. Guess who I ran into, you won’t believe this – Jože… Yeah, yeah… Okay, okay… (speaks to Jože) Listen, my wife invited you over to have lunch with us. She has just finished cooking. (Jože hesitates, but accepts) Then, let's go. We can discuss the vineyards in peace, then ask for subvention and roll up our sleeves… (they pay for their drinks and leave the stage talking) LIBUŠE: (browsing the net) And now let me see the latest news. What a scandal in Turkey! (reads) Imagine! One twenty-year-old man named Delu Dumrul was earning money by charging the visitors admission to enter the old town. But "What goes around, comes around" is not said in vain - the newspaper said. After discovering the fraud, an unidentified group of young men beat him up. 3rd SCENE (TURKEY) on stage: Delu Dumrul, Azrail, the Dumrul’s father, mother and a girlfriend
  • 97. (the walls of the old town can be seen in the background) DELU DUMRUL: (looks at the bruise on his eye in the mirror) Oh mirror, mirror, my eye is blue-purplish color. AZRAIL: Well, my friend, I told you not to do that. You are paid too well for greeting two or three tourists who come to see the remains of the old city. DELU DUMRUL: When they come on a tour of the old town, then there are two or three of them. Yesterday when they came to beat me up, there were six of them. AZRAIL: You were lucky. But how will you go to work with that black eye? DELOS DUMRUL: Don't ask. Don't know. (Delu Dumrul walks to his father) DELU DUMRUL: Hey paps, I need a favor. FATHER: I don't have any money. DELU DUMRUL: It's not about that. Tomorrow someone needs to give a tour of the old town, and I, with this bruise, am not the prettiest sight. FATHER: And you think that I can do your work and mine? DELU DUMRUL: Don't blame me for asking. FATHER: I am not, but ask someone else. (Delu Dumrul goes to his mother) MOTHER: (gets scared by Delu Dumrul) Dear Allah, you scare me every time I see you. (takes a closer look at the bruise) DELU DUMRUL: Yap, yap, my eye will change all the rainbow colours till it's gone. I wanted to ask you something. MOTHER: I don't have any money. DELU DUMRUL: It's not about that. Tomorrow someone has to welcome the tourists and give them a tour of the old town, and I can't go with this bruise, I'll scare them off.
  • 98. MOTHER: You realize that I have to go to work tomorrow? DELU DUMRUL: Interesting. Whenever I want some privacy, you're home, and when I need a favor, you're not. MOTHER: You have a girlfriend, right? (Delu Dumrul goes to his girlfriend) DELU DUMRUL: Babe, you're my last hope. If tomorrow someone doesn't replace me, I'll lose my job. GIRLFRIEND: Oh my love, you should've thought about that sooner. DELU DUMRUL: So, you won't help me. GIRLFRIEND: Oh okay, I will. But if I get beaten too, it'll be your fault. DELU DUMRUL: Yeeeey! I have the best girl ever! (they hug) GIRLFRIEND: (towards the audience) And what should I do with him? (leaves the stage) DELU DUMRUL: (towards the audience) However, when this bruise is gone, I should find a real job. (leaves the stage) LIBUŠE: (drinks some juice and browses the net again) What do we have here? In Bacau in Romania, the traditional festival is to begin to celebrate the Day of the city. Although it has been famous for a long while, this year will be specially marked with a wide selection of drinks and food. Mayor Dracula will open the celebration. So let's see what it's going to be like. 4th SCENE (Romania) (takes place on the main square, on the stage there are: Dracula, a girl, a young man, 2 thieves, 2 police officers and a few citizens)
  • 99. (on the opening Dracula first gives a toast) DRACULA: Listen, folks! I have arranged free food and drinks for this festival again this year because our city is rich and you deserve it. Let's all make a toast to this important day! Cheers! (everyone raises their glasses and the party continues) (There comes a young man with a bicycle and parks it on the side. He approaches one girl and they visit the stalls. After that, they come forward on the stage, closer to the audience) YOUNG MAN: Have you ever been on those wine, cheese and dried food products tastings? I end up with my stomack full every year. GIRL: You mean you walk from a stall to stall and eat everything that they offer? (laughs) YOUNG MAN: Let me take a picture of you! (tries to take a photo of her) GIRL: No, my hair's a mess! (While they're talking, a thief comes along and steals the bike. Two citizens notice that and point at the thief, whispering something. The young man also notices that his bike is gone.) YOUNG MAN: Where's my bicycle? Who took it? GIRL: Let's report this to Dracula. (they complain about the theft to Dracula) DRACULA: Citizens, listen to me! There's been a theft, someone stole this young man's bicycle! Whoever saw anything, may come here and report it! (two citizens approach Dracula and tell what they had seen) DRACULA: (addresses the officers) Now bring me that geek who dares to steal before my very eyes. (police officers leave and soon come back with two thieves) THIEF: I didn't want to steal it. He put me up to it. He had promised to give me a cell-phone if I stole that bike and took it to him.
  • 100. DRACULA: ''The thief is also the one holding the ladder.'' – the proverb says. Take them both to jail! (police officers take them to jail and others are leaving) LIBUŠE: (sitting and browsing the net) I’ve got a mail, I’ve got a message from a friend. So let's see what it says. "This is a story about the wisdom of the Greek gods, the skill and confidence needed to achieve each goal. Send this email to 20 friends, but do not interrupt the chain. Send me back If you like me. " 5th SCENE (Greece) (coming to the stage: Zeus carries his throne – the chair and sets it in the middle, Mars, Aphrodite, Athena, Poseidon and some other gods...) ZEUS: People, at the today's session of Parliament we will finally name that village. MARS: Well, it's about time. APHRODITE: And how will we choose the name? GODS: (talking to each other) We have no idea! ZEUS: Well, here's the idea. Two Gods will draw on their desks. The one who makes a better drawing will name the village. GODS: Good idea. Who's going to draw? ZEUS: Let it be Athena and Poseidon. They draw the best, it'll be interesting to watch them. (Gods prepar chart paper on two desks. As they draw, other gods walk and observe. Poseidon shows a drawing of a horse.) GODS: (shouting) Squirrel! Dragon! Polar bear! POSEIDON: (rolls his eyes offended) (then Athens shows her drawing) GODS: Plum! Nut! Cherry! proverb GODS: Olive Oil!
  • 101. ATHENS: (nods and circles the tree) GODS: Olive tree! ATHENS: (smiles and puts both hands in the air) Victoooory! ZEUS: Well done kid, you chose well. Olive tree will be a symbol of wisdom and victory of life. Therefore, the village will be named after you. We will call it Athens! (the villagers enter the stage celebrating and singing a song about life and love) 6th LIBUŠE: All these stories carry their messages. We no longer have to bother with the past events. The future has already begun, and as for the past ... we're not heading in that direction anyway. (all actors come to the stage to greet the audience). GREECE: A Philosophical Discussion We are in one of the main hotels of Daruvar, where a conference of the commercial representatives of the European country-members is taking place, aiming at the promotion of their local products. After an exhausting meeting the delegates are resting at the hotel lounge. They ‘re discussing, reading, drinking coffee, watching TV. The Czech representative of porcelain and Bohemian crystals Mrs Helena Koubova is thoughtfully watching the international news report and she addresses herself to the rest of the delegates: “-My friends, I can’t stand watching the news any more. All of the world is in constant turbulence. Wars, conflicts, demonstrations and riots everywhere. Human rights are suppressed all around the world. When will we live peacefully on this planet?
  • 102. The Greek delegate of olive oil and edible olives, Mrs. Alexandra Philippides answered: -“I ‘m not pessimistic, but this situation will not change as long as human nature remains the same. This is not just my own viewpoint. It was outlined by our ancient historian, Thucydides who believed that humans always remain the same with their passions and flaws. In time of war these passions are so intense that they can degrade them to brutality where personal interest and the right of the mightier prevails and every moral value is set aside. At that point the Croatian delegate Mrs. Jana Gaspar, vice mayor of Daruvar ,responsible for the touristic development and promotion of the thermal springs of her town cut in: -‘’ You are right my dear. Others’ exploitation, inequality and greed always lead to conflicts, so let me tell you an old story of my country: a long time ago in the town of Motovun people used the last giant, called Joze, as a surf. Joze carried wood stones cut trees pulled people’s barges on the river and his reward was an ox per week. However, the citizens of Motovun instead of thanking him for his services, made fun of him and threw balls of muddy hay in his mouth. So, when the Venetian governor Barbabianka, who had met Joze in the Istrian mountains, asked from the Motovun authorities to take him back to Venice, they accepted and wished Joze a safe trip’ JOZE: -“I'm Joze the serf. I never managed to go to Venice. During our voyage a terrible storm broke out , I jumped into the sea and I was washed ashore at cave Raska. To my surprise, while I thought I was the only giant left I found twenty more and we built a wooden town, Dogheaded. We cultivated our land and we were free and happy. On the contrary, hunger and poverty struck Motovun because they had no serfs to work for them. They came to our town begging us to go back but we refused and sent them away giving them gold. As they were greedy and predatory they attacked us for our gold but they failed. They were so possessive that some of them became our own serfs. Civetta did not like it at all and he did everything within his power to contaminate me with human passions.
  • 103. I became so greedy and cruel that I wanted to have everything for myself. The rest of the giants opposed me and during one of our conflicts I killed my companion Liberat. How ashamed I am of myself. How did I end up like this? Right then all of the giants realized that we could not handle our own freedom so we agreed to become serfs again. I am so miserable. I messed up. Now I' m waiting for sly Civetta to lead me back to slavery. Jana Gaspar goes on: - Civetta went back to Motovun dragging Joze like a dog. On discerning the sea in front of him the defeated giant remembered that he had sworn to the giant slave Ilija not to lose his freedom and vanished into thin air!! Right then Helena Koubova noticed: -''Handling one's liberty is really difficult. The French philosopher Jean Paul Sartre was right when he wrote :”We are doomed to be free.'' Luckily there are laws which regulate people's disagreements. -“Yes, but laws are not enough in a society. They have to be obeyed by everyone” Ahmet Oglou stated, the Turkish representative of handmade carpets, who was listening to the discussion and wanted to take part”. The discussion becomes more spirited. More and more delegates are watching and want to participate. Among them is the Romanian representative of the traditional drink palinka Michael Ioneskou, who intervenes: -'I totally agree with you because a long time ago a Dracula ruled our country who had imposed very strict laws upon his subjects. These laws were just but very hard because the only punishment for any kind of misdeed was death penalty. No one dared to break the Dracula's laws. DRACULA: -‘ I am so proud and contented. In my kingdom honesty prevails. My subjects are so lawful that nobody is thinking of stealing the golden cup which I have put on display in Targoviste square. Since anyone can drink from it, why steal it?”
  • 104. However, yesterday I was disturbed when a foreign merchant requested an audience. He begged for justice claiming that 160 golden ducats were missing from his wagon which he had left unguarded during the night. I was mad at the thoughtless who had dared to break the law. I also wanted to put to test the foreign merchant’s honesty. So I ordered for 161 ducats to be placed from my treasury in the merchant’s cart. Next morning the merchant came back and reported to me that he had found an extra ducat. I praised him and told him that if he hadn’t reported the extra ducat he would have been impaled alongside the thief who meanwhile had been caught.’’ Jana Gaspar cut in saying: - “I commend Dracula for his justice but I don’t approve of his cruelty. Could this be due to the fact that he is a man? I believe that if the world was governed by women, things would be different. A woman’s sensitivity would never allow for such cruelty”. At that point Helena Kubova intervened: - ”My dear friend let me tell you a story from my country which does not really flatter me since I am a woman, but unfortunately proves the opposite about the way women handle power. In the very old times Bohemia was ruled by Libuse who was both a prophet and judge. When she died, her husband Premysl, who was a prophet and farmer, took over. Since then, men started making fun of women and girls who had lost power. Enraged, women set young Vlasta as their leader, built their castle, Devin, and got ready to fight against men. VLASTA: -”We lost power and men mocked and ridiculed us. In no time, I gathered every woman and girl and asked them to take swords and bows in order to fight men.We built castle Devin and got ready for war. Men foolishly didn’t take us seriously. They attacked our castle but we defeated them and killed 300 of them. We don’t care if they are our husbands or fathers. We just want them to hand in power. We use every possible means, violence or trickery.
  • 105. This way we killed the hero Ctirad who was set up by beautiful Sarka. What a foolish! We wanted to help her and suffered a tragic death. His body was broken in the wheel. This is what he deserved. Now men are enraged and they are not willing to put up with our crimes any more. They are after us so I must hurry to lead my army against them.” Helena Kubova: - “Then men longing for revenge, confronted women and killed Vlasta in a battle. Without their leader, the women were defeated and men slaughtered them with no mercy. That was the end of the woman's war. Law and order were restored and Premysl ruled alone without women. -''Your story is really sad" remarked Michael Ioneskou. -"I never believed that women would display such cruelty for the sake of power. The fierceness of war in its glory. Your historian was absolutely right Alexandra. However, what enrages me most about war is that young people perish. So, since people subordinate to their passions isn't there God, Divine Powers to avert such futile bloodsheds?” -"Watch your language my friend "Mehmet Oglou cut in. - "Gods are never to blame for humans' thoughtlessness. Divine Powers always punish arrogance and reward piety. The same happened with our hero Delu Dumrul. Delu Dumrul was a lad well-known for his bravery. He had built a bridge over a dry river and he asked for toll from everyone who wanted to cross it. He wanted to challenge everyone to fight against him because he thought he was the bravest of all. DELU DUMRUL: - “Be blessed Almighty Allah he spared my life despite my recklessness. While I was guarding my bridge, heartbreaking wail disturbed my peace. Some nomads who had camped nearby mourned the loss of a young boy. The red-winged Azrail took his life by the order of Almighty Allah.
  • 106. I was mad with anger and full of insolence and arrogance that I challenged Azrail to fight against me. But Allah was so infuriated that he commanded Azrail to appear before me and take my life or fight against me. At the sight of Azrail I paralyzed. I realized my weakness and humiliated I asked for forgiveness. However, it was only Allah who could show mercy. With humility and piety I prayed to Him. He was pleased and he was willing to spare my life if I found someone to take my place. But life is so sweet that neither my father nor my mother was willing to lose their lives for me. Only my beloved wife accepted but I can’t live without her.” Mehmet Oglou: -“Just then Almighty and Merciful Allah found the solution ; he ordered Azrail to take the lives of his parents right away and granted Delu Dumrul and his wife 140 years of extra life: -“That’s a very didactic story Mehmet ” Alexandra Phillipides said. - “ I totally agree with you. Divine Powers always reward people’s piety humility and diligence. So to say , in the very old times there was in my country a village where Erectheas was its king .Its citizens were pious and had especially developed shipping , pottery and commerce . Omniscient Zeus ,the father of Gods and all humans, knew that some day this village would become a glorious city .He then decided that Neptune , the God of the sea, and Athena the Goddess of Arts and wisdom would compete for the name of this city . Whoever of them offered to its citizens the most useful gift would offer his name to this city. Neptune hit his trident against the ground and an impressive horse emerged from the earth . Athena kneeled, planted a small seed and right away a huge olive tree grew. ATHENA :
  • 107. - “ I am Athena , the Goddess of wisdom . I offered my name to this city , which is now called Athens. I beat Neptune because his present would make these people cruel and warlike . My own gift , the olive tree , will be a symbol of peace , wealth and glory . Olive oil and olives will support Athenians healthily and they will spread its cultivation all around the Mediterranean . As for this land, it will some day become the most glorious city in the whole world and thousands of years later the capital city of Greece”. Mehmet Oglou: -“So, the olive tree is a symbol of peace and glory. Now I understand why ancient Greeks used to crown the winners of the Panhellenic races with an olive-tree wreath and they agreed on truce among them during the races. I wish we had the same customs nowadays. Wars would limit dramatically. Alexandra Philippides: - ‘My friends, this discussion kept for too long and has tired me. Let us imitate my ancestors, the ancient Greeks. They always accompanied their philosophical discussions at symposiums with food and drink. I suggest that we go on with our discussion sitting over there, enjoying the majestic view of the thermal springs of Daruvar. But what can I see? There is a Turkish carpet laid on the floor, a masterpiece of your art! Isn’t that right Mehmet? Michael, get us, if you have no objection, to taste some palinka, your traditional drink. I will take part in the symposium by offering the food. Olives and choice delicacies made of olive oil. Helena, you could bring those renowned Bohemian porcelain dishes and glasses to serve ourselves!
  • 108. After a while the table has been set and the five representatives make a toast standing: -Good Health -Friendship -Cooperation -Peace -Development Cheers and so long! ROMANIA: In The Name Of Land And Water Once upon a time, years after Earth was created and populated, the Mighty Allah decided that he was tired and it was time for his apprentices to start ruling on their own. But Allah had two apprentices and only one world, so he decided to give Poseidon the waters of the planet and Demeter the lands. So it has been done. Allah: Demeter! Poseidon! Over the decades, you two have proved more than worthy and to show my gratitude, I, the Mighty Allah, want to give you the new world. But before I do that, I have one challenge for you. Poseidon: What could the Mighty Allah want? Allah: There is a mortal woman that I have been watching over and want in my empire. Demeter: A mortal?! Allah: You dare questioning my requests? Demeter: No, my God! Allah: Very well then! Now, both of you may create a servant, someone to keep near you and to assist you. Poseidon: As you wish. Demeter: I will not fail you. Allah: Very well, be gone! And so they left to create their new followers. Poseidon appeared above the waters slamming his trident against the tides, and creating a hole in the sea. Suddenly, a human appeared. Poseidon: Welcome, mortal! I have created you to serve me. I’m Poseidon, God of waters. I shall name you Dracula.
  • 109. Dracula: Yes, my lord! I will be your lawful servant Meanwhile, Demeter created her own follower. She touched the ground and suddenly the earth under her feet started to shake, and from a gap her follower appeared. Demeter: Greetings mortal. I am the Goddess of Earth and your creator. Delu Dumrul: I bow to you, my Goddess. Poseidon/Demeter: There is a special task I have for you. A girl named Libuse must be convinced that our God, Allah, is the only king she must bow to. Do you think you are up for the challenge? Delu Dumrul: Yes, my Lord Dracula: Yes, my Goddess. And so Delu Dumrul and Dracula left in search for the Cristal Scarf, the empire of Libus. This empire would be given to either Delu Dumrul or Dracula, depending on who will be able to bring Libuse. But they had a major problem. None knew where the Cristal Scarf was. Its location was the most well kept secret in the world. Some say it didn’t exist, others that not even Allah knew. Yet, the legend says that there was a witch who lived long enough to know the location of the Cristal Scarf. Her name was Vlasta. Delu Dumrul and Dracula knew about Vlasta from Poseidon and Demeter. Poseidon and Demeter didn’t know that they had told their followers the same secret about Vlasta, the witch. Delu Dumrul and Dracula rushed to meet Vlasta in the Motovun Forest. At a crossroads, Delu Dumrul and Dracula finally met without knowing each other. It was like faith was calling them. Dracula: Good evening, traveller. Delu Dumrul: 'Evening. You're going to the forest, I see. Dracula: Indeed. Same as you. Delu Dumrul: Yes, traveler. After a short silence Delu Dumrul says: Delu Dumrul: Maybe we should go together. It does seem dangerous. Dracula: Yes. Let’s go. And so their journey began. It was a journey that would lead them to dangers and rewards beyond their dreams. They were blindly walking through the forest when the air became heavy and a shadowy figure appeared. Vlasta: Who dares trespassing my forest? Delu Dumrul: I am Delu Dumrul, the follower of Demeter, Goddess of Earth. Dracula: And I am Dracula, the servant of Poseidon, God of seas. Vlasta: Ah, yes! The demi-Gods. And what are you doing here? Dracula: We are searching for a witch named Vlasta. Delu Dumrul: We need her help with a very important task. Dracula: It is said that only she knows the location of the Cristal Scarf.
  • 110. Vlasta: Hahaha! I am Vlasta! And I know what you are searching for! Also I will help you, but you must do something for me in exchange. A wizard named Joze lives in the citadel of Devin! Bring me his head and I will tell you what you need to know. Delu Dumrul: Very well, then. We shall do as you asked. Vlasta: Not so fast! You will need these.
  • 111. Vlasta handed them two items: a spike for Dracula and a special powder for Delu Dumrul. She told them that the powder would make Joze vulnerable but not for long. In that short time, they must sting him with the spike. So they set off for the citadel of Devin which was outside the forest. The trip was short, but entering the gates of Devin, the air changed and the smell of death was everywhere. They saw the throne hall. Inside there was Joze with a beautiful girl chained to the throne. Joze: Who has entered my citadel? Mortals?! What are you doing here? Dracula: We have come for your head, wizard. Delu Dumrul pulled out his sword and attacked Joze, but Joze hit the ground with his fist and the citadel started trembling, slamming Delu Dumrul and Dracula to the ground. Delu Dumrul got up and pulled the sockle of magical dust and threw it in Joze’s face. Because it happened unexpectedly, the whole sockle was spilled over him. Dracula rushed to deliver the killing blow, but with his last powers Joze knocked him to the ground, and Dracula vanished. Delu Dumrul knew that he didn’t have much time and the spike was too far for him to grab it. But then, out of the blue, Libuse grabbed the spike and pointed it at Joze. Seeing this, Delu Dumrul pushed Joze backwards, causing him to fall on the spike and die. Delu Dumrul cut Jose's head and put it in a bag, exiting the citadel and going back to the forest. Delu Dumrul, not knowing what to do with the girl, took her with him. They traveled back to Vlasta and gave the head to her. Delu Dumrul: Now tell me what I want to know witch! Vlasta: Hahaha! But I must not say more because this is the girl you are searching for. Delu Dumrul: You are Libuse? Libuse: Yes, my Lord. Thank you for saving me.
  • 112. Delu Dumrul remained silent, waved goodbye to Vlasta and walked back to the place where he was created. There was Demeter waiting. She didn’t say anything, just smiled as if she knew what would happen. Appearing in front of Allah, Delu Dumrul saw him sitting on his throne with Poseidon next Dracula, who was brought back by the Mighty Allah. Demeter: As promised my Lord, I have brought you Libuse. Allah: Indeed you have, but you did not do it alone. As promised, you will receive your lands. Allah: As for you Poseidon, you have failed to fulfill my task but your follower has proved worthy, ready to die for you, so both of you shall receive what you deserve: Poseidon you will get your waters and Dracula will remain your follower forever. And so it happened. Libuse remained with Allah, Demeter created forests and life all over the world and Poseidon made Dracula his new General to lead his underwater army. All the other results and outcomes, as well as mobility activities, bits of news and pictures can be found on our website : www.letsmeetunderthespots.weebly.com. This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

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