Introduction to Web 2.0: Wikis, Blogs, and Social Networking Leslie O’Flahavan, E-WRITE Partner Author of  Clear, Correct,...
Presentation overview <ul><li>Learn how wikis, blogs, and social networking sites might help you do your job at NAR  </li>...
What is a wiki? <ul><li>“ A wiki’s just like a web site, only you can edit it.” </li></ul>
What is a wiki? <ul><li>From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia </li></ul><ul><li>“ A  wiki  is a  website  that allows visi...
Wikipedia: the most familiar wiki example
Wikipedia Main Page
Wikipedia: C&O Canal page
C&O Canal Discussion page
C&O Canal Discussion page
C&O Canal Editing page
C&O Canal Revision History page
Commoncraft: “Wikis in Plain English”
How do a wiki and web site differ?
National Park Service’s C&O Canal site
C&O Canal Association’s site
Some wiki samples …
Shrink and Grow: “This wiki acts as a design doc for the game…”
RocWiki.org – the People’s Guide to Rochester
wikiHow: “The How-to Manual Anyone Can Write Or Edit”
FLICC/Fedlink Environmental Scan wiki
NCI caBIG
National Alliance for Medical Image Computing wiki
UPC Wiki
US Court of Appeals – Seventh Circuit
Argonne National Lab’s SEED Project Wiki
The AAA Wiki … <ul><li>“ Welcome to the AAA Wiki - created to coordinate the Assembly, Alignment and Annotation of the now...
Goochland County Public Schools
MassGIS Geospatial Web Services project wiki
Real Estate Wiki
“… caGrid provides the core enabling infrastructure necessary to compose the Grid of caBIG™”
The “hall of mirrors” wiki: a presentation by Janel Brennan-Tillmann, UMD Coord. of Foreign Lang. Instructional Technology
Is it a wiki or a web page?
Why are wikis so popular? <ul><li>Anyone can write or edit </li></ul><ul><li>Outside the normal permissions and approval p...
Wikis vs. Web sites <ul><li>Require permission to publish </li></ul><ul><li>Mediated by experts </li></ul><ul><li>Transact...
Edit-before-publish vs.  Edit-after-publish <ul><li>“ Something that’s 80% accurate, on time, and shareable is better than...
Why do you need wiki writing guidelines? <ul><li>Organic growth of content can cause many communication problems </li></ul...
What should the wiki writing guidelines cover? <ul><li>How to  organize  content </li></ul><ul><li>How to make content  ea...
Guidelines on writing to organize <ul><li>How to name pages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use concrete descriptive words; use the ...
Clear naming at Library Success: A Best Practices Wiki
HRE Wiki: Naming Problem <ul><li>HREwiki   </li></ul><ul><li>Home   </li></ul><ul><li>Ready-to-use resources   </li></ul><...
Debian wiki: organized by user
Guidelines on writing readable wiki content <ul><li>Headings </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical lists </li></ul><ul><li>Links (no ...
Wiki wall of words …
Bulleted wiki article:  Easy to scan or read?
Developing a wiki that contains few content types requires explicit writing guidance.
PolicyOptions Wiki: Lots of guidance about writing issue briefs
Guidelines on writing as a wiki citizen <ul><li>Use your real name </li></ul><ul><li>Write objectively (?) </li></ul><ul><...
Wiki software options <ul><li>MediaWiki –  www.mediawiki.org </li></ul><ul><li>Tikiwiki -  www.tikiwiki.org   </li></ul><u...
Wiki writing guidelines <ul><li>ColabWiki:  Wiki Style Guide </li></ul><ul><li>IBM’s  Redwiki Writing Guidelines and Etiqu...
Wiki resources <ul><li>NIH Wiki Fair – February 28, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki Home Page at COLAB , the collaborative wor...
Blogs
Blogs at NAR
What is a blog? <ul><li>“ A weblog, which is usually shortened to blog, is a website where regular entries are made (such ...
How is a blog different from a website? <ul><li>Easy  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to set up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to update...
How do blogs work? <ul><li>How do you publish a blog? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you read a blog? </li></ul>
How do you publish a blog? <ul><li>Use off-the-shelf, user-friendly software (blogware) to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create ne...
How do you read a blog? <ul><li>Subscribe to a blog with  </li></ul><ul><li>RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed </li></ul...
Subscribe with RSS
Use a blog aggregator
Get blogs by e-mail
Who blogs? <ul><li>“In April 2007, blog search and measurement firm  Technorati  was tracking over 70 million blogs and re...
Who blogs in the real estate community?
Why do associations blog? <ul><li>Communicate with the public </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate internally </li></ul><ul><li>P...
<ul><li>Humanize your association </li></ul><ul><li>Create a dialogue  </li></ul><ul><li>Get feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Ke...
<ul><li>Share information </li></ul><ul><li>Create community locally, nationwide, or worldwide </li></ul>A new way to comm...
Before starting a blog consider <ul><li>What’s your purpose? </li></ul><ul><li>Who will write the blog? </li></ul><ul><li>...
Disseminate Information: DC Public Safety Blog
Support an event
“Value Added”: Eye Level
Customer Interaction: Evolution of Security
A six-week special project blog: EPA
Personal Experience: Volunteer Journals
Who will write the blog? <ul><li>“They’ve got to be authentic. You must be the author of your post—not your staff, not you...
Director, Corps of Engineers
A team: employees or invited experts
Front-line employees
Will you allow comments? <ul><li>Most associations allow comments </li></ul><ul><li>Will you moderate or edit the comments...
Will you allow comments? <ul><li>Without comments, a blog is “just a glorified press release.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Mike C...
No Comments
Enabling comments
The  Corps-e-spondence   comments policy
Usage and Comments Policy:  Center for Realtor Technology Web Log
Evolution of Security comments policy
How will you use comments? <ul><li>Change policies or programs </li></ul><ul><li>Get customer feedback </li></ul><ul><li>I...
Incorporate comments:  Corps-e-spondence
The blog approval process? <ul><li>Outside formal clearance process  </li></ul><ul><li>Posts will need to be reviewed befo...
Legal issues <ul><li>Confidentiality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does your organization have confidentially guidelines for other...
Establish and publish blog policies <ul><li>Incorporate your decisions on into a written blog policy  </li></ul><ul><li>Pu...
Publish your blog policies: IBM
Social Networking: Sharing, Rating, Connecting
Sharing: YouTube
Sharing: Slideshare
Rating or social bookmarking
Rating: Digg
Rating: StumbleUpon
Connecting: LinkedIn
Connecting: Facebook
Connecting: Ning
Ning Realtors!
Connecting: Twitter
Debbie Weil elsewhere online
Questions or comments? <ul><li>Contact Information:  </li></ul><ul><li>Leslie O’Flahavan  </li></ul><ul><li>E-WRITE   </li...
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  • E Write Intro To Web 2

    1. 1. Introduction to Web 2.0: Wikis, Blogs, and Social Networking Leslie O’Flahavan, E-WRITE Partner Author of Clear, Correct, Concise E-Mail: A Writing Workbook for Customer Service Agents
    2. 2. Presentation overview <ul><li>Learn how wikis, blogs, and social networking sites might help you do your job at NAR </li></ul><ul><li>Review examples of blogs, wikis, and social networking </li></ul><ul><li>Consider how web 2.0 could improve your communication with colleagues or members </li></ul>
    3. 3. What is a wiki? <ul><li>“ A wiki’s just like a web site, only you can edit it.” </li></ul>
    4. 4. What is a wiki? <ul><li>From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia </li></ul><ul><li>“ A wiki is a website that allows visitors to add, remove, edit and change content, typically without the need for registration. It also allows for linking among any number of pages. This ease of interaction and operation makes a wiki an effective tool for mass collaborative authoring . The term wiki can also refer to the collaborative software itself ( wiki engine ) that facilitates the operation of such a site, or to certain specific wiki sites, including the computer science site (the original wiki) WikiWikiWeb and online encyclopedias such as Wikipedia .” </li></ul>
    5. 5. Wikipedia: the most familiar wiki example
    6. 6. Wikipedia Main Page
    7. 7. Wikipedia: C&O Canal page
    8. 8. C&O Canal Discussion page
    9. 9. C&O Canal Discussion page
    10. 10. C&O Canal Editing page
    11. 11. C&O Canal Revision History page
    12. 12. Commoncraft: “Wikis in Plain English”
    13. 13. How do a wiki and web site differ?
    14. 14. National Park Service’s C&O Canal site
    15. 15. C&O Canal Association’s site
    16. 16. Some wiki samples …
    17. 17. Shrink and Grow: “This wiki acts as a design doc for the game…”
    18. 18. RocWiki.org – the People’s Guide to Rochester
    19. 19. wikiHow: “The How-to Manual Anyone Can Write Or Edit”
    20. 20. FLICC/Fedlink Environmental Scan wiki
    21. 21. NCI caBIG
    22. 22. National Alliance for Medical Image Computing wiki
    23. 23. UPC Wiki
    24. 24. US Court of Appeals – Seventh Circuit
    25. 25. Argonne National Lab’s SEED Project Wiki
    26. 26. The AAA Wiki … <ul><li>“ Welcome to the AAA Wiki - created to coordinate the Assembly, Alignment and Annotation of the now 12 sequenced Drosophila genomes.” </li></ul>
    27. 27. Goochland County Public Schools
    28. 28. MassGIS Geospatial Web Services project wiki
    29. 29. Real Estate Wiki
    30. 30. “… caGrid provides the core enabling infrastructure necessary to compose the Grid of caBIG™”
    31. 31. The “hall of mirrors” wiki: a presentation by Janel Brennan-Tillmann, UMD Coord. of Foreign Lang. Instructional Technology
    32. 32. Is it a wiki or a web page?
    33. 33. Why are wikis so popular? <ul><li>Anyone can write or edit </li></ul><ul><li>Outside the normal permissions and approval process for web content </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to learn </li></ul><ul><li>User-defined life span </li></ul>
    34. 34. Wikis vs. Web sites <ul><li>Require permission to publish </li></ul><ul><li>Mediated by experts </li></ul><ul><li>Transactional </li></ul><ul><li>Governed by workflow or publishing cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic design conveys content organization to user </li></ul><ul><li>Staffed by professionals with a range of skills: designers, developers, content types </li></ul><ul><li>Judged by outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Relevant </li></ul><ul><li>Useful </li></ul><ul><li>Correct </li></ul><ul><li>Alive </li></ul><ul><li>Updated regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Read </li></ul><ul><li>Authored collaboratively </li></ul><ul><li>Little to no graphic design </li></ul><ul><li>Foster dialogue or conversation </li></ul><ul><li>Socially mediated </li></ul><ul><li>Content author in charge of content over time </li></ul>Web Sites Shared Traits Wikis
    35. 35. Edit-before-publish vs. Edit-after-publish <ul><li>“ Something that’s 80% accurate, on time, and shareable is better than something that is too much, perfectly formatted, too late, and over-classified.” </li></ul><ul><li>Chris Rasmussen, Knowledge Management Officer, Intellipedia, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, Department of Defense </li></ul>
    36. 36. Why do you need wiki writing guidelines? <ul><li>Organic growth of content can cause many communication problems </li></ul><ul><li>Producing valuable content of any type requires reviewing and editing </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki users search vs. navigate , thus putting extra pressure on words </li></ul>
    37. 37. What should the wiki writing guidelines cover? <ul><li>How to organize content </li></ul><ul><li>How to make content easy to read </li></ul><ul><li>How to write as a wiki citizen </li></ul>
    38. 38. Guidelines on writing to organize <ul><li>How to name pages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use concrete descriptive words; use the most commonly searched terms: not ID but Social Security Number or Passport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strive for names you can use in a sentence: not hips – replacement surgery but hip replacement surgery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide guidance on caps, numbers, special characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give a name that will last over time: not Proposal – Final Version </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid beginning with articles: not The Interagency Agreements Team </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop naming guidelines for different types of pages/articles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How (or whether) to group pages </li></ul>
    39. 39. Clear naming at Library Success: A Best Practices Wiki
    40. 40. HRE Wiki: Naming Problem <ul><li>HREwiki </li></ul><ul><li>Home </li></ul><ul><li>Ready-to-use resources </li></ul><ul><li>Resources in development </li></ul><ul><li>Images </li></ul><ul><li>New topics </li></ul><ul><li>Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Useful websites http://hrewiki.pbwiki.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Featured resources </li></ul><ul><li>the Univeral Declaration of Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Nepal </li></ul><ul><li>death Penalty - teaching materials </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Voices of people affected by human rights abuses </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas for HRE </li></ul><ul><li>Using this wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Request a password </li></ul><ul><li>Writing for this wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Developing this wiki </li></ul><ul><li>'How to' </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting problems </li></ul><ul><li>Reproducing content </li></ul><ul><li>Terms of Use </li></ul><ul><li>Disclaimer </li></ul><ul><li>About </li></ul>
    41. 41. Debian wiki: organized by user
    42. 42. Guidelines on writing readable wiki content <ul><li>Headings </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical lists </li></ul><ul><li>Links (no click here ) </li></ul><ul><li>Conciseness </li></ul><ul><li>Tone </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical correctness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spelling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Punctuation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grammar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abbreviations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dates </li></ul></ul>
    43. 43. Wiki wall of words …
    44. 44. Bulleted wiki article: Easy to scan or read?
    45. 45. Developing a wiki that contains few content types requires explicit writing guidance.
    46. 46. PolicyOptions Wiki: Lots of guidance about writing issue briefs
    47. 47. Guidelines on writing as a wiki citizen <ul><li>Use your real name </li></ul><ul><li>Write objectively (?) </li></ul><ul><li>Comment considerately </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute original content </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid slang </li></ul><ul><li>Explain edits in “Comments” section </li></ul>
    48. 48. Wiki software options <ul><li>MediaWiki – www.mediawiki.org </li></ul><ul><li>Tikiwiki - www.tikiwiki.org </li></ul><ul><li>PBwiki - http://pbwiki.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia’s article “Comparison of wiki software” at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_wiki_software </li></ul>
    49. 49. Wiki writing guidelines <ul><li>ColabWiki: Wiki Style Guide </li></ul><ul><li>IBM’s Redwiki Writing Guidelines and Etiquette </li></ul><ul><li>wikiHow’s Writer’s Guide </li></ul><ul><li>BattleMaster wiki Style Guide </li></ul><ul><li>LinuxQuestions.org’s LQWiki:Manual of Style </li></ul><ul><li>MuppetWiki Building a successful wiki community </li></ul>
    50. 50. Wiki resources <ul><li>NIH Wiki Fair – February 28, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki Home Page at COLAB , the collaborative work environment: “Hosted by GSA Intergovernmental Solutions” </li></ul><ul><li>“Which Wiki is Right for You?” in School Library Journal , May 1, 2007 </li></ul>
    51. 51. Blogs
    52. 52. Blogs at NAR
    53. 53. What is a blog? <ul><li>“ A weblog, which is usually shortened to blog, is a website where regular entries are made (such as in a journal or diary) and presented in reverse chronological order. Blogs often offer commentary or news on a particular subject, such as technology, politics, or local news… A…blog combines text, images, and links to other blogs, web pages, and other media related to its topic.” </li></ul>
    54. 54. How is a blog different from a website? <ul><li>Easy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to set up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to update </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to organize and archive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interactive </li></ul><ul><li>Personal, representing and individual’s point of view, not necessarily the association’s </li></ul>
    55. 55. How do blogs work? <ul><li>How do you publish a blog? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you read a blog? </li></ul>
    56. 56. How do you publish a blog? <ul><li>Use off-the-shelf, user-friendly software (blogware) to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create new blog posts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organize, archive and retrieve information from old posts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create links from your posts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enable other bloggers to link back to a specific post on your blog (Permalinks) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Let bloggers see who has viewed their posts and commented (TrackBack) </li></ul></ul>
    57. 57. How do you read a blog? <ul><li>Subscribe to a blog with </li></ul><ul><li>RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed </li></ul><ul><li>Portal or browser based aggregators (GoogleReader) </li></ul><ul><li>Web based aggregators (Bloglines, FeedReader) </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail updates </li></ul>
    58. 58. Subscribe with RSS
    59. 59. Use a blog aggregator
    60. 60. Get blogs by e-mail
    61. 61. Who blogs? <ul><li>“In April 2007, blog search and measurement firm Technorati was tracking over 70 million blogs and reported seeing about 120,000 new blogs created each day. That's 1.4 blogs every second.” </li></ul>
    62. 62. Who blogs in the real estate community?
    63. 63. Why do associations blog? <ul><li>Communicate with the public </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate internally </li></ul><ul><li>Put a human face and personal voice on issues </li></ul>
    64. 64. <ul><li>Humanize your association </li></ul><ul><li>Create a dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Get feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Keep public updated </li></ul><ul><li>Improve visibility—search engine placement </li></ul>A new way to communicate with the public
    65. 65. <ul><li>Share information </li></ul><ul><li>Create community locally, nationwide, or worldwide </li></ul>A new way to communicate within the agency
    66. 66. Before starting a blog consider <ul><li>What’s your purpose? </li></ul><ul><li>Who will write the blog? </li></ul><ul><li>Will you allow comments? </li></ul><ul><li>What’s your approval process? </li></ul><ul><li>What legal issues should you address? </li></ul>
    67. 67. Disseminate Information: DC Public Safety Blog
    68. 68. Support an event
    69. 69. “Value Added”: Eye Level
    70. 70. Customer Interaction: Evolution of Security
    71. 71. A six-week special project blog: EPA
    72. 72. Personal Experience: Volunteer Journals
    73. 73. Who will write the blog? <ul><li>“They’ve got to be authentic. You must be the author of your post—not your staff, not your secretary or administrative staff, and certainly not your campaign manager or consultant.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Christopher Barger, IBM blogging consultant </li></ul>
    74. 74. Director, Corps of Engineers
    75. 75. A team: employees or invited experts
    76. 76. Front-line employees
    77. 77. Will you allow comments? <ul><li>Most associations allow comments </li></ul><ul><li>Will you moderate or edit the comments? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Edit for grammar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edit for content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limit comments to specific issues </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What will you do with the comments—feedback? </li></ul>
    78. 78. Will you allow comments? <ul><li>Without comments, a blog is “just a glorified press release.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Mike Cornfield, professor, George Washington University </li></ul>
    79. 79. No Comments
    80. 80. Enabling comments
    81. 81. The Corps-e-spondence comments policy
    82. 82. Usage and Comments Policy: Center for Realtor Technology Web Log
    83. 83. Evolution of Security comments policy
    84. 84. How will you use comments? <ul><li>Change policies or programs </li></ul><ul><li>Get customer feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate comments into your posts </li></ul>
    85. 85. Incorporate comments: Corps-e-spondence
    86. 86. The blog approval process? <ul><li>Outside formal clearance process </li></ul><ul><li>Posts will need to be reviewed before they’re published </li></ul><ul><li>Blogger + blog’s purpose + blog publication schedule </li></ul>
    87. 87. Legal issues <ul><li>Confidentiality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does your organization have confidentially guidelines for other types of communication? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright </li></ul>
    88. 88. Establish and publish blog policies <ul><li>Incorporate your decisions on into a written blog policy </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Writers/contributors </li></ul><ul><li>Comments policy </li></ul><ul><li>Approvals process </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Issues </li></ul>
    89. 89. Publish your blog policies: IBM
    90. 90. Social Networking: Sharing, Rating, Connecting
    91. 91. Sharing: YouTube
    92. 92. Sharing: Slideshare
    93. 93. Rating or social bookmarking
    94. 94. Rating: Digg
    95. 95. Rating: StumbleUpon
    96. 96. Connecting: LinkedIn
    97. 97. Connecting: Facebook
    98. 98. Connecting: Ning
    99. 99. Ning Realtors!
    100. 100. Connecting: Twitter
    101. 101. Debbie Weil elsewhere online
    102. 102. Questions or comments? <ul><li>Contact Information: </li></ul><ul><li>Leslie O’Flahavan </li></ul><ul><li>E-WRITE </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>301-989-9583 </li></ul>
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