Black history
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Black history Black history Presentation Transcript

  • Done By: Leow Wei Sheng 2P315
    Black History
  • Agenda
    Slavery
    Civil War
    Jim Crow Laws
    Civil Rights Movement
    Montgomery Bus Boycott and Scottsboro Trials
    Traits of a true Southern Belle and Southern Gentlemen
    Harper Lee
  • Slavery
    Started in the 1400s
    Started in northern Mauritania in North Africa
    Whites traditionally bought and owned slaves
    Rules included not allowed to carry arms
    Punishments included being crippled
    View slide
  • Slavery
    Slavery began in the Southern States when farmers needed slaves to help in their huge plantations
    Slavery is related to “To Kill A Mockingbird” as Atticus Finch also hires a slave to work for him
    The study of slavery helps us to understand why Blacks are treated unfairly by the Whites
    View slide
  • Civil War
    The Southern States are: Virginia, Delaware, Maryland, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Missouri, Arkansas and Texas
    The US president who proclaimed war against the South was Abraham Lincoln
    The Civil War was fought as the North wanted to abolish slavery in the South
  • Civil War
    The war was fought from 1861-1865
    In the end the North won, and slavery was abolished in the South
    The Civil War is related to “To Kill A Mockingbird” as in both cases people were fighting for rights for the Blacks
  • Jim Crow Laws
    Jim Crow is pejorative expression meaning “Africa American”
    The Jim Crow Law were laws which separate the Whites from the Blacks
    The Laws shaped a segregated culture
    The Blacks were unhappy as that meant that the Whites would have an unfair advantage over the Blacks
  • Jim Crow Laws
    The Jim Crow Laws surfaced in the novel “To Kill A Mockingbird”
    In the novel, the Whites sat downstairs of the courthouse while the Blacks sat at the balcony on top of the courthouse
  • Civil Rights Movement
    The Civil Rights Movement began on 1 December 1955
    The Civil Rights Movement was a national movement of resistance to racial segregation
    In December 1955, the Montgomery Bus Boycott started and it ended in December 1956, this led to the US Supreme Court declaring the Alabama and Montgomery segregation laws unconstitutional
  • In August 1963, all the major civil rights organizations marched on Washington and it was a success; the Kennedy Administration was sincerely committed to passing the bill about outlawing segregation
    John F. Kennedy supported the movement
    In the end segregation was outlawed
    The movement is related to the novel as both show that racial discrimination could get out of control
    Civil Rights Movement
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott and Scottsboro Trials
    Fighting for the rights of Blacks in the transport sector as the transport system was biased to the Whites
    Nine Black teenagers were accused of rape in Alabama in 1931
    Both trials are similar as both trials are about Blacks fighting for their rights
  • Traits of a True Southern Belle and Southern Gentleman
    Southern Belle: a young upper class woman
    Southern Gentleman: a polite man with respect
    A Southern Belle sews to pass her time
    Atticus is an example of a Southern Gentleman as he is righteous and polite
    Bob Ewell is an example of a non-Southern Gentleman as he is very violent and cunning
  • Harper Lee
    Born on 28 April 1926
    Published “To Kill A Mockingbird” in July 1966
    The novel was the only novel she published
    Awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1961
    She received the Presidential Medal of Freedom for her contribution to literature in 2007
    The book was significant to her as it was the only book she published and it describes the impact of racism on the Blacks
  • Thank You