NEEDS ANALYSIS  By Tami Lenker
THIS IS WILL.  HIS MOTHER THINKS HE HAS A NEED.
HIS NEED IS TO LEARN TO TIE HIS SHOES.
LET’S CONDUCT A NEEDS ANALYSIS…
1.  WHAT PROBLEM EXISTS OR WHAT CHANGE IS BEING REQUESTED?  <ul><li>Will’s mother wants Will to learn to tie his own shoes...
WHO IS BEING ASKED TO CHANGE? <ul><li>Will. </li></ul>
WHAT IS CURRENTLY TAKING PLACE IN THIS ENVIRONMENT WITH THIS INDIVIDUAL? <ul><li>To answer this question an instructional ...
LET’S INTERVIEW WILL. . . <ul><li>What are your favorite shoes? </li></ul>
<ul><li>“ What are your favorite shoes?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ My Velcro shoes.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Why?” </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>“ Why don’t you like your lace up shoes?’ </li></ul><ul><li>“ Because they make my feet sweaty.” </li></ul>
LET’S OBSERVE WILL. . .
OBSERVE WILL ATTEMPTING TO TIE HIS SHOES.
WILL REFUSES TO TIE HIS SHOES.
OBSERVATIONS: <ul><li>1.  Will does not seem to like his lace up shoes. </li></ul><ul><li>2.  Will does not seem to know h...
IS INSTRUCTION THE MOST APPROPRIATE MEANS FOR BRINGING ABOUT CHANGE? ANALYZE DATA. <ul><li>There does seem to be a skill d...
THE GAP <ul><li>Instructional designers know that needs are a gap between where they need to be and where they are.  </li>...
<ul><li>*Purchase new lace up shoes for Will.  </li></ul><ul><li>*Perhaps he should pick them out himself. </li></ul><ul><...
Plan for data collection. Collect data from target. Analyze data. Prepare summative report. Steps for needs assessment .
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97 Version Needs Analysis

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97 Version Needs Analysis

  1. 1. NEEDS ANALYSIS By Tami Lenker
  2. 2. THIS IS WILL. HIS MOTHER THINKS HE HAS A NEED.
  3. 3. HIS NEED IS TO LEARN TO TIE HIS SHOES.
  4. 4. LET’S CONDUCT A NEEDS ANALYSIS…
  5. 5. 1. WHAT PROBLEM EXISTS OR WHAT CHANGE IS BEING REQUESTED? <ul><li>Will’s mother wants Will to learn to tie his own shoes . </li></ul>
  6. 6. WHO IS BEING ASKED TO CHANGE? <ul><li>Will. </li></ul>
  7. 7. WHAT IS CURRENTLY TAKING PLACE IN THIS ENVIRONMENT WITH THIS INDIVIDUAL? <ul><li>To answer this question an instructional designer needs to gather specific information through interviews and observations. </li></ul>
  8. 8. LET’S INTERVIEW WILL. . . <ul><li>What are your favorite shoes? </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>“ What are your favorite shoes?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ My Velcro shoes.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Why?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Because they are comfortable.” </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>“ Why don’t you like your lace up shoes?’ </li></ul><ul><li>“ Because they make my feet sweaty.” </li></ul>
  11. 11. LET’S OBSERVE WILL. . .
  12. 12. OBSERVE WILL ATTEMPTING TO TIE HIS SHOES.
  13. 13. WILL REFUSES TO TIE HIS SHOES.
  14. 14. OBSERVATIONS: <ul><li>1. Will does not seem to like his lace up shoes. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Will does not seem to know how to tie his shoes. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Will refuses to continue trying to tie his shoes. </li></ul>
  15. 15. IS INSTRUCTION THE MOST APPROPRIATE MEANS FOR BRINGING ABOUT CHANGE? ANALYZE DATA. <ul><li>There does seem to be a skill deficiency. Will does not seem to know how to tie his shoes. </li></ul><ul><li>There seem to be other obstacles as well. Will does not like his lace up shoes. They are uncomfortable. </li></ul><ul><li>Will has more rewarding options. His Velcro shoes are easy to put on and they feel good. </li></ul>
  16. 16. THE GAP <ul><li>Instructional designers know that needs are a gap between where they need to be and where they are. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>*Purchase new lace up shoes for Will. </li></ul><ul><li>*Perhaps he should pick them out himself. </li></ul><ul><li>*Shoes should fit comfortably. </li></ul><ul><li>*After a formative evaluation, an instructional designer may then find that the problem is solved without any instruction needed. </li></ul><ul><li>*Or, instruction may need to occur with the new shoes, but hopefully Will’s attitude will be better. </li></ul><ul><li>*An instructional designer may recommend removing barriers (such as undesirable shoes) prior to instruction . </li></ul>Summative Report Recommendations
  18. 18. Plan for data collection. Collect data from target. Analyze data. Prepare summative report. Steps for needs assessment .

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