Trichelle SmallClaudette Mc Pherson Monique Toby Wynnell Caesar Shonelle Adams
This chapter introduces the technologies and media thatcan support and enhance student learning:- be used to promote student learning in a dynamic way- make lessons more realistic and engaging- involve learners with instructional materials- lead students to construct displays and dioramas- present students with manipulatives and worksheets in digital form
Instruction using this model utilizes: Learning Centers Instructional Modules Manipulatives Print Materials Display Surfaces Exhibits
- are self-contained environments designed to promote individual or small-group learning focused on a specific topic- can be simple (to promote student discussion or hands on activities)- can be complex (connected computers for collaborative research or problem solving)- address the issue of educating students of varying levels of abilities
These methods of Integration were identified:- Skill Centers- Remedial Centers- Enrichment Centers- Computer and Learning Centers
- are self-contained instructional units for use by a single/small group of learners without a teacher’s presence.- facilitates learning without constant supervision- must be used to promote student learning in a dynamic way- are presented in printed, audiovisual or computer-based form
- gain student’s attention- introduce a topic- present new content- provide practice with feedback activities- test for mastery.- assign follow-up remediation or enrichment- all instructional management procedures must be provided
Rationale Objectives Entry Test Multimedia Material Learning ActivitiesPractice with Feedback Self Test Post-Test
- a networked set of computer work stations with software/online access to a particular set of sequential lessons or modules.- are integrated and correlated- all tests are matched to the activities and objectives- management software gathers and stores all information about student progress and supplies teachers/administrators with reports
These are objects that:- can be viewed and handled in a learning setting.- attract students’ attention and promote learning by handling and inspection
Real Objects that may be used as they are or may be modifiedto enhance the instruction. (e.g. coins, tool, plants)Models are three dimensional representations of real objectsand can be modified (e.g. using color) to highlight importantdetails and can be taken apart and re-constructedMock-ups are simplified versions of complex devices thathighlight essential elements and eliminate distracting details.
- is a collection of teaching/learning materials that involve more than one type of medium organized around a single topic.- more especially real objects, models and mock-ups
By Teacher/s: - for presentations (allows students to touch, observe, . experiment, wonder and decide)By Student/s: - for individual or small-group work
Printed materials are used to present information:- for discussions or questioning (in-class reading activities)- for tests (handouts)- for clarification after a lesson (reference book/magazine)
- are surfaces used to exhibit visual materials in a way that allows all students to view them simultaneously- are used to support the verbal communication
Chalkboards and Whiteboards Electronic Whiteboards Bulletin Boards Cloth Boards Magnetic Boards Flip Charts
Chalkboards (Blackboards) are: - the most commonly used display surface in the classroom - found in a variety of coloursWhiteboards (Multipurpose /Marker Boards) : - use a special erasable marker and felt eraser - not suitable for video/Power Point slides - some may be used as a magnetic boardBoth are used to draw visuals or post up pictures and otherimages.
Electronic Whiteboards:- allows you to capture any information written on them in digital form- works in conjunction with a computer- may contain multiple screens or framesThere are two types:- Standard- Interactive
These are:- made of material that allows sharp fasteners to be used without damaging the surface- surfaces on which brief news, announcements, etc. are posted for public noticeThey are used for: - Decoration - Motivation - Instruction
These are:- made cloth (flannel, felt or hook and loop) stretched over a sturdy backing material (plywood, masonite or heavy cardboard)- boards that use course materials to attach and present visuals
These are:- metal surfaces that use magnets to secure visuals in place
These are:- large sheets of paper fastened together at the top and mounted to an easel- arranged in sequential order- most commonly used to present key illustrations/words that compliment a presentation/lesson- use illustrations and words as reminders of next point
These :- are collections of various objects and visuals designed to form an integrated whole for instructional purposes- may include real objects, models and mock-upsThey can be:- Simple (set up on a table, shelf or desk)- Complex (a booth or entire bookcase)
These are:- pleasure trips outside of the classroom to study real processes, people and objects- trips that require lead-in (prepares) and follow-up (reflection) activitiesThese trips do not:- always present students with the opportunity to manipulate phenomena- necessarily have to take students outside of the classroom
These are presentations that:- consist of an array of objects, visuals and printed materials- foster retention and sharpening of visual skills
These are:- static displays that consists of a three dimensional foreground and flat background to create a realistic scene or setting- designed to reproduce past/present scenes and depict future ones- used to illustrate prehistoric and geological formations
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