Chapter 3 Line

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high school art fundamentals, descriptive line, implied line, expressive line, expressive line qualities

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Chapter 3 Line

  1. 1. CHAPTER 3: LINE An element of art that is used to define space, contours, and outlines, or suggest mass and volume. It may be a continuous mark made on a surface with a pointed tool or implied by the edges of shapes and forms.
  2. 2. LINE  Has many different definitions in the dictionary.  You can hit a LINE drive in baseball.  You can practice your LINES for a play.  You can stand in a LINE in the cafeteria.  Lines can be found in nature in such things as:  Veins of a leaf  Branches of a tree in winter  A puddle of mud that has dried
  3. 3. LINES IN ART…  DESCRIPTIVE LINES are lines that help us understand what we are seeing.  Outlines – Contour Lines – Single Lines – Hatching  IMPLIED LINES are lines that suggest an edge rather than clearly defining one.  Implied Lines occur where textures, colors, and values change at edges of shapes in artwork.  EXPRESSIVE LINES are lines that send us messages about what the artist wants his or her work to make us feel.
  4. 4. DESCRIPTIVE LINES  OUTLINE -  An outline is a line that surrounds a shape.  The lines of an outline are usually the same thickness throughout.  Also, only the outer edges of the shapes are defined.
  5. 5. DESCRIPTIVE LINES  CONTOUR LINES-  Also define the outer edges of shapes.  Unlike outlines, however, contour lines vary in thickness and darkness.  They also define the edges of shapes within a form.  They give a greater sense of depth to the object.
  6. 6. DESCRIPTIVE LINES  INDIVIDUAL LINES –  Just a single line can represent the letter “s”.  Chinese writing is an example.  Calligraphy is an elegant writing and an individual line. L Hermann
  7. 7. DESCRIPTIVE LINES  Hatching / Cross-Hatching  Artists use many thin, closely spaced, parallel lines called hatching.  Hatching lines that are crossed, which make a more solid shadow, are called cross- hatching.
  8. 8. HATCHING AND CROSS HATCHING ARE WAYS OF USING LINES FOR SHADING TO CREATE DARKER TONES, IN ORDER TO SHOW DIMENSIONALITY OR FORM. Above by Pablo Picasso. Left by George Seurat.
  9. 9. IMPLIED LINES  Are lines that are not seen, at least in the usual way. They are indicated indirectly.  An actual line does not have to be present in order for a line to be suggested, or implied.  Lines can be implied by:  Edges  Closure  Lines of sight
  10. 10. IMPLIED LINES  EDGES  Exist where one shape ends and another shape begins.  These edges imply a line.
  11. 11. EDGES IN 3-DIMENSIONAL ART
  12. 12. IMPLIED LINES  CLOSURE –  Our tendency to “see” complete figures where lines are left open is called closure.  Example would be a dotted line, we always finish it to make it a solid line.
  13. 13. IMPLIED LINES  LINES OF SIGHT  Are implied lines that are suggested by the direction in which the figures in a picture are looking, or from the observer’s eye to the object being looked at.
  14. 14. EXPRESSIVE LINES  Are lines that are produced to express an idea, mood, or quality.
  15. 15. A definition of DRAWING--- lines and marks made on a surface. Ernesto Caivano
  16. 16. Particular drawing lines may be thick or thin, heavy or light… (often depending on the drawing medium employed)… Kathe Kollwitz, charcoal drawing Saul Steinberg, ink drawing
  17. 17. A drawing might be characterized by lines that are curvilinear or angular, continuous or interrupted… Brice Marden Oskar Kokoshka Lebbeus Woods (or broad or delicate, rough or precise…)
  18. 18. Alessandro AlbiniWillem DeKooning Some line, repeating its movement or gesture, may be thought of as RHYTHMIC.
  19. 19. Calligraphic line refers to line having the flowing and expressive quality of calligraphy. Sufi Calligraphic Art Chinese Calligraphy Henri Matisse
  20. 20. S. Kape 289
  21. 21. LINE PERSONALITIES  We associate certain feelings with a line’s shape, movement, and direction.  Artists often rely on line personality, or the general characteristics of a line, to convey a specific mood or feeling.
  22. 22. Pablo Picasso HORIZONTAL line in an artwork may Contribute a sense of restfulness, stability, stillness. Particular directional lines tend to evoke different energies or moods: Karen Kunc
  23. 23. Jay DeFeo, graphite pencil VERTICAL line or directional movement can suggest power, forceful stability. Hong Chun Zhang, charcoal graphite
  24. 24. DIAGONAL line best evoke motion, energy, dynamism! Ernesto Caivano Gomedia
  25. 25. Hokusai, wood-block print Juan Gris Most compositions contain a variety of directional lines, whose energies play off against one another.
  26. 26. Drawing Examples: various eras, artists, media Lascaux Caves, France 15,300 BCE (charcoal, earth pigments on stone)
  27. 27. Nasca Lines, Nasca Desert, Peru (moved. scraped earth) 400 – 650 AD
  28. 28. Edgar Degas (black and white chalk on paper) Charcoal
  29. 29. Odilon Redon PASTEL (colored chalk)
  30. 30. David Musgrave (graphite on paper) GRAPHITE
  31. 31. Leonardo Da Vinci PEN and INK Charles Dana Gibson
  32. 32. COLORED PENCIL

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