Ms. Susan M. PojerMs. Susan M. Pojer
Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua,Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua,
NYNY
Ms. Susan M. PojerMs. S...
Separatist
s
vs.
Puritans
Puritanism
Calvinism  Institutes of the Christian Religion
 Predestination.
• Good works could not save those predestine...
Separatist Beliefs:Separatist Beliefs:
 Puritans who believed only “visiblePuritans who believed only “visible
saints” [t...
Sources of Puritan
Migration
16201620  a group of 102a group of 102
people [half Separatists]people [half Separatists]
 Negotiated with theNegotiate...
The Mayflower
Compact
November 11, 1620
The Mayflower
Compact
November 11, 1620
Written and signed before the
Pilgrims disembarked from the ship.
Not a constituti...
Covenant Theology
“Covenant of Grace”:
 between Puritan communities and
God.
“Social Covenant”:
 Between members of Puri...
That First Year….
Winter of 1620-1621
 Only 44 out of the original 102 survived.
None chose to leave in 1621 when the
May...
William Bradford
Self-taught scholar.
Chosen governor of
Plymouth 30 times in
yearly elections.
Worried about
settlements ...
Colonizing New
England
First Seal of MA Bay
The MA Bay Colony
1629  non-Separatists got a royal charter
to form the MA Bay Co.
 Wanted to escape attacks by conserva...
John Winthrop
We shall be as aWe shall be as a
city on a hill..city on a hill..
Well-off attorney
and manor lord in
Englan...
Land Division in
Sudbury, MA: 1639-
1656
Characteristics of New
England Settlements
Low mortalityLow mortality  average lifeaverage life
expectancy was 70 years ...
Patriarchy
Authoritarian male father figures
controlled each household.
Patriarchal ministers and magistrates
controlled
c...
Puritan “Rebels”
Young, popular minister inYoung, popular minister in
Salem.Salem.
 Argued for a full breakArgued for a f...
16361636  Roger Williams fled there.Roger Williams fled there.
 MA Bay Puritans had wanted to exile him toMA Bay Purita...
Intelligent, strong-willed,Intelligent, strong-willed,
well-spoken woman.well-spoken woman.
Threatened patriarchalThreaten...
16381638  she confounded the Puritan leadersshe confounded the Puritan leaders
for days.for days.
Eventually bragged tha...
New England Spreads
Out
New England Colonies,
1650
Indians especially weak in New EnglandIndians especially weak in New England 
epidemics wiped out ¾ of the native popul....
The First
Thanksgiving?
In 1863, President Lincoln proclaimedIn 1863, President Lincoln proclaimed
Thanksgiving an officia...
The Pequot Wars: 1636-
1637PequotsPequots  veryvery
powerful tribepowerful tribe
in CT river valley.in CT river valley.
...
A Pequot Village
Destroyed, 1637
Only hope for NativeOnly hope for Native
Americans to resistAmericans to resist
white settlers was towhite settlers was to...
The war ended in failure for the IndiansThe war ended in failure for the Indians
 Metacom beheaded and drawn and quartere...
Population of the New
England Colonies
Population Comparisons:
New England v. the
Chesapeake
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Newenglandcolonization 1224876244475212-8.pptx inglês.pptmn

180 views
89 views

Published on

trabalho de Ingles

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
180
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Newenglandcolonization 1224876244475212-8.pptx inglês.pptmn

  1. 1. Ms. Susan M. PojerMs. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua,Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NYNY Ms. Susan M. PojerMs. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua,Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NYNY
  2. 2. Separatist s vs. Puritans
  3. 3. Puritanism Calvinism  Institutes of the Christian Religion  Predestination. • Good works could not save those predestined for hell. • No one could be certain of their spiritual status. • Gnawing doubts led to constantly seeking signs of “conversion.” Puritans:  Want to totally reform [purify] the Church of England.  Grew impatient with the slow process of Protestant Reformation back in England.
  4. 4. Separatist Beliefs:Separatist Beliefs:  Puritans who believed only “visiblePuritans who believed only “visible saints” [those who could demonstrate insaints” [those who could demonstrate in front of their fellow Puritans theirfront of their fellow Puritans their elect status] should be admitted toelect status] should be admitted to church membership.church membership.  Because the Church of England enrolledBecause the Church of England enrolled all the king’s subjects, Separatists feltall the king’s subjects, Separatists felt they had to share churches with thethey had to share churches with the “damned.”“damned.”  Therefore, they believed in a totalTherefore, they believed in a total break from the Church of England.break from the Church of England. Separatists
  5. 5. Sources of Puritan Migration
  6. 6. 16201620  a group of 102a group of 102 people [half Separatists]people [half Separatists]  Negotiated with theNegotiated with the Virginia Company toVirginia Company to settle in itssettle in its jurisdiction.jurisdiction.  Non-SeparatistsNon-Separatists included Captain Mylesincluded Captain Myles Standish.Standish. Plymouth Bay wayPlymouth Bay way outside the domain of the Virginia Company.outside the domain of the Virginia Company.  Became squatters without legal right to land &Became squatters without legal right to land & specific authority to establish a govt.specific authority to establish a govt. The Mayflower
  7. 7. The Mayflower Compact November 11, 1620
  8. 8. The Mayflower Compact November 11, 1620 Written and signed before the Pilgrims disembarked from the ship. Not a constitution, but an agreement to form a crude govt. and submit to majority rule.  Signed by 41 adult males. Led to adult male settlers meeting in assemblies to make laws in town meetings.
  9. 9. Covenant Theology “Covenant of Grace”:  between Puritan communities and God. “Social Covenant”:  Between members of Puritan communities with each other.  Required mutual watchfulness.  No toleration of deviance or disorder.  No privacy.
  10. 10. That First Year…. Winter of 1620-1621  Only 44 out of the original 102 survived. None chose to leave in 1621 when the Mayflower sailed back. Fall of 1621  First “Thanksgiving.”  Colony survived with fur [especially beaver], fish, and lumber. Plymouth stayed small and economically unimportant.  1691  only 7,000 people  Merged with Massachusetts Bay Colony.
  11. 11. William Bradford Self-taught scholar. Chosen governor of Plymouth 30 times in yearly elections. Worried about settlements of non-Puritans springing up nearby and corrupting Puritan society. A Model of Christian Charity
  12. 12. Colonizing New England
  13. 13. First Seal of MA Bay
  14. 14. The MA Bay Colony 1629  non-Separatists got a royal charter to form the MA Bay Co.  Wanted to escape attacks by conservatives in the Church of England.  They didn’t want to leave the Church, just its “impurities.” 1630  1,000 people set off in 11 well- stocked ships  Established a colony with Boston as its hub. “Great Migration” of the 1630s  Turmoil in England [leading to the English Civil War] sent about 70,000 Puritans to America.  Not all Puritans  20,000 came to MA.
  15. 15. John Winthrop We shall be as aWe shall be as a city on a hill..city on a hill.. Well-off attorney and manor lord in England. Became 1st governor of Massachusetts.  Believed that he had a “calling” from God to lead there.  Served as governor or deputy-governor for 19 years.
  16. 16. Land Division in Sudbury, MA: 1639- 1656
  17. 17. Characteristics of New England Settlements Low mortalityLow mortality  average lifeaverage life expectancy was 70 years of age.expectancy was 70 years of age. Many extended families.Many extended families. Average 6 children per family.Average 6 children per family. Average age at marriage:Average age at marriage:  Women – 22 years oldWomen – 22 years old  Men – 27 years old.Men – 27 years old.
  18. 18. Patriarchy Authoritarian male father figures controlled each household. Patriarchal ministers and magistrates controlled church congregations and household patriarchs.
  19. 19. Puritan “Rebels” Young, popular minister inYoung, popular minister in Salem.Salem.  Argued for a full breakArgued for a full break with the Anglican Church.with the Anglican Church.  Condemned MA BayCondemned MA Bay Charter.Charter. • Did not give fairDid not give fair compensation to Indians.compensation to Indians.  Denied authority of civilDenied authority of civil govt. to regulate religiousgovt. to regulate religious behavior.behavior. 16351635  found guilty of preachingfound guilty of preaching newe &newe & dangerous opinionsdangerous opinions and was exiled.and was exiled. Roger WilliamsRoger Williams
  20. 20. 16361636  Roger Williams fled there.Roger Williams fled there.  MA Bay Puritans had wanted to exile him toMA Bay Puritans had wanted to exile him to England to prevent him from founding aEngland to prevent him from founding a competing colony.competing colony.  Remarkable political freedom in Providence,Remarkable political freedom in Providence, RIRI • Universal manhood suffrageUniversal manhood suffrage  later restrictedlater restricted by a property qualification.by a property qualification. • Opposed to special privilege of any kindOpposed to special privilege of any kind  freedom of opportunity for all.freedom of opportunity for all. RI becomes known as the “Sewer” becauseRI becomes known as the “Sewer” because it is seen by the Puritans as a dumpingit is seen by the Puritans as a dumping ground for unbelievers and religiousground for unbelievers and religious dissentersdissenters  More liberal than any otherMore liberal than any other Rhode Island
  21. 21. Intelligent, strong-willed,Intelligent, strong-willed, well-spoken woman.well-spoken woman. Threatened patriarchalThreatened patriarchal control.control. AntinomialismAntinomialism [direct[direct revelation]revelation]  Means “against the law.”Means “against the law.”  Carried to logical extremesCarried to logical extremes Puritan doctrine ofPuritan doctrine of predestination.predestination.  Holy life was no sure sign of salvation.Holy life was no sure sign of salvation.  Truly saved didn’t need to obey the law ofTruly saved didn’t need to obey the law of either God or man.either God or man. Puritan “Rebels” AnneAnne HutchinsonHutchinson
  22. 22. 16381638  she confounded the Puritan leadersshe confounded the Puritan leaders for days.for days. Eventually bragged that she had receivedEventually bragged that she had received her beliefs DIRECTLY from God.her beliefs DIRECTLY from God. Direct revelation was even more seriousDirect revelation was even more serious than the heresy of antinomianism.than the heresy of antinomianism. WHY??WHY?? Puritan leaders banished herPuritan leaders banished her  she & hershe & her family traveled to RI and later to NY.family traveled to RI and later to NY.  She and all but one member of her familyShe and all but one member of her family were killed in an Indian attack in Westchesterwere killed in an Indian attack in Westchester County.County.  John Winthrop saw God’s hand in this!John Winthrop saw God’s hand in this! Anne Hutchinson’s Trial
  23. 23. New England Spreads Out
  24. 24. New England Colonies, 1650
  25. 25. Indians especially weak in New EnglandIndians especially weak in New England  epidemics wiped out ¾ of the native popul.epidemics wiped out ¾ of the native popul. Wampanoags [near Plymouth] befriendedWampanoags [near Plymouth] befriended the settlers.the settlers.  Cooperation between the twoCooperation between the two helped byhelped by SquantoSquanto.. 16211621  Chief Massasoit signedChief Massasoit signed treaty with the settlers.treaty with the settlers.  Autumn, 1621Autumn, 1621  both groupsboth groups celebrated the First Thanksgiving.celebrated the First Thanksgiving. Puritans vs. Native Americans
  26. 26. The First Thanksgiving? In 1863, President Lincoln proclaimedIn 1863, President Lincoln proclaimed Thanksgiving an official US holiday.Thanksgiving an official US holiday.
  27. 27. The Pequot Wars: 1636- 1637PequotsPequots  veryvery powerful tribepowerful tribe in CT river valley.in CT river valley. 16371637  PequotPequot WarWar  Whites, withWhites, with NarragansettNarragansett Indian allies,Indian allies, attacked Pequotattacked Pequot village on Mysticvillage on Mystic River.River.  Whites set fireWhites set fire to homes & shot fleeing survivors!to homes & shot fleeing survivors!  Pequot tribe virtually annihilatedPequot tribe virtually annihilated an uneasyan uneasy peace lasted for 40 years.peace lasted for 40 years.
  28. 28. A Pequot Village Destroyed, 1637
  29. 29. Only hope for NativeOnly hope for Native Americans to resistAmericans to resist white settlers was towhite settlers was to UNITE.UNITE. MetacomMetacom [King Philip to[King Philip to white settlers]white settlers]  Massasoit’s son unitedMassasoit’s son united Indians and stagedIndians and staged coordinated attackscoordinated attacks on white settlements throughout New England.on white settlements throughout New England.  Frontier settlements forced to retreat toFrontier settlements forced to retreat to Boston.Boston. King Philip’s War (1675-1676}
  30. 30. The war ended in failure for the IndiansThe war ended in failure for the Indians  Metacom beheaded and drawn and quartered.Metacom beheaded and drawn and quartered.  His son and wife sold into slavery.His son and wife sold into slavery.  Never a serious threat in New England again!!Never a serious threat in New England again!! King Philip’s War (1675-1676}
  31. 31. Population of the New England Colonies
  32. 32. Population Comparisons: New England v. the Chesapeake

×