Recycling
Thursday, March 20
11:00am, Burnsville City Hall
Dakota Valley Recycling
Leigh Behrens & Andrea Uhl
Recycling Misconceptions:
 Doesn’t save natural
resources
 We already recycle all
we can
 Recycling is too
inconvenient...
Myth 1: Recycling Doesn’t
Save Natural Resources
 Life-cycle analysis: examines the entire
chain of events from manufactu...
 Recycling 1 ton of steel saves 2,500
pounds of ore, 1,400 pounds of coal and
120 pounds of limestone
Source: Steel Recyc...
 Every ton of newsprint or mixed paper
recycled saves the equivalent of cutting
down 17 trees to make paper
Source: Natio...
 The energy conserved by recycling
exceeds the electricity generated by
waste-to-energy facilities
Minnesota’s Waste Mana...
Myth #2: We already recycle
as much as we can
 In 2013, MPCA took samples of garbage
from 6 landfills, including:
 Pine ...
 Findings: about 40% of garbage could have
been recycled
 Compostable material (such as food) is
over 25% of our trash
...
Myth #3: Recycling is too
inconvenient
http://youtu.be/HLJYQaoLgag?t=28s
Convenience of Recycling
 Recycling: more popular than voting!
Voting: 83.9% Recycling: 91%
Source: Eagan Patch, Eagan 20...
 All Burnsville residents have access to
recycling as per City ordinance 433 (7-7-4, 12-
2-1991)
 Dakota County Recyclin...
Myth 4: Recyclables just get
thrown away
 State Statute 115A.95: Haulers are not
allowed to take materials that were
coll...
 Haulers bring recyclables to a MRF
(materials recovery facility) to be sorted
 Twin Cities MRFs
 Allied Waste (Republi...
 Recyclables go through a series of
conveyors, screens, magnets and manual
sorting
 Let’s see how it works
 At the end of the process, baled material is
sold for reprocessing
 Glass is sold for secondary sorting to be
separated...
Myth #5: Single-sort leads to
contamination of recyclables
 ―Commingled‖ or ―Single-Sort‖ recycling
means putting all you...
Sorting at the MRF
 Sorting process for commingled
recyclables:
 http://youtu.be/5YaTpL8nl7c?t=1m19s
 Order of separati...
After the MRF: Glass sorting
 Glass must be sorted by color
 Brown (Amber)
 Green
 Clear
 New technology: optical sor...
After the MRF: Optical
Sorting, Technology in Action !
 http://youtu.be/V54iBP2CU6c?t=2m14s
After the MRF: Plastics Sorting
 How do caps, lids and labels get
removed?
 If all colors are mixed together, why isn’t
...
After the MRF: Plastics Sorting
 How do caps, lids and labels get
removed?
 Shredded into ―flake‖
 Fed into a giant wat...
Plastics Sorting
 If all colors are mixed
together, why isn’t all
recycled plastic an ugly
gray color?
 Answer: optical ...
Product:
 Companies can manufacture plastic
pellets into millions of colors to, in turn, be
manufactured into ―new‖ plast...
Myth 6: Recyclables aren’t
worth anything
 Recycling is a business: investment
 Market values vary (for both virgin and
...
Recyclables Worth Something
 Aluminum: a pop can returns to the grocery
store shelf as a ―new‖ can in as few as 60
days
...
Myth 7: Recycling causes
more pollution than it prevents
 A national recycling rate of 30% reduces
greenhouse gas emissio...
 Throwing away an aluminum can wastes
as much energy as pouring out 6 ounces
of gasoline
 Making a can from recycled alu...
 In the U.S., processing minerals creates 1.5
million tons of air and water pollution
each year
 Recycling can significa...
Myth 8: Recycling costs too
much/should pay for itself
 MN State Statute 297H: Solid Waste
Management tax
 MN State Stat...
Financial, economic and
environmental benefits
 37,000 jobs in MN directly/indirectly supported
by recycling industry
 R...
Recycling paying for itself
 Thousands of US companies save money by
having voluntary recycling programs
 Automotive com...
Myth 9: Your recyclables are all
shipped out of state/country
 Many factories in MN use recycled
materials
 Anchor Glass...
Recycled Glass in MN
 Anchor Glass (Shakopee)
 Video (3:58)
Source: Recycling Association of Minnesota, KARE11
Recycled Plastic in MN
 Bedford Technologies (Worthington): HDPE
 5,000 tons of #2 plastic per year turned into
plastic ...
Recycled Plastic in MN
 Choice Plastics (Mound): multiple
types of plastics
 Clean pellets for manufacturing
 Gopher Re...
Recycled Metal in MN
 Alter Corp.
(Anoka, Hayfield, Marshall, Mankato, St.
Paul): Steel and aluminum
 Processor and brok...
Recycled Paper in MN
 RockTenn (St. Paul): Paper
 100 tons per day
 50% of the paper recycled in MN
 Liberty Paper (Be...
Myth 10: One person cannot
make a difference
 The average American generates 4.38
pounds of waste per day
 34.5 % of tha...
 If every person in Burnsville threw away
just one plastic bottle each day, that
would add up to 22.3 million bottles in ...
 ―Nobody made a greater mistake than
he who did nothing because he could do
only a little.‖ – Edmund Burke
Thank You
Questions?
One shipping container holds about 40,000 lbs of stuff
Source: MPCA Speaker Series: Adam Minter
 Plastics, the ―new‖ packaging
 http://youtu.be/s5p6Nk3SzcU?t=14s
Recycling Myths Debunked (City of Burnsville 3/20/2014)
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Recycling Myths Debunked (City of Burnsville 3/20/2014)

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Recycling "Mythbusters" presentation. Presented by Leigh Behrens and Andrea Uhl of Dakota Valley Recycling (City of Burnsville, Eagan and Apple Valley).

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  • Photo: http://www.savingiceland.org/2010/08/battles-over-bauxite-in-east-india-the-khondalite-mountains-of-khondistan/
  • Anoka County handout,
  • Photo: http://www.topnews.in/files/Traffic-Jams.jpg
  • Photo: http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/green-science/recycle-one-thing2.htm
  • Photo: http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/green-science/recycle-one-thing2.htm
  • 2012 EPA figuresPhoto: http://media.dma.mil/2012/Aug/31/2000119297/-1/-1/0/120821-F-BP133-050.JPG
  • As of 2012, EPA Photo: http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/About/General/2013/6/10/1370879884577/Plastic-drinking-water-bo-010.jpg
  • Recycling Myths Debunked (City of Burnsville 3/20/2014)

    1. 1. Recycling Thursday, March 20 11:00am, Burnsville City Hall Dakota Valley Recycling Leigh Behrens & Andrea Uhl
    2. 2. Recycling Misconceptions:  Doesn’t save natural resources  We already recycle all we can  Recycling is too inconvenient  Recyclables get thrown in the landfill anyway  Single-sort recycling leads to useless, contaminated recyclables  Recyclables aren’t worth much if anything  Causes more pollution than it prevents  Costs too much/should pay for itself  All gets shipped somewhere far away  One person can’t make a difference in recycling
    3. 3. Myth 1: Recycling Doesn’t Save Natural Resources  Life-cycle analysis: examines the entire chain of events from manufacture to disposal  For every item recycled, that’s one less item that needs to be produced from virgin material
    4. 4.  Recycling 1 ton of steel saves 2,500 pounds of ore, 1,400 pounds of coal and 120 pounds of limestone Source: Steel Recycling Institute
    5. 5.  Every ton of newsprint or mixed paper recycled saves the equivalent of cutting down 17 trees to make paper Source: National Recycling Coalition
    6. 6.  The energy conserved by recycling exceeds the electricity generated by waste-to-energy facilities Minnesota’s Waste Management Hierarchy
    7. 7. Myth #2: We already recycle as much as we can  In 2013, MPCA took samples of garbage from 6 landfills, including:  Pine Bend Landfill, Inver Grove Heights
    8. 8.  Findings: about 40% of garbage could have been recycled  Compostable material (such as food) is over 25% of our trash  Similar to 2000 (still lots of work to do)
    9. 9. Myth #3: Recycling is too inconvenient http://youtu.be/HLJYQaoLgag?t=28s
    10. 10. Convenience of Recycling  Recycling: more popular than voting! Voting: 83.9% Recycling: 91% Source: Eagan Patch, Eagan 2012 Residential Survey
    11. 11.  All Burnsville residents have access to recycling as per City ordinance 433 (7-7-4, 12- 2-1991)  Dakota County Recycling Center (The Recycling Zone) in Eagan acts as a drop-off site for residents  Single sort recycling (where all recyclables go into one bin) means less sorting: easier than ever!  More materials recyclable—can be confusing  Solution: go online to www.DakotaValleyRecycling.org/curbside to see a poster of everything your hauler accepts
    12. 12. Myth 4: Recyclables just get thrown away  State Statute 115A.95: Haulers are not allowed to take materials that were collected as recycling to landfills or incinerators for disposal; nor are those places legally allowed to accept them
    13. 13.  Haulers bring recyclables to a MRF (materials recovery facility) to be sorted  Twin Cities MRFs  Allied Waste (Republic) - Inver Grove Heights  Waste Management – Northeast Minneapolis  Dem-Con – Shakopee
    14. 14.  Recyclables go through a series of conveyors, screens, magnets and manual sorting  Let’s see how it works
    15. 15.  At the end of the process, baled material is sold for reprocessing  Glass is sold for secondary sorting to be separated by color
    16. 16. Myth #5: Single-sort leads to contamination of recyclables  ―Commingled‖ or ―Single-Sort‖ recycling means putting all your recyclables in one receptacle  How can bits of glass be separated the other recyclables?  Do paper envelopes get mixed in with plastic bottles?  How do things of similar shapes, like cans and bottles, get separated?
    17. 17. Sorting at the MRF  Sorting process for commingled recyclables:  http://youtu.be/5YaTpL8nl7c?t=1m19s  Order of separation:  Cardboard (cardboard screen)  ―fines‖ (fines screen)  Paper from containers (double-deck paper screen and banana screen)  Steel from containers (magnet)  Aluminum from containers (Eddy current)  Plastics left over  Glass from ―fines‖
    18. 18. After the MRF: Glass sorting  Glass must be sorted by color  Brown (Amber)  Green  Clear  New technology: optical sorting!  Developed for sorting agricultural products
    19. 19. After the MRF: Optical Sorting, Technology in Action !  http://youtu.be/V54iBP2CU6c?t=2m14s
    20. 20. After the MRF: Plastics Sorting  How do caps, lids and labels get removed?  If all colors are mixed together, why isn’t all recycled plastic an ugly gray color?
    21. 21. After the MRF: Plastics Sorting  How do caps, lids and labels get removed?  Shredded into ―flake‖  Fed into a giant water bath  http://youtu.be/zyF9MxlcItw?t=1m (to 1:39)  PET (#1 plastic, e.g. pop bottles) sinks  Bottle caps (#5), labels, contaminant float  Bath 1: skim off bottle caps  Bath 2: skim off labels
    22. 22. Plastics Sorting  If all colors are mixed together, why isn’t all recycled plastic an ugly gray color?  Answer: optical sorting!  www.youtube.com/wa tch?v=EAOg9AaxGWI  Sort as feedstock for pellet-ization
    23. 23. Product:  Companies can manufacture plastic pellets into millions of colors to, in turn, be manufactured into ―new‖ plastic bottles
    24. 24. Myth 6: Recyclables aren’t worth anything  Recycling is a business: investment  Market values vary (for both virgin and recycled materials)
    25. 25. Recyclables Worth Something  Aluminum: a pop can returns to the grocery store shelf as a ―new‖ can in as few as 60 days  Steel: scrap is the largest source of raw material in the steel industry because it is so economically advantageous over virgin  Glass: recycled glass extends the life of glass furnaces. Energy costs drop by 0.5% for every 1% of recycled glass used  Paper: more than 80% of US paper manufacturers use recycled fiber Sources: Aluminum Association, Steel Recycling Institute, Glass Packaging Institute
    26. 26. Myth 7: Recycling causes more pollution than it prevents  A national recycling rate of 30% reduces greenhouse gas emissions equal to taking 25 million cars off the road Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    27. 27.  Throwing away an aluminum can wastes as much energy as pouring out 6 ounces of gasoline  Making a can from recycled aluminum takes 95% less energy than making a can from virgin ore Source: Keep America Beautiful
    28. 28.  In the U.S., processing minerals creates 1.5 million tons of air and water pollution each year  Recycling can significantly reduce these emissions Source: World Watch Institute
    29. 29. Myth 8: Recycling costs too much/should pay for itself  MN State Statute 297H: Solid Waste Management tax  MN State Statute 400.08: financial incentive to recycle (volume-based rates) Collection cost + disposal cost + waste tax = Garbage service cost Collection cost – sale of recyclables = Recycling service cost  Households and businesses can save money by reducing trash volume
    30. 30. Financial, economic and environmental benefits  37,000 jobs in MN directly/indirectly supported by recycling industry  Recycling creates 4 jobs for every 1 job in waste disposal and management industries  In 2010, 2.5 million tons of recyclables collected: est. worth $690 million  Not recycling costs money: 1.2 million tons of recyclables (worth est. $285 million) were thrown into landfills, which cost MN $200 million NRC Recycling Economic Information Study
    31. 31. Recycling paying for itself  Thousands of US companies save money by having voluntary recycling programs  Automotive companies: toward zero waste  GM: 92%, Toyota: 96%, Honda: 10 plants @ 100%  ARROW program: businesses in Burnsville, Eagan and Apple Valley that recycle  http://www.dakotavalleyrecycling.org/current- members
    32. 32. Myth 9: Your recyclables are all shipped out of state/country  Many factories in MN use recycled materials  Anchor Glass: Shakopee, MN  RockTenn (Paper): St. Paul, MN  Liberty Paper: Becker, MN  Bedford Technologies (HDPE): Worthington, MN  Choice Plastics: Mound, MN  Many more
    33. 33. Recycled Glass in MN  Anchor Glass (Shakopee)  Video (3:58) Source: Recycling Association of Minnesota, KARE11
    34. 34. Recycled Plastic in MN  Bedford Technologies (Worthington): HDPE  5,000 tons of #2 plastic per year turned into plastic lumber products  Ladtech Systems: (Lino Lakes): HDPE  1,000 tons of #2 plastic per year to make sewer adjustment rings for manholes  Master Mark (Albany, Paynesville): HDPE  Over 500,000 tons of #2 plastic per year for lawn, garden and building supplies Source: Recycling Association of Minnesota
    35. 35. Recycled Plastic in MN  Choice Plastics (Mound): multiple types of plastics  Clean pellets for manufacturing  Gopher Resource (Eagan): Polypropylene (car battery cases)  Turned into:  Battery cases/covers  Shovels  Floor mats  Car Components Source: Recycling Association of Minnesota
    36. 36. Recycled Metal in MN  Alter Corp. (Anoka, Hayfield, Marshall, Mankato, St. Paul): Steel and aluminum  Processor and broker of multiple types of material  Kirschbaum & Krupp (Minneapolis): Steel & non-ferrous scrap metal Source: Recycling Association of Minnesota, MPCA
    37. 37. Recycled Paper in MN  RockTenn (St. Paul): Paper  100 tons per day  50% of the paper recycled in MN  Liberty Paper (Becker): Cardboard  200,000 tons of materials diverted from the landfill each year  Turned into paper  International Paper (Roseville): Paper  21 facilities in N. America  10% of all paper recovered in the US goes to an Int’l Paper facility Source: Recycling Association of Minnesota
    38. 38. Myth 10: One person cannot make a difference  The average American generates 4.38 pounds of waste per day  34.5 % of that is composted  61,061 people live in Burnsville, creating roughly 267,477 pounds (133 tons) of waste per year Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    39. 39.  If every person in Burnsville threw away just one plastic bottle each day, that would add up to 22.3 million bottles in the landfill every year  There are 7 billion people in the world – what if they all decided not to recycle?
    40. 40.  ―Nobody made a greater mistake than he who did nothing because he could do only a little.‖ – Edmund Burke
    41. 41. Thank You Questions?
    42. 42. One shipping container holds about 40,000 lbs of stuff Source: MPCA Speaker Series: Adam Minter
    43. 43.  Plastics, the ―new‖ packaging  http://youtu.be/s5p6Nk3SzcU?t=14s

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