A practical guide to MLA style

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  • 1. A Practical Guide to MLA Style
  • 2. Barnett 1 Leecy Barnett Dr. Smith Dialog of Self and Society 10 October 2008 A Practical Guide to MLA Style When the MLA style was first conceived more than a half No Need for a Title page unless your instructor requests one Begin your paper immediately The First Page Title---Center & Capitalize Important Words Top Left Corner: Your Name, Instructor’s Name, Course, Date Header with last name and page in upper right corner
  • 3. 10 October 2008 A Practical Guide to MLA Style When the MLA style was first conceived more than a half century ago, the main purpose was to develop standards for the publication of manuscripts in the field of English and other modern, as opposed to ancient, languages (Modern Language Assoc. xvi). “Although designed for those who intend to publish,” Houghton and Houghton point out that, “numerous colleges and universities adhere to these stringent guidelines” ( xii). Learning to do MLA style well shows you are concerned about doing thorough research and giving proper credit to those Indent ¶s Always double space The Body
  • 4. In Text Citations--Ideas Whenever you get an idea from a source, cite it using the author’s name and page number in parentheses at the end of the sentence or paragraph describing their idea. The period goes after the final parenthesis. Example: When the MLA style was first conceived more than a half century ago, the main purpose was to develop standards for the publication of manuscripts in the field of English and other modern, as opposed to ancient, languages (Modern Language Assoc. xvi). Modern Language Association is a corporate author….for corporate authors abbreviate words with standard abrievations.
  • 5. In Text Citations—Author in text If you refer to the author(s) in the text of your paper, cite the source simply with page number (s) in parentheses next to the author’s name. Example: According to Fox, the internet has played a significant role in the increase of plagiarism in academia today (27).
  • 6. In Text Citations— Short Direct Quote When you directly quote a source you need to add quotation marks around the words or sentence you copy. You put the parenthetical citation and final period after the closing quotation mark. Example: “ Although designed for those who intend to publish point out that numerous colleges and universities adhere to these stringent guidelines” (Houghton and Houghton xii).
  • 7.
    • In Text Citations—Long Direct Quote
    • When your direct quotation is longer than 4 typed lines of prose or 3 lines of poetry, put it in an indented paragraph without quotation marks.
    • Example:
    • The Owl at Purdue clearly explains MLA long quotations:
      • Place quotations longer than four typed lines in a free-standing block of text, and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented one inch from the left margin; maintain double-spacing. Only indent the first line of the quotation by a half inch if you are citing multiple paragraphs. Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. (Kunka et al. par. 8)
    When quoting from a webpage, determine the paragraph # quoted and use that instead of a page #
  • 8. The Works Cited Page Barnett 10 Works Cited Gibaldi, Joseph . MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. New York: Modern Language Association, 2003. Print. Kunka , Jennifer Liethen et al. “MLA Formatting and Style Guide--- Formatting Quotations.” The Owl at Purdue. Purdue University, 30 Sept. 2008. Web. 13 Oct. 2008. Lipson Charles. Doing Honest Work in College: How to Prepare Citation, Avoid Plagiarism and Achieve Real Academic Success . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004. Print. Center
    • Alphabetical by Author’s Last Name
    • Hanging Indent
    • Double Space
    Tip: Do the Reference Page 1st
  • 9. Author---Last name, First name. Authors can also be a company or organization Title—Italiacs. Publication information---City and state (if mentioned—use postal abbreviation) , publisher and year of publication. Medium of Publication—Print. Example: Lipson Charles. Doing Honest Work in College: How to Prepare Citation, Avoid Plagiarism and Achieve Real Academic Success . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004. Print. Books
  • 10. Author --same as book Article Title— in quotation marks Journal Title—italics Volume– number only Issue---number only Date– in parentheses, followed by colon Page Numbers Medium of Publication--Print. Example: Raymond, Richard C. "When Writing Professors Teach Literature: Shaping Questions, Finding Answers, Effecting Change. "  College Composition and Communication  59.3 (2008): 473-502. Print. Journal Articles---Print
  • 11. Author --same as book Article Title— in quotation marks Journal Title—italics Volume– number only Issue---number only Date– in parentheses, followed by colon Page Numbers Example: Wang, Yu-Wei. "University Student Online Plagiarism. "  International Journal on ELearning   7.4 (2008): 743-757.   ProQuest . Web.  18 Aug. 2009. Journal Articles---Database
    • If you get your journal from a database add:
    • Name of database—in italics
    • Medium of publication---Web.
    • Date you got it (d/m/yr)
  • 12. Author --- same as book if available. More than 3 authors, use first author given and et. al. ( et. al. means and others) No Author---use title of page Title of page —in quotation marks Name of Website---in italics Example: Kunka , Jennifer Liethen et al. “MLA Formatting and Style Guide--- Formatting Quotations.” The Owl at Purdue. Purdue University, 30 Sept. 2008. Web. 13 Oct. 2008. Webpage
    • Add:
    • Name of Producing Organization
    • Date produced or updated (d/m/yr)
    • Medium of publication---Web.
    • Date Retrieved (d/m/yr)
  • 13. Warning: The Reference Tab does not have the latest version of MLA! Using Microsoft Word 2010