Quick Review <ul><li>What is natural selection? </li></ul><ul><li>How does the struggle to survive promote natural selecti...
DNA Review  <ul><li>What is DNA? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is nuclear DNA located within the Cell? </li></ul><ul><li>What ar...
Kingdoms & Domains
The Standards <ul><li>SC.912.L.15.5  Explain  the  reasons  for  changes  in how  organisms  are  classified . </li></ul><...
A little history… <ul><li>Our current system of classification is, in large part, still based on the work of one man, Caro...
Interesting… <ul><li>As a brief aside… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linnaeus actually didn’t accept evolution… </li></ul></ul><ul...
Classification <ul><li>Remind me… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How do we classify organisms? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We al...
Classification <ul><li>Why do you think animal classifications might change? </li></ul>
Changes… <ul><li>Changes in classification can be due to a few things: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different organization  (ie. ...
Defining Domains  (Super Kingdoms) <ul><li>Domains are   BIGGER THAN KINGDOMS! </li></ul><ul><li>There are 3 overarching d...
Archaea “Old bacteria” <ul><li>Live in the most extreme environments </li></ul><ul><li>often anaerobic </li></ul><ul><li>P...
Eubacteria “True Bacteria”  <ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prokaryotic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aerobic ...
Speed Review <ul><li>Who  was the guy that started our current binomial classification system? </li></ul><ul><li>On  what ...
Eukarya <ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eukaryotic cells  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single or multicelled ...
Kingdoms within Eukarya: <ul><li>Kingdom Protista (Protoctista)  Kingdom Fungi  Kingdom Plantae  Kingdom Animalia </li></u...
Kingdom Protista <ul><li>Unicellular, but can form colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Eukaryotic </li></ul><ul><li>Range from smal...
Protozoa <ul><li>Examples: Paramecium, Amoeba, Euglena, and many others! </li></ul>
Euglena
Amoeba
Algae
 
Slime Molds
Kingdom Fungi <ul><li>Serve a very important function as  decomposers </li></ul><ul><li>2 life stages:  </li></ul><ul><ul>...
 
 
Kingdom Plantae <ul><li>Autotrophs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Photosynthetic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Non-motile </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>Sequoia National Park </li></ul>
 
Wawona Tree at  Redwood National Park <ul><li>This tree is 4,870 years old!! </li></ul>
<ul><li>These are “Corpse Flowers” because they smell like a rotting corpse… not your Mom’s typical living room plant… </l...
Kingdom Animalia <ul><li>YAY! </li></ul><ul><li>Multicellular  </li></ul><ul><li>Heterotrophs </li></ul><ul><li>Motile </l...
 
<ul><li>FOUR QUESTIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>One or many cells? </li></ul><ul><li>Prokaryote or Eukaryote? </li></ul><ul><li>...
Summary:  <ul><li>3 Domains :  Archaea ,  Eubacteria ,  Eukarya </li></ul><ul><li>Within Eukarya, there are 4 Kingdoms you...
Summary Continued… <ul><li>Protists - unicellular, can form colonies, varied characteristics… animal-like Protozoa, plant-...
Ticket of Mastery 20 <ul><li>What are two reasons that animal classifications change? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the 3 Dom...
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11 9-11

  1. 1. Quick Review <ul><li>What is natural selection? </li></ul><ul><li>How does the struggle to survive promote natural selection? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is genetic variation necessary for natural selection? </li></ul><ul><li>Name 2 examples of animals that produce an overabundance of offspring. How is this helpful for natural selection? </li></ul>
  2. 2. DNA Review <ul><li>What is DNA? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is nuclear DNA located within the Cell? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the building blocks of DNA? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the four types of Nitrogen bases </li></ul><ul><li>What is the purpose of DNA? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Kingdoms & Domains
  4. 4. The Standards <ul><li>SC.912.L.15.5 Explain the reasons for changes in how organisms are classified . </li></ul><ul><li>SC.912.L.15.6 Discuss distinguishing characteristics of the domains and kingdoms of living organisms . </li></ul>
  5. 5. A little history… <ul><li>Our current system of classification is, in large part, still based on the work of one man, Carolus Linnaeus, back in the 1700s. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Didn’t believe in evolution however his system closely follows it. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This is called a binomial system because it is based on 2 names: Genus and species. (ie. Homo sapien ) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Interesting… <ul><li>As a brief aside… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linnaeus actually didn’t accept evolution… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However, his organization of animals ended up following evolutionary relationships fairly closely </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Classification <ul><li>Remind me… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How do we classify organisms? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We also classify them according to morphological similarities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Morphological: body and structure </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organisms are classified according to _________________. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why classify organisms at all? </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Classification <ul><li>Why do you think animal classifications might change? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Changes… <ul><li>Changes in classification can be due to a few things: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different organization (ie. morphological vs. molecular) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New information (ie. new genome sequence shows that one species is more closely related to another than was previously thought…) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Defining Domains (Super Kingdoms) <ul><li>Domains are BIGGER THAN KINGDOMS! </li></ul><ul><li>There are 3 overarching domains: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Archaea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eubacteria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eukarya </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What does “Eubacteria” mean? </li></ul><ul><li>… and Eukarya? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Archaea “Old bacteria” <ul><li>Live in the most extreme environments </li></ul><ul><li>often anaerobic </li></ul><ul><li>Prokaryotic </li></ul><ul><li>Single celled organisms </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom Crenarchaeota: Thermophiles Kingdom Euryarchaeota: Methanogens & Halophiles Kingdom: archeobacteria </li></ul>
  12. 12. Eubacteria “True Bacteria” <ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prokaryotic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aerobic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single Celled organisms or colonial organisms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What does colonial organisms mean? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Speed Review <ul><li>Who was the guy that started our current binomial classification system? </li></ul><ul><li>On what do we base our animal classifications? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the hierarchical order of classification? </li></ul><ul><li>What 2 things might cause us to change our classification of an organism? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Eukarya <ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eukaryotic cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single or multicelled organisms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aerobic </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Kingdoms within Eukarya: <ul><li>Kingdom Protista (Protoctista) Kingdom Fungi Kingdom Plantae Kingdom Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the classification info comes from Guillaume Lecointre and Hervé Le Guyader’s publication entitled The Tree of Life: A Phylogenetic Classification (2006) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Kingdom Protista <ul><li>Unicellular, but can form colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Eukaryotic </li></ul><ul><li>Range from small (paramecium) to large (Kelp) </li></ul><ul><li>Motile: move around </li></ul><ul><li>Extremely varied in other characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal-like Protozoa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plant-like Algae </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fungus-like Slime Molds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reproduce: binary fission </li></ul>
  17. 17. Protozoa <ul><li>Examples: Paramecium, Amoeba, Euglena, and many others! </li></ul>
  18. 18. Euglena
  19. 19. Amoeba
  20. 20. Algae
  21. 22. Slime Molds
  22. 23. Kingdom Fungi <ul><li>Serve a very important function as decomposers </li></ul><ul><li>2 life stages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motile (spore) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-motile </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Heterotrophs </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduce: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sexually </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asexually </li></ul></ul>
  23. 26. Kingdom Plantae <ul><li>Autotrophs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Photosynthetic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Non-motile </li></ul><ul><li>Multicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduce sexually and asexually </li></ul>
  24. 27. <ul><li>Sequoia National Park </li></ul>
  25. 29. Wawona Tree at Redwood National Park <ul><li>This tree is 4,870 years old!! </li></ul>
  26. 30. <ul><li>These are “Corpse Flowers” because they smell like a rotting corpse… not your Mom’s typical living room plant… </li></ul>
  27. 31. Kingdom Animalia <ul><li>YAY! </li></ul><ul><li>Multicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Heterotrophs </li></ul><ul><li>Motile </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduce: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sexually </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asexually </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Incredible Diversity </li></ul>
  28. 33. <ul><li>FOUR QUESTIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>One or many cells? </li></ul><ul><li>Prokaryote or Eukaryote? </li></ul><ul><li>Sessile or Motile? </li></ul><ul><li>Take or Make food? </li></ul>4 Kingdoms of Eukarya Archaea/Eubacteria Fungi Protist Animal Plant <ul><li>one cell </li></ul><ul><li>prokaryote </li></ul><ul><li>Sessile/motile </li></ul><ul><li>Heterotrophs </li></ul><ul><li>& Autotrophs </li></ul><ul><li>one or many </li></ul><ul><li>Eukaryote </li></ul><ul><li>Sessile </li></ul><ul><li>Takes food </li></ul><ul><li>One or many </li></ul><ul><li>Eukaryote </li></ul><ul><li>Sessile/motile </li></ul><ul><li>Takes or makes </li></ul><ul><li>many cells </li></ul><ul><li>Eukaryote </li></ul><ul><li>most sessile </li></ul><ul><li>makes food </li></ul><ul><li>many cells </li></ul><ul><li>Eukaryote </li></ul><ul><li>motile </li></ul><ul><li>takes food </li></ul>
  29. 34. Summary: <ul><li>3 Domains : Archaea , Eubacteria , Eukarya </li></ul><ul><li>Within Eukarya, there are 4 Kingdoms you need to know: Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia </li></ul>
  30. 35. Summary Continued… <ul><li>Protists - unicellular, can form colonies, varied characteristics… animal-like Protozoa, plant-like Algae, and fungi-like slime molds </li></ul><ul><li>Fungi - important decomposers, heterotrophs, mostly sessile/immotile </li></ul><ul><li>Plantae - autotrophs, photosynthesizers, sessile/immotile </li></ul><ul><li>Animalia - heterotrophs, motile, varied characteristics </li></ul>
  31. 36. Ticket of Mastery 20 <ul><li>What are two reasons that animal classifications change? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the 3 Domains/Super Kingdoms and what characterizes each one? </li></ul><ul><li>Within Eukarya, what are the 4 Kingdoms you need to know and what characterizes each of them? </li></ul>

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