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  2. 2. WHAT ARE THEY? Sexually transmitted infections are those which can be passed on to another person through oral, anal or vaginal sex. There are many different STIs.
  3. 3. H.I.V and A.I.D.S. The human immunodeficiency virus causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. If you have AIDS you can’t fight off infections. In Australia, HIV and AIDS are generally transmitted through unprotected sex.
  4. 4. Symptoms of HIV/AIDS • Flu-like symptoms • Extreme and constant tiredness • Fevers, chills and night sweats • Rapid weight loss for no known reason • Swollen lymph glands in the neck, underarm or groin area • White spots or unusual marks in the mouth • Dry cough • Diarrhoea • Decreased appetite
  5. 5. Treatment of HIV/AIDS Currently, there is no cure for HIV or AIDS. However, drug treatments are available that work against HIV to postpone, and possibly prevent, HIV-related illnesses and delay moving on to AIDS. There is no treatment for AIDS – it is a death sentence.
  6. 6. GONORRHEA Gonorrhea is caused by bacteria. It usually affects the genital area, although the throat or anus may also be involved. Gonorrhea affects both men and women and is transmitted during vaginal, oral and anal intercourse.
  7. 7. SYMPTOMS OF GONORRHOEA Often there are no symptoms. Sometimes, gonorrhoea causes: • An unusual discharge from the vagina • Pain while urinating or passing water.
  8. 8. Treatment of gonorrhea It can be quickly and effectively treated with a course of antibiotics from your doctor. Act quickly if you suspect you have the disease as it can cause women to become infertile.
  9. 9. CHLAMYDIA Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in Australia, especially among young people. It is caused by a bacteria and it infects the cervix in women and the urethra in men. Sometimes it can infect the throat and anus of either sex.
  10. 10. SYMPTOMS OF CHLAMYDIA There are often no signs or symptoms. If symptoms are present, they may include: •An unusual vaginal discharge •A burning sensation when urinating •Deep pain during vaginal sex •Vaginal bleeding after sex •White or clear discharge from the penis
  11. 11. TREATMENT OF CHLAMYDIA If detected early, chlamydia can be treated with a single dose of antibiotic. Partners of people with chlamydia also need to be treated as they may be infected. If your partner is not treated, you can get re-infected.
  12. 12. GENITAL HERPES Genital herpes is caused by a virus. The herpes infection is spread by skin to skin contact and can be transmitted during genital, oral or anal sex. Cold sores on the mouth can cause genital infection during oral sex.
  13. 13. SYMPTOMS OF HERPES •Flu-like symptoms – for example, feeling unwell, headaches, pains in the back and legs. •Small blisters around the genitals – which break open to form shallow, painful sores. These scab over and heal after one to two weeks.
  14. 14. Treatment of herpes Treatment to relieve the discomfort may include: •Oral or topical pain relief (ointments) •Antiviral drugs.
  15. 15. PREVENTION The obvious way to prevent STIs is to not have sex. If you want to have sex, then wear a condom. As well as preventing a pregnancy, it will protect you from many of these diseases, some of which could kill you.
  16. 16. And remember… If it’s not on, it’s not on!
  17. 17. Bibliography: • • • • • http// •
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