Day 13 - Home Styles and Hill Styles (Part 2)

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Day 13 - Home Styles and Hill Styles (Part 2)

  1. 1. DAY 13 – HOME STYLES AND HILL STYLES (CONT‟D) July 16, 2013
  2. 2. Reading for Monday  Read all of Chapter 5 in DOL  DO NOT READ Fenno (1977) article
  3. 3. Hill Styles  Who are the legislators?  How do they compare to general population in terms of:  Education  http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/06/12/us/across-the-board-growth-in- college-degrees.html?ref=education&_r=1&  Occupation  How has this trend changed recently?  Race  Gender  Sexual Orientation  Religion  What is the fastest-growing category in recent surveys?  Age  Tenure  How does Congress rank in terms of descriptive representation?  What is collective representation?
  4. 4. Congressional Roles  Legislator  Crafting, shaping, debating on laws.  Shaped by norms and seniority  Constituency Servant  Individual contact with members  Procuring pork-barrel projects for entire constituencies  http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/immigration-deal- would-boost-defense-manufacturers/2013/07/01/d1c115e4- df63-11e2-b2d4-ea6d8f477a01_story.html  “Byrd Droppings” - http://www.nytimes.com/2002/05/04/us/how-do-west- virginians-spell-pork-it-s-b-y-r-d.html  Citizens Against Government Waste - http://cagw.org/  Partisan
  5. 5. “Constituency Servant” or “Partisan”? What does this graph suggest? Source: Sides, “Gerrymandering is not what‟s wrong with American politics”
  6. 6. “Traditionally, representation has been treated mostly as a structural relationship in which the congruence between the policy preferences of the represented and the policy decisions of the representative is the measure of good representation. The question we normally ask is „How well does Representative X represent his or her district?‟ And we answer the question by matching and calibrating substantive policy agreement. But our view here is that there is an intertwining question: “How does Representative X carry his or her district?”  Richard Fenno, 1977, “U.S. House Member in Their Constituencies”
  7. 7. Fenno. “U.S. House Member in Their Constituencies: An Exploration”  Asks two central questions related to representative-constituency linkage  What does an elective representative see when he or she sees a constituency?  What consequences do these perceptions have for his or her behavior?
  8. 8. Types of Constituencies  Geographic and Demographic constituencies  Homogenous vs. Heterogeneous constituencies  Political and personal constituencies  Supporters  The reelection constituency  Loyalists  The primary constituency  Intimates  The personal constituency
  9. 9. Members and the Media  Direct Mail  Local media  Most favorable coverage of Congressmen  Limited resources give legislators more opportunities to control the message and set the agenda.  Example: Glenn Thompson local coverage  WJAC – TV http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M3Rr9C46n6w  WTAJ - TV http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=alTE0OwBU8s  Jet24 Erie - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pU1SKAYi_0I  Study found that 6% of local news stories are critical.

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