DAY 13 – HOME
STYLES AND HILL
July 16, 2013
Reading for Monday
Read all of Chapter 5 in DOL
DO NOT READ Fenno (1977) article
Who are the legislators?
How do they compare to general population in terms of:
How has this trend changed recently?
What is the fastest-growing category in recent surveys?
How does Congress rank in terms of descriptive representation?
What is collective representation?
Crafting, shaping, debating on laws.
Shaped by norms and seniority
Individual contact with members
Procuring pork-barrel projects for entire constituencies
“Byrd Droppings” -
Citizens Against Government Waste - http://cagw.org/
“Gerrymandering is not
what‟s wrong with American
“Traditionally, representation has been treated
mostly as a structural relationship in which the
congruence between the policy preferences of the
represented and the policy decisions of the
representative is the measure of good
representation. The question we normally ask is
„How well does Representative X represent his or
her district?‟ And we answer the question by
matching and calibrating substantive policy
agreement. But our view here is that there is
an intertwining question: “How does
Representative X carry his or her district?”
Richard Fenno, 1977, “U.S. House Member in Their
Fenno. “U.S. House Member in
Their Constituencies: An
Asks two central questions related to
What does an elective representative see when
he or she sees a constituency?
What consequences do these perceptions have
for his or her behavior?
Types of Constituencies
Geographic and Demographic constituencies
Homogenous vs. Heterogeneous constituencies
Political and personal constituencies
The reelection constituency
The primary constituency
The personal constituency
Members and the Media
Most favorable coverage of Congressmen
Limited resources give legislators more opportunities
to control the message and set the agenda.
Example: Glenn Thompson local coverage
WJAC – TV
WTAJ - TV
Jet24 Erie -
Study found that 6% of local news stories are critical.