Wwf rattan final-eupresentation-21 nov 2011-tl
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Wwf rattan final-eupresentation-21 nov 2011-tl

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  • Good morning, Exellencies and Ladies and Gentlemen. I am pleased to represent WWF and share with you our last 5 years experience of implementing a regional project that main objective is to set-up fondation for a sustainable and environment friendly rattan industry through the value and supply chain approach. This programme is funded by European Commission, IKEA and DEG (PPP) and involved key implementing actors such as Vietnam Cleaner Production Center, Lao National Chamber of Commerce and Artisans Association of Cambodia. I will highlight our approach and key results and how this link to green economy.
  • Why WWF and partners engaged in this adventure? In 2006, WWF and IKEA assessed that rattan industry in Greater Mekong Programme are affected by main issues such as Unsustainable Harvesting and Management, deforestation, farm gate price low, wastage of material (more than 60 %) and not clean production – But also not appropriate policy framework. For WWF rattan is one of the key NTFP than bring fare amount (30 to 40%) to family income and by sustainably using rattan and NTFP, communities get more benefit in conserving forest ecosystem. And by conserving the forest ecosystem there are more chances to keep the diversity (wildlife, botany) and culture. In 2009 to be able to respond to all challenges affecting the rattan supply and processing, WWF and partners (VNCPC, AAC, LNCCI) received support from EC through Asia Switch Programme.
  • The approach is simple on paper but complex in implementation. The main driver is market, and so we used the market pull approach by engaging with retailer like IKEA, COOP and others in Europ and US. One way to attract Everything start in the forest and local people, without forest, less chance to have rattan and without people interest to carry 60 kg of rattan per day, the rattan industry will not exist, the next actor are the trader than link the supply raw material to processing actors and to end in the retailers shop. The project engaged with all actors to find and create Win-Win situation, especially regarding price, transport, etc. But everything can not happened if policy and legal framework is not there to support the changes. The project and Government worked closely and changes started to happened.
  • The project has been a regional approach, as it was clear at the beginning that Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and Thailand are connected in regards to rattan industry with flow of rattan raw material legal and illegal. Today the project worked with….SME, ….People….and made possible to have ….ha under sustainable rattan management and having the first FSC rattan product available in Laos. In Vietnam, there are model company applying new CP techniques developed by VNCPC and made the rattan processing enviroment friendly
  • As mentioned earlier, without proper rattan and forest management, the whole chain will not sustain. Here is example of village map (in Cambodia), where villagers with technical support from Gvt and project helped to map main areas of rattan resource (inventory) and developed management and harvesting plan that approved by communities and local authorities. Capacity building regarding monitoring and enforcement is provided to local communities to ensure the sustainability and long run ownership.
  • For the community to be willing to invest and continue rattan harvesting and doing handicraft – they need economic incentive and empowerment. The project helped them to get extra incomes (23 % in some village in Cambodia) through increased price for raw material (grading, sell by cane not kg (loss %), organisation storage, interest trader, less waste) – In some villages local handicraft been strengthened and so extra incomes from added value activities. Also from selling rattan shoots (plantation), selling seedlings (Nursery). One of the key element to sustain this economic incentive is to have it embedded into a strong village organisational structure (clear roles and responsabilities, support on poorest part of village population) that lead the process. Ownership of the action is important and required time and WWF started in some village in 2007 and will continue the project until 2014 to ensure that changes are rooted and can lead to sustainable practices.
  • Working with traders and processors are the bridge with the retailers and so they have also to “ Swicth ” to sustainable practices. One of the concrete example I want to highlight is the set-up of the Rattan Association of Cambodia- Thus been initiated by the companies themselves and with support with WWF and AAC and KH CP Center they today benefited from (1) development and new CP techniques (economy of energy, helping in processing chain, etc) and (2) exposed to sustainable design (they can access designer to make their product attractive) and (3) better access sustainable raw and semi-process material by engaging directly with local communities. All of these support helped them to make them more attractive to the regional and international retailer - They also been able to engage to discuss with Gvt on how to improve the legal framework in order to make the Cambodian rattan industry more competitive compare to neighbourg countries. Today RAC is in process to have full membership of WFTO. RAC is today the driver of the rattan industry in Cambodia and an example for other as all companies members of RAC are applying green and clean production.
  • To refer to the subject of this workshop “ Towards a Green and Inclusive Future” – Here are the elements how this rattan project are in line with green Economy Sustainably manage natural capital (Forest Management) Establish frameworks for achieving water and energy security within regional boundaries (CP) Approach a low carbon, resource efficient, and socially inclusive approach to development (Village Group organisation, Forest management, no conversion, ….) emphasize (a) protection and investment in natural capital, and (b) stronger regulatory frameworks at all scales national and regional
  • Some of the main lessons learnt Secured land tenure for community based rattan management Change can take place but need time as well as synergies of actions Sustainable supply chain to succeed need appropriate policy support and enforcement Should not ignore the regional perspective as supply chain cross border Establish enabling environment (NTFP trade policy, subsidy, micro-financing, etc.) to encourage community enterprise     Links rattan sites to REDD, Payment for Environmental Service, Eco-tourism, etc . We have accumulated some knowledge and experience and you access it under www.panda.org/rattan
  • Overall Conclusion Value and supply chain approach can make a difference at community and national level and add value to natural capital and national economy Market demand for green and clean product is increasing Certification is market based mechanism that are needed to ensure market access Regional linkages are key – together things can change
  • To would like to close this presentation by highligtning current WWF intervention regarding the support an enabling environment for the development of the green economy. - WWF seeks economies that value and effectively govern natural (resources to safeguard the natural world while promoting pro-poor growth and employment). Some key ask for governments to shift toward GE: (1) Sustainably manage and invest in natural capital, (2) Use full cost accounting (e.g., of ecosystem services) to provide economic incentives for GE and Improve governance, e.g., via greater regional cooperation WWF is helping the Vietnam government convene a workshop on GE that will focus on investments in natural capital and opportunities for regional collaboration - a GE roadmap - that can help the countries demonstrate their leadership in Rio

Wwf rattan final-eupresentation-21 nov 2011-tl Wwf rattan final-eupresentation-21 nov 2011-tl Presentation Transcript

  • Together for the better life EU-Funded Projects Workshop "Towards a Green and Inclusive Future" “Sustainable Rattan Production inCambodia, Laos, and Vietnam: lessons for Shifting to a greener economy” By: Mr.Thibault Ledecq 21-22 November 2011 Hotel Intercontinental, Phnom Penh
  • EU-Funded Projects Workshop "Towards a Green and Inclusive Future“ Phnom Penh, 21-22 November 2011SCALE OF ISSUES Wastage and consumption of chemicals, petrol Unsustainable harvesting Competition plastic rattan Not meeting Price to low quality at the community level
  • EU-Funded Projects Workshop "Towards a Green and Inclusive Future“ Phnom Penh, 21-22 November 2011PROJECT APPROACH POLICY Forest Trader Pre-process Processing Traders/retailer Management /Villager CREATE SUSTAINABLE SUPPLY AND PRODUCTION
  • EU-Funded Projects Workshop "Towards a Green and Inclusive Future“ Phnom Penh, 21-22 November 2011REGIONAL VIEW 6 SME engaged in LA 6 SME engaged in LA FSC 90 SME engaged in VN 90 SME engaged in VN CP 8 SME engaged in KH 8 SME engaged in KH 4900 HH in Cambodia 4900 HH in Cambodia 2800 HH in Laos 2800 HH in Laos 1074 HH in Vietnam 1074 HH in Vietnam WFTO 7453 Ha in Cambodia 7453 Ha in Cambodia 6768 Ha in Vietnam 6768 Ha in Vietnam 15000 Ha in Lao PDR 15000 Ha in Lao PDR
  • EU-Funded Projects Workshop "Towards a Green and Inclusive Future“ Phnom Penh, 21-22 November 2011RESULTS – Sustainable Management is Key
  • EU-Funded Projects Workshop "Towards a Green and Inclusive Future“ Phnom Penh, 21-22 November 2011RESULTS – Community organisation, added valueand Increased incomes  Community better organised and leadership  Cleaner added value processing  Links with trader and RAC: win-win  Quality products can be made at community level Average increased incomes 23 % in Cambodia
  • EU-Funded Projects Workshop "Towards a Green and Inclusive Future“ Phnom Penh, 21-22 November 2011RESULTS – Rattan Association of Cambodia (RAC)One of the driver for sustainable, green and cleanIndustry
  • EU-Funded Projects Workshop "Towards a Green and Inclusive Future“ Phnom Penh, 21-22 November 2011IN LINE WITH GREEN ECONOMYo Sustainably manage natural capitalo Establish frameworks for achieving water and energy security within regional boundaries (CP)o Approach a low carbon, resource efficient, and socially inclusive approach to developmento emphasize (a) protection and investment in natural capital, and (b) stronger regulatory frameworks at all scales national and regional
  • EU-Funded Projects Workshop "Towards a Green and Inclusive Future“ Phnom Penh, 21-22 November 2011LESSONS LEARNT• Secured land tenure for community based rattan management• Change can take place but need time as well as synergies of actions• Sustainable supply chain to succeed need appropriate policy support and enforcement• Should not ignore the regional perspective as supply chain cross border• Establish enabling environment (NTFP trade policy, subsidy, micro-financing, etc.) to encourage community enterprise• Links rattan sites to REDD, Payment for Environmental Service, Eco-tourism, etc.
  • EU-Funded Projects Workshop "Towards a Green and Inclusive Future“ Phnom Penh, 21-22 November 2011CONCLUSION• Value and supply chain approach can make a difference at community and national level and add value to natural capital and national economy• Market demand for green and clean product is increasing• Certification is market based mechanism that are needed to ensure market access• Regional linkages are key – together things can change
  • EU-Funded Projects Workshop "Towards a Green and Inclusive Future“ Phnom Penh, 21-22 November 2011- WWF seeks economies that value and effectivelygovern natural (resources to safeguard the natural world while promotingpro-poor growth and employment).-Some key ask for governments to shift toward GE:(1) Sustainably manage and invest in natural capital,(2) Use full cost accounting (e.g., of ecosystem services) toprovide economic incentives for GE and Improve governance,e.g., via greater regional cooperation-WWF is helping the Vietnam government convene aworkshop on GE that will focus on investments in naturalcapital and opportunities for regional collaboration - aGE roadmap - that can help the countries demonstratetheir leadership in Rio
  • EU-Funded Projects Workshop "Towards a Green and Inclusive Future“Phnom Penh, 21-22 November 2011 Thank you www.panda.org/rattan